Social Darwinism in European and American Thought, 1860-1945: Nature as Model and Nature as Threat
Cambridge University Press, 1997 M03 13 - 344 pages
This wide-ranging study focuses upon the controversies surrounding the meaning and significance of Social Darwinism. It clarifies the nature of Social Darwinism and its relationship to the ideas of Darwin, Lamarck and Herbert Spencer. After examining the development of Social Darwinist theories by a number of European and American thinkers, Mike Hawkins explores the use of these theories in a number of ideological debates and movements of the period 1860-1945. These include socio-political reform, national and racial conflict, eugenics, the position of women and Nazism/Fascism. The aim is to illuminate, through detailed comparative analyses, both the flexibility and the limits of Social Darwinism - limits which derive from the view of nature which lies at the very heart of Social Darwinism. The study concludes with a discussion of modern sociobiology in order to assess the continuing vitality of Social Darwinism.
Defining Social Darwinism
The distinctiveness of Social Darwinism
The emergence of Social Darwinism
Herbert Spencer and cosmic evolution
Social Darwinism in the USA
Social Darwinism in France and Germany
Other editions - View all
according action adaptation American animals appeared argued arguments become believed biological cause century characters civilisation claim competition conception concern consequences continued criminals culture Darwinian derived early effects elements elimination equality ethical eugenics evidence evolution evolutionary example explanation fact female forces future German governed Haeckel hence History human nature ideas ideological important individual inheritance insisted instincts intellectual interests Lapouge latter laws less living London maintained male means Mein Kampf mental moral natural selection Nazi organic original physical policies political population position possible present primitive principle produced progress proposed race racial reason regard relations relationship result role savages scientific sexual Social Darwinism Social Darwinist society Sociology species Spencer struggle for existence Sumner theorists theory thought tion traits University University Press warfare women world view writings
All Book Search results »
The Evolution of Institutional Economics: Agency, Structure, and Darwinism ...
Geoffrey Martin Hodgson
No preview available - 2004