Britain's Heritage of Science
Constable & Company, Limited, 1917 - 334 pages
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action already appears appointed astronomical atomic attention attraction became body British brought called Cambridge century chemical Chemistry College considerable considered constructed contains continued Darwin death determined direction discovered discovery distance early earth effect electric energy engine England entered established experimental experiments explained facts Faraday force formed further give given heat held idea important interest invented Italy John Joule knowledge known later lectures light lines living London Lord magnetic mathematical matter means measurements mechanical method mind motion natural Newton noted observations obtained original Oxford passed period physical plants position practical present principle problems produced Professor Professorship properties proved published rays returned Royal Society scientific seems showed stars substance successful surface theory Thomas tion took ultimately University waves whole Young
Page 24 - That the quantity of heat capable of increasing the temperature of a pound of water (weighed in vacuo, and taken at between 55° and 60°) by 1° Fahr.
Page 26 - It is impossible by means of inanimate material agency to derive mechanical effect from any portion of matter by cooling it below the temperature of the coldest of the surrounding objects.
Page 28 - Within a finite period of time past, the earth must have been, and within a finite period of time to come. the earth must again be, unfit for the habitation of man as at present constituted, unless operations have been, or are to be performed, which are impossible under the laws to which the known operations going on at present in the material world are subject.
Page 27 - There is at present in the material world a universal tendency to the dissipation of mechanical energy. 2. Any restoration of mechanical energy, without more than an equivalent of dissipation, is impossible in inanimate material processes, and is probably never effected by means of organized matter either endowed with vegetable life or subjected to the will of an animated creature. 3. Within a finite period of time past, the earth must have been, and within a finite period...
Page 122 - Formed a design, in the beginning of this week, of investigating, as soon as possible after taking my degree, the irregularities in the motion of Uranus, which...
Page 50 - In the beginning of the year 1665 I found the method of approximating Series and the Rule for reducing any dignity of any Binomial into such a series [ie, he had formulated the Binomial Theorem].
Page 28 - But if we conceive a being whose faculties are so sharpened that, he can follow every molecule in its course...
Page 38 - I have rather," he writes in 1831, "been desirous of discovering new facts and new relations dependent on magnetoelectric induction, than of exalting the force of those already obtained, being assured that the latter would find their full development hereafter.
Page 50 - I deduced that the forces which keep the planets in their orbs must bo reciprocally as the squares of their distances from the centres about which they revolve; and thereby compared the force requisite to keep the moon in her orb with the force of gravity at the surface of the earth, and found them answer pretty nearly.
Page 250 - The rank of the owner was indicated by the species of bird which he carried. To a king belonged the gerfalcon ; to a prince, the falcon gentle ; to an earl, the peregrine ; to a lady, the merlin ; to a young squire, the hobby ; while a yeoman carried a goshawk ; a priest, a sparrowhawk ; and a knave, or servant, a kestrel.