Elements of Chemical Philosophy
Bradford and Inskeep, 1812 - 296 pages
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a travaillé sur la lumière avec un arc electrique dans la première decennie du XIX
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absorbed according acid gas action affords alkalies ammonia appears applied arrangements atmosphere attraction azote becomes bismuth bodies called carbonic changes charcoal chemical chlorine circumstances colour combination common composed composition compound connected considered consists contain copper crystal decomposed depend discovered dissolved earth effects elastic electrical elements employed equal exists experiments exposed fluid formed gasses gives glass heat hydrat hydrogene idea ignited important inches inflammable intense iron known lead less light likewise lime Lussac matter means mercury metal mixed muriatic acid nature negative nitrous number representing obtained oxide oxygene particles passed phænomena phosphorus plates positive potassa potassium precipitate probably procured produced properties proportion pure quantity rays relations rendered salt seems separated silver similar solid solution specific gravity strong substance sulphuric acid supposed surface takes temperature tion vapour volume weight wire zinc
Page 48 - The immediate cause of the phjenomena of heat then is motion, and the laws of its communication are precisely the same as the laws of the communication of motion.
Page 49 - ... performed in greater space ; and the diminution of temperature, during the conversion of solids into fluids or gases, may be explained on the idea of the loss of vibratory motion, in consequence of the revolution of particles round their axes, at the moment when the body becomes liquid or aeriform ; or from the loss of rapidity of vibration, in consequence of the motion of the particles through greater space.
Page 117 - Are not the Rays of Light very small Bodies emitted from shining Substances ? For such Bodies will pass through uniform Mediums in right Lines without bending into the Shadow, which is the Nature of the Rays of Light.
Page 283 - A few undecompounded bodies, which may perhaps ultimately be resolved into still fewer elements, or which may be different forms of the same material, constitute the whole of our tangible universe of things. By experiment they are discovered, even in the most complicated arrangements; and experiment is as it were the chain that binds down the Proteus of nature, and obliges it to confess its real form and divine origin.
Page 118 - Sizes, the least of which may take violet the weakest and darkest of the Colours, and be more easily diverted by refracting Surfaces from the right Course; and the rest as they are bigger and bigger, may make the stronger and more lucid Colours, blue, green, yellow, and red, and be more and more difficultly diverted.
Page 117 - They will also be capable of several properties and be able to conserve their properties unchanged in passing through several mediums, which is another condition of the rays of light. Pellucid substances act upon the rays of light at a distance in refracting, reflecting, and inflecting them, and the rays mutually agitate the parts of those substances at a distance for heating them; and this action and reaction at a distance very much resembles an attractive force between bodies.
Page 81 - It consists of two hundred instruments, connected together in regular order, each composed of ten double plates arranged in cells of porcelain, and containing in each plate thirty-two square inches; so that the whole number of double plates is 2,000, and the whole surface 128,000 square inches.
Page 49 - ... the particles move round their own axes, and separate from each other, penetrating in right lines through space. Temperature may be conceived to depend upon the velocity of the vibrations, increase of capacity on the motion being performed in greater space; and the diminution of temperature during the conversion of solids into fluids or gases may be explained on the idea of the loss of vibratory motion...
Page 26 - Nothing tends so much to the advancement of knowledge as the application of a new instrument. The native intellectual powers of men in different times are not so much the causes of the different success of their labours, as the peculiar nature of the means and artificial resources in their possession.
Page 107 - The spectrum, formed by a glass prism, being divided into 360 parts, it is found that the red occupies 45 of those parts, the orange 27, the yellow 48, the green 60, the blue 60, the indigo 40, and the violet 80...