## A Course of Mathematics: For the Use of Academies as Well as Private Tuition : in Two Volumes, Volume 2W. E. Dean, 1831 |

### From inside the book

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**square**of the radius , is equal to the product of those tangents .... ( XXX . ) Since both arcs in the second and fourth quadrants have their tangents considered negative , the above property will apply to arcs any way trisecting a ... Page 19

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**square**root , there will result , In like manner sin A = } .sin B = sinc = ( sb ) . ( sc ) bc ( -a ) . ( s - c ) ac ( - ) ( - 6 ) αὐ ( XXXIV . ) These expressions , besides their convenience for logarith . mic computation , have the ... Page 33

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**square**degreest . Cor . 4. When a = 0 , thena + B + c = 180 ° : and when a = s , then A + B + C = 540 ° . Consequently the sum of the three angles of a spherical triangle is always between 2 and 6 right angles ; which is another ... Page 33

... circle , is asured on the ess be mul- Surface of The log . of the factor to these

... circle , is asured on the ess be mul- Surface of The log . of the factor to these

**square**employed in art . 5 , Schol . Prob . 8 , ch . v . VOL . II . 6 when the 2 Remark . Some of the uses of the spherical excess. SPHERICAL TRIGONOMETRY . Page 37

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**square**base has , in like manner , each solid angle measured by 90 ° + 90 ° + 90 ° -180 ° = 90 ° , which is of the maximum angle . And thus it may be found , that each solid angle of a right prism , with an equi . lateral triangular ...### Other editions - View all

### Common terms and phrases

absciss altitude axis ball base beam becomes body centre of gravity circle conic surface consequently Corol cosine curve cylinder denote density descending determine diameter direction distance draw earth equa equal equation equilibrio EXAM expression feet find the fluent fluid force given plane ground line Hence horizontal plane hyperbola inches inclined plane intersection length logarithm measure motion moving multiplied nearly ordinate parabola parallel pendulum perpendicular position pressure prob PROBLEM PROP proportional quantity radius ratio rectangle resistance right angles right line roots Scholium side sine solid angle space specific gravity spherical excess spherical triangle square straight line supposed surface tangent theorem theref tion variable velocity vertex vertical plane vertical projections vibrations weight whole

### Popular passages

Page 13 - In any plane triangle, the sum of any two sides is to their difference, as the tangent of half the sum of the opposite angles is to the tangent of half their difference.

Page 469 - Or, by art. 249 of the same, the pressure is equal to the weight of a column of the fluid...

Page 74 - To prove that the exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the two interior opposite angles (see fig.

Page 299 - The workmen thought that substituting part silver was only a proper <perquisite; which taking air, Archimedes was appointed to examine it ; who, on putting...

Page 158 - MECHANICAL POWERS are certain simple instruments employed in raising greater weights, or overcoming greater resistance than could be effected by the direct application of natural strength. They are usually accounted six in number; viz. the Lever, the Wheel and Axle, the Pulley, the Inclined Plane, the Wedge, and the Screw.

Page 249 - BPC) ; or, the pressure of a fluid on any surface is equal to the weight of a column of the fluid...

Page 301 - In the doctrine of fluxions, magnitudes or quantities of all kinds are considered as not made up of a number of small parts, but as generated by continued motion, by means of which they increase or decrease ; as a line by the motion of a point ; a surface by the motion of a line ; and a solid by the motion of a surface.

Page 254 - Weigh the denser body and the compound mass, separately, both in water, and out of it ; then find how much each loses in water, by subtracting its weight in water from its weight in air; and subtract the less of these remainders from the greater. Then...

Page 494 - The reason is, all bodies lose some of their weight in a fluid, and the weight which a body loses in a fluid, is to its whole weight, as the specific gravity of the fluid is to that of the body.

Page 461 - ... horizontal *. 2. The theorems just given may serve to show, in what points of view machines ought to be considered by those who would labour beneficially for their improvement. The first object of the utility of machines consists in furnishing the means of giving to the moving force the most commodious direction ; and, when it can be done, of causing its action to be applied immediately to the body to be moved. These can rarely be united : but the former can be accomplished in most instances...