Page images

The self-tormenting anchorite,
And shunn'd th' approach of cheerful light;
Yet darkly long'd to hoard a name,
And, in the cavern, grop'd for fame.

Where nature reign'd in solemn state,
There Superstition chose her seat-
Her vot'ries knew with subtle art,
Thro' wond'ring eyes to chain the heart,
By terrors of the scene to draw,
And tame the savage to their law;
Then seat themselves on nature's throne,
And make her mighty spell their own.
The charming sorc'ry of the place,
Gave miracle a local grace,
And from the mountain top sublime,
The genius of our changeful clime,
A sort of pleasing panic threw,
Which felt each passing phantom true.

Ev'n at a more enlighten'd hour,
We feel this visionary pow'r,
And when, the meanest of his trade,
The ragged minstrel of the glade,
With air uncouth, and visage pale,
Pours forth the legendary tale,
The Genius from his rock-built pile,
Awful looks down, and checks our smile.
We listen-then a pleasing thrill

Who slipt his foot on holy ground,
And plung'd into the lake profound;
Or by a load of life oppress'd,
Sought refuge in its peaceful breast.

What, did not peace delighted dwell,
A hermit of the mountain cell?

No-'twas a cage of iron rule,
Of pride and selfishness the school,
Of dark desires, and doubts profane,
And harsh repentings, late but vain.
To fast-to watch-to scourge—to praise—
The golden legend of their days:
To idolize a stick or bone
And turn the bread of life to stone;
Till marr'd and mock'd by miracles,
Great Nature from her laws rebels;
And man becomes, by monkish art,
A prodigy without a heart.

No friend sincere, no smiling wife,
The blessing and the balm of life;
And knowledge, by a forg'd decree,
Still stands an interdicted tree.

Majestic tree that proudly waves,
Thy branching words thy letter leaves ;
Whether with strength that time commands,
An oak of ages-Homer-stands;

Creeps thro' our frame and charms our Or Milton-high topt mountain pine,


"Till fill'd with forms, phantastic, wild,

We feign, and then become the child.

We see the hooded fathers take,
Their silent circuit round the lake,
Silent, except a wailful song,
Extorted by the leathern thong.
Cronan, Cornloch, Lochaun, Dogain,
Superiors of th' obedient train,
Envelop'd in their cowls, they move,
And shun the God of light and love.
Who leads the black procession on?
St. Keivin's living skeleton;

That travels thro' this vale of tears
Beneath the yoke of six-score years.
Sustains his steps a crozier wand,
Extended stiff one wither'd hand,
To which the blackbird flew distress'd,
And found a kind protecting nest:
There dropt her eggs, while outstretch'd


The hand-'till she had hatch'd her brood.

Hark, what a peal-sonorous, clear,
Strikes, from yon tow'r the tingling ear!
(No more of fire the worshipp'd tower,
The holy water quench'd its power)
And now from every floor, a bell
Tolls Father Martin's funeral knell:

Aspiring to the light divine;
Or laurel of perennial green-
The Shakespeare of the living scene;
Whate'er thy form, in prose sublime,
Or train'd by art, and prun'd by rhyme,
All hail thou priest-forbidden tree!
For God had bless'd and made thee free.
God did the foodful blessing give,
That man might eat of it, and live;
But they who have usurp'd his throne,
To keep his paradise their own;
Have spread around a demon's breath,
And nam'd thee Upas tree of death.
Thy root is truth, thy stem is perver,
And virtue thy consummate flow'r;
Receive the circling nations vows,
And the world's garland deck thy boughs,

From the bleak Scandinavian shore,
The DANE his raven standard bore;
It rose, amidst the whitening foam,
Whene'er the robber hated home;
And as he plough'd the wat'ry way,
The raven seem'd to scent its prey,
Stretching the gloomy om'nous wing,
For all the carnage war would bring.
"Twas HERE the christian savage stoed,
To seal his faith in flames and blood.
The sword of midnight murder fell,
On the calm sleepers of the cell.

[ocr errors]

Flash'd thro' the trees, with horrid glare,
The flames-and poisond all the air;
Her song, the lark began to raise,
As she had seen the solar blaze,
But smote with terrifying sound,
Forsook the death polluted ground,
And never since, this limit near,
Was heard to hymn her vigil clear.

This periodic ravage fell
How oft, our bloody annals tell,
But ah! how much of woe untold,
How many groans of young and old,
Has history, in this early age,
Sunk, in the margin of her page;
Which, at the best, but stamps a name
On vice, and misery, and shame.

Dissention rooted in the land:
Mix'd with the seed of springing years,
Their hopeful blossoms steep'd in tears,
And late posterity can tell,
The fruitage rotted, as it fell.

Then destiny was heard to wail
While on black stone of Inisfail,
She mark'd this nation's dreadful doom,
And character'd the woes to come.
Battle, and plague, and famine plac'
The epochs of th' historic waste,
And, crowning all the ills of life,
Self-conquer'd by domestic strife.

Was this the scheme of mercy plan'd
In Adrien's heart, through Henry's hand,
To draw the savage from his den,

Thus flow'd in flames, and blood, and And train the Irishry to men;


A lava of two hundred years;

And tho', some seeds of science seen,
Shot forth, in heart enliv'ning green,
To cloath the gaps of civil strife
And smooth a savage-temper'd life;
Yet soon new torrents, black'ning, came,
Wrapt the young growth in rolling flame,
And as it blasted, left behind
Dark desolation of the mind.

But now no more the rugged North,
Pours half its population forth,
No more that iron-girded coast,
The sheath of many a sworded host,
That rush'd abroad for bloody spoil,
Still won on hapless Erin's soil;
Where discord wav'd her flaming brand
Sure guide to this devoted land,
A land by fav'ring nature nurs'd,
By human fraud, and folly, curs'd,
Which never foreign friend shall know,
While to herself--the direst foe.

Is that a friend, who sword in hand,
Leaps pon'drous, on the yielding strand,
Full-plum'd with ANGLO-NORMAN pride,
The base adul'tress by his side,
Pointing to Leinster's fertile plain,
Where (wretch!) he thinks once more to

Yes-thou shalt reign, and live to know
Thy own, amidst thy country's woe :
That country's curse upon thy head,
Torments thee, living; haunts thee, dead;
And howling through the vaults of time,
Een now proclaims, and damns thy crime:
Six cent'ries past, her curse still lives,
Nor yet forgets, nor yet forgives—
DERMOD, who bade the Norman's come,
To sack and spoil his native home.
Soţa by this traitor's bloody hand,

To fertilize the human clay,
And turn the stubborn soil to day?
No-'twas two Englishmen who play'd
The myst'ry of their sep'rate trade..
Conquest was then, and ever since,
The real design of priest, and prince,
And while his flag the king unfurl'd,
The Father of the christian world,
Bless'd it, and hail'd the hallow'd deed,
For none but savages would bleed,
Yet when these savages began,
To turn upon the hunter, man,
Rush'd from their forests to assail
The encroaching circuit of the pale;
The cause of quarrel still was good,
The enemy must be subdued.

Subdued, the nation then was gor'd
By law more penal than the sword,
Till vengeance, with a tiger start,
Sprung from the covert of the heart
Resistance took a blacker name,
The scaffold's penalty and shame,
There was the wretched rebel led,
Uplifted, there, the traitor's head.

Still there was hope th' avenging hand,
Of heav'n, would spare a hapless land,
That days of ruin, havock, spoil,
Would cease to desolate its soil;
Justice, tho' late, begin her course,
Subdued the lion law of force :
There was a hope that civil hate
No more a policy of state;
Religion, not the slave of pow'r,
Her only office to adore;

And Education, here, might stand,
The harp of Orpheus in her hand,
Of pow'r t' infuse the social charm,
With love of peace and order, warm ;
The fiercer passions all repress'd,
And tam'd the tigers of the breast,

By love of country and of kind,
And magic of a master mind.

As from yon dull and stagnant lake,
The streams begin to live, and take
Their course thro' Clara's wooded vale,
Kiss'd by the health infusing gale,
Heedless of wealth their banks may hold,
They wind, neglectful of the gold;
Yet seem to hope a Shakespeare's name,
To give our Avon deathless fame-
So, from the savage barren heart,
The streams of science and of art,
May spread their soft refreshing green,
And vivify the moral scene.

O vanish'd hope !-O transient boast! O COUNTRY gain'd but to be lost! Gain'd by a nation, rais'd, inspir'd; By eloquence and virtue fir'd; By trans-Atlantic glory stung; By GRATTAN'S energetic tongue; By Parliament that felt its trust; By Britain terrify'd, and just. thy chosen children sold, And conquer'd not by steel, but gold. Sold in a bargain base, absurd, Dupe to a courtier's pledge-his wordHis purpose serv'd, then, nothing loth, The word is broken by the oath-


[ocr errors]

The courtier skulks behind the throne,
And, sold our honour, saves his own;
Lost-by a low and servile great,
Who smile upon their country's fate,
Crouching to gain the public choice,
And sell it by their venal voice.
Lost to the world, and future fame
Remember'd only in a name,
Once, in the courts of Europe known,
To claim a self-dependent throne.
Thy ancient records torn, and tost,
Upon the waves that beat thy coast,
The mock'ry of a mongrel race,
Sordid, illiterate, and base.

To science lost-and letter'd truth,
The genius of thy native youth,
To Cam and Isis glad to roam,
Nor keep a heart nor hope for home.
Thy spark of independence dead,
And Life of Life, thy Freedom fled!

Where shall her sad remains he laid?
Where invocate her solemn shade?

HERE be the Mausoleùm plac'd— In this vast vault, this awful waste. Yon mould'ring pillar, 'midst the gloom, Finger of Time! shall point her tomb, While silence of the evening hour, GLENDALLOCH's hallow'd Hangs o'er



(This article is furnished by a Gentleman in London.)

RECENT importation of journals from France, enables us to present our readers with a brief account of what has occurred most worthy notice in the arts, sciences, and literature, on the continent up to October last. As an object of primary attention, we shall begin with Mr. Delambre's analysis of the labours of the mathematical and physical class of the French institute, during the year 1809. The account of the proceedings of the class in 1808, shewed with what success the attention of some able geometricians had been turned to one of the most important problems, the stability of the planetary system: Mr. Lagrange has now pursued his investigation still farther, extending it to a sys

tem of bodies acting on each other in any manner whatever. He has likewise simplified his formulæ considerably.

Mr. Poisson, as a continuation of his work on the variations of the elements of the planets, read a pa per on the rotation of the earth: the results of his investigation are, that the rotation will always coincide very nearly with the shortest principal axes, and that the poles will always answer to the same Different hypoints of the surface. potheses have been framed, in which oscillations of this axis are introduced: but Mr. P. observes, these are not confirmed by astronomical ob servations.

If the oscillation were very small, however, it would pro


bably be unnoticed. Suppose it were of "only; and the pole, instead of going through the whole of its circle in one year, went through no more than 350; then in nine years it would be 0, and in 18 years it would be 1" in the opposite direction, so as to make a difference of two seconds in the latitude in that time. This would account nearly for Bradley's finding the latitude of Greenwich at one time 51° 28′ 41.5′′, and at another only 51 25' 38". Thus too the latitude of the observatory at Paris was found at one time to be 48° 50′ 10′′, and at other times 48° 50′ 14′′, by Lacaille, Cagnoli, Meckain, and Delambre. These differences might be ascribed to an oscillation of at least 2", and a period about 15 years: but perhaps they may be accounted for more justly by errors in observations, end inaccuracies in the instruments 'not sufficiently known. It is a point however, that merits verification with an instrument, in which no error of collimation is to be apprehended and it would be sufficient to observe with this the meridian altitudes of the polestar above and below the pole, for a few years in December and January; for we know from the analysis of Mr. P. that the period is not an entire year, so that the latitude must experience a gradual variation, if observed constantly at the same period.

The following is the conclusion of Mr. P.'s paper: "The perturbations of the rotary motion of solid bodies of any given figure, owing to any given attractive forces, depend on the same equations as the perturbations of the motion of a point attracted toward a fixed centre ; thus the precession of the equinoxes, and the nutation of the earth's axis, will be expressed by the same formulæ, as give the variations of the elitical elements of the planets."

Messrs. Laplace and Bouvard each read a paper on the rotary motion of the moon, by means of which it constantly presents the same face to the earth, with little variation. Instead of the approximation of Mayer, Mr. Bouvard gives a method of calculation, which is equally precise and direct; and in its results agrees exactly with those of Mayer: a fresh proof of the ability of that great astronomer, whose instruments were but indifferent, while Mr, B. had an excellent equatorial by Bellet.

Mr. Burckhardt read a paper on perturbations of the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth orders. He first gives a theorem, for reducing to the theory of the perturbing planet the differentials calculated by the planet perturbed, because these changes are continually occurring in calculations of this sort. He has found that the coefficients of certain terms of the third order, have the third differences equal to the cube of 3; those of the fourth order, the fourth differences equal to the fourth power of 4; those of the fifth, to the fifth power of 5; and that generally we arrive at constant differences.

To this paper was added another on the calculations necessary for determining the coefficients of the different inequalities of the moon. As a trial of his method, Mr. B. proposed to determine, from the observations of Dr. Maskelyne, an inequality, which should have for its argument the mean anomaly of the moon increased by the argument that regulates the inequality, the period of which is 180 years. Nine hundred observations gave him 4.7′′ for the coefficient. This paper was added to the former, and closes the memoirs of the institute for 1808.

In another paper the same astronomer calculated the perturbations of Halley's comet, which reappeared in 1759, and is expected about 1835.

He has found, that the attraction of the earth. will have made an alteration of sixteen days in the period of its revolution.

Mr. Burckhardt, who has formed the plan of a grand geodetic operation for connecting observations, differing greatly in longitude, was sensible how important an exact de termination of the azimuths would be to its success; and accordingly has examined the advantages and disadvantages peculiar to each of the known methods.

Mr. B. also examined the dip with two different needles, the first of which gave 68 47.1', the other 65 47.4', on the 10th and 20th of August 1809. Mr. Gay-Lussac made similar observations about the same time with another compass, and, as his differed some minutes from Mr. B.'s, these two gentlemen have agreed to repeat their observations.

Mr Biot read a note on the observations of the pendulum made at the two extremities of the meridian line, that is, at Formentera and Dunkirk, and the ellipticity of the earth thence resulting. These observations agree astonishingly with those made at Bourdeaux, Figeaé, and Paris; and their result ditlers very little from that, which Mr. Delambre deduced from a comparison of his are with that of Peru, or 368.

Mr. Ramond has examined with great care the application of his coefficient for barometrical measurements to small heights, which were ascertained trigonometrically by M. de Cournon, and finds his correction of that of Laplace equally va lid as in higher stations On the other hand, Mr. Prony, whose barometrical calculation of the height of Mount Cenis differed from that of Mr. Ramond, has found it confirmed by the very careful and repeated measurements of Mr. Daune, during the construction of the road

over it. Mr. P. is employed in con cert with Mr. Mathieu, of the imperial observatory, in endeavouring to render the barometer so far applicable to the measurement of small heights, that it may be employed in the preliminary operations of planning roads and canals, A small observatory has been built for him over the pediment of the house of the legislature.

In the physical class, Messrs. Gay-Lussac and Thenard have pursued the discovery of Mr. Davy, but they are still of opinion, that the supposed new metals are compounds of the alkalis with hydroven.

Mr. Gay-Lussac too professes to have made experiments, by which he proves, that gasses, in those proportions in which they are capable of combining with each other, always produce compounds, the elements of which are in very simple ratios. Thus one part of oxygen gas saturates exactly two of hydrogen; fluoric or muriatic gas saturates an equal bulk of ammoniacal gas, and forms a neutral salt; and so of many others. All this be appears to give as his own discovery, without saying a word of the hypothesis of Mr. Dalton, of Manchester.

Mr. Guyton de Morveau, in a series of experiments on the diamond and substances that contain carbon, sought to ascertain the action of the diamond on water at a very high temperature. He found, that the water was decomposed, and carbonic acid produced.

Mr. Sage communicated his inquiries concerning the revival of silver from its nitrat by mercury; on an acetat of ammonia obtained from wood by distillation; an analysis of the calcareous stone, called typogra phic; on the magnesia contained in shells, madrepores, limestone, and arra

« PreviousContinue »