Other editions - View all
alcohol alkali ammonia angle animals apparatus appear atmosphere axis barytes body carbonate carbonic acid centre chlorine cold color containing copper Cottage Grove crystals cylinder diameter dissolved distance distilled drams earth effect engraving equal essential oil evaporation experiments feet filter fixed flowers fluid glass gneiss grains heat hydrogen inches insects instrument iron isinglass light lime liquid liquor machine magnesia magnet means mercury metal miles mixed mixture moon motion muriate muriatic acid nitric acid object observed obtained ounces oxygen paper papier-mâché passing patent piece pipe placed plane plants plate portion potash precipitate produced proportion pyroligneous acid quantity rays refraction round salt schist screw seeds side silver soluble solution species specific gravity steam steel string substance sufficient sulphate sulphuric acid surface temperature thick tion tube valve vessel vibrations weight wheel whole wire wood
Page 313 - These are usually accounted six in number, viz. the Lever, the Wheel and Axle, the Pulley, the Inclined Plane, the Wedge, and the Screw.
Page 109 - ... the needle, the graver, the spring of a watch or of a carriage, the chisel, the chain, the anchor, the compass, the cannon, and the bomb. It is a medicine of much virtue, and the only metal friendly to the human frame.
Page 280 - Laches was repeated as before, and a new tree was launched in a similar manner. By these means a tree descended every five or six minutes, provided no accident happened to the slide, which sometimes took place, but which was instantly repaired when it did.
Page 129 - But the author prefers to make the copies upon photographic paper prepared in the way which he originally described in a memoir read to the Royal Society, in February 1839, and which is made by washing the best writing paper, first with a weak solution of common salt, and next with a solution of nitrate of silver. Although it takes a much longer time to obtain a copy upon this paper, yet when obtained, the tints appear more harmonious and pleasing to the eye ; it requires in general from three minutes...
Page 128 - Make a saturated solution of crystallized gallic acid in cold distilled water. The quantity dissolved is very small. Call this solution B.
Page 117 - His method is as follows: The salt to be crystallized is to be dissolved in water, and evaporated to such a consistency that it shall crystallize on cooling. Set it by, and when quite cold pour the liquid part off the mass of crystals, at the bottom, and put it into a flat-bottomed vessel. Solitary crystals form at some distance from each other, and these may be observed gradually increasing.
Page 297 - ... into the next room ; and with so great ease and geometrical symmetry, that, though it work day and night, from one end of the year to the other, it will not require forty shillings reparation to the whole engine, nor hinder one day's work.
Page 395 - ... That the strata are very nearly regularly disposed around the centre of gravity of the earth. — 3. That the surface of this spheroid, of which the sea covers a part, has a figure a little different from what it would assume in virtue of the laws of equilibrium, if it became fluid. — 4. That the depth of the sea is a small fraction of the difference of the two axes of the earth. — 5. That the irregularities of the earth, and the causes which disturb its surface, have very little depth.—...
Page 173 - Take antimony, calcine it with a continued protracted heat, in a flat unglazed vessel, adding to it from time to time a sufficient quantity of any animal oil or salt, dephlegmated ; then boil it in melted nitre for a considerable time, and separate the powder from the nitre by dissolving it in water.