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River Basin in Illinois, 462; Section F (Zoology), Prof. H. F. Osborn on the Mammals of the Upper Cretaceous, 462; Section G (Botany), Evolution and Classification, C. E. Bessey, 534; Section H (Anthropology), Dr. Brinton on the Mexican Calendar System, 462; Section I (Economic Science and Statistics), 463; Theories of the Origin of Mountain Ranges, Prof. Le Conte, 551; Geological Society of America, 578; Index Catalogue of the Library of the Surgeon General's Office, U.S. Army, Dr. A. T. Myers, 611

Ammonia Vapour as a Disinfectant, Herr Rigler, 298 Amoebæ, Artificial, Prof. Bütschli's, Dr. John Berry Haycraft, 594

Amphioxus and its Development, the, Dr. B. Hatscheck, 613 Amphipods, Swarms of, Prof. W. A. Herdman, F.R.S., 28 Ampère's Swimmer, a Substitute for, Alfred Daniell, 294, 370 Amsterdam Royal Acade ny of Sciences, 96, 168, 312 Analytical Statics, a Treatise on, Edward John Routh, F.R.S., Prof. A. G. Greenhill, F.R.S., 609

Anatomy, Human and Comparative, at Oxford, Prof. E. Ray Lankester, F. R.S., 616

Anderson (Dr. William, F. R.S.), the Interdependence of Abstract Science and Engineering, 65

Andouard (A.), the Desert Sands of Lower Egypt, 336 Anemometrical Observations at Vienna, 1873–92, Dr. J. Hann, 108

Aneroid, the Corry" Protected," Edward Whymper, 160 Anglo-Saxon Remains and Coeval Relics from Scandinavia, on, Prof. Hans Hildebrand, 557

Angot (M.), the Eiffel Tower Experiments, Variation with Height of the Meteorological Elements, 12

Animal Heat and Physiological Calorimetry, Prof. Rosenthal, 88

Animal Intelligence, the Limits of, Prof. C. L. Morgan, 350 Animal Life, Types of, St. George Mivart, F.R.S., 148 Animals, the Intelligence of, Charles William Purnell, Dr. Alfred R. Wallace, 73

Annalen des K. K. Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums, 92
Anomalous Dispersion, a Mechanical Analogue of, 527
Antarctic Exploration: Cruise of the Dundee Whalers, W. S.
Bruce and C. M. Donald, 555

Antarctic Whaler Balana, Return of, 112
Antarctic Whaling Expedition, Norwegian, 574
Antennæ, Trilobites with, at last! H. M. Bernard, 582
Anthrax Bacilli, Production of Sporeless, M. Phisalix, 545
Anthropology: the Population of France, 108; Anthropolo-
gical Institute, 118; Index to Publications, 482; the Baram
District of Borneo, Charles Hose, 118; Anthropological
Society of Washington, Prize Subjects for 1893, 229; Racial
Dwarfs in the Pyrenees, J. S. Stuart-Glennie, 294; Strange
Heathen Ceremony at Raiates, Miss Teuira Henry, 398;
the Ancient Burial Mounds of Japan, Romyn Hitchcock,
398; the Breaking of Clay Vessels as a Funeral Rite in
Modern Greece, Prof. N. G. Politis, 445; Dr. Brinton on
the Earliest Men, 460; Opening Address in Section H of the
British Association, by Dr. Robert Munro, 503; Ethno-
graphic Aspect of Dancing, Mrs. Lilly Grove, 557; on
Anglo-Saxon Remains and Coeval Relics from Scandinavia,
Prof. Hans Hildebrand, 557; Origin and Development of
Early Christian Art, J. Romilly Allen, 558; Ethnographical
Notes on the Congo Tribes, Herbert Ward, 558; the "Mad
Head," Dr. Crochley Clapham, 558; on the Structure of
Lake-dwellings, Dr. Munro, 558; on a British Village of
Marsh Dwellings, Arthur Bulleid, 558; Chicago International
Congress of Anthropology, 570

Anthropometrical Measurements, A. Bertillon's System of, 250
Antibes, Four Simultaneous Water-spouts at, M. Naudin, 360
Antipodean Retrenchment, Dr. E. A. Abbott, 249
Antiquities, Assyrian, the Thieving of, 343; H. Rassam, 508,

Antiquities, the Thieving of, Prof. W. M. Flinders Petrie, 613
Ants, the Use of, to Aphides and Coccidæ, Dr. Geo. J.
Romanes, F. R. S., 54; Alfred O. Walker, 54

Ants, the Sound-producing Organs of, Dr. D. Sharp, F. R.S., 64

Ants, the Fungus Gardens of certain South American, John C. Willis, 392

Antwerp Exhibition, "Castle in the Air" for forthcoming, 569 Apex of the Sun's Way, the, Prof. II. G. Van de Sande Bakhuyzen, 401

Aphides and Coccidæ, the use of Ants to, Dr. Geo. J. Romanes, F. R.S, 54; Alfred O. Walker, 54

November 30, 1893

Aphis, What becomes of the, in the Winter? J. A. Sharpe, 77
April Meteors, the, W. F. Denning, 5
Arago, a New Statue of, 154, 223

Ararat, Mount, Ascent of, H. F. B. Lynch, 548
Arcangeli (Dr. G.), Growth of Leaf-stalk of Nymphæaceæ, 92
Archæology: Congress of Archæological Societies, 251; the
Archæological Survey of England, 272; the Thieving of As-
syrian Antiquities, H. Rassam, 343, 508, 540; the Thieving
of Antiquities, Prof. W. M. Flinders Petrie, 613
Archibald (E. Douglas), the Greatest Rainfall in Twenty-four
Hours, 77, 317; the Big and Little Monsoons of Ceylon, 175
Architecture: Prehistoric Naval Architecture of Northern
Europe, G. H. Boehmer, 274; Institution of Naval Archi-
tecture, 277; Fast Ocean Steamships, Dr. F. Elgar, 278;
Experiments on Combination of Induced Draughts and Shot
Air, applied to Marine Bilers, J. D. Ellis, 278; Transmission
of Heat through Boiler Plates, A. Blechynden, 278; Water
Tube Boilers, J. T. Milton, 278; the Bulkhead Question, G.
H. Bryan, 279; the Mechanics of Architecture, E. Wynd-
ham Tarn, 515

Arcimis (Prof. Augusto), Afterglows in Spain, 29
Arctic Exploration: Death of Capt. Richard Pike, 82; the
Race to the North Pole, Dr. H. R. Mill, 250; an Expe-
dition to the North Magnetic Pole, Col. W. H. Gilder, 250;
Sailing of Dr. Nansen's Expedition (June 24, 1893), 205;
Dr. Nansen's Expedition, 301, 425, 574; Departure of Lieut.
Peary on his Second Expedition, 234; Departure of Mr. F.
G. Jackson for Nova Zembla, 327; the Steam Whaler
Newport's Voyage, 574

Arctic Problem, the, and Narrative of the Peary Relief Expedition of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Prof. Angelo Heilprin, 434

Aren's (Herr), Method of Detecting Cholera Bacillus in Water, 523

Argentinia and Chile, Flora and Fauna of, Dr. Philippi, 619 Argyll, a Vertebrate Fauna of, and the Inner Hebrides, J. A. Harvie-Brown and T. E. Buckley, 123

Aristotle on Field Voles, 37

Arithmetic, Algebra, Euclid and Trigonometry, Enunciations in, P. A. Thomas, 564

Arloing (S.), Microbian Origin of Purulent Surgical Infection, 407

Armstrong (Prof. Henry E., F.R.S.), the Appreciation of Science by German Manufacturers, 29; the Conditions Determinative of Chemical Change, 237; Ortho-, para-, and peri-disulphonic derivatives of Naphthalene, 262; the Nature of Depolarisers, 308

Arnè (Riccardo), Diathermanous Power of Ebonite for Heat Waves, 299

Arnold-Bemrose (Mr.) on the Derbyshire Toadstone, 532 Arran, Composite Dykes in, Prof. J. W. Judd, F. R.S., 285, 286

Arrow-Poison of East Equatorial Africa, the, Dr. T. R. Fraser, F.R.S., and Dr. Joseph Tillie, 92

Arsenic, Products of Sublimation of, Dr. Retgers, 510 Arsonval (M. d'), Physiological and Therapeutic Effects of Injection of Orchitic Liquid, 23; Duration of Excitability of Nerves and Muscles after Death, 240; Electric Excitability of Muscles after Death: the Myophone, 399; Experiments on Effect of Strong Alternating Magnetic Fields on Animals, 481; Dr. W. S. Hedley on M. d'Arsonval's Work, 481 Art, the Department of Science and, 403

Art, Early Christian, Origin and Development of, J. Romilly Allen, 558

Artari (A. L.), Some Protococcoidæ, 92

Artificial Immunity and Typhoid Fever, 211
Artistic Rows of Elms, Rev. Alex. Freeman, 223

Ascherson (Herr), the Metallic-looking Deposits on Teeth of
Ruminating Animals, 231

Ashwell (Frank), Warming and Ventilating, 556
Asia, General Glaciation of, Prince Kropotkin, 533
Asiatic Quarterly Review, 301

Asphyxia, on the Physiological Action of the Inhalation of
Oxygen in, 575

Assyrian Antiquities, the Thieving of, 343; H. Rassam, 508, 540

Association for Advancement of Science, Australasian, 569 Asterisms, the Early, J. Norman Lockyer, F.R.S., 438, 518 Astronomy: the April Meteors, W. F. Denning, 5; Daylight Meteor, March 18, J. E. Clark, 54; Meteor Showers, 15, 254, 326; Meteor Observations, W. F. Denning, 135;


November 30, 1893

Ascending Meteor, Prof. Von Niessl, 209; a Remarkable
Meteor, J. Lloyd Bozward; J. Lovel, 567; August Meteors,
601; the Genesis of Nova Auriga, Richard A. Gregory, 6;
Nova (T) Auriga Spectrum, W. W. Campbell, 524; Our
Astronomical Column, 15, 39, 61, 81, 111, 135, 158, 183, 208,
233, 254, 276, 300, 326, 355, 379, 401, 425, 447, 483, 512,
524, 548, 573, 600, 622; South Polar Cap of Mars, Prof.
George Comstock, 15; the Brightness of the Major and Minor
Planets, Dr. G. Müller, 15; Astronomy Popularised in
America, 15 Optical Tests for Objectives, Dr. Ludwig
Mach, 16; Photograph of a Bolid, 16; Meridian Circle
Observations, 39; the Lunar Atmosphere, 40; the Recent
Solar Eclipse, 40; Prof. T. E. Thorpe, F. R. S., 53; the
Total Solar Eclipse (April, 1893), M. Deslandres, 81; M.
Bigourdan, 111; M. N. Coculesco, 135; Observations
made during the Eclipse of April, 1893, 326; a Method
of Detecting the Existence of Variable Stars by Continuous
Photometric Observations, Dr. J. Joly, F.R.S., 47; Dis-
tortion of Photographic Star Images due to Refraction, Prof.
A. A. Rambaut, 47; Roche's Limit, Prof. G. H. Darwin,
F.R.S., 54; Finlay's Comet (1886 VII.), 51, 81, 112,
135, 158, 184, 208, 276, 300, 326, 355; M Schulhof,
233, 254; Comet Finlay and the Præsepe, 512; the
Greatest Brilliancy of Venus, Dr. G. Müller, 61;
L'Astronomie, 62, 158, 254; the Lunar Atmosphere,
M. Spée, 62; Bulletin Astronomique for April, 62; Vari-
able Star Nomenclature, 81; the Moon's Surface, G.
K. Gilbert, 82; Amédée Guillemin, 82; the Satellites of
Jupiter, Prof. W. H. Pickering, 81, 209; Observation on
Jupiter, M. Lumsden, 158; Sun, Moon, and Stars: As-
tronomy for Beginners, A. Gilberne, 101; Death of Dr.
Charles Pritchard, F. R. S., 107; Aurora Observations, 112;
the Constant of Aberration, Prof. Chandler, 112; the As-
tronomical Day, 112; Royal Observatory, Greenwich, 112;
Washburn Observations, 135; the Cause of Sunspots, Dr.
G. J. Storey, F.R.S., 143; Determinations of Gravity, 158;
Solar Observations at the Royal College, Rome, Prof.
Tachini, 158; a New Variable u Cygnus, 183; a Bright
Comet, 184, 233; Observations of Nebulæ, Dr. Rudolf
Spitaler, 184; the Yerkes Telescope, 184; the Smithsonian
Report for Year ending 1892, 184; the Smithsonian Astro-
Physical Observatory, 184; Practical Astronomy, P. S.
Michie and F. S. Harlow, 197; Stars having Peculiar
Spectra, 208; Stars with Remarkable Spectra, T. E. Espin,
233; the Sun's Motion through Space, 208; the Period of
Rotation of Venus, 233; the Newall Telescope, 233; John-
ston's Notes on Astronomy, 233; the Hodgkins Fund Prizes,
233; a New Comet, 254, 622; Ephemeris of the New
Comet, Prof. E. Lamp, 276; the Discovery of the New
Comet, 300; Himmel und Erde for July, 254; for August,
355; Observations of the Planet Victoria, 276; Difference
of Longitude between Vienna and Greenwich, 277; Photo-
graphs of the Milky Way, Prof. E. E. Barnard, 277;
Changes in the Spectrum of 8 Lyræ, 301; the Variable Star
7 Cygni, Prof. N C. Duner, 301; New Determination of
the Constant of Universal Attraction, 301; the Coronal
Atmosphere of the Sun, 301; Variable Stars, 301; Remarks
on Herschel's Second Method of Calculating Probable Orbit
of Binary Star, J. A. C. Oudemans, 312; the Astronomical
History of On and Thebes, J. Norman Lockyer, F. R.S.,
318, 371; Rordame-Quénisset Comet, 1893, 326, 401; Herr
E. Lamp, 355; the Spectrum of the Rordame-Quénisset
Comet, Prof. Campbell, 379; Earth Movements, Herr E.
von Rebeur-Paschwitz, 326; the Observatory of Yale Uni-
versity, 327; Astronomische Gesellschaft, 327; Observa-
tions of Aurora, Dr. M. A. Veeder, 355; New Determination
of the Constant of Universal Attraction, 355; Total Solar
Eclipses, 355; Photography of Comet b, 1893, F. Quénisset,
360; Old and New Astronomy, Richard A. Proctor, 361;
the Origin of New Stars, Prof. A. W. Bickerton, 379; At-
mospheric Refraction and Star Photographs, Prof. A. A.
Rambaut, 379; Astronomy Popularised, 380; Comet Ap-
pearances in the Year 1892, Proi. H. Kreutz, 380; Astrono-
mical Photography, Rt. Hon. Lord Rayleigh, F.R. S., 391;
the Cordoba Durchmusterung, 401; a Simple Equatorial
Mounting, 401; a Remarkable Source of Error, 401; the
Apex of the Sun's Way, Prof. H. G. Van de Sande Bakhuy-
zen, 401; the Origin of New Stars, 402; an Old Device
Resuscitated, F. W. Levander, 416; Old and New
Astronomy, A. C. Ranyard, 416; the Reviewer, 416;
Honorary Distinctions, 425; a Meteor, 425; a Bequest to

Astronomy, 425; Old and New Astronomy, Mrs. S. D.
Proctor-Smyth, 438; the Reviewer, 438; the Early Asterisms,
J. Norman Lockyer, F. R. S., 438, 518; the Transit of Venus
of 1874, 447; the Planet Venus, Ellen M. Clerke, 447 ;-
Memorie della Societa, &c., 448; Variations of Latitude, Prof.
C. L. Doolittle, 451; Latitude Determination at Bethlehem,
1892-93, Prof. Doolittle, 460; Astronomical Photography,
Dr. A. A. Common, F.R.S., 459; H. F. Newall, 517; Sir
Robert S. Ball, F. R.S., 541; a Determination of the Con-
stant of Aberration, Prof. Geo. C. Comstock, 460; Mr.
Tebbutt's Observatory, 483; Universal Time in Australia,
484; Bishop's Ring, T. W. Backhouse, 509; Double Star
Measures, 512; Pubblicazioni della Specola Vaticana, 512;
Fireball of January 13, 1893, Prof. H. A. Newton, 524;
Report of the Committee on Solar Radiation, 525; the
Moon's Atmosphere and the Kinetic Theory of Gases, G. H.
Bryan, 526; Shooting Stars of August, 1893, P. F. Denza,
535; the Constellations of the Far East, Kumagusu Minakata,
541; on the Parallax of the Planetary Nebula B.D. +
41°4004, 548; Solar and Lunar Ephemeris for Turin,
548; Observatory on Mont Blanc, 549; Astronomy at
the World's Fair, 573; the Aurora of July 15, 1893, M.
A. Veeder, 573; New Variable Stars in Cygnus, Herr Fr.
Deichmüller, 573; Deductions from Pulkowa Latitude Obser-
vations, S. Folie, 583; the Scintillation of Stars, M. Dufour,
600; a Universal Telescope Stand, 600; Popular Astronomy,
600; Astronomy of the Fellahin of Palestine, P. J. Balden-
sperger, 601; Determination of Geographical Longitude, Herr
C. Runge, 623; Astronomy and Astro-Physics at Chicago,
623; a New Astronomical Observatory at Manila, 623; the
Visibility of Venus to the Naked Eye, 623; Meyer's Con-
versational Lexicon, 623

Asymmetrical Frequency Curves, Prof. Kar! Pearson, 615
Atlantic Water, Density and Alkalinity of, J. Y. Buchanan, 168
Atlas, the Universal, 147

Atlatl, or Throwing Stick, the Mexican, P. T. Mason, 597
Atmosphere, the General Motions of the, W. L. Dallas, 341
Atmosphere, High, Thermometer Soundings in the, W. de
Fonvielle, 160

Atmosphere, the Lunar, 40; M. Spée, 62
Atmosphere of the Sun, the Coronal, 301

Atmospheric Oxygen, Origin of, T. L. Phipson, 384
Atmospheric Phenomenon in the North China Sea, Capt.
Chas. J. Norcock, 76

Atmospheric Refraction and Star Photographs, Prof. A. A.
Rambaut, 379

Atom, Prof. Ebert's Method of Estimating the Radiating Power
of an, 527

Atomic Weight of Oxygen, Prof. Morley's Final Determination
of the, 461

Aubel (M. van), Resistance of Bismuth, 571
Augen-Structure in Relation to the Origin of Eruptive Rocks
and Gneiss, J. G. Goodchild, 532

August Meteors, the, 1893, W. F. Denning, 374
Aurora Observations, 112

Aurora of July 15, 1893, M. A. Veeder, 573

Aurora Borealis, Observation of an, M. le duc Nicolas de
Leuchtenberg, 608

Aurora, the Observation of, Dr. M. A. Veeder, 355
Ausdehnungslehre, Grassman's, Prof. R. W. Genese, 517
Australia, Journey of Guy Boothby across, 40; Prize offered
by Hon. Ralph Abercromby for Study of "Southerly
Burster," 77; the New Flora and the Old in Australia, A.
G. Hamilton, 161; the Great Barrier Reef of Australia, its
Products and Potentialities, W. Saville Kent, Prof. Alfred C.
Haddon, 217; Australasian Association for Advancement of
Science, 229, 569; Universal Time in Australia, 484; The
Hour-Zone System of Time-reckoning for, 601; Australian
Museum, Annual Report for 1892, 621

Austria, Disastrous Floods in, 376

Automatic Balance of Reciprocating Mechanism, Mr. Beau-
mont, 556

Automatic Gem Separator, an, Wm. S. Lockhart, 557
Autumn of 1893, Spring and, Rt. Hon. Sir Edward Fry, F.R.S.,

Aveling (Edward), an Introduction to the Study of Geology,


Axioms of Dynamics, the Fundamental, Prof. Oliver Lodge,
F.R.S., 62, 101, 126. 174; Edward T. Dixon, 101, 149;
Prof. A. W. Rücker, F. R. S., 126; Prof. J. G. MacGregor,
126, 223

Aymonnet (M.), Periodical Maxima of Spectra, 536 Ayrton (Prof.), Photometry, 190

Azores, Hurricane at, 445

Babylonian Cosmology, P. Jensen, 2


Bacchus Marsh Boulder Beds, the, Graham Officer, Lewis Balfour, 342; R. D. Oldham, 416 Backhouse (T. W.), Bishop's Ring, 509 Bacteriology: the Nitrogen-fixing Micro-organisms, Berthelot, 23; Bacteria, their Nature and Function, Dr. E. Klein, F.R.S., 82; a Manual of Bacteriology, George M. Sternberg, 172, B. Griffiths, 219; Bacilli in the Saliva of Domestic Animals, 181; Antagonistic Effect of Bacillus Fluorescens Liquefaciens on other Organisms, Herr Olitzky, 181; the Cholera Bacillus, Herren Bujwid and Linkelburg, 207; Method of Detecting Cholera Bacillus in Water, Koch and Ar ns, 523; Discovery of the Bacillus Anthracis in Wellmud, M. Dia roptoff, 230; Interaction of Micro-organisms, 274; Effect of Ammonia Vapour on Bacilli, Herr Rigler, 29; Bacilli in Norwegian Ice, 323; Loeffler's and Laser's Bacilli and Mouse Plagues, 323; Sulphuretted Hydrogenproducing Bacillus of the Black Sea, 323; Loeffler's Bacillus Typhi Murium and Laser's Bacillus der Mäuse-seuche, 323; Bacillus Hydrosulfuricus Ponticus, 323; Micro-organisms producing Sulphuretted Hydrogen, Fromme and StagnittaBalistreri, 352, Susceptibility of Micro-organisms to Various Strengths of Disinfectants, Signor Trambusti, 352; Resistance of some Micro-organisms to High Temperatures, Herr Heim, 377; Greater Efficiency of Disinfectants at High Temperatures and with Moisture, MM. Chamberland and Fernbach, 377; Diagnostik der Bakterien des Wassers, Dr. Alexander Lustig, Mrs. Percy Frankland, 387; Modification of Loeffler's Method for Exhibiting in Stained Preparations the Cilia of Micro-organisms, MM. Nicolle and Morax, 399; Chemical and Bacterial Condition of Elbe at Magdeburg, Herr Ohlmüller, 399; Production of Ammonia in Soil by Microbes, Émile Marchal, 406; Microbian Origin of Purulent Surgical Infection, 407; Bacteria in their relation to Vegetable Tissues, Mr. Russell, 422; the Vitality of Pathogenic Bacteria in Vegetable Tissues, Herr Lominsky, 445; Prof. P. Frankland on the Present Position of Bacteri ology, 530; Production of Sporeless Anthrax Bacilli, M. Phisalix, 545; Manual of Bacteriology for Practitioners and Students, Dr. S. L. Schenk, 562; Bactericidal Action of Peroxide of Hydrogen, Richardson, Traugott, Van Tromp and Altehoefer, 599; Strauss's Method of Colouring Cilia of Living Micro-organisms, 621

Baginsky (Dr.), Relation of Glossopharyngeal and Olfactory Nerves to Sensory End-organs, 408

Bailey (E. H. S.), Effects of Cyclone of June 21 in Kansas, 352

Baily (Francis G.), Telephone Lines and their Properties, William J. Hopkins, 99

Baker (H. B.), Influence of Moisture on Chemical Action, 118
Bakhuyzen (Prof. H. G. Van de Sande), the Apex of the Sun's
Way, 401

Baldwin (James Mark), Elements of Psychology, 292
Balfour (Lewis), New Conclusions, 342

Ball (Sir Robert S., F.R.S.), Wanderings of the North Pole, 349; the Discussion on Quaternions, 391; Astronomical Photography, 541

Bal! (Prof. Valentine), Relationship between Physical Geography and Geology, 554

Balland (M.), Interior Temperature of Bread coming out of Oven, 632

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to Nature


Barker (Geo. F.), Physics, Advanced Course, Prof. Oliver Lodge, F.R.S., I

Barnard (Prof. E. E.), Photographs of the Milky Way. 277 Barnavave Carlingford, on the Igneous Rocks of, Prof. W. J. Sollas, 532

Barrett (Charles G.), the Lepidoptera of the British Islands, 585 Barrier Reef of Australia, the Great, its Products and Potentialities, W. Saville-Kent, Prof. Alfred C. Haddon, 217 Bartoli (Prof.), Corrected Formula of Heat necessary to Raise a Gramme of Water to t° C., 299

Barton (E. H), Electric Interference Phenomena, 527 Basic Eruptive Rocks of Gran (Christiana Region), on the Genetic Relations of the, Prof. W. C. Brogger, 531 Basset (A. B., F. R. S.), Toroidal Functions, 23; Electro-Optics, 34; the Publication of Physical Papers, 222, 292; Prof. Oliver Lodge, F. R S., 292; Mr. Love's Treatise on Elasticity, 415, 543; Organisation of Scientific Literature, 436; the Publication of Scientific Papers, 529

Batchelder (S. F.), New Series of Isanomalous Temperature
Charts, 239

Battersby (J.), Crocodile's Eggs with Solid Shell, 248
Battin (Joseph), Death of, 481

Baumann's (Dr.), Exploration to North-East of Lake Tanganyika, 548

Beadle (C.), Cellular Thiocarbonates, 94

Bean (T. E.), Sex Proportions of Butterfly production, 231 Beard (Dr. J.), Obituary Notice of Carl Semper, 271 Beaumont (Mr.), Automatic Balance of Reciprocating Mechanism, 556; a Variable Power Gear for Electrical Locomotives, 557

Beaver Creek Meteorites of May 26, 1893, E. E. Howell, 351; Prof. B. J. Harrington, 426

Bebber (Prof. Dr. W. J. Van), Katechismus der Meteorologie, 387

Beevor (Dr. C. E.), Analysis by Electric Stimulation of Motor
Region of Cortex Cerebri in Macacus sinicus, 142
Belgian Academy, Prize Subjects for 1894, 107
Belgique, Bulletin de l'Academie Royale de, 188, 332, 406, 583
Bell (Dugald), the Shell-beds of North Scotland, 181; In-
vestigation into the Shell-bearing Clays of Clava in Nairn,

Bell (Prof. F. Jeffery), Singular Swarms of Flies, 127
Ben Nevis, the Meteorological Observatory on, 428
Benda (Dr.), Microscopical Investigations on Development and
Function of Mammary Gland, 408

Bendigo Gold-fields, the, E. J. Dunn, 207

Bengal Duars, Experiences in the, E. Heawood, 555
Benham (W. B.), New Species of Nais, 115

Benischke (Dr. G.), Alternate Current Utilised for Investigating
Dielectric Constants of Solids, 378

Bennett (Alfred W.), Popular Botany, 104

Benson (C.), Normal Distribution of Rainfall in Madras Presidency, 230

Berget (Alphonse), New Determination of Mass and Density of Earth, 251

Bergholz (Dr. P.), Bremen Meteorological Observations for 1892, 422

Berlin Geographical Society, 40

Berlin Meteorological Society, 120

Berlin Physical Society, 48, 144, 288, 407

Berlin Physiological Society, 47, 119, 288, 408

Berliner Wetter-Buch, das älteste, Prof. Hellmann, 11
Bernard (H. M.), Trilobites with Antennæ at Last! 582
Berthelot's Principle Applied to Magmatic Concentration, A.
Harker, 532

Bertillon (A.), System of Anthropometrical Measurements, 250
Bertillonage, E. R. Spearman, 249

Berzelius and Liebig, Correspondence of, 561
Bessey (Prof. C. E.), Evolution and Classification, 534
Bevan (E. J.) Cellulose Thiocarbonates, 94

Bezold (Prof. von), Meteorology as Physics of Atmosphere, 140, 239

Bible, Helps to the Study of the, Henry Froude, 539
Bickerton (Prof. A. W.), Origin of New Stars, 379
Bidgood (John), Popular Botany, 175

Bifurcation of the Sciences, Thoughts on the, suggested by the
Nottingham Meeting of the British Association, Prof.
Oliver J. Lodge, F. R.S., 564

Bigourdan (M.), the Eclipse of April, 1893, 111

Binswanger (Mr.), Electric Heating Applicances for Domestic Use, 546

Biology: Aids to Biology, Joseph W. Williams, 26; Medical
Biology, 29; Biological Institute at Heligoland, 59; the
Conjoint Board's Medical Biology, Walter E. Collinge, 75;
Turbellaria of the Black Sea, Dr. Sophie Pereyaslawzewa,
109; Biological Station started on Heligoland, 231; Bio-
logical Station established at Gall Lake, Minnesota, 324;
the Minute Structure of Plant Hybrids, Prof. J. Muirhead
Macfarlane, 402; Projected Biological Survey of Indiana,
421; Origin and Meaning of the Term Biology, J. S. Burdon
Sanderson, F. R. S., 464; Opening Address in Section D of
the British Association, by Rev. H. B. Tristram, F.R.S.,
490; Biology at the British Association, 574; Marine
Biology, Dredging Expedition of the Liverpool Committee,
14; the Week's Work of the Plymouth Station, 14, 39, 61,
81, 111, 134, 158, 183, 208, 232, 253, 275, 300, 326, 354,
379, 401, 425, 447, 483, 524, 547, 573, 600, 622; Plankton
of Northern Lagoon of Jan Mayen, G. Pouchet, 119; Whit-
suntide Work of Liverpool Committee, Prof. Herdman, 133;
Submarine Borers and Submarine Cables, W. H. Preece,
F. R. S., 160; Animal Phosphorescence, D. Zabolotny, 92;
Marine Biological Association, 236; European Laboratories
of Marine Biology, 404; the Port Erin Station, 423
Birds' Method of Steering, F. W. Headley, 293; F. A. Lucas,

Birds, Sexual Colouration of, T. C. Headley, 413
Birds in a Village, W. H. Hudson, 409

Birds, Weight of, in Relation to their Bulk, 501

Birkeland (M.), Reflection of Electrical Waves at Extremity
of Linear Conductor, 14

Biscay, Bay of, Currents of, A. Hautreux, 601
Bishop's Ring, T. W. Backhouse, 509

Black Sea, Turbellaria of the, Dr. Sophie Pereyaslawzewa,
109; Sulphuretted Hydrogen-producing Bacillus of the, 323
Blake (Prof. J. F.), Felsites and Conglomerates between
Bethesda and Llanllyfni, 118

Blake and Franklin (Messrs.), Is Colour-Blindness a Product
of Civilisation? 206

Blakesley (Mr.), Dr. Lodge's Foundation of Dynamics, 166;
Photometry, 190

Blanford (W. T., F.R.S.), Catalogue of the Snakes in the
British Museum, George Albert Boulenger, 313

Blanyulus guttulatus, a New Enemy of the Vine, M. Fontaine,

Blechynden (A.), Transmission of Heat through Boiler-
plates, 278

Bleeding Bread, M. C. Cooke, 578

Blind, the Sense of Touch in the, Dr. Goldscheider, 48
Blomefield (Rev. Leonard), Death of, 445, 483

Blyth (A. Wynter), Lectures on Sanitary Law, 246

Bodenstein (Herr), the Action of Heat on Hydriodic Acid
Gas, III

Bodily Powers of Man and other Animals, Jeremiah Head, 498
Boehmer (G. H.), Prehistoric Naval Architecture of Northern
Europe, 274

Bohr (Dr. Christian) on the Effect of the Stimulation of the
Vagus on Disengagement of Gases in the Swim-bladder of
Fishes, 575

Bois (H. E. G. G. du), Polarisation of Undiffracted Infra-red
Radiation by Metal Wire Gratings, 406

Bolid, Photograph of a, 16

Bolton (H. C.), a Select Bibliography of Chemistry, 446
Boltzmann (Dr. Ludwig), Vorlesung über Maxwell's Theorie
der Electricität und des Lichtes, 435

Bombay, Science in, 13

Bonney (Prof. T. G., F.R.S.), Louis Agassiz: his Life and
Work, Charles Frederick Holder, 52; Relationship be-
tween Physical Geography and Geology, 554; Coral Reefs,

Boothby, Guy, Journey across Australia, 40

Borel (Charles), Question of true Hysteresis in case of Dielec
trics, 110; Dielectric Constants of Biaxial Crystals, 240
Borneo, the Baram District of, Charles Hose, 118
Borneo, North, Exploration of Mount Kina Balu, John White-
head, 564

Bornstein (Prof.), Electrification suggested as Cause of
Ignition of Balloon Humboldt, 120

Boron, on the Quantitative Determination of, M. Henri
Moissan, 96

Boscher (E.), Imitation or Instinct by a Male Thrush, 369
Botany Italian Stations for Economic Investigations of Plant
Diseases, 13; Colours of Canadian Flowers with relation to

Time of Flowering, A. T. Drummond, 37; Difficulty of
Determining Plants by Local Names, B. B. Smyth, 37;
Beiträge zur Biologie und Anatomie der Lianen, im Beson-
deren der in Brasilien einheimischen Arten, Dr. H. Schenck,
53; Some Protococcoidæ (Algae), Al. Artari, 92; a New
(Bay) Gall-Insect, Dr. C. Massa Congo, 92; Growth
of Leaf-Stalk of Nymphæaceæ, Prof. G. Arcangeli, 92;
a Fall of Rain from Lime-trees, Prof. F. Pasquale, 92;
Bolletino della Societá Botanica Italiana, 92, 333; Chemistry
and Physiology of Foliage Leaves, H. T. Brown and G. H.
Morris, 94; Popular Botany, Alfred W. Bennett, 104; John
Bidgood, 175; the Transpiration of Tropical Plants, Herr
Haberlandt, 108; the Protective Function of Oxalic Acid in
Plants, Herr Giessler, 109; Nuovo Giornale Botanico
Italiano, 115, 333; Flora of Pollard Willows near Cam-
bridge, J. C. Willis and J. H. Burkill, 143; Plants dis-
tributed by Cambridge Dust Carts, J. H. Burkill, 143; the
New Flora and the Old in Australia, A. G. Hamilton, 161;
Multiplicity of Homologous Parts in Relation to Gradation of
Species, A. Chatin, 167; Hygroscopic Plants, G. Falken-
horst, 253; Tobacco Culture in Trinidad, 275; Botanical
Gazette, 284, 333, 359, 559; Oligodynamic Phenomena of
Living Cells, Prof. Carl v. Nägeli, 331; Journal of Botany,
333, 559; Studies in Morphology of Spore producing Mem-
bers, I. Equisetineæ and Lycopodineæ, F. O. Bower, F. R.S.,
334; Failure of Efforts to introduce Cultivation of Japanese
Paper Mulberry into India, 353; Cattle Poisoning Species of
Homeria (Cape Tulip) in Victoria, Dr. McAlpine, 378; In-
fluence of Solar Radiation upon Plants, G. Landel, 384; the
Habit and Use of Nardoo (Marsilea Drummondii), T. L.
Bancroft, 407; Tubulane, a Caucasian Truffle, A. Chatin,
407; Grasses of the Pacific Slope, including Alaska
and the adjacent Islands, Dr. Geo. Vasey, 411;
the Anatomy of Magnoliaceæ, Sadahisa Malsada, 482; Ad.
ditions to Kew Herbarium, 510; Gesammelte Abhandlungen
über Pflanzen-physiologie, Prof. Sachs, 513; Pollination of
Yucca, Prof. C. V. Riley, 523; Botanical Exploration of St.
Vincent, H. H. Smith and G. W. Smith, 544; Subtropical
Botanical Laboratory established at Eustis, Florida, 545;
Madison Botanical Congress, 597; Localisation of the Active
Principle in Capparideæ, M. Léon Guignarel, 608; Lehrbuch
der Botanik nach dem Gegenwartigen Stand der Wissenschaft,
612; Insects and Flowers: Labiatæ, Chas. Robertson, 619
Bothamley (C. H.), the Composition of Mineral Waters, 22
Boulder Clay, Intrusive Masses of, Percy F. Kendall, 370
Boulders, Ice, as an Excavator of Lakes and a Transporter of,
Sir Henry H. Howorth, F. R. S., 247
Boulenger (George Albert), Catalogue of the Snakes in the
British Museum, W. T. Blanford, F. R. S.., 313
Boundoulaou Grotto, the, E. A. Martel and Émile Rivière, 231
Bourdon (M.), Curious Optical Illusion, 180

Bourquelot (Em.), Emulsine-like Ferment in Mushrooms, 512
Bourne (Gilbert), Coral Reefs, 576

Boussiresq (J.), Simplification of Formulæ Depending on Resist-
ing Power of Solids by introducing Greatest Linear Extension
▲ supportable by Material in Place of Corresponding Elastic
Force, 216

Boutan (Louis), Submarine Photographs, 377
Boutille (M.), New Electric Fire Alarm, 423

Bouty (M. E.), the Capacity of Polarisation, 180; Researches
of Polarisation, 336

Boulder Beds, the Bacchus Marsh, R. D. Oldham, 416
Bower (F. O., F. R.S.), Studies in Morphology of Spore Produc-
ing Members; I, Equisetineæ and Lycopodineæ, 334
Bowman (Sir William, F.R.S.), the Collected Papers of J.
Burdon Sanderson, F. R.S., and J. W. Hulke, F.R.S., 26
Boyer (G.), Two New Diseases of the Mulberry, 432
Boys (C. V., F. R.S.), Drawing of Curves by their Curvature,

Bozward (J. Lloyd), Wasps, 459; a Remarkable Meteor, 567 ;
the Summer of 1893, 614

Brabourne's (Lord) Library; Sir Joseph Banks's Correspondence,

Brain of Women, the, Prof. L. Büchner, 350

Bramcote and Stapleford Hills, Composition of the Rock of,
Prof. Clowes, 532

Brandon, the Flint Industry at, Edward Lovett, 180
Braun (Dr. C.), a Simple Rule for finding the Day of the Week
corresponding to any given Day of the Month and Year, 222
Brazil Coffee Culture, 423

Brazil, the Supposed Glaciation of, Dr. Alfred R. Wallace,

F.R.S., 589; Sir Henry H. Howorth, F.R.S., 614; David Wilson Barker, 614

Bread, Bleeding, M. C. Cooke, 578

Bread coming out of Oven, Interior Temperature of, M. Billand, 632

Breath Figure, John Aitken, 71

Brehm (A. E.), Les Merveilles de la Nature, La Terre, les Mers, et les Continents; Géographie Physique, Géologie et Minéra logie, Fernand Priem, Prof. A. H. Green, F. R. S., 25 Bremen Meteorological Observations for 1892, Dr. P. Bergholz,


Brew (William), a Peculiar Discharge of Lightning, 370
Bridge Construction, a Practical Treatise on, T. Claxton
Fidler, 612

Brightness of the Major and Minor Planets, the, Dr. G. Müller, 15

Brillouin (Marcel), Proper Vibrations of Medium indefinitely extended outside a Solid Body, 287

Brinton (Dr. Daniel G.), cn the Earliest Men, 460; on the
Mexican Calendar System, 462

British Agriculture, the Future of, Prof. Sheldon, 174
BRITISH ASSOCIATION: Meeting at Nottingham, 485; Prof.

Frank Clowes, 295, 344, 419, 443, 463, 520; Arrangements for Work of Chemical Section of the, Prof. J. Emerson Reynolds, F. R.S., 416; Inaugural Address by J. S. Burdon Sanderson, LL.D., D.C.L., F. R.S., 464 Section A (Mathematics and Physics)-Opening Address by R. T. Glazebrook, F. R.S., President of the Section, 473; Report of the Committee on Solar Radiation, 525; Prof. G. F. Fitzgerald on the Period of Vibration of Disturbances of Electrification of the Earth, 526; the Moon's Atmosphere and the Kinetic Theory of Gases, G. H. Bryan, 526; Grinding and Polishing of Glass Surfaces, Lord Rayleigh, F.R.S., 526; Apparatus for Observing and Photographing Interference and Diffraction Phenomena, W. B. Croft, 526; on Sun-spots and Solar Envelopes, Rev. F. Howlett, 526; on Our Present Knowledge of Electrolysis and Electro-Chemistry, T. C. Fitzpatrick, 527; on the Connection between the Ether and Matter, Prof. O. Lodge, 527; a Mechanical Analogue of Anomalous Dispersion, 527; Note on Prof. Ebert's Method of Estimating the Radiating Power of an Atom, 527; on Electric Interference Phenomena, E. H. Barton, 527; on the Passage of Electric Waves through Layers of Electrolyte, 527; W. B. Croft on the Plan of Science Teaching at Winchester School, 527; on Standards of Low Electrical Resistance, J. Viriamu Jones, 528; Apparatus for Comparing Nearly Equal Resistances, F. H. Nalder, Dr. O. Lodge, F. R. S., 528; a Simple Interference Experiment, Lord Rayleigh, F.R.S., 528; on Specula for Reflecting Telescopes, Dr. A. Shafarik, 528; the Publication of Scientific Papers, A. B. Basset, 529; a New Form of Air Pump, Prof. J. J. Thompson, 529; on a Peculiar Motion assumed by Oil Bubbles in Ascending Tubes containing Caustic Solutions, F. T. Trouton, 529 Section B(Chemistry)-Opening Address by Prof. Emerson Reynolds, F. R. S., President of the Section, 477; G. J. Fowler on the Preparation and Properties of Nitride of Iron, 529; T. W. Hogg on Cyanonitride of Titanium, 529; Report of the Committee for Investigating the Action of Light upon Dyed Colours, 529; the Method of Isolation and the Properties of Fluorine, MM. Moissan and Meslans, 529; the Iodine Value of Sunlight in the High Alps, Dr. S. Rideal, 529; Report of the Committee on the Action of Light on the Hydracids of the Halogens in the Presence of Oxygen, 530; the Expansion of Chlorine and Bromine under the Influence of Light, Dr. Richardson, 530; Prof. P. Frankland on the Present Position of Bacteriology, more especially in its Relation to Chemical Science, 530; on Explosions in Mines, with Special Reference to the Dust Theory, Prof. H. B. Dixon, Mr. Hall, Mr. Galloway, Prof. Thorpe, Mr. Stokes, 530 Section C (Geology)-Opening Address by J. J. H. Teall, F.R. S., President of the Section, 486; on the Genetic Relations of the Basic Eruptive Rocks of Gran (Christiana Region), Prof. W. C. Brögger, 531; on the Dissected Volcano of Crandall Basin, Wyoming, Prof. J. P. Iddings, 531; on Structures in Eruptive Bosses which resemble those of Ancient Gneisses, Sir Archibald Geikie, For. Sec. R.S., 531; on Berthelot's Principle applied to Magmatic Concentration, A. Harker, 532; on the Igneous Rocks of

November 3, 1893

Barnavave, Carlingford, Prof. W. J. Sollas, 532; on Augen-Structure in Relation to the Origin of Eruptive Rocks and Gneiss, J. G. Goodchild, 532; on the Derbyshire Toadstone, Mr. Arnold-Bemrose, 532; on the Igneous Rocks of South Pembrokeshire, Messrs. Howani and Small, 532; Composition of the Rock of Bramcote and Stapleford Hills, Prof. Clowes, 532; Source of Nottingham Water Supply, Prof. E. Hull, 532; Investigation into the Shell-bearing Clays of Clava in Nairn, Dugald Bell, 532; General Glaciation of Asia, Prince Kropotkin, 533; the Esker Systems of Ireland, Prof. Sollas, 533; Origin of the Glacial Period, C. A. Lindvall, 533; Glaciers, Prof. Bonney, 533; on the Geology of Central East Africa, Walcot Gibson, 533; Geology in Secondary Education, 533

Section D (Biology)—Opening Address by Rev. H. B. Tristram, F.R.S., President of the Section, 490; Zoology of the Sandwich Islands, David Sharp, 574; on the PhysicoChemical and Vitalistic Theories of Life, Dr. J. S. Haldane, Mr. Langley, Prof. Cleland, Prof. Burdon Sander-on, 574; on the Digestive Ferments of a Large Protozoon, Prof. Marcus Hartog and Augustus E. Dixon, 575; on the Effect of the Stimulation of the Vagus on Disengagement of Gases in the Swim-bladder of Fishes, Dr. Christian Bohr, 575; on Nerve Stimulation, Prof. F. Gotch, 575; Physiological Action of the Inhalation of Oxygen in Asphyxia, 575; Dredging Expeditions in the Irish Sea lying around the Isle of Man, 575; on the Origin of Organic Colour, F. T. Mott, 575; on the Roots of Lemna and the Reversing of the Fronds in Lemna minor, Miss Nina F. Layard, 575; on the Etiology and Life History of some Vegetal Galls and their Inhabitants, C. B. Rothera, 575; Lime Salts in Relation to some Physiological Processes in the Plant, Dr. J. Clark, 575; Coral Reefs, Prof. W. J. Sollas, F.R.S., Dr. Hickson, 575; Dr. Rothpletz, Gilbert Bourne, Prof. Bonney, Sir H. Howorth, Mr. Stebbing, H. O. Forbes, 576; the Lateral Canal System of Fishes, W. E. Collinge, 576; on the Ovipositor of the Cockroach, Prof. Denny, 576; on Certain Gregarinidæ and the Possible Connection of Allied Forms with Tissue Changes in Man, Dr. C. H. Cattle and Dr. J. Millar, 576; the Starch of the Chlorophyll Granule and the Chemical Processes involved in its Dissolution and Translocation, Horace T. Brown, F.R.S., 576; on Nuclear Structures in the Hymenomycetes, H. Wazer, 576

Section E Geography) - Opening Address by Mr. Seebohm,
President of the Section, 554; on the Relationship between
Physical Geography and Geology, Clements R. Markham,
F.R.S., W. Topley, F.R.S., E. G. Ravenstein, Prof. C.
Lapworth, F. R.S., Prof. Valentine Ball, Dr. R. D.
Roberts, Dr. H. R. Mill, H. Yule Oldham, Prof. Bonney,
F. R.S., Sir Archibald Geikie, 554; Cruise of the Dundee
Whalers, Balana and Active, toward the Antarctic Regions,
W. S. Bruce and C. M. Donald, 555; Experiences in the
Bengal Duars; the Settlement of Santal Colonists in that
Region, E. Heawood, 555

Section G (Mechanical Science)-Opening Address by Jere-
miah Head, President of the Section, 497; Automatic
Balance of Reciprocating Mechanism, Mr. Beaumont, 556;
Warming and Ventilating, Frank Ashwell, 556; Watch-
making by Machinery, T. P. Hewitt, 556; Poeumatic
Caulking and Chipping Tool, Mr. Ross, 556; Relative
Cost of Conductors with Different Systems of Electrical
Power Transmission, 555; on Water Power as a Source of
Electricity, A. B. Snell, 557; a Variable Power Gear for
Electrical Locomotives, Mr. Beaumont, 557; Flashing
Lights for Marine Purposes, O. T. Olson, 557; an Auto-
matic Gem Separator, William S. Lockhart, 557; the
Wicksteed Testing Machine, Prof. Robinson, 557
Section H (Anthropology)-Opening Address by Dr. Robert
Munro, President of the Section, 503; Ethnographic
Aspect of Dancing, Mrs. Lilly Grove, 557; on Anglo-
Saxon Remains and Coeval Relics from Scandinavia, Prof.
Hans Hildebrand, 557; Origin and Development of Early
Christian Art, J. Romilly Allen, 558; Ethnographical
Notes on the Congo Tribes, Herbert Ward, 558; Dr.
Crockley Clapham, the Mad Head, 558; Dr. Munro on
the Structure of Lake Dwellings, 558; Arthur Bulleid on
a British Village of Marsh Dwellings, 558; Thoughts on
the Bifurcation of the Sciences suggested by the Nottingham
Meeting of the British Association, Prof. Oliver J. Lodge,

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