Mandarins of the Future: Modernization Theory in Cold War America

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JHU Press, 2004 M12 1 - 344 pages

Because it provided the dominant framework for "development" of poor, postcolonial countries, modernization theory ranks among the most important constructs of twentieth-century social science. In Mandarins of the Future: Modernization Theory in Cold War America Nils Gilman offers the first intellectual history of a movement that has had far-reaching and often unintended consequences.

After a survey of the theory's origins and its role in forming America's postwar sense of global mission, Gilman offers a close analysis of the people who did the most to promote it in the United States and the academic institutions they came to dominate. He first explains how Talcott Parsons at Harvard constructed a social theory that challenged the prevailing economics-centered understanding of the modernization process, then describes the work of Edward Shils and Gabriel Almond in helping Parsonsian ideas triumph over other alternative conceptions of the development process, and finally discusses the role of Walt Rostow and his colleagues at M.I.T. in promoting modernization theory during the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. By connecting modernization theory to the welfare state liberalism programs of the New Deal order, Gilman not only provides a new intellectual context for America's Third World during the Cold War, but also connects the optimism of the Great Society to the notion that American power and good intentions could stop the postcolonial world from embracing communism.

 

Contents

CHAPTER 1 Modernization Theory and American Modernism
1
CHAPTER 2 From the European Past to the American Present
24
CHAPTER 3 The Harvard Department of Social Relations and the Intellectual Origins of Modernization Theory
72
CHAPTER 4 The Rise of Modernization Theory in Political Science
113
CHAPTER 5 Modernization Theory as a Foreign Policy Doctrine
155
CHAPTER 6 The Collapse of Modernization Theory
203
C H A P T E R 7 The Postmodern Turn and the Aftermath of Modernization Theory
241
Notes
277
Essay on Sources
313
Index
320
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About the author (2004)

Nils Gilman is an independent scholar and practitioner at the Global Business Network in San Francisco.

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