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• Wheat-harvest began. Young golden-crowned wrens (motacilla troglodytes) quit their nefts. Young fwift fallen from the neft is full fledged.-3 Swifts (hirundo apus) begin to withdraw.-4 Flight of fwifts paling rapidly to the South.-5 Young martins and fwallows congregate on the tops of trees.-6 Wheat-harvest general, weather very favourable7 When the red-breafts have finished the corinths, they begin with the berries of the honeyfuckles, of which they are very fond. Bil-finches (loxia p, trhula) alfo feed on these bernes. Bigent to be directed by the depth of colour in their choice of food.-8 Wheat




Gentleman's Magazine:

For JULY, 1788.


July 15.
XXXAST week an elegant


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low of that fociety, which in 1768 prefented him to the living of Whitechapel. A fermon was preached on the Sunday after his interment, from James i. 4, by his curate; it was printed at the request of the parish, but never formally publifhed. It contains a fummary of Dr. Markham's character, and Ifhall give two or three extracts from it.

"Benevolence was, I think, the bafis of his character. Never man ftudied the happinefs of his fellow-chriftians more, never man Laboured more to promote it. Public

charities, and private miferies, found in him a liberal fupport and ready relief. I fee maful tongues can bear teftimony to what I fay, ny, very many now before me, whose grate

marble monument, executed by Mr. Banks, was erected in the chancel of Whitechapel church, in memory of Dr. Markham, late rector of that parish, at the expence of feveral refpectable parishioners. It reprefents Piety weeping at the tomb of Benevolence The figure of Piety is very beautiful, and full of the expreffon of grief; it reclines against a large farcophagus-like urn, which is taken from that of Cecilia Metella in the Campo Vaccino at Rome, and is markwho have tafted of his bounty, and who have ed out for the tomb of Benevolence, by heard him with that the quantity of his alms a small medaillon on the pedestal exhi- had been even doubled; thus enhancing the biting the charity of the good Samari- value of a beneficent action by the manner of tan. The whole is fupported by a ta doing it. But the benevolence of his difpofiblet which receives the infcription, and tion was fublimed into Chriftian charity. He is backed by a flab of grey marble, thought no evil of any one, neither of any which gives a pleasing relief to the reft did he fpeak evil. He knew how to forgive of the monument. The character of injuries, and did forgive them. Perhaps it Dr. Markham is deservedly high in the has been the lot of few men to reckon fo eftimation of his parishioners. He flood fmall a number of enemies as he did, if inin the first rank of parish priests, and deed he could reckon any. None could malwas remarkable for affability, humanity, there was a lenity, a forgivenefs about him, treat him, fave the brutal and the envious; but and fuavity of manners. He was a nawhich obviated and overcame even brutality tive of Chethire, and was educated at and envy. For ever averse from ftrife, St. John's College, Cambridge, where and ftudious of avoiding contention, wrath he took the degree of Mafter of Arts. and refentment gave way before his face-He removed afterwards to Brazen-nofe he was indeed a peace-maker, and bleffed College, Oxford, being elected a fel- are fuch. The difputes which moleft half lodged in fome places by yesterday's hail. Some straggling pans of iwifts reen every day this week.-1 Laft fwift. Wheat-harvest in general finished.- Nightingales (motacilla lufcinia) difappear,-12 Swallows congregate in a large flight.-13 Some harley mown. Oats carrying in 14 Martins congregate over the brooks. Goldfinches (fringilla cardueles) eat^ the feeds of the knap-weed. Thefe, as well as the linnets, and other imall birds, do the farmer much more good than he is aware of.


the world, created no difquiet in his breaft. His was a tolerant fpirit. He could be steady in his own opinions, without hating thofe who diffented from him. His principles in religious matters were strictly thofe of the Church of England. He did not live upon the revenues of a church whofe tenets he could not approve of, or acquiefce in; but, while he abhorred this bafe temporizing practice, he knew how to give their due Thare of honour to those who have given up their ecclefiaftical incomes that they may enjoy liberty with peace of tonfcience.

"But one controverfy have I ever heard that he had, and that was in defence of the doctrine of the Holy Trinity, and the Deity of HIM who in the beginning was with God, and was God.'

"His love for his parish was boundlefs. He lived among you-and like a faithful fervant and obfervant follower of Chrift Jefus, he went about doing good. His life was ir reproachable as his doctrine was found. He kept back nothing. He preached the Gofpel whole and entire. He extolled not faith without works, neither did he recommend works without faith. He flattered neither the finner nor the faint. But, refting falvation upon these two pillars, faith and morality conjoined, he knew that his doctrine was impregnable, and urged it with that earneftnefs which a man always will do, when he knows that Truth and he contend on one and the fame fide. In the little parochial difputes, which now and then even the best-meaning men may fall into, he was always a moderator; the real intereft of the parish was continually his object, and he was always happy when he could felect the advifeable measures of both parties, and, by combining them, gratify both, by the adop tion of at least the wifet part of their plans, and thus render both of utility to the parish at large. Every one's intereft he confulted, fave his own. He was contented to receive his own rightful dues, as the law of the land and the ufage of his predeceffors had fettled them, and to hand them down, uninjured by fraud or violence, to his fucceffors.

"A true fon, and faithful minifter of the

Church of England as he was, he was loyal

to the Head of the Church under Chrift. The king had not a more dutiful or more affectionate fubjećt, nor the conftitution a friend who revered it more. He was no more a favourer of republicanism, than he was an apologift for abfolute monarchy. He difdained to court noify popularity by affect ing republican principles; and reverenced too much the rights of mankind, to be an advocate for defpotifm. He was fatisfied with being a zealous and fincere lover of his country's form of government--which is the happy mean between a commonwealth and an uncontrouled monarchy.

"He was a friend to the poor, a friend to mankind, a fincere friend to the Church of

England, a zealous paftor of this his numerous flock, a loyal fubject to his fovereign, and a real lover of his country. These are the great lines in his character; and indeed I have not trenched upon panegyric in all I have faid. I have only fpoken the truth. The more minute parts are just as amiable. As a companion, his manners were bland and easy, yet pure and unaffected. There was nothing of morofenefs, nothing of darknefs in him. Chearful as a good and benevolent mind could make him, he carried his heart in his hand. He was the delight of many; the comforter of many. Polite and affable, he never wounded the feelings of any one he never faid cruel, or fhocking, or unpleasantly blunt things. He was an or nament to our common Chriftianity, truly adorning the religion which he professed.

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"He was a confiderate and a mild mafter of a family, attentive to the circumstances of his fervants, impofing light fervices, and even in these eafily fatisfied.

"No man ever made a better ufe of the health and fpirits with which God long blefted him; they were employed in glory to God, in promoting peace on earth, and preferving good-will amongst imen. And, when fickness overtook him, the words of the text were continually in his mouth :-" Let patience have her perfect work." His patience was pject and ene. He fubmitted to every expedient which friendly, rational, and experienced medical skill could devife; fubmitted even when the cold hand of death was already upon him, and medicine could only palliate, not remove, his diforder. F myfelf was an eye-witness to his last moments. I myself heard his laft figh. His death was that which we might expect in fo good, fo gentle, fo pious a man. He took leave of his attendants with a bleffing. He felt no pangs of body, he had no perturbations of mind. May we die the death of the righteous, and may our lift end be like bis!"

'I fend you the infcription on his monument, and thofe on two of his noft intimate friends, Dr. Dickfon, late physician to the London Hofpital, and Mr. Hallings, fecretary to the Society for promoting Chriftian Knowledge. The former was buried at Whitechapel, the latter at Aldgate.

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. ROBERT
Chaplain in ordinary to his Majefty Geo. III.
and rector of this parish,

who died Sept. 25, 1786, aged 59 years.
In teftimony

of the high esteem in which they held his character

as a zealous Paftor of a numerous flock,


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knew him;

learned and fkilful in his profeffion;
unfeed by the poor;

he lived to do good,

and died a Chriftian Believer, Tune ift, 1784, aged 58 years. His forrowing and only daughter cacfed this monument to be erected.

In Aldgate Church.

In a vault under the North end of this church Heth the body of

the Rev. MICHAEL HALLINGS, M. A. Secretary to the Society for promoting Chriftian Knowledge,

and more than twenty years curate of this parish.

An exemplary and orthodox Parish Priest, a true ion of the Church of England, of great fimplicity of manners, and no leis integrity of heart. He died on the 7th day of April, An. Dom. 1586, ætatis 50.

Yours, &c.


D. N.

July 16. HE fatement of your correfpondent E. in your last Magazine, p. gro, relative to the family of John Hopkins (commonly called Vulture Hopkin), is intorr:& in feveral particulars. John Hopkins's will dated the 10th of November, 1729; at a he thereby devike a farn in Surrey (called New Place Farm) to his coulin, John Hopkins (fon <f the cflator's late uncle, Samuel Hoy klas) for life, and gave all his real ete (ubject to the above devic of New Place Farm) to Sir Richard Hopkius, kat. John Ridge, and James Hopkins, and their heirs, upon truít;

For Samuel Hopkins (ton of John Hopkins the coutin) for his life, with remainder to his firft and other fons in tail male remainder,


For all fuch other fons as John Hopkins the coufin fhould have, for their

refpective lives, with like remainders to their iffue mate-remainder,

For the first and other fons of Sarah (the eldest daughter of John Hopkins the coufin) for their lives, with like remainders to their iffue male:

With like remainders for Mary the fecond, Elizabeth the third, and Hannah his fourth daughter, and their fons refpectively; with divers remainders


And the teftator gave the refidue of his perfonal estate to be laid out in land upon the fame trufts, and appointed his trustees his executors.

Samuel, the fon of John Hopkins the coufin, afterwards died in the teftator's life-time.

1732, April 25, the teftator died; and Sir Richard Hopkins and James Hopkins proved his will.

1732, Oct. 25, by the decree in Hopkins and Hopkins, the Master of the Rolls declared, that John Hopkins the coufin was entitled to the rents of the teftator's eftate accrued fince his death, till fome perfon fhould come in being that should be entitled to an estate for life t, according to the limitations of the will.

1734, Nov. 18, the decree, upon an appeal, was affirmed by the Lord Chancellor Talbot, with an addition of the words [in possession] after the word life, at the mark †.

1736, June 18, John Hopkins the coufin had a fon born, named William, who died the 24th of December, 1736.

1739, Aug. 6. By an order made in the caufe, the rents of the teftator's eftate, accrued in the life-time of William Hopkins the infant, were directed to be placed out in Government fecurities, fubject to the further order of the court. And it was ordered, that the rents which fhould accrue due from William Hopkins's death, until fome perfon fhould come in being who should be entitled, under the tellator's will, to an estate for life in poffeffion, fhould be paid to the faid J. Hopkins the coufin.

1772, Nov. 15. John Hopkins the coutin died, without leaving any fon, or any defcendant from a fon; and thereupon Benjamin Bond, fon of Elizabeth (the third daughter of John Hopkins the coufin), by Benjamin Bond, efq. her husband, became, by virtue of the teftator's will, the first tenant in tail of all his eftates, and, by fuffering recoveries thereof, he is now poffelled of them in fee-fimple.


From the above ftate of facts, the reader will, at a glance, fee the fituation of John Hopkins the teftator, what his family confifted of, and what was the plan of his teftamentary difpofition; and he will then be able to judge how far he deferved the abufe which has hitherto been heaped on his memory.

It appears that his nearest relation was a firft coufin, and one who, in the memory of many now living, was to defective both in education and abilities, as to well warrant the teftator in giving him a decent maintenance by the gift of New Place Farm, and in referving the bulk of his eftate for his coufin's infant fon, who, in expectation of fo large a fortune, it was reasonable to fuppofe, would receive a fuitable education. And fo far was the teftator from tying up his fortune fo as not to be inherited till after the second generation, there was only wanting a fon of John Hopkins the coufin who fhould live to attain 21, and he would then immediately have come into poffeffion of the whole eftate (ex. cept New Place Farm), and, by cutting off the entail, he would have gained the fec-fimple. And fo different was the teftator from the difpofition complained of, that he did not even direct the rents to be in the mean while accumulated, but fuffered them to go to his heir at law, during such intervals as should oc

cur wherein no perfon might be living

who fell within the limitations of his will. This is not the only inftance where the malignity of Mr Pope's fatire has raifed unjuft afperfions upon his contemporaries. Hopkins was a Whig, and concerned in the various loans to Government, which was a fufficient crime in the eyes of Pope and his party to mark him out as an object of their virulence and abufe. And, after all, what does it amount to? Pope charges a man with a want of heirs, who, during a long life, preferred a fiate of celibacy. The guilt of this charge (which, howam at a lofs to find out) recoiled treble-fold upon himfelf. The nonfenfe fubjoined to the note in Pope's Works on this line, of his money lying at intereft till after the fecond genera tion, and of the Chancery's letting afide his will, is fufficiently difproved by the aforegoing ftatement. It alfo fhows that Sir Richard Hopkins and James Hopkins took no beneficial intereft in his eftate.


See Mag. for March, p. 236.

The short state of the cafe is fimply this: Vulture, or John, Hopkins was the creator of nearly his whole fortune, which originated in fome highly fortunate fpeculations in the ftocks long before the year 1720 (as he died in 1732), and had been confidered as a man of great wealth for many years before the South-fea fcheme. His wants were few, though he kept his country-house, and drove his coach with four horses. Yet clofenefs of difpofition was certainly a predominant feature in his character; and nothing pleafed him more than when perfons, in converfation with him, hinted at his great wealth, to have an opportunity of replying, with a very ferious countenance, "Aye, the world fay I am worth 100,000l. but, when I die, they will find themselves greatly mistaken;" meaning, that they would then discover him to have poffeffed treble that fum.

After weighing the above obfervations, and reflecting that no specific charge of difhonefty, or rapacity, has ever been alledged against John Hopkins; I trust the reader will think the random-fhot of a fatirift does not deferve much regard, efpecially as his note on Hopkins contains feveral affertions that are notorioufly falfe. B. S.



July 16. TEAR the Vine (fee vol. LVII. p. 1153), ftood the ancient manfionhoufe of Cufaude, belonging to a family of its own name. They were defcended from William De La Cufaude (in the time of Edward I.) who by Elen, daughter of Bayley of Cowicke, was father of John, father, by Agnesof John, father, by Lucy-of Alexander, living in the reign of Edward III. father of Thomas, father of John, living in Henry Vth's time, father of Thomas in the time of Henry VI. father of William Cufaude of Cufaude, co. Hants, who bore for his arms, Barry of ten, Argent and Gules, a canton of the laft; and by Helena, daughter of Richard Kingfmill, left illue, John, who by the daughter and heir of Wood (whole arms were, Sable, a fefs Arg. cortifed Or, between three lion's heads erafed of the fecond, crowned of the laft), was father of William Cufaude of Cufaude, who married Mary, daugh ter of Sir Geoffrey Pole, knt. by Confiance, daughter of Edmund Pagenham (who bore, quarterly, Or and Gules, in first quarter, an eagle difplayed, Azure).

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