A Dictionary of Mechanical Science, Arts, Manufactures, and Miscellaneous Knowledge, Volume 2
H. Fisher, Son & Company, 1829
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Common terms and phrases
according acid angle appear applied axis body called centre circle colour common consists contains diameter direction distance divided drawing drawn earth effect equal extremity fall feet figure fixed force four frame genus give given greater half heat hole inches iron kind latitude leaves length less light lower machine manner matter means measure meridian metal method middle mixed motion move natural nearly object observed obtained parallel pass person piece plane plants plate pole pounds prevent produced proportion quantity raised rays receive represented roller round sails screw ship side silver sometimes square stone sufficient supposed surface taken tint tion turn upper usually various vessel weight wheel whole
Page 676 - A crime, or misdemeanor, is an act committed, or omitted, in violation of a public law, either forbidding or commanding it.
Page 744 - It hath sovereign and uncontrollable authority in the making, confirming, enlarging, restraining, abrogating, repealing, reviving, and expounding of laws, concerning matters of all possible denominations, ecclesiastical or temporal, civil, military, maritime, or criminal: this being the place where that absolute despotic power, which must in all governments reside somewhere, is intrusted by the constitution of these kingdoms.
Page 744 - Henry VIII and his three children. It can change and create afresh even the constitution of the kingdom and of parliaments themselves ; as was done by the act of union, and the several statutes for triennial. and septennial elections. It can, in short, do every thing that is not naturally impossible ; and therefore some have not scrupled to call its power, by a figure rather too bold, the omnipotence of parliament (12). True it is, that what the parliament doth, no authority upon earth can undo.
Page 768 - The power and jurisdiction of parliament, says Sir Edward Coke, is so transcendent and absolute that it cannot be confined. either for causes or persons, within any bounds.
Page 543 - Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read only in parts ; others to be read, but not curiously ; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention.
Page 543 - Crafty men contemn studies, simple men admire them, and wise men use them...
Page 769 - After the second reading it is committed, that is, referred to a committee ; which is either selected by the house in matters of small importance, or else upon a bill of consequence, the house resolves itself into a committee of the whole house.
Page 768 - I have not received, or had by myself, or any person whatsoever in trust for me, or for my use and benefit, directly or indirectly, any sum or sums of money, office, place, or employment, gift, or reward, or any promise or security for any money, office, employment, or gift, in order to give my vote at this election, and that I have not been before polled at this election.
Page 598 - Eliz. c. 2, to be punished by six months' imprisonment, and treble damages to the party injured. Maintenance. 12. Maintenance is an offence that bears a near relation to the former, being an officious intermeddling in a suit that no way belongs to one, by maintaining or assisting either party, with money or otherwise to prosecute or defend it; a practice that was greatly encouraged by the first introduction of uses.
Page 744 - And herein indeed consists the true- excellence of the English, government, that all the parts of it form a mutual check upon [ 155 each other. In the legislature, the people are a check upon the nobility, and the nobility a check upon the people ; by the mutual privilege of rejecting what the other has resolved : while the king is a check upon both, which preserves the executive power from encroachments.