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the rate of two quarts of salt, four quarts of vinegar, four pounds of soap, and one pound and a half of candles, to every hundred rations.

Clothing for non-commis

sioned offi

cers, &c. &c.

Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That every non commissioned officer, musician and private of the artillery and infantry shall receive annually the following articles of uni form clothing, to wit: one hat, one coat, one vest, two pair of wollen and two pair of linen overalls, one course linen frock and trowsers for fatigue clothing, four pair of shoes, four shirts. two pair of socks, two pair of short stockings, one blanket, one stock and clasp, and one pair of half gaiters: And the Secretary of War is hereby authorised to cause to be furnished to the pay masters of clothing to the respective districts such surplus of cloth- be provided. ing as he may deem expedient, which clothing shall under his direction be furnished to the soldiers when necessary at the contract prices, and accounted for by them out of their arrears of monthly pay.

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That the officers, non commissioned officers, mu sicians and privates of the said corps, shall be governed by the rules and articles of war, which have been established by the United States in Congress assembled, or by such rules and articles as may be hereafter, by law, established.

Secretary of

War to cause surplus

Rules and ar

ticles of war

to be in force.


Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That the commissioned officers who shall be em- for enlist ployed in the recruiting service, shall be en- ments. titled to receive for every affective able bodied man, who shall be duly enlisted by him for the term of five years and mustered, (and between the ages of eighteen and forty five years) the sum of two dollars: Provided ne- Proviso.


Bountyhow and

when to be paid.


pay, in money and

land, when

vertheless, That this regulation só far as respects the age of the recruit, shall not extend to musicians or to those soldiers who may re enlist into the service: And provided also, That no person under the age of twenty-one years shall be enlisted by any officer, or held in the service of the United States, without the consent in writing of his parent, guardian, or master, first had and obtained, if any he have; and if any officer shall enlist any person contrary to the true intent and meaning of this act, for every such offence he shall forfeit and pay the amount of the bounty and clothing which the person so recruited may have received from the public, to be deducted out of the pay and emoluments of such officer.

Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That there shall be allowed and paid to each effective able bodied man, recruited as aforesaid, to serve for the term of five years, a bounty of sixteen dollars; but the payment of eight dollars of the said bounty shall be deferred until he shall be mustered, and have joined some military corps of the United States for service. And whenever any non commissioned officer, or soldier, shall be discharged from the service, who shall have obtained from the commanding officer of his company, battalion or regiment, a certificate, that he had faithfully performed his duty whilst in service, he shall moreover be allowed and paid, in addition to the said bounty, three months' pay, and one hundred and sixty acres of land, and the heirs and representatives of those noncommissioned officers or soldiers who may be killed in action, or die in the service of the United States, shall likewise be paid and allowed the said additional bounty of three

months' pay and one hundred and sixty acres of land, to be designated,surveyed and laid off at the public expense in such manner and up on such terms and conditions as may be provided by law.

Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That How the the said corps shall be paid in such manner, men are to be paid. that the arrears shall, at no time, exceed two months, unless the circumstances of the case shall render it unavoidable.


become pen


Sec. 14 And be it further enacted, That How the of if any officer, non commissioned officer, mu- ficers, nonsician or private, shall be disabled by wounds ed officers, or otherwise, while in the line of his duty in &c. &c. may public service, he shall be placed on the list of invalids of the United States, at such rate of pension and under such regulations as are or may be directed by law: Provided always, Proviso. That the compensation to be allowed for such wounds or disabilities, to a commissioned officer, shall not exceed for the highest rate of disability half the monthly pay of such officer, at the time of his being disabled or wounded; and that no officer shall receive more than the half pay of a lieutenant-colo nel; and that the rate of compensation to non commissioned officers, musicians and privates, shall not exceed five dollars per month: And provided also, That all inferior Provise. disabilities shall entitle the person so disabled to receive an allowance proportionate to the highest disability.

Sec 15 And be it further enacted, That if Representatives of those any commissioned officer in the military eskilled, &c. tablishment of the United States, shall, while &c. entitled in the service of the United States, die by to pensions. réason of any wound received in actual service of the United States, and leave a widow, or if no widow, a child or children un

Penalties for desertion.

Upon those not in service enticing soldiers to desert.

der sixteen years of age, such widow, or if not widow, such child or children, shall be entitled to and receive half the monthly pay to which the deceased was entitled at the time of his death, for and during the term of five years. But in case of the death or intermarriage of such widow before the expiration of the said term of five years, the half pay for the remainder of the time shall go to the child or children of such deceased officer: Provided always, That such half pay shall cease on the decease of such child or children.

Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That if any non-commissioned officer, musician or private, shall desert the service of the United States, he shall, in addition to the penalties mentioned in the rules and articles of war, be liable to serve for and during such a period as shall, with the time he may have served previous to his desertion, amount to the full term of his enlistment; and such soldier shall and may be tried by a court martial, and punished, although the term of his enlist. ment may have elapsed previous to his being apprehended or tried.

Sec 17. And be it further enacted, That every person not subject to the rules and articles of war, who shall procure or entice a soldier in the service of the United States, to desert; or who shall purchase from any soldier, his arms, uniform clothing, or any part thereof; and every captain or commanding officer of any ship or vessel, who shall enter on board such ship or vessel as one of his crew, knowing him to have deserted, or otherwise carry away, any such soldier, or shall refuse to deliver him up to the orders of his commanding officer, shall upon legal conviction, be fined at the discretion of any

court having cognizance of the same, in any sum not exceeding three hundred dollars, and be imprisond any term not exceeding one year.

Sec. 18. And be it further enacted, That Oath. every officer, non commissioned officer, musician and private, shall take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation, to wit: "I, A B. do solemnly swear, or affirm, (as the case may be,) that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the United States of Ame rica, and that I will serve them honestly and faithfully against their enemies or opposers whomsoever; and that I will observe and obey the orders of the President of the United States, and the orders of the officers appointed over me, according to the rules and articles of war."

Sec. 19. And be it further enacted, That Judge advothere shall be appointed to each division a cate for each judge advocate who shall be entitled to the division. same pay and emoluments as a major in the infantry, or if taken from the line of the army, shall be entitled to thirty dollars per month in addition to his pay, and the same allowance for forage as is allowed by law for a major of infantry.

Extra ex

limited sum,

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Sec. 20. And be it further enacted, That where any commissioned officer shall be o- pense, not bliged to incur any extra expense in travelling exceeding a and sitting on general courts martial, he shall to be paid to be allowed a reasonable compensation for officers actsuch extra expense actually incurred, not courts marexceeding one dollar and twenty-five cents tial. per day to officers who are not entitled to forage, and not exceeding one dollar per day to such as shall be entitled to forage.

Sec. 21. And be it further enacted, That no non-commissioned officer, musician or

ing upon

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