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The Lord Elphingston, of the same surname, was created Baron by James the Fourth, slayne at Flowdon, and maryd an English gentlewoman called Barley, that came in Scotland with Queene Margaret, eldest daughter to Henry the Seventh, forth of England, and gott on her the last Lord Elphingston. His house, called Elphingston, lyeth on the east part of Sterlinge, towards Forthe river. There be of that surname the Lord of Henderston, in the same shire; the Lord lyeth in Sterlingshire, of no greate power and lyvinge, allyed since and depending upon the Lord Ersking, now Erle of Marre.


The Lord Glammes, descended from John Lyon, first made secretary to th'Erle of Crawforde, and after familiar to Robert the Second, the first Kinge of the Stewartes, and was made. Chauncelor; maryed his daughter, called Elizabeth, and gott the Glammes and many riche landes in Angush, and so created Baron; and gave theim the armes of Scotland with the treasure, savinge they should beare three lyons in a blacke feld, which is not heere. That first Lord was slayne by the Erle of Crawford, envyenge his felicity; and longe banished for that act. Their chief house, Glammes, lyeth in Angush; of greatest revenue of any baron of that land. This last Lord, borne of the daughter of th' Erle of Angush, and so that way allyed. Fewe gentlemen of their surname, and best enterteyned for their revenue.


The Lord Caithcart, of the same surname. His chief house, called Caithcart, standeth two myles south from Glasco, in Renfrewe sherifdome. He matched with the house of Semple, and is that Lorde's sister sonne. He is decayed bothe in lyvinge and surname, and therefore of the lesse accompt.


The Lord Lovet, called Fresell,* whose surname came from Hungary. His landes and resydence lyeth toward Loghwhenor, far north; created Baron in the dayes of James the Second of the Stewartes. The last Lord, with all his kynne and freendes, savinge one boy to succeede, was slayne in the 27 yere of Henry the Eight by the Clanrannald, a mischeuous surname, in the Isles, valiauntly foughten. This Baron is of goode lyvinge and power in the north, allied and a dependaunt vpon the Erle of Huntley. A surname esteemed honest and very hardy.


The Lord Ogilwy, of the same surname, is descended from Alexander Ogilwy, then Sherif of Angush, slane by the power of Donald of the Isles in a sore conflict called the battell of Harlawe, in the reign of James the First; afterward for their goode service created Barons, whose chief house and residence is on the syde of Augush towardes the Meirnes, men of goode lyvinge. And from that house is descended Sr Walter Ogilwy, knight, Sherif of Banf, in the north; the Knight of Fynnator, both men of great lyvinges in the north; and sondrey other gentlemen. They be men of fayre complexion, wise, and ciuill, and of goode power, allied with the Erles of Craweford and sondrey other barons about theim.


The Lord Carleil, of that surname, an ancyent Baron, but now both decayed in lyvinge and power, and in surname also. Their house, called Therthrowell,† of a stronge and thicke wall buylded, standeth in the foote of Nythisdale towardes Loighes water on the west syde, and Esk , at that part called Sullawaye ‡ on the southe. They be now onely

* Fraser.

+ Torthorwald.


appendauntes with their small powers vpon the Lord Maxwell and such as be wardens for the tyme.


The Lord of the Isles of Skye and Lewes, called Makloyd, the furthest isles lyenge towarde the north, betwixt Loigguhabir✶ and Stranauerne,+ speakinge the Irishe tongue, of goode power and lyvinge in this contrey, but of small power to bringe in the southe part of Scotland to armye royall, and so not much to be esteemed. They be very obedient to the estate.

The Lord of the Isles, of the same surname, Makconele or Makcane, for their greatnes, vnstable loyaltie, and for their often incursions on the mayne lande of Scotlande, oftentymes difficill agayne to bringe to obedience, was inhibit by Kinge Robert Brus in his last will to never to make a Lord of the Isles. And therefore sondrey tymes have ben atteynted, and lastly by James the Fourth, who put the principall of theim to deathe on the Borrowe Mure of Edinburgh. Of late was one created, ioyned with Matthewe Erle of Leuinox, in the service of King Henry the Eight, and dyed in Ireland. There is none now but the children of James Makconele and Charlie Bowe, a concourser in Ireland. Their chief residences in Kintire and Ratrayes.


The Lord of Lorne, a contrey ioyninge to Argile, and was not longe agoe the landes of the crowne, and inhabited by the best sort of Stewartes, called the Stewartes of Lorne, whereof be now but a few and yet valiaunt. These landes and lordshippe be now the inheritance of th' Erles of Argile, and called Lordes of Lorne in their stile.

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I.—An Opinion of the Present State, Faction, Religion, and Power of the Nobility of Scotland. MDLXXXIII.†


"The English princes, since the reign of Henry VIII., had made the important discovery that they could more easily avoid the dangers to be apprehended from Scotland by supporting and encouraging a party within the kingdom itself than by force of arms. The progress

of the Reformation in Scotland tended greatly to favour this course of policy; since the Protestant nobles were easily induced to look to England for support, even at some risk of national independence, when they beheld the power of France exerted on the part of the Catholics. The following list, evidently made up by one of the English envoys or agents, is curious, as showing the state of these two contending parties, and the respective influence of the nobility engaged in either faction about the year 1583."

A BRIEFE OPINION of the STATE, FACTION, RELIGION, and POWER of the severall NOBLEMENN in SCOTLANDE, as they dwell, not placinge them accordinge to their Greatness, Degree, or Antiquitie, vnder the Raigne of Kinge James VI. Anno Domini, 1583.


Esme Stewart, sonne to Esme Stewart, the late Duke, is an infant, and remaineth yet in Fraunce. The lyuinge he hathe in Scotland, besydes that his father gott by the forfaitures of the Hamiltons and Erle of Morton, is very small, the whole propertie of the olde Erledome of Lennox beinge morgaged, dismembred, and brought in manner to nothinge, and the reste

* From "Miscellany of the Bannatyne Club," i. 51-72, Edin. 4to, 1827. + From Appendix to "Original Letters of Mr John Colville, 1583-1602," printed for the Bannatyne Club, 1858.

like to breede him some troble with the Hamiltons and the Douglasses, if euer the tyme affourde them the oportunitie to recouer their owne. He is Shereife of Dumbretoun, and hath the chief commandement of that castell, beinge a place of principall strengthe amongest all the fortis of Scotlande.



The Lord Robert Stewarte, base sonne of King James Vth, hathe possessed Orkenay and Zetlande since this Kinge was crowned, beinge a chief thinge of the Kinge's propertie, and created into an Erldome in Nouember 1581. A man dissolute in lyef, lyttle sure to any faction, of small zeale in religion. His reuennu is greate, and power suche as those countries can make. His wyef is daughter to the olde Erle of Cassills, and aunte to him that now lyuethe.


George Sinclair, half-brother to this Erle Bothuille, by the mother's syde, is a youthe of xvij years of age, vnder the tutorie of therle of Gowrie, who hath his wardeshipp (a cause of the late vnkindenes and harte-burninge betwene him and Bothuille). Of his religion and inclination their is yet lyttle tryall. His power extendes ouer the bondes of Cathnes, although therle Marshall and the Lorde Oliphonte be porcioners with him of that countrye.


Alexander Gordon, a younge man within xxx yeres of age, a branch lately discended of the house of Hunteley, and hath maried this Erle of Huntley's father's sister, that was diuorced from the late Erle Bothuille. He is in lyuinge poore; in religion well affected, but of no greate partie nor enterprise. His mother was sister to Matthew, Erle of Lennox.


James Stewarte, eldest sonne to the Lord of Down, be

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