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successors, assigned for holding assizes, and for our jail delivery, for the county of the same town, from time to time, as often as hereafter they shall sit or be appointed, toge ther with all and singular other perquisites, profits, commodities, and emoluments, to the court or any of them, belonging or appertaining, or after any manner growing or arising from thence, without rendering any manner of accounts to us, our heirs or successors, or doing or paying any thing to us, our heirs, or successors for the same, and that they, and their successors for ever, shall have all the fines, issues, forfeitures, and amercements, belong ing to our justices of the peace, with in the aforesaid town, county, and liberties of the town aforesaid, or the suburbs of the same, or after any sort coming from the same, to be levied by the proper ministers, or officers, to the public good and profit of the town aforesaid.
And furthermore, of our more plentiful special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, for us, our heirs and successors, we grant, and give license to the said mayor, sheriffs, burgesses, and commonalty of the town aforesaid, that the said mayor, sherifis, burgesses, and commonalty of the town aforesaid, and their successors for ever, may have and hold twice a-year, in every half year, for ever, one court-leet or view of frankpledge, within the said town of Carrickfergus, and franchises of the same, before the recorder of the same town for the time being, or his sufficient deputy, within the month next after the feast of Easter, and within the month next after the feast of St. Michael the arch-angel, for ever, according to the laws and customs of our realm of Ireland, or of our realm of England, there to be held, and that they, and their successors, within
the same town and franchises a liberties of the same, and withini county of the same town, may ha the assize of buying bread and a and of all other victuals vendab whatsoever, as also the correct and punishment of them, or at of them in the same court, and a and whatever other things whi doth appertain, or ought, or ma appertain to a court leet or Vie of frank-pledge, and that the r corder of the town for the time be ing, or his deputy as aforesaid, ma do, order, and execute in the sam court leet, all and every thing what soever which may, ought, or is ac customed to be done, ordered, o executed in any other court or view of frank-pledge within our realm o Ireland, by the laws and custom of our realm of Ireland, aforesaid and also that the said mayor, she riffs, burgesses, and commonaly of the town aleresaid, and thei successors, may have and retain to their own proper use, and behoor all the issues, profits, perquisites, fines, punishments, redemptions, forfeitures, amercements, hereafter to be forfeited, or set down in all and singular such court-lect or view of frankpledge for the better maintenance and building of the walls of the town aforesaid,
And we also further grant, for us our heirs and successors, unto the said mayor, sheriffs, burgesses and commonalty of the town aforesaid, and to their successors, all goods and chattels waifed, strayed, and escaped, happening aud arising within the foresaid town, and in and within the franchiscs, liberties, and county of the same, and the premises, of them, or any of them, and all the goods and chattels of all manher of felons and fugitives, and convicted, attainted, outlawed, and condemued, and felo's de se, deodands, and all wrecks of the sea, as by
12 land happening, found, or to be found, within the Beer loomes and Fair furlongs, and within the town and county of the town aforesaid, and the franchises and liberties of the same, and the premises of them or any of them for ever, (except within the point or creek within the town of Belfast aforesaid or the liberties of the same), without rendering account or giving any thing to our heirs or successors for the sime, and that without the disturbance, molestation, violence, grievance of us, our heirs, or successors, of our justices, escheators, sheriffs, bailiffs, or other our officers or ministers, or the officers or ministers of our heirs or successors whatsoever.
zance of the staple, to hold all pleas of the staple, and to do all other things appertaining or necessary for the office of mayor and constables of the staple within the same town of the franchises of the same, in as ample manner, and form to all intents and purposes as the mayor and constables of the staple of the city of Dublin, notwithstanding the statute of staple, made in a parliament held in the 27th year of the reign of Edward the third, some time king of England, or any other statute, act, ordinance, restraint, cause, provision, or matter whatsoever, to the contrary notwithstanding. And for that, it may very often happen to fall out that the mayor of the town aforesaid, for the time being, to be absent without the said town, or to be feeble or weak, or detained with any sickness within the same town, we, willing to extend a more plen tiful favour upon the said mayor, sheriffs, burgesses, and commonalty of the town of Knockfergus out of our special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, we will, and by these presents for us, our heirs and successors, do give and grant unto the said Robert Lyndon, and to his successors, mayors of the town of Knockfergus aforesaid, for the time being, that they, and their successors, or any one of them, may be
And furthermore, of our more ample special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, for us, our heirs and successors, we give and grant unto the said mayor, burgesses, and commonalty of Knockfergus aforesaid, and to their successors, that they, and their successors for ever, may have within the said town of Knockfergus, and the liberties and franchises of the same town, a staple of merchants in as ample manner and form to all intents and purposes as the citizens of our city of Dublin hath, or doth enjoy the same in the said city of Dublin, and that every mayor of the said
town of Knockfergus, for and durable and of power, whensoever, and ing the year next following the ex- as often as it shall seem expedient unto piration of his office of mayor of the them, or to any or either of them, with same town, shall be mayor of the the consent and assent of the greater staple of the same town of Knockfer- number of the aldermen of the town gus, and that two others of the bur- aforesaid, for the time being, to gesses of the same town, whom the nominate, make, substitute, and apmayor, sheriffs, burgesses, and com- point and depute one of the aldermonalty of the same town shall men of the same town for the time choose, shall be constables of the being, to be his deputy and understaple of the aforesaid town for the mayor of the town of Knockfergus same year, and that the said mayor, aforesaid, in the absence of such and constables for the time being, mayors whatsoever, did make his deshall have full power and authority puty or under-mayor as aforesaid, to during their foresaid offices, to exe- exercise and execute all things whatsocute, take, and certify all recogni- everdoth appertain to the officeof mayQ q
BELFAST MAG. NO. XXXII.
Or of the town aforesaid, and to the office of escheator, say-master, and clerk of the market of the town aforesaid, as hereafter shall appertain to be done, exercised, or executed.
And furthermore, we give and grant by these presents, for us, our beirs and successors, to the said deputies or under-mayors for the time being, so constituted, nominated, and deputed, and to any one of them full and absolute power and authority to do, exercise, and execute, and to every of them so nominated, appointed, and constituted as aforesaid, may be able to do, exercise, and execute in and during the absence of the said mayor all and every thing whatsoever doth or shall appertain or belong to the of fice and place of mayor of the town aforesaid, or to the office of escheator, say-master, and clerk of the market of the town aforesaid, or the county of the town aforesaid, or either of them in as ample manner and form, and as fully and wholly as if the mayor of the town aforesaid, for the time. being, were present, as the may or
of the aforesaid town, or as the escheator, say-master, or clerk of the market of the aforesaid town, could do, exercise, and cute, having first taken the oath of such an under-mayor before the mayor of the town aforesaid, and four aldermen of the same town will faithfully and justly to do and execute all things whatsoever doth belong and appertain to the said offices or any of them.
And furthermore, of our mere arnple special grace, and of our certain knowledge, and mere motion, for us, our heirs and successors, we give and grant to the said mayor, sheriffs, burgesses, and commonalty of the town aforesaid, and to their successors, that they and their successors for
ever, may have their fishing in the water or river of Knockfergus, in as ample manner and form as ever they have had, or heretofore were accustomed to have in time of our predecessors kings and queens of Eng
And furthermore, plentiful special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, we have given and granted, and by these presents for us, our heirs and successors, do give and grant unto the said mayor, sheriffs, burgesses, and commonalty of the town of Knockfergus, aforesaid, and to their successors, that they and their successors for ever, may have and hold two markets within the aforesaid town of Knockfergus in every week in the manner and form following, that is to say, that they and their successors may have and hold one of the said two markets on every satur day, there to be held for ever.
And moreover, that the said mayor, of the said town, and their successor3, sheriffs, burgesses, and commonalty may have and hold yearly for ever,
two chief markets or fairs, in some convenient place within the said town, or in the county of the town of Knockfergus aforesaid, and the premises of the same, that is to say, one of the chief markets or fairs to be held in some certain convenient place within the said town, or in the county of the said town of Knockfergus, every year on the feast of St. Philip and Jacob the apostles, and for two days next after following the same feast day of Philip and Jacob and the other of the said chief markets or convenient place of the foresaid town fairs to be kept in some certain of Knockfergus, or in the town or county of Knockfergus, every year on the feast of All-saints, and for two days next following the feast of Allsaints, for every year to be held and
continued, so as the feast of St. Philip and Jacob and of All saints do not fall, nor any of them doth fall on Saturday or Sunday, and as often as the said feasts do fall, or any of them doth fall on Saturday or Sunday as aforesaid, that then the Monday next after the foresaid feasts, or any of them, and for two days from thence next following to be continued for ever, together with a pie-poudre* court in the said markets and fairs, or in any of them, to be held with all other tolls, liberties, and free customs, profits, advantages, commodities, and emoluments, to the like markets or fairs, or markets aforesaid, after any manner appertaining or belonging, so as the said markets or Pie-poudre is an old French lawphrase, signifying "dusty feet." It is applied to the jurisdiction given by some charters to determine, in a summary man
ner, causes of complaint, arising in a fair, the examinations, and decisions, on which were to be so speedy before the termination of the fair, that the complainants appeared with dusty-feet, or without previous preparation.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF DISTINGUISHED PERSONS.
"O! woman! in our hours of ease, Uncertain, coy, and hard to please, And variable as the shade,
By the light, quivering aspen made: When pain and anguish wring the brow, A ministering angel thou."
fairs be not, nor any of them be the annoyance or hurt of the neighbouring markets or fairs, or any of them; wherefore, we do, will, grant, and firmly command to be enjoyed by us, our heirs and successors, by these presents, that the mayor, sheriffs, burgesses, and commonalty of the said town of Knockfergus and their successors for ever, may have and hold the said markets, and chief markets or fairs in the place in the manner and form aforesaid in the place for ever, with all the liberties and free customs, as also with all profits, revenues, advantages, commodities, and emoluments, after any manner appertain ing or belonging to such like markets, chief markets or fairs, without rendering account or paying any thing to us, our heirs or successors, for the same, so as the foresaid markets, chief markets or fairs, be not, nor any of them be, to the annoyance or hurt of the neighbour markets, chief-markets, or fairs.
(To be Concluded in our next.)
ADAME DE STAHL's history is the reverse of what is generally found in romances, where the heroine from a cottage is raised to high rank. Her misfortunes greatly contributed to her reputation. She received an excellent education, and from it she derived noble sentiments, and a love of virtue, which, by long
ha it became natural to her. Her father was obliged to remove to England, and her mother remained in France. The want of means of sub. sistance, induced Madame de Launay too look out for a retreat for herself and her little daughter, which she obtained in the Abbey of St. Sauveur. Madame de la Rochefoucault, the Abbess, generously admitted her without any expense. The nuns, having no employment, fan into that lassitude which fastens on the first object of amusement, and they loved Mademoiselle de Launay with that vehemence, which leisure and solitude communicate to sentiments of all kinds. Though only in
her third year, she said some things which, on account of her age, were thought witticisms. The Abbess was sister to the witty Duke de Rochefoucault, and had herself a great share of that talent; but wit is no preservative against whims, and Mademoiselle de Launay gained her favour by a very trifling incident. "The apartment of the Abbess," says she, "was an infirmary of sick dogs. Here lay the lame, and the incurable. None of any beauty were admitted as patients, the lady well knowing that there would be doors enough open for their relief. One day, just as we were sitting down to supper, I happened to tread on the foot of one of these poor creatures. The Abbess reddened with anger, and a kind person next to whom I was placed, whispered to me to ask pardon. Not comprehending that she was the party of fended; I got down from my chair, and went and kneeled before the dog which I had hurt, and, it seems, made my excuse very movingly. This took effect, and placed me high in her favour. The nuns used to divert themselves, in chatting with me. Indeed my understanding was clearer than is usual at such an age. This may be said without vanity, as children, from being accounted prodigies of wit, are known to degenerate into monstrous stupidity."
Madame de Launay an offer of being governess to her only daughter, but this kind of life, and especially the inclinations of her pupil being imcompatible with her rigid ideas of devotion, she left the place, and after a year's absence, was joy fully receiv ed at the convent. Mademoiselle de Grieu, one of the nuns, having been appointed to the Priory of St. Lewis at Rouen, took Mademoiselle de Launay with her. She was overjoyed to see new objects; and still more, when she arrived at St. Lewis. The convent of St. Lewis was now a little state where she reigned supreme. The chief care of the Abbess and her sister was to please her. No less than four sisters attended her, and the rovings of her giddy fancy kept them all sufficiently employed. When checked in nothing, we desire a great deal, She loved reading; and, as the convent library consisted only of devo tional books; she every day employed some hours in reading them. She got some romances, which made such impression on her mind, that she did not feel such strong emotion under her own real adventures as she did for those of the ficticious persons there exhibited. She was seriously told to forbear reading those seductive books: and she obeyed so punctually, that though she had stopped in the height of a most striking incident, she would not proceed to the unravelling of it, and withstood many solicitations to read it privately.
These happy qualities were culti vated by all the instructions of which her age was capable. She associated with grown up persons, who knew enough to answer all she could ask, and she was perpetually teizing them with questions. Instead of being lulled asleep with tales, her head was furnished with the elements of history, which was so well arranged, that she frequently quoted passagesto good purpose. Such aptitude increased the attention of the ladies who interfered in her education.
The Dutchess of Ventadour made
In her studies she perceived the inconvenience of not being acquainted with geometry, and immediately began to study it, which afforded her very useful amusement. The convent of St. Lewis was in bad circumstances, at the time of Madame de Grieu's being made Abbess, and a famine, with which France was visited some years after, reduced it to the lowest inisery. The