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You cannot go with us, the horses all bite ; You may cry, but the goblin will come in the night:

Cry on, if you please, Sir, you shall not get hurt,

Yet, girl! pray endeavour the child to divert: Bolt the door; but first call in the house-dog to watch,

And see you don't lift, while I'm absent, the latch," p. 117.


"See, as the lyric murmurs sweetly die, Love, charming boy, sits playing in her eye; Oh! gentle girl, no longer of our train, Yet we, when morning light illumes the plain,

Will crop the meadow-leaves that sweetly breathe,

To weave, for thee, a variegated wreath,

Be flowering lotus twin'd, that loves the ground,

And with its blooms the plane tree branches crown'd;

While, dropping on the shaded turf below, From silver shells ambrosial unguents flow." P. 146.


"Away, thou rustic; nor my lips profane ! Dost think I ever learnt to kiss 2 swain? No, I delight in city-lips alone,

Thou would'st not kiss me in a dream; begone!

No! caitiff! hands so tauny, lips so thick, And such a smell! begone! for I am sick!" She spoke, and spitting thrice, the saucy slut Titter'd, and ey'd me o'er from head to root; And frown'd, and wine'd about, to shew her shape,

And laugh'd aloud and mutter'd: "What an ape!" P. 151.

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For the Monthly Magazine.

An ACCOUNT of the INERALOGY of the SOUTH-WEST PART of STAFFORDSHIRE, Abridged by JAMES KEIR, ESQ. F.R.S. N account of the Mineralogy of the Southern part of Staffordshire, and especially of those valuable mines of coal, iron-stone, lime-stone, and clay, to which not only the various trades and manufactures of that part of the country, and of the neighbouring towns, Birmingham, Dudley, Wednesbury, Walsall, Belstone, Wolverhampton, and Stourbridge, owe their foundation and prosperity, cannot but be acceptable.


The author endeavours to confine himself to the great outlines and general principles of the subject, without descending to the minute descriptions of the mineralogist on the technical distinctions of the miner.

The tract of country most worthy attention is that which is distinguished by a bed of coal of ten yards thick, and within the reach of human industry and practical advantage. This tract is about seven iniles in length, and on an average about four miles in breadth. A considerable part of this district is covered by two ranges of mountains, Dudley and Rowley hills. This tract of land, through which pass several branches of canals, comprehends Bilston, Darleston, Wednesbury, Dudley, and Oldbury, with their parishes of Shore, Tipton, Sedgley, Gornal, and Nertherton, with part of West Bromwich, and the Collieries of Dudleywood, Brettel-lane, Amblecott, and the Lye

The abundance of coal, iron-stone, lime-stone, and clay, together with the intercourse opened, by means of canals, between the distant parts of the king dom, and especially Bristol, Liverpool, and Hull, have promoted the establish ment of iron-founderies, forges, and furnaces, with other extensive manufactories. Hence a multitude of workmen are employed in forging various goods, as guns, locks, screws, and nails. Of nails, the quantity manufactured in this district is greater than, perhaps, in any other in the world.

There are, nevertheless, other thinner beds of coal, of three or four feet thick, which extend North, at least, over a space equal to what has been described. These thin beds commence at the distance of a few miles from the northern termination of the ten-yard bed, which crops out, as the miners say, or abruptly rises to the surface, and is no more scen in that direction. I shall hereafter give my reasons for believing, that these thin strata rise from under the ten-yard bed. To obtain a distinct idea of the mineralogy of this country, one must point out certain prominent features on the surface. And first, that range of limestone mountains which rises on the northern tract near Wolverhampton and Bilstone, and extends south to Dudley, situated on the slope of the last chain of mountains, rendered conspicuous by the fine ruin of an ancient castle.

Another range of mountains, rising from the side of Dudley, opposite to the limestone hills, and proceeding nearly

in the same direction, but a little more to the east, constitutes a second remarkable feature. The nature of the basaltic rock, of which these are composed, produces a strong distinction between them and the former range.

This range of mountains proceeds from Dudley, through Rowley; whence they are called Rowley Hills; and, dividing into two branches, terminate in a valley between Oldbury and Hales Owen. Besides these are two detached hills, which, having an influence on the in clination of the coal, deserve notice. On these stands Wednesbury church, and that which is near the village of Netherton.

It is an important fact, that generally this inclination corresponds with that of the nearest limestone hill, or these strata rise in the same direction, though not in the same degree, as the limestone rises.— The range of mountains from Dudley to Wolverhampton is formed of beds of limestone, elevated to a high pitch on each side, and so inclining, that, by their approach, they form a long ridge near their tops, not unlike the roof of house. In the same manner, the coal, and its ac companying strata, lying to the east and west of these mountains, rise or crop out on both sides, in directions corresponding with those of the neighbouring limestone stratą. I shall afterwards shew, that the coal itself is subject to very singular irregularities of position and inclination.

This general correspondence of inclination of coal and limerocks is farther confirmed by the two following circumstances. 1. The west side of the range of limestone hills is steeper than the east side, and accordingly the coal in the west side slips more rapidly, and is sooner out of the reach of miners than the coal on the east, which furnishes the principal collieries.


2. The limestone hill, that is at the northern extremity of the range, does not appear to be elevated on both sides, in the manner in which I have described the general formation of those hills, but on the east side only and accordingly the coal is found on that side only; as if the elevation of the rock on the western side had not been sufficiently great, to make it appear upon ground, or to raise the coal to such a height, as to bring it within the reach of miners.

I have mentioned that the bed of coal does not extend over the limestone hills, but it seems to have broken off near their base; and it skirts their eastern and west


ern sides; in some places its termination follows the direction of the detached hills appearing above ground, but generally above-mentioned; viz. that on which Covered with earth. As this termination the church at Wednesbury stands, and is not by gradual diminution, but abrupt, that near the village of Netherton. Ia and at once like a fracture, we cannot, some intermediate place, between the from this circumstance, and from the Limestone range and Wednesbury, on corresponding inclination of the coal and the east side, and between that range limestone strata, avoid inferring, that and Netherton Hill, on the west side the the same convulsion, which broke through coal lies nearly level, and from thence and raised the strata of limestone into rises on both sides towards the respecthe form of mountains, must have also tive hills. This position of the coals is broken and raised the superincumbent called, by the colliers, a trough. It is strata, of which coal is one; and that proper to observe, that though the coal these strata, being softer than the rock, follows the direction of all the known were thrown off; or, having been shat- limestone hills, and of the two detached tered, have long since been washed away hills above-mentioned (which I suspect by the floods, so that now no vestige re- are limestone elevations,*) it must not mains of this convulsion upon the hills, be supposed, that the coal follows the but the solid ribs of limestone, which direction or inclination of the surface of form the mountains, and which have the ground in general, the ordinary been able to resist the action of air and risings or fallings. water.

It may at first surprise, that the coal is mentioned as superincumbent on the lime; whereas the high mountains are formed from this stratum, and the coal is only found at greater or less depths in the low grounds. But whoever would form just notions of the strata of any varied country, must keep in mind that valuable observation of Mr. Mitchell, in his paper upon Earthquakes, Phil. Trans. 1760; viz. that those mountains, which have been formed from the disruption and elevation of their component rock, as all mountains composed of limestone strata are, (which disruption or elevation he attributes to some violent explosion or earthquake,) do actually consist of those strata, which in the plains are covered with many other incumbent strata, and, consequently, are originally the lowest of all we know.

In the same manner as the coal rises, or crops up, to the sides of the great range of limestone mountains, so it also

(To be continued in our next.)

I suspect, from this correspondence of inclination of the coal, and of Wednesbury and Netherton hills, that these hills are limestone elevations, although this stone does not appear on the surface, which it seems the coal is affected, with respect to the to have no correspondence with. How range of the Rowley or basaltic hills, has been fully ascertained, excepting that it does not crop out along the skirts of these hills, as it does along the limestone range, whence the coiliers have formed their opinion, that it passes under and through these hills. It is certainly to be found at the foot of them, on both sides, at moderate depths, and does not that it passes a certain way further under there crop out. Therefore, we may suppose, them; but whether it completely passes through, from side to side, without inter ruption, is a question that cannot be with certainty ascertained, but which shall be considered more fully after the facts, respecting the coal and other strata, are related.

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rate accounts of the subject of the preSent Memoir. Indeed, his life, and works are included, and, it might be fairly added, entombed, in three huge quarto volumes; so that no one but a literary pioneer would be tempted to dig into such a mass, for the entertainment and instruction, either of himself, or others. Respect, however, for the memory of this great man, has produced the following attempt, to convey an idea both of his character and his writings.

Andrew Marvell was born at Kingstonupon-Hull, November 15, 1620. His father, the Rev. AndrewMarvell, born in Cambridgeshire,completed his studies at Emanuel College, Cambridge, where he obtained the degree of Master of Arts, in 1608. He was afterwards elected master of the public grammar school,inkingstonupon-Hull, and became lecturer of Trinity church, in 1624: he is denominated "the facetious Calvinistical minister," by Echard. At the time of the great plague, he displayed great firmness of mind, &c. notwithstanding the burialservice had been long disused, he not only ventured to read it, on the death of Mr. Ramsden, the mayor, but also preached an excellent funeral sermon at the same time.

In the year 1640, an unhappy event put an end to his days, he having been drowned in the Humber, while crossing in a small boat to Barrow, in Lincolnshire, with a young couple, who were going to be married. A few minutes anterior to this fatal event, as if conscious of his danger, he called out to some of his friends who were walking upon the quay, in the following whimsical manner: "Ho! ho! for heaven, ay, ho!" and immediately threw his gold-headed cane on shore, which he recommended to be delivered to his son.

That son, after having reaped the benefit of his instructions, was then resident at the University of Cambridge, whither he had been sent at the age of fifteen; having been admitted a student of Trinity college. in 1635. He had already begun to distinguish himself, by the early developement of his talents, when he was invegled to London, by the Jesuits, who were ambitious of making such a proselyte. The parent, whose sudden and melancholy catastrophe has been just mentioned, followed him thither, a short time anterior to his unhappy fate, and finding his son, by accident, in a booksel

# 1657.

ler's-shop, prevailed upon him to returą to his studies.

Whether he now repaired to Hull, to take possession of the property left him by his father, is not known; but it is certain, that soon after, he and four other students having absented themselves from their exercises, it was resolved on the 21th of September, 1641, "to refuse them the benefits of the college." The following is the entry: "It is agreed by the Master and Seniors, that Mr. Carter, Dominus Wakefield, Dominus Marvell, Dominus Waterhouse, and Dominus Mage, in regard that some of these are reported to be married, and the others look not after their dayes nor acts, shall receive no more benefit from the college; and shall be out of their places, unless they shew just cause to the college, for the contrary, in three months."

Whether Mr. Marvell obeyed this summons, does not now appear; but certain it is, that the charge does great credit to the vigilance of those who presided over this institution, and we have only to la ment, that in all probability the same degree of strictness is not practised at the present day. Certain it is, that he was afterwards reproached by one of his antagonists, for having been expelled; but it is at the same time clear, not only from the register, but the evidence of the late Dr. Michael Lort, who searched the books, that no graver cause was adduced against him than negligence.

Having left Cambridge, about the year 1642, when he was twenty-two years of age, Andrew Marvell soon after commenced his travels through Holland, France, and Italy. In the last of these countries, he is supposed to have seen, and to have cultivated the friendship of the illustrious Milton, during their residence at Rome. Of his adventures nothing has been transmitted; unless his attack on Lancelot Joseph de Maniban, an Abbot, of a whimsical character, then resi ding at Paris; to whom he addressed a satirical epistle, with the following superscription:

"IllustrissimoViro Domino Lanceloto Josepho de Maniban, Grammatomanti.” Having pretended to discover the characters of persons whom he had never seen, and even to prognosticate their good or ill fortune, from a mere view of their handwriting; these ridiculous pretensions very justly laid him open to the chastisement of a pen well versed in the Latin language, and to the ridicule of a man who had long detested imposture of every kind.

From this time until 1653, during the long interval of twelve years, a hiatus unhappily takes place in this memoir. Cromwell, who was now protector, first employed the subject of it, as private tu tor to Mr. Dutton, his nephew; and he afterwards became one of the secretaries to that celebrated statesinan aud general.


"I never had any, not the remotest relation to public matters" says he, in the second part of the Rehearsal transprosed, ncr correspondence with the persons then predominant, till the year 1657, when indeed I entered into an employ ment, for which I was not altogether inproper, and which I considered to be the most innocent and inoffensive towards his Majesty's affairs, of any in that usurped government, to which all men were then exposed.”

As the Protector died at Whitehall, September 3d, 1658, about a year after his preferment, Mr. Marvell could not have obtained much wealth from an employment as Latin secretary, which, like all others at that period, was probably far from being profitable. Indeed, the honor of having Milton for his coadjutor, was perhaps the most agreeable circumstance annexed to the employment.

In the course of the same year, however, he was elected one of the Burgesses, then returned to serve in Parliament, for the borough of Kingston-upon-Hull. From that moment, he considered it as a bounden duty, to transmit an account of all the proceedings in the House of Commons to his constituents; but the collection hitherto published, does not commence earlier than November 17th,


temptations of the most agreeable devils, possessed of more than the golden apples. Nor were spirits inactive to reduce such virtues, which might have been made so useful to the prostituted purposes of that prostituted court.

Tempt not, he said, and stood: "But Satan, smitten with amazement, fell!"

before the Restoration, (April 25, 1660) In the first parliament, which met Mr. Marvell was a constant attendant. In the course of his correspondence, he exhibits a determined enmity to the keeping up of a standing army, which he wishes to be speedily exchanged for a



'I doubt not, ere we rise," says he, in a letter to his constituents, " to see the

"From this period," says Captain Edward Thompson, the compiler of the grand 4to edition, published in 1776, "Mr. Marvell comes forward in his patriot and parliamentary character, and with more dignity, honour, sense, genius, fortitude, virtue, and religion, than ever mixed up in one man, ancient, or modern. There is not an action of his life that deserves the blot of censure; the part he took, was most honourable to himself, and useful to his country; and though virtue was ever put to the blush by flattery, yet he maintained his sincerity unseduced, when truth, and chastity, were crimes in the lewd circle of Charles's syren Court; where, in poverty he held up the greatness of his soul, in spite of the cold disadvantages of a narrow fortune, and the artful lures and

whole army disbanded; and according to the act, hope to see your town once glad, and happy to be instrumental to more ungarrisoned; in which I should be the uttermost; for I cannot but reniember, though then a child, those blessed days, when the youth of your town were trained for your militia; and did, methought, become their arms much better than any soldiers that I have seen there since."

Soon after this, he evinced his jealousy of "that many-headed monster, the Excise;" and we find him, nearly at the same time, thanking his constituents for a present of a cask of ale, the quantity of which," he observed, " was so great, that it might make sober men forgetful."

repaired to Holland, on which occasion,
In 1662, Mr. Marvell appears to have
Lord Bellasis, who was high steward of
Duke of Monmouth, employed Sir Ro-
Hull, and deputy governor, under the
stance to his constituents; with a view
bert Hildyard to notify this circum-
of inducing them to proceed to a new
election. On this, a letter was dis-
patched to their member, ordering h
peremptorily to return, which requisition
time after.
he accordingly complied with a short

the consent of his constituents, he ac-
A few months posterior to this, with
companied his friend, Lord Carlisle, who
ordinary to Muscovy, Sweden, and Den-
had been appointed Ambassador Extra-`
mark, in the capacity of secretary, and
remained abroad near two years. On his
return, we find him attending the par
liament at Oxford, and waiting on the
Duke of Monmouth, with a congratu-
latory letter, and a present of gold, from
latter, after paying many compliments
the corporation. On this occasion, the


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