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accurate acetic acid actual alcohol amount apparatus association atomic weight attraction becomes boiling boiling point calculated carbon dioxide carbon tetrachloride Chem chemical chloride closely combination complete composition compounds considered constant containing correct corresponding critical critical point critical temperature curve definite density determined diminishes dissociation dissolved elements employed equal equation equivalent error example experimental experiments fact fall formula gases given gram greater hand heat higher hydrogen increase known limits liquid lower maximum mean measured mercury metals method miscible mixture molecular weight molecules nitrogen normal observed obtained ordinary oxide oxygen passed phys possible probable proportional pure quantity ratio reduced regarded relation relative respectively rise salts saturated vapour shown similar simple solid solubility solution solvent specific substances surface taken takes place temperature termed true tube unit values vapour pressure volume
Page 69 - Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xc U2 (He 12s...
Page 68 - H He Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr...
Page 68 - Hydrogen Helium Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon Sodium Magnesium Aluminum Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt...
Page xii - Cavendish, namely, that, as nearly as possible, two volumes of hydrogen combine with one volume of oxygen to form water, the gases having been measured at the same temperature and pressure.
Page 143 - The total pressure exerted by a mixture of gases is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of the gases in the mixture.
Page 123 - On partially liquefying carbonic acid by pressure alone, and gradually raising at the same time the temperature to 88° Fahr., the surface of demarcation between the liquid and gas became fainter, lost its curvature, and at last disappeared. The space was then occupied by a homogeneous fluid, which exhibited, when the pressure was suddenly diminished or the temperature slightly lowered, a peculiar appearance of moving or flickering striae throughout its entire mass.
Page xi - ... expeditiously by heating the substance, mixed with chlorate of potassium and sodium chloride, and then estimating the hydrogen a,s well as the carbon. This process was afterwards perfected by Liebig. Berzelius, however, was able to show that compounds of carbon, like those of other elements, were instances of combination in constant and multiple proportions. In 1815 two papers were published in the Annals of Philosophy by Dr. Prout which have had much influence on the progress of chemistry. They...
Page x - ... he regarded the former as a compound of one atom of carbon and two of hydrogen, and the latter as a compound of one atom of carbon and one of hydrogen, and similarly for the two oxides of carbon. Knowing the relative weights in which these elements enter into combination, he deduced what he supposed were the relative weights of the atoms.