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12 Wheaton act of congress action Adam Lynn admiralty admitted agent agreement appear applied argument assignment assumpsit authority bank Bank of Alexandria bankrupt law bill bills of attainder bond cargo cashier cause circuit court citizens claim clause common law considered constitution corporation court of equity court-martial creditor Dandridge debt debtor decided decision declaration decree deed defendant in error delivered the opinion directors discharge district doctrine duties evidence executed exercise existing fact freight given grant impairing the obligation indorser intended judgment jurisdiction jury justice land law impairing legislature lien lottery matter ment nolle prosequi objection obligation of contracts Ogden owner paid parties pass payment person plaintiff in error plea pleaded postmaster-general principle proceedings proceeds prohibition provisions question reason record remedy rule Saunders Staphorst statute suit supposed sureties tion underwriters United usury validity verdict vessel writ of error
Page 176 - And, in the just preservation of rights and property, it is understood and declared that no law ought ever to be made or have force in the said Territory that shall, in any manner whatever, interfere with or affect private contracts, or engagements, bona fide, and without fraud previously formed.
Page 269 - It is sufficient, for the present, to say, generally, that, when the importer has so acted upon the thing imported that it has become incorporated and mixed up with the mass of property in the country, it has, perhaps, lost its distinctive character as an import, and has become subject to the taxing power of the State ; but while remaining the property of the importer, in his warehouse, in the original form or package in which it was imported, a tax upon it is too plainly a duty on imports to escape...
Page 117 - But upon a rule to show cause why a new trial should not be granted, the court...
Page 499 - That the Supreme Court shall have exclusive jurisdiction of all controversies of a civil nature, where a state is a party, except between a state and its citizens; and except also between a state and citizens of other states, or aliens, in which latter case it shall have original but not exclusive jurisdiction.
Page 697 - The inhabitants of the territories which His Catholic Majesty cedes to the United States, by this treaty, shall be incorporated in the Union of the United States as soon as may be consistent with the principles of the Federal Constitution, and admitted to the enjoyment of all the privileges, rights, and immunities of the citizens of the United States.
Page 83 - States, and the decision is in favor of such their validity, or where is drawn in question the construction of any clause of the constitution, or of a treaty, or statute of, or commission held under the United States, and the decision is against the title, right, privilege or exemption specially set up or claimed by either party, under such clause of the said Constitution, treaty, statute or commission...
Page 700 - The constitution vests the whole judicial power of the United States in one Supreme Court, and such inferior courts as congress shall, from time to time, ordain and establish.
Page 701 - ... article of the constitution, but is conferred by congress, in the execution of those general powers which that body possesses over the territories .of the United States.
Page 275 - It has been observed, that the powers remaining with the states may be so exercised as to come in conflict with those vested in congress. When this happens, that which is not supreme must yield to that which is supreme.
Page 283 - This opinion does not deprive the states of any resources which they originally possessed. It does not extend to a tax paid by the real property of the bank in common with the other real property within the state, nor to a tax imposed on the interest which the citizens of Maryland may hold in this institution, in common with other property of the same description throughout the state.