A Compendium of Modern Husbandry: Principally Written During a Survey of Surrey, Made at the Desire of the Board of Agriculture; Illustrative Also of the Best Practices in the Neighbouring Counties, Kent, Sussex, &c.; in which is Comprised an Analysis of Manures Shewing Their Chemical Contents, and the Proper Application of Them to Soils and Plants of All Descriptions; Also an Essay on Timber Exhibiting a View of the Increasing Scarcity of that Important Article, with Hints on the Means of Counteracting It; Together with a Variety of Miscellaneous Subjects Peculiarly Adapted to the the Present State of the Internal Economy of the Kingdom, Volume 1
The Author, 1805
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acre agriculture Alderney barley beam breed bricks burning bushels calcination carcase cattle chalk clay clover common consequence corn crop Croydon ditto Dorking earth equal ewes expence faggots farm farmers feet fire place fleece flock four fullers earth Godalming Godstone grain greater ground Guildford half harrows heat Horley horses houses husbandry improvement inches wide increase iron kiln kingdom labour laid lambs land landlord lease less lime loam London machine manufactures manure Merino Merstham mould necessary neighbourhood Nutfield oats parish pasture Penge common plough poor pounds present produce proved public houses quantity quarters Reigate rent road Ryland season seed sheep soil sort South sowing Spanish stone sufficient Surrey Sussex tenant thick thrashing tion tithes turnips vegetation waggon Warlingham weather weight wheat wheel whole wool yard
Page 177 - What are the common wages of labour depends everywhere upon the contract usually made between those two parties, whose interests are by no means the same. The workmen desire to get as much, the masters to give as little, as possible. The former are disposed to combine in order to raise, the latter in order to lower, the wages of labour.
Page 177 - It seldom happens that the person who tills the ground has wherewithal to maintain himself till he reaps the harvest. His maintenance is generally advanced to him from the stock of a master, the farmer who employs him, and who would have no interest to employ him, unless he was to share in the produce. of his labour, or unless his stock was to be replaced to him with a profit.
Page 147 - The affluence of the rich excites the indignation of the poor, who are often both driven by want and prompted by envy to invade his possessions. It is only under the shelter of the civil magistrate that the owner of that valuable property, which is acquired by the labor of many years, or perhaps of many successive generations, can sleep a single night in security.
Page 178 - The liberal reward of labour, as it encourages the propagation, so it increases the industry of the common people. The wages of labour are the encouragement of industry, which, like every ofher human quality, improves in proportion to the encouragement it receives.
Page 168 - A man must always live by his work, and his wages must at least be sufficient to maintain him. They must even upon most occasions be somewhat more; otherwise it would be impossible for him to bring up a family, and the race of such workmen could not last beyond the first generation.
Page 172 - The property which every man has in his own labour, as it is the original foundation of all other property, so it is the most sacred and inviolable.
Page 131 - At the first establishment of parochial clergy the tithes of the parish were distributed in a fourfold division, — one for the use of the bishop, another for maintaining the fabric of the church, a third for the poor, and the fourth to provide for the incumbent.
Page 176 - THE produce of labour constitutes the natural recompense or wages of labour. In that original state of things, which precedes both the appropriation of land and the accumulation of stock, the whole produce of labour belongs to the labourer. He has neither landlord nor master to share with him.
Page 176 - He has neither landlord nor master to share with him. " Had this state continued, the wages of labour would have augmented with all those improvements in its productive powers, to which the division of labour gives occasion.