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That the shares shall be transferable under regulations to be determined hereafter.
That the intended establishment shall be called the DUBLIN INSTITUTION; and that the entire manage ment shall be vested in a committee of twenty-one members, to be elected annually by and from among the proprietors, and to be appointed as soon as one hundred shares shall be subscribed for, in the manner hereafter to be determined.
The first hundred shares having been subscribed for, the undermentioned Committee have been appointed:
Edward Allen, esq.
For the Belfast Monthly Magazine.
SOME BYE-LAWS OF THE TOWN OF CARRICKFERGUS.
1569.-THE town-clerk to have two shillings and six pence Irish, for every freeman. 1574. That actions under thirty shillings shall pay only half cost. 1575. That the mayor may distrain inhabitant for one shilling any inhabitant's dwelling is not duly every time that the street before such swept.
1576, 4th April.-That every one admitted to the freedom, shall pay a dinner to the town, and if he were entered for a whole share, to pay beside 4.-if for one half, £2.—if for one fourth, £1.
--, 10th May. That all aldermen be cest accordingly, or else defranchised. That the fees of the sheriffs, town-clerk, and serjeant, shall be set down on record. That no freeman or foreigner be arrested in a freeman's house for debt or trespass, whether the door of the freeman be shut or open.
1593. That none shall be a free merchant to buy or sell any staple. wares, but the 20 merchants now elected, and all others must either serve three years with a merchant of the staple, or pay a fine to be admitted a stapler, under the stapleseal.
1600, 19th January.That every alderman in bis respective ward shall have three able men provided with some convenient weapons, and have power in their saidwards to commit any offender, to look to the keeping of the streets clean. That no merchant take upon him to receive his share of any town's bargain, under colour to take it to his house, and afterwards sell it to any other free merchant's wife, servant, or factor,
upon penalty of loss of his freedom amongst the merchants of the trinity yield, and the goods so sold to be disposed of at the direction of the mavor and merchants.
1601, 6th July.-After the election of the mayor, he is the first year, mayor of the town, second year, mayor of the staple, third year, master of trinity yield and master of the company of merchants, and fourth year, treasurer of the town. 1606, 19th January. The mayor's salary, the third part of his majesty's custom, and petty custom; the sheriffs, 20s. the piece; the town clerk, £; the two sergeants, 40s. the piece-all money of Ireland.
1624-That the third part of his majesty's customs should be taken from the mayor, and converted always to the town's use.
5th July. That every alderman bring in his plate, or pay to the town's use 20 nobles, sterling. That the sheriff's former salary, viz. 20 nobles, be resumed, and that the rest satisfied hereafter with the fines for bloodsheds and batteries, and that they shall not be troubled with collecting the town's revenue, but that there be a certain collector appointed.
That the town's clerk former salary be resumed likewise, and that he rest satisfied with his fees and perquisites, and that he be exempted from all levies and assess
1640, 1st June. That no person or persons that do or shall owe the corporation any money, be admitted into the election to be mayor or she riff before he or they take a course for payment thereof.
1658, 28th June. That every alderman using any sinister ends, in procuring votes to be elected may or, if so elected, his election to be yoid, and that no person admitted free, shall have liberty to vote for
mayor, till he have first paid his fines and fees.
- 7th September.-That the breach of the town-walls near the west mill-pond, be now repaired at the town's charge, but that here after it be repaired at the charge of Roger Lyndon, his heirs.
1659, 24.h June.-That the mayors shall not receive above £30. per annum. That no mayor shall receive any of the town's revenue, but that it be committed to the care of some honest person or persons to be disbursed by orders of the mayor and major part of the bench and common council.
That there be an account taken
of the money for which the customs were sold-Confirms the act 1st June, 1640, against the town's debtors, being elected mayor or sheriff.
That several bonds belonging to the town, and left in the custody of Sir William Sambidge, late recorder should be looked after.'
That the staple be enquired into. That all the members of the town, which are of ability, do lend the town some money to be employed in the recovering their just debts.
That the 1500 acres of commons unset be never disposed of.
That a survey be forthwith taken of every particular man's holding within our liberties, and account of the rent-roll and charge issuable by the town, and that after the town's present debts be paid, there shall be no further engagement than what the revenue shall from time to time be able to discharge at the year's end.
1677, 21st January. That the pavement in the town and suburbs be repaired by the several inhabitants before their respective hold. ings, the fine not to exceed 6s. 8d. each offence.
2. That all fines and amercements whatsover be deposited in the sheriff's
hands, to be issued by the mayor's order, and whereas the mayor still claimed the best fine happening in his time as his due, that hereafter he only have 20s. sterling in lieu of such fine out of said fines.
3. That no town's bond be passed, save at a general quarter-assembly, in the presence of eight aldermen, twelve burgesses, and other commoners, and that it shall be lawful for any succeeding to sue the mayor and sheriffs so oftending, for double the sum so entered into, and defranchise them likewise.
4. That no person cut any turf on 'thenmons, or lead lands, with out licence from the mayor. (except what shall be necessarily expended on the premises), they paying two load out of the score for the corporation's use, the offender to be indicted for a waste and sued for damages.
5. That no warrant for issuing the town's revenue be signed, but in open court on the first monday in every month.
6. That no mayor or deputy-may. or be in election for the ensuing year, upon pain of defranchisement to all persons offending.-These bye-laws to be read every election dav.
7 That FORTUNATUS CARRICKFER, GUS, the town's child, be forthwith set apprentice at the town's charge.
1678, 22d July.-That the fairs of this town be toll-free for seven years following, for the encouragement of those that will come thither,
For the Belfast Monthly Magazine,
THE following charitable plans,
with the accompanying judicious remarks are selected from the Philanthropist, a new periodical publication, in London. They might be judiciously adopted in this country, particularly at free-schools for girls.
Care, however, should be taken to keep the plan distinct from the premiums distributed at the schools for good conduct. Plan af penny-club at Woodford for clothing poor children.
Every child who is admitted a member of this club is to subscribe one penny per week, which it must bring to the ladies appointed to receive it, every Monday morning punctually at nine o'clock. This little fund is encreased by as many subscribers of a higher class as can be obtained, three subscriptions being necessary for every child, besides its own subscription. At the expiration of every quarter, namely, at Christmas, Lady. day, Midsummer, and Michaelmas, the sum which has been collected is allotted in equal shares to the children, but is never given to them in money, the treasurer expending it for them in useful articles of cloathing, which they have the privilege of choosing for themselves, provided the cost does not exceed each share. The children are to show their clothes to them who subscribe for them. if the children are seen ragged or dirty they will be dismissed the club. To avoid trouble, the subscriptions. of ladies and gentlemen will be received at Christmas and Midsum mer, being at one penny per week, two shillings and two pence half yearly*.
Plan of the penny-club, Stoke-New
ington, commenced in 1809, for the purpose of assisting and encouTÜZing the poor in clothing their children. week One penny per paid by each child, and one penny by the subscriber.
Any persons disposed to become subscribers, are requested to send to the treasurer their own names, and the names and places of abode
There is club at Clapham, requiring four subscribers for each child.
of the children whom they wish to make members of the club, provided such children are not at any school, &c. from which they receive regular clothing. The child must take or the mother send, one penny every Monday, beginning from Christmas or Midsummer half year, to the collector, who will transmit it at stated times to the treasurer. Neglect or irregularity in sending the penny, must forfeit the claim to the benefits of the club. At Midsummer and Christmas the collector will call for the subscriptions, viz. two shillings and two pence for each child, with an additional six-pence at Christinas as a remuneration for her time and trouble, After each collection, the treasurer is to make enquiry of the mothers into the arti cles of clothing most wanted, and employ the money four shillings and four pence for each as advantageously as she can, directing the children to show the clothes to those who subscribe for them.
Although the principal view held out by each of these plans is suhstantially the same, yet they differ in minor points of considerable importance. In one instance three, in another four, and in the last only one subscriber are attached to the payment of each child, the former with the intention of furnishing all the apparel requisite, and consequently confining the benefit to a few: the latter more diffusive in its operation, embracing a wider circle, but circumscribing the personal advantage to each individual; and it deserves serious reflection, whether the proportion of four or three to one is not more than can be looked upon by the parents as the fair recompense of their own economy: and whether it is not preferable to admit several children of the same family to a participation of the advantage, rather than by doing more for one child, produce a distinction in their
BELFAST MAG. NO. XXXV.
appearance, which may lead to un kind feelings and unfavourable con sequences.
The economical and judicious application of these small sums is found to produce a greater effect than could be reasonably anticipated: four shillings and four pence doubly subscribed, that is, eight shillings and eight pence annually cautiously expended, will nearly clothe an infant, and will supply a considerable por tion of the clothing for younger chil dren; and if arrangements of this sort could be connected with the Lancastrian system of education, it would materially tend to produce that decency of appearance in the children, which is desirable in every public institution. The plans above recited encourage in poor families the important habit of regular saving, and the addition of an equal sum from the subscriber, should be considered rather as the just reward of industry and good conduct, than as a mere charitable donation. Thus, while the benevolent dispositions of the affluent are cherished and brought into activity, the poor are taught the practical value of small savings constantly accumulating; they learn to feel the advantages resulting from order and perseverance; they are instructed in the important art of adopting the most effectual means to the accomplishment of a parti cular end, aud thus the best interests and gratifications of both classes are made to combine and support each other.
without smile, without any thing. Every onlooker, that can see, must see that the country is my proper sphere; and is rendered so by a patient and contented drudgery, at every body's call, at every body's service; in foul weather and fair, through thick and thin, talking with book or without it, (in both senses of that word), as the humours of the people direct; just as fit to live upon three-score pounds, as three hundred; content without conversa tion, without books, or time to read them; travelling with the same humour, among cottagers and labourers, as among hall-houses and squires, bringing home a lodgment of fleas, as happily as a good dinner and a glass of claret. But I am out of breath commending myself. Pray, good Sir Thomas, do you find your self as well qualified for a country life? Will any man imagine that a delicacy that would better become a fine miss than a country parson, can suit our exigencies; the state and hunger of the unpolished multitudes we have to do with? Is a man that dare not upon any occasion lay aside his papers, (so exactly written, that upon some occasions, to the great scandal of very wor thy persons, they have been taken for prin books), for fear of putting an for an and out of its place, or giving at any time to which an unrighteous procedure of who, or missing the stop a comma demands, fit for serving in most of our congrega tions? Is a man of so tender lainbskin, that he would not ride thirty miles to assist at a sacrament, for a
tour pound piece, fit to hold in a side in a society so far scattered? What shall I say more? You are not fit
for Dublin; (and this you have learned from your conscience, though I cannot tell how). Let this be granted, and what are you then fit for? I am sure if you cannot do in
town, you can far less do in the country. But you are happily situated now in an easy collegiate charge, and our congregations are full, so that there is no need for running about to supply. Yes, and to be sure this posture of affairs will always continue. You are sure of that. And you are sure you will always have a colleague in Belfast, and be safe with him. And that you will never have more call than you have now, to assist the country congregations. And you are sure, if it should happen that these expectations should fail you, you can, when ever you please, transport yourself to Dublin, with the same adyanta
with which you can go to it now. These things are all so rational, that it is no wonder you never have a thought about yourself. I have nothing further to say upon this affair, seeing it is delayed till the presbytry. And what I am to say about it, must be said openly, which is the only reason I am now restrained from pouring forth as much as good Elihu had to say, when he could contain no longer, but being pad-locked, I bid you adieu. I hope you will neither expose yourself uor me, by shewing this rhapsodie. Yours,