Transactions of the New-York State Agricultural Society for the Year ..., Volume 28
The Society, 1869
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Common terms and phrases
abortions acre affected Agricultural Society amount animals annual attention better bushels cent cheese clover committee common condition corn cows crop cultivator dairy disease early equal exhibition expenses experiment fact fair fall Family farmers farms feeding field five four fruit give grain grape grass Green ground growing hand held horses implements important improved inches interest John Judge labor land less Lewis lime machine manure matter Meadows meeting milk month nitrogen officers pastures phosphate plants plow potatoes pounds practical premiums present President prize Probably produce quantity question raised Rare Rare Rare received regard Rochester roots salt scarce season Second Secretary seed sheep soil spring town Treasurer varieties voucher W. R. Stevens wheat whole Woods yield York
Page 305 - ... 9. There is strong presumptive evidence that the nitrogen which exists in the air, in the shape of ammonia and nitric acid, and descends, in these combinations, with the rain which falls on the ground, satisfies, under ordinary circumstances, the requirements of the clover crop.
Page 303 - ... the better it is, nevertheless, made thereby for producing in the succeeding year an abundant crop of wheat, other circumstances being favorable to its growth. " Indeed no kind of manure can be compared, in point of efficacy for wheat, to the manuring which the land gets in a really good crop of clover. The farmer who wishes to derive the full benefit from his clover-lay, should...
Page 284 - ... large quantities of manure were used. Taking all these circumstances into account, is there not presumptive evidence that notwithstanding the removal of a large amount of nitrogen in the clover-hay, an abundant store of available nitrogen is left in the soil, and also that in its relations towards nitrogen in the soil clover differs essentially from wheat?
Page 136 - ... beans then), than to make the ready dollar. In this I have fully succeeded. I wanted to make two spears of grass grow where but one grew before, and I am sure I am getting three, some of my neighbors say four ; however, I call it three. The meadows that used to cut from one-half to one ton of hay per acre, now yield on an average over two.
Page 303 - When the clover-lay is plowed up early, the decay of the clover is sufficiently advanced by the time the young wheat-plant stands in need of readily available nitrogenous food, and this, being uniformly distributed through the whole of the cultivated soil, is ready to benefit every single plant. This equal and abundant distribution of food, peculiarly valuable to cereals, is a great advantage, and speaks strongly in favor of clover as a preparatory crop for wheat. " Nitrate of soda, an excellent...
Page iii - Its object shall be to improve the condition of agriculture, the rural household and mechanic arts. Section 1. The society shall consist of such citizens of the state as shall signify in writing their wish to become members and shall pay, on subscribing, not less than one dollar and annually thereafter one dollar; and also of honorary and corresponding members. The presidents of...
Page 292 - Ibs. of silicious stones (flints) which were rejected in preparing a sample for analysis ; in the two remaining sections there were no large-sized stones. The soils were pounded down and passed through a wire sieve. "The three layers of soil, dried and reduced to powder, were mixed together, and a prepared average sample, when submitted to analysis, yielded the following results : — Composition of...
Page 277 - ... carried off in the produce. Agricultural experiences contradicting prevailing, and it may be, generally current theories, are, unless I am much mistaken, of far more common occurrence than may be known to those who are either naturally unobservant or unacquainted with many of the details of farming operations. Indeed, an interesting and instructive treatise might be written on the apparent anomalies in agriculture, and a collection of trustworthy facts of the kind alluded to would afford valuable...
Page 284 - In chemical inquiries especially, nothing must be taken for granted that has not been proved by direct experiment. The following questions naturally suggest themselves in reference to this subject : What is the amount of nitrogen in soils of different characters ? What is the amount, more particularly after a good and after an indifferent crop of clover ? Why is the amount of nitrogen in soils larger after clover than after wheat and other crops ? Is the nitrogen present in a condition in which it...
Page 276 - ... soil-constituents by the crops usually sold off the farm, leading, as is well known, to more or less rapid deterioration and gradual exhaustion of the land. Even the best wheat-soils of this and other countries become more and more impoverished, and sustain a loss of wheat-yielding power, when corn-crops are grown in too rapid succession without manure. Hence the universal practice of manuring, and that also of consuming oil-cake, corn, and similar purchased food on land naturally poor, or partially...