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portion of the Scottish nobility, Alexander Hay obtained important preferments. He was appointed Clerk-Register in October 1579; at the same time he was nominated an ordinary Lord of Session,* when he assumed the judicial title of Lord Easter-Kennet. Soon afterwards he was nominated a Commissioner anent the Jurisdiction of the Kirk. In 1581 he was named a Commissioner for the Visitation of Hospitals, and also an arbiter in the feud subsisting between the families of Gordon and Forbes. In November of the same year, after the Raid of Ruthven, he conveyed to the Earl of Lennox the royal command that he should depart from the kingdom.‡ When James left Scotland for Norway, in October 1589, to bring home his queen, Hay was nominated Secretary for the Scottish language during the royal absence.§ In 1592 he was for his services to the kingdom voted the thanks of Parliament. || He died on the 19th September 1594, “shortlie after the baptism of the Prince (Henry), by excessive paines and travellis tane be him at ye time, immediately before and at the tyme of the baptisme." ¶ His remains were consigned to the churchyard of Holyrood Abbey.

It is worthy of remark that Sir Alexander Hay of Newton and Whitburgh, younger son of Lord Easter-Kennet, and successively a Clerk of Session, a Lord Ordinary and ClerkRegister, granted to the Magistrates and Town Council of Aberdeen certain annuities for repairing the Bridge of Don. His charter granting these annuities is dated 1st February 1605, and bears that the bridge was the noble work of the renowned and illustrious King Robert Bruce. The annual grant, amounting only to £2, 5s. 8d. of sterling money, has latterly been productive of a fund of £12,000.**

Along with Hay's "Estimate" are presented two others, prepared at subsequent dates, and which, though formerly printed, have not been made generally accessible. Taken together, these documents cast no inconsiderable light on the condition of Scottish affairs at an important epoch.

* Books of Sederunt. + Acts of Scot. Parl., iii. 138. Moyse, 71, 72. § Spottiswoode, 379. Acts of Scot. Parl., iii. 626. ¶ Books of Sederunt. Kennedy's "Annals of Aberdeen," Lond. 1818, 2 vols. 4to. Vol. i. p. 420.



BY ALEXANDER HAY, the xxviiith of December 1577.


The Erle of Arrane, Lord of Hamilton, Sherif of Lanerik, by inheritance called Hamilton, descended from a gentleman called Hamilton, who, for slaughter of John Spenser, familiar to Edward the Second, fledd into Scotland, tenderly receaved of K. Robert Brus, and got the landes of Caidzowe in Clidesdale, now in good nomber of people called Hamiltones. And they be in the Kinges bloode. His chief houses be the castels of Hamilton and Draffen in Clydisdale, Kync and Aberterne in Brotheame, and the Castell of Arrane in that isle. The surname wasted by adhearing to the late Q. Mary. These have matched with the Erles of Argyle, Leuinox, Huntley, and Lord Hume. In controversy now with the house of Leuinox.


The Erle of Huntley and Lord Gordon, and of the same surname. His first originall was from Sr John Gordon, Knight, which Lordschip lyeth besydes Hume in the Merch. His principall landes and roomes now lyeth in the north of Scotland. His chief house, called Strabogin, is within the Sherifdome of Abirdene. Of the same surname is descended the Erle of Sutherland and many other gentlemen. An Erle of greate power, and of most revenue of any Erle in that lande. In maner, thought the good man of the northe. He is desended of the house of Drummond on the mother's syde, the

last Erle borne of the daughter of Keyth Erle Mareschall, and maryed the daughter of Arrane, late Duk of Chastelherault.


The Erle of Argyle, Lord Campbell and Lorne, Justice Generall of Scotland, and Master of Houshold to the Kinge, all by inheritance. Is called by the French speeche Campbell -fayre feld. His contrey, seperated in maner from the mayne land, full of mountaynes and fresche water loghes, amongest which Leightfine, of greate boundes, and speaketh Irishe for their naturall tongue. He is regall within himself, and hath his justice clerke, of greate power and revenue, as the Lordes of Awchinbrek, Ardkinglas, Sherif of Ayre, Glenvrquhart, Corswell, and of late the Knightes of Cawlder and Lundie. They have matched for the most part with the houses of Leuinox, Eglington, Menteith, and Ersking, with Makclane and others of the Isles. His chief houses Enrare,* Dynone,† Castell Carrik, and Castell Campbell beyond Forth.


The Erle Mareschall, called Keith, descended from a yonge man of that surname that slew Chunus Prince of Norway, capitaine of the Danes, and gotte lands in Loutheane‡ of King Malcolm the Second, called Keith, for the continuance of their valiaunt deides to that crowne; they are now Erles Mareschall of Scotland by inheritance. Their chief residency and landes beinge in the north of Scotland. His principall house called Dynnolter,§ of great revenue; fewe freendes of his surname, because the inheritance of Enrugy|| beinge greate and of the same surname by mariage, was converted to his house. He is in alliaunce and freendship with the Erle of Huntley and the Creichons. This man now Erle is very religious and of greate substance.


§ Dunnottar.

+ Dunoon.

|| Innerugie.

Lothian. ¶ Crichtons.


The Erle of Angush, descended from Sr James Douglas, called the [good] Knight, who went with the hart of that Kinge in to the holy Lande, and for that these gyve the bloody hart in their armes. He is the first Erle of Scotland, and caryeth the crowne afore the Kinge in Parlement. These be men of greate power and kynred and freendship, very noble, and of greate stomak and courage. The principall houses of this Erle be the castels of Douglas and Borthuile in Clydesdale, and Tantallon in Louthyanshire, a house of goode strength. They have matched with the houses of Huntley, Drummond, Glammes, Yester, Flemynge, and many others of that land, and lately with Leuinox.


The Erle of Leuinox and Lord Dernelin,* called Stewart, Sherif of Dunberton, by inheritance descended with the Stewardes kinges of Scotland, taking now their clayme of the second persounage of that land from the sister of James the third, Lady Hamilton, as most lawful by descent. The late Erle thereof called Mathew beinge Regent, and his nephew now reigninge called James the sext. The Erldome was of great revenue in rent and superioritie, hurt by his father John Erle of Leuinox in service, and now descended to a daughter called the Lady Arabella, borne in England. His chief houses be Crukiston and Inshenane in the Sherifdome of Renfrewe, Inche Myringet in Loight Lomonde, the keiping of Dunbartane Castell and rule of the Isle of Bute. Stewart of the regalitie of Glasgo. An Erle of greate power, and of that house haue ben vice Royes of Naples and Calabria, Mareschals of France, and capitayne of the gard and company. And yet a greate Baron called Lord Obenze,‡ gyving the the Frenche armes quarterly,

* Darnley.

+ Inchmurrin.

+ Aubigny.


The Erle of Cassels, called Kenethy,* lyenge with his freendes of the same surname vpon the west seas in the contrey of Carrik, a Stewartrye and parcell of the Sherifdome of Are. There is of the same name in that contrey and descended of his house sondry lordes and gentlemen, wherof two principalles, the Lordes of Barganye and Blairquhan of litle lyvinge then the Erle himself. His chief houses be Cassells and Dymmire,† 4 myles from the bridge of Doone. The people ar mingled with the speeches of Irishe and Englishe, not far distant from Cragfergus, in Ireland. This last Erle was sist to the Lord Barganye aforesaid.


The Erle of Glencarne, lord of Kilmaurse, called Cuninghame, came first foorth of England from killinge of Thomas Becket of Canterbury: men of fayre landes and of greate power of their owne surname, from which Erle ar descended the Lordes of Glengarnok, Caprington, Robert Lande, Cunynghame heade, Halkheade, Craganes, Ladylande, Montgrene, and Druquhassill (Drumquhassell), capitaine of Dumbertane, men of great livinges. He is well and faithfully searved by them; they lyve for the most part in Cuninghame nigh to Eglington. They be alwayes in freendship and amitie partakers with the Erles of Leuinox; they ar of the mothersyd descended from the house of Angush. The chief houses of this Erle ar Kilmaurse in Cuningham, Fynleston ‡ vpon the syde of Clide, the castell of Kilmaranok, in the Leuenax, and Glencarne in Nithisdale.


The Erle Bothwell, Lord Creithon § and Hales, Sherif of Berwik, called the Mers, of Hadington and Edenbourgh, within Lowtheame,|| greate Admirall of Scotland by inheri

+ Dunure.

* Kennedy.
§ Crichton.

|| Lothian.


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