Chemical News and Journal of Physical Science, Volume 6
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according acetic action added alcohol ammonia amount analysis appears applied atoms become body boiling carbon carbonic acid cause cent chemical chemistry chloride colour combination complete compounds contains copper crystallised crystals described determined dissolved distilled effect employed estimated ether examined excess experiments fact filter fluid give given glass grms heat hydrogen inch iodine iron known lead length less light lime liquid manufacture material matter means metal method microscope mixed mixture nature object observed obtained ordinary organic original oxide oxygen passed portion potassa potassium precipitate prepared present produced proved pure quantity reaction readily referred removed salt separated soda sodium soluble solution substance sugar sulphate sulphide sulphuric acid taken temperature tion treated tube various volume washed weight yields
Page 188 - The seeds of things seem to lie latent in the air, ready to appear and produce their kind, whenever they light on a proper matrix. The extremely small seeds of fern, mosses, mushrooms, and some other plants are concealed and wafted about in the air, every part whereof seems replete with seeds of one kind or other. The whole atmosphere seems alive. There is everywhere acid to corrode, and seed to engender. Iron will rust, and mould will grow in all places.
Page 238 - On partially liquefying carbonic acid by pressure alone, and gradually raising at the same time the temperature to 88° Fahr., the surface of demarcation between the liquid and gas became fainter, lost its curvature, and at last disappeared. The space was then occupied by a homogeneous fluid, which exhibited, when the pressure was suddenly diminished or the temperature slightly lowered, a peculiar appearance of moving...
Page 327 - ... per cent, of sewage, we are led in each case to the inevitable conclusion that the oxidation of the organic matter in sewage proceeds with extreme slowness, even when the sewage is mixed with a large volume of unpolluted water, and that it is impossible to say how far such water must flow before this sewage matter becomes thoroughly oxidized. It will be safe to infer, however, from the above results, that there is no river in the United Kingdom long enough to effect the destruction of sewage...
Page 159 - University would have scientific studies in school and college and professional school develop and discipline those powers of the mind by which science has been created and is daily nourished, — the powers of observation, the inductive faculty, the sober imagination, the sincere and proportionate judgment. A student in the elements gets no such training by studying even a good text-book, though he really master it, nor yet by sitting at the feet of the most admirable lecturer.
Page 158 - Luther blew ? Hardly a significant word has been added in two centuries to Milton's description of the unprofitable way to study languages. Would any young American learn how to profit by travel, that foolish beginning but excellent sequel to education, he can find no apter advice than Bacon's. The practice of England and America is literally centuries behind the precept of the best thinkers upon education.
Page 242 - ... the process would lead to the conjecture that liquefaction had actually taken place, although optical tests carefully applied failed at any time to discover the presence of a liquid in contact with a gas. But against this view it may be urged with great force, that the fact of additional pressure being always required for a further diminution of volume, is opposed to the known laws which hold in the change of bodies from the gaseous to the liquid state. Besides, the higher the temperature at...
Page 155 - ... vapour, which determines the oxidation of iron in common air. Although this statement may be objected to at first sight, on the ground of the small amount of carbonic acid gas existing in the atmosphere, still we must bear in mind that a piece of iron, when exposed to atmospheric...
Page 158 - A university is not closely concerned with the applications of knowledge, until its general education branches into professional. Poetry and philosophy and science do indeed conspire to promote the material welfare of mankind; but science no more than poetry finds its best warrant in its utility. Truth and right are above utility in all realms of thought and action.
Page 242 - We are now prepared for the consideration of the following important question. What is the condition of carbonic acid when it passes, at temperatures above 31°, from the gaseous state down to the volume of the liquid, without giving evidence at any part of the process of liquefaction having occurred ? Does it continue in the gaseous state, or does it liquefy, or have we to deal with a new condition of matter...
Page 285 - It appears from the foregoing : 1. The hair tonics, washes, and restoratives, contain lead in considerable quantities ; that they owe their action to this metal, and that they are consequently highly dangerous to the health of persons using them. 2. With a single exception, Perry's Moth and Freckle Lotion, which contains corrosive sublimate, the lotions for the skin are free from lead or other injurious metal.