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farmer nor the gardener will derive any advantage from the author's remarks.

Quinti Horatii Flacci de Arte Poëticá ad Pisones Epistola, cum continua Exegesi selectis que Notis, adjunctá Aristotelis de Arte Poëtica, Græce, cum Notis criticis, Latine cum exegetieis. Edidit L. Sahl. 8vo. Copenhagen.-Instead of a preface, the author introduces his work with a commentary on the epistle, in which he remarks that Horace considered poetry as a kind of painting, and that all his directions are founded on this principle. After the preface, we find the text of Horace divided into twenty-eight precepts, with a continued commentary, and a paraphrase, in bad Latin, divided like the text, and accompanied with notes such as might be expected from a monk of the fourteenth century. The text of Aristotle, instead of notes, is accompanied only with some various readings from Victorius, Reiz, Harles, &c. The author seems unacquainted with the labours of the English commentators. Sahl has published also a new edition of Brunck's Sophocles, in which the notes are greatly abridged.

Marci Antonini Commentariorum Lib. XII, Græce ad Codicum MSS. Fidem emendavit, &c. J. M. Schltz. Antonini Textum Græcum, Interpretationem Latinam, et Lectionum Farietatem continens. Vol. I. 8vo. Sleswick.-This very critical edition has been amended, in consequence of the examination of many MSS communicated to the editor; viz. the Palatine, the Vatican, and some MSS containing fragments. Besides the extracts of Hoeschelius, which Casaubon employed, the editor has consulted five MSS in the Vatican Library, four in that of the Medici at Florence, one from Paris, one from Wolfenbuttel. With respect to editions, he could not procure the second of Basle, 1568: but thinks that it exactly agrees with that of Strasburg, 1590. We then meet with the Prolegomena of Gataker and Casaubon, with the opinions of other authors respecting M. Antoninus. The commentaries will follow in a second volume: but we find, in the present, observations on the various readings, and on the opinions of learned authors.

Neue Danische Sprachlere, &c. A new Danish Grammar, for the Use of Germans; accompanied with a poetical Collection, and a Vocabulary, by L. II. Tobiesen. 8vo. Altona.The bases of our author's work are the grammar of Abrahamson, published by Lange; and professor Baden's work on the Danish language, published in 1791. He has greatly shortened the former, and added a German translation of the rules, a list of synonyms, and a parallel between the construction of the Danish and German languages. The first volume only has appeared. The second will contain the collection and vocabu

Lary. We We may add that M. Abrahamson has published a new edition of his grammar at Copenhagen, extended to more than seven hundred octavo pages, containing the general principles of grammar, etymology, and syntax; a collection of German idioms and proverbs, with equivalent Danish expressions. The Germans, to repay the labours of these authors for their service, have published a grammar of their own language for the use of the Danes, at Hamburg, in 8vo.

Frankreicht, &c. France in the Year 1803. Svo. Altona-This collection has been published for some time, but only one volume has reached us; viz. France for the Year 1802, which concluded with some memoirs to assist the history of the late revolutions in Naples, and some letters from a German traveler in France. The articles of the present number, the first of the new volume, are, 1. Letters from an old man on the state of criminal justice; 2. On the finances of France, by Fievée; 3. Cuvier's account of the life and writings of L'Heritier; 4. Extract from a German traveler's letters; 5. Supple



Vetenskaps Journal, &c. A scientific Journal of Medicine and Surgery, published by S. Hedin. Stockholm.-One volume of this journal has appeared, with the two first sections of the second. We notice it, chiefly on account of one or two articles in the part of the second volume published, and to announce a work in which are occasionally inserted the memoirs of the Swedish physicians. The Acta Medicorum Suecicorum did not, we believe, extend further than the second volume; and numerous journals, some of which have been published by M. Hedin, have succeeded. The immediate predecessor of the present was entitled l ́etenskaps handlingar fær lækare. The articles we meaned to point out as interesting, though we cannot enlarge on them at present, are Schrege's Theory of the Placenta, and Nutrition of the Fetus;' Accounts of the very destructive Epidemic at Cadiz, Seville, &c.;' Attempts to prove that domestic Animals are capable of being vaccinated; and 'Observations on a Disease resembling the Cow-Pox, which prevailed in 1801, in the Isle of Fuhner, among the Cows.'

Kong Vetenskaps, &c. New Memoirs of the Academy of Sciences. Tome XXII, 4th Number; and Fols. XXIII and XXIV, 1st and 2d Numbers, from January to June of 1802. Stockholm.-The numbers are styled trimestres, on account of their being published every three months; so that four complete the annual volume. The last number of 1801 contained-1. The process used at Salzburg for bleaching and

dyeing cotton, by M. Scherbing; 2. Essays to determine, by astronomic and chronometric observations, the length of the Baltic, the true situation of the island of Gothland, and the longitude of many other places, by N. G. Schullen; 3. Statistic tables of Sweden, from the year 1772 to 1795 (8th number), by Nicander. One of these tables contains the number of persons who died in Sweden of different diseases, from 1775 to 1795: another, the number who have died in each district; and a third, the fatality of each disease in 10,000. The fourth article contains an account of some new Swedish lichens, by Acharius (the 8th number). These are the L. bellimi-florus, parechus cervicornis, cariosus, muricatus, and bicolor, which are described and engraved.

The king of Sweden has sent to the Academy the cabinet of natural history, hitherto kept in the castle of Droteningholm, which contains, among many of the collections of Hasselquist, a large Egyptian mummy.

The first number of the year 1802 comprises only three memoirs: 1. On the most suitable external form of cannons, to give an equal force and resistance to powder, by F. H. Chapman; 2. Observations on the morbus coxarius, by M. de Rosenkoeld; 3. Observations on the earth found at Yterby (the yttria), by A. G. Ekeberg.

The second number contains, 1. Botanical observations on the targionia hypophylla L., by Sprengel de Halle; 2. Experiments made with the inflammable albuminous schistus, to supply wood as a combustible; 3. Empyema, or observations on lungs wholly reduced to a purulent state, by Walbom; 4. Abstract of meteorological observations, made at Umea, in 1800, by M. Nazen; 5. Description of a kind of disease caused by the dust of the silk-worm moth-bombyx processionea. This disease has been observed by Linnæus, Fabricius, Bomare, Panzer, and Réaumur.

Bibliotheca historica Sueo-Gothica, &c. Historical Swedish Library, or a Catalogue of the printed and inedited Works; of Memoirs and Treatises relative to Sweden, accompanied with Notes historical and critical: by M. Warmholtz. 8vo. Upsal. -We have already remarked that fifteen volumes of this collection are in the library at Upsal, of which seven have been published before the present volume-the eighth. Eight years have elapsed since the appearance of the last; and we are indebted for the continuation to professor Aurevillius, of Upsal. This volume contains a catalogue of the works and writings relative to Queen Christina.

We find not only the substance of the different works, but great number of fugitive pieces, discourses, letters, coins, ma nifestoes, poetical pieces, &c. The titles of the works are ac

companied by bibliographic or critical remarks. There are two works by the count Bisaccioni, entitled Commentario delle Guerre succese in Almagna, Venice, 1634; his Memorie historiche, Venice, 1642; and a third, Delle Historie memorabili de' nostri Tempi, in ten volumes, Turin, 1653.—This author contends, with many others, that Gustavus Adolphus was not killed at the battle of Lutzen, but assassinated with a pistolball from behind by duke Albrecht de Saxe Lauenberg. The true reason of his animosity to the king is not known; for the story, that he once received a blow from him, does not deserve the smallest attention.

The account of the history of the Swedish war in Germany, by Chemmhus, is sufficiently interesting. The first volume appeared in 1648, at Stettin. The second was attributed, but without foundation, to the chancellor Oxenstierna. The third, fourth, fifth, and sixth, were discovered in MS in the royal library of Stockholm. The critical observations on these works are generally drawn from other authors.

Among the MSS, we can only notice the following:-1. The heroic Actions of Bernard, Duke of Weimar, by his Adjutant de Grun, collected by W. C. Zorn, of Blopsheim, in quarto; 2. Annales Regni Sueciæ, 1628-1639, in the Library of Skogkloster; 3. Neugebauerus Diarium Obsidionis Bremensis; 4. Exel Oxenstierna Relatio de Administratione Regni sub minorenni Christina Reg. Ætate consignata, 1544; from the Stockholm archives of state; 5. Chronologia Danica inchoata a M. M' Petræo, deducta per C. Aslacium, et ab Olao Wormio ad 1648 continuata, in the library of the Academy of Upsal; 6. Supplement ul D. Christina memoirer foer Aeren 1681-1687, by the author of this Bibliotheca. This supplement relates principally to the administration of the country, whose revenues were assigned to the queen, to the negotiations of Christina with the court of Sweden, &c.

Bræfwexling. Correspondence. Vol. I, No. 1-5. 800. Stockholm.-Professor Giorwel, who, since the year 1746, has published many works on the history and literature of Sweden, seems to have resigned his literary career, and, from the year 1798, has published this collection, which he calls his last testament. The five numbers before us contain twenty-eight letters, which chiefly relate to the literature and history of Sweden, particularly during his own æra.

Among these, we find the letters of counsellor Warmholz, from the year 1756 to his death in 1785; of professor Linden, from 1763 to 1793; of the celebrated naturalist Linnæus; of bishop Ryzelius; of Dr. Balter; and of two under the fictitious names of Agrophilus and Urbicola.-The author's own letters are chiefly addressed to a friend in the country, and contain

many interesting accounts of the statue erected to Gustavus III of the obelisk raised by that king to the citizens of Stockholm of a monument in renown of the poet Kelgren; on queen Margaret of Navarre; on the character of Charles XII; on the Bibliotheca historica Sueo-gothica, the manuscript of which, cone sisting of fifteen folio volumes, has been sent to the Academy of Upsal. The last letters relate to the travels of the royal family, the death of the hereditary prince of Baden, and the genealogy of his house.

This amiable veteran will, we trust, continue his communications; and, as Sweden has for the last century been distinguished for its scientific communications, we trust it will not long be deficient in more strikingly elegant attempts in criticism and the belles lettres. Some dawns of more polished literature have appeared in the distribution of the prizes of eloquence, at the late session of the academy, when the first was decreed to M. Kegner, for a discourse tending to prove that old age is not a state of privation and pain for man, but of enjoyment, with a change only of objects: the first prize in poetry was allotted o M. Kullberg, for his poem on old age.


Taschenbuch, &c. An Almanack or Port-Folio for the Friends of German Literature in Russia. 8vo. Riga.-This vade-mecum of German literature is only a history of the order of St. John, taken from Vertot. We take advantage, however, of this work, to add some observations on Russian literature, extracted from the best sources, though we have not the vo lumes before us.-M. Karamsin, author of the Letters of a Russian Traveler, has published an éloge of Catharine II, for which he has been handsomely rewarded by Alexander, to whom it is dedicated: it is translated into German by M. Richter at Mos


M. Karamsin has also published a journal since 1802, entitled the Advertiser. It contains translations from the German, English, and French journals, with some pieces from the editor and his friends. Two numbers are published monthly, each of 100 pages. Two other journals are published at MoscowThe political' and 'The literary News of Russia.' The first was only a translation of the Courier of Altona: but, since the year 1802, some pieces have been inserted from the Minerva of Archenholz and the Political Annals of Posselt. Of this, a number appears every month. The second contains translations from the ancient and modern languages, extracts, poetry, &c. Two sheets are published weekly.

Very lately, 2 vols. 8vo, by Ismailow, have been published at Moscow, entitled A Tour in Southern Russia.' It is said to be

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