Spectrum Analysis: Six Lectures, Delivered in 1868, Before the Society of Apothecaries of London
Macmillan and Company, 1873 - 484 pages
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absorbing absorption analysis appear APPENDIX atmosphere bands becomes blue bodies bright lines carbon cause chemical chloride coincident colour comet compared compound consists contains continuous corresponding dark dark lines detected determined direction distance distinct double earth effect electric elements emitted employed examined exhibits existence experiments fact Fe Fe Fe flame gases give given glass green heat Huggins hydrogen inch increased indicate intensity iron Kirchhoff Lecture less light lithium luminous maps matter means measured metals method miles motion nebula nitrogen noticed observed obtained pass Phil placed plate portion position present prism probably produced prominences quantity rays reference reflected refrangible remarkable salts scale seen Series slit sodium solar spectrum spark spectra spectroscope stars substance telescope temperature tube vapour visible wave-length whilst wire yellow
Page 95 - The colours thus communicated by the different bases to flame afford, in many cases, a ready and neat way of detecting extremely minute quantities of them...
Page 294 - Here one is reminded by the fleecy, infinitely delicate cloud-forms, of an English hedge-row with luxuriant elms ; here of a densely intertwined tropical forest, the intimately interwoven branches threading in all directions, the prominences generally expanding as they mount upwards, and changing slowly, indeed almost imperceptibly. By this method the smallest details of the prominences, and of the chromosphere itself, are rendered perfectly visible and easy of observation.
Page 37 - Ibs. of stearine is consumed, 72-2 grammes ( -J-? ounces) of magnesium would be required. The magnesium wire can be easily prepared by forcing out the metal from a heated steel press having a fine opening at bottom ; this wire might be rolled up in coils on a spindle, which could be made to revolve by clockwork, and thus the end of the wire, guided by passing through a groove or between rollers, could be continually pushed forward into a gas or spirit lamp flame in which it would burn.
Page 127 - The flame of sulphur and nitre contains a red ray which appears to me of a remarkable nature. This red ray appears to possess a definite refrangibility, and to be characteristic of the salts of potash, as the yellow ray is of the salts of soda, although, from its feeble illuminating power, it is only to be detected with a prism. If this should be admitted, I would further suggest, that whenever the prism shows a homogeneous ray of any colour to exist in a flame, this ray indicates the formation or...
Page 35 - THE homogeneal Light and Rays which appear red, or rather make Objects appear so, I call Rubrifick or Red-making; those which make Objects appear yellow, green, blue, and violet, I call Yellowmaking, Green-making, Blue-making, Violet-making, and so of the rest.
Page 28 - Chamber, at a round Hole, \- about one third Part of an Inch broad, made in the Shut of a Window, I placed a Glass Prism, whereby the Beam of the Sun's Light, which came in at that Hole, might be refracted upwards toward the opposite Wall of the Chamber, and there form a colour'd Image of the Sun.
Page 96 - If this opinion should be correct, and applicable to the other definite rays, a glance at the prismatic spectrum of a flame may show it to contain substances which it would otherwise require a laborious chemical analysis to detect.
Page 31 - This Image or Spectrum PT was coloured, being red at its least refracted end T, and violet at its most refracted end P, and yellow green and blue in the intermediate Spaces. Which agrees with the first Proposition, that Lights which differ in Colour, do also differ in Refrangibility.
Page 213 - A, which can be removed at pleasure. Below the prism is an achromatic eye-piece, having an adjustable slit between the two lenses ; the upper lens being furnished with a screw motion to focus the slit. A side slit, capable of adjustment, admits, when required, a second beam of light from any object whose spectrum it is desired to compare with that of the object placed on the stage of the Microscope. This second beam of light strikes against a very small prism suitably placed inside the apparatus,...
Page 431 - Since it appeared that the purest and densest vapour alone gave the greatest number of lines, it became of interest to examine the spectra of compounds consisting of a metal combined with a nonmetallic element. Experiments with chlorides are recorded. It was found in all cases that the difference between the spectrum of the chloride and the spectrum of the metal was that under the same spark-conditions all the short lines were obliterated. Changing the spark-conditions, the final result was that...