Publications of the American Statistical Association, Volume 10
American Statistical Association, 1908
A scientific and educational journal not only for professional statisticians but also for economists, business executives, research directors, government officials, university professors, and others who are seriously interested in the application of statistical methods to practical problems, in the development of more useful methods, and in the improvement of basic statistical data.
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Common terms and phrases
according adopted almshouses American annual apartments appear Association average birth-rate births Board born Bureau causes census cent changes cities classification colored compared comparison considerable corrected courts crime death-rate deaths decline decrease defects diseases districts effect England factors facts families figures Food foreign foreign-born German give given gold immigrants important increase index-numbers indicate industries interest Italy Labor less lower males Mass material means method millions months mortality Mother native obtained officer parents percentage period persons physical physicians population possible practical present prisoners probation proportion question race record regard registration registration area relation relative rent represent returns rooms secure sentences shown standard statement taken tion town United vital statistics wage whole
Page 191 - the decline in the birthrate appears to be much greater in those sections of the population which give proofs of thrift and foresight," that this decline is "principally, if not entirely, the result of deliberate volition...
Page 139 - Upon the subject of the Deaths no one can be deceived by the figures of the Census, since any attempt to reason from them would demonstrate a degree of vitality and healthfulness in the United States unparalleled in the annals of mankind, would overthrow the best established principles of statisticians, and, in coming down to details as well as in the aggregates, contradict all science and experience.
Page 130 - Saturday, and no others. (b) A monthly bulletin should include all deaths that occurred during the calendar month, and no others. (c) An annual report should include all deaths that occurred during the calendar year, and no others. NOTE. — The basis of compilation should be the occurrence of the deaths, not the time of receipt in the registration office. No allowance or "offsetting" need be made for "delayed returns" in a fully effective administration of a Suite or city office.
Page 133 - The Central Registration Office Should Have Full Control of the Local Machinery, and Its Rules Should Have the Effect of Law ; 7.
Page 21 - Annual Report of the Henry Phipps Institute. For the Study, Treatment, and Prevention of Tuberculosis.
Page 87 - Woodward, of Washington, who said in an article in the Michigan Journal of Vital Statistics for March, 1908, that the use of registration as a source of vital statistics is paramount to its use for legal purposes, and that if the public health should be the chief concern of the statesman, as has been wisely said, and if vital statistics serve to increase the efficiency of measures tending to preserve and to promote such health, the importance of registration is greater from a statistical standpoint...
Page 87 - Association on demography and vital statistics hi their sanitary relations, in a report made in 1902, states that deaths are registered primarily for legal purposes ; that is, for the protection of certain rights and privileges of individuals and of families. This is the first and most important use of records of deaths and the sort of utility which appeals most strongly to the public.
Page 88 - ... sanitation is chiefly concerned. Nowhere do the sanitary possibilities in vital statistics, and the difficulties in the way of their realization, become more apparent than in the study of the general death rate. The popularly accepted index to the healthfulness of the community depends, according to the same authority, upon four primary factors : First, an arbitrarily fixed unit of space ; second, an arbitrarily fixed unit of time ; third, the number of people ; and, fourth, the number of deaths.
Page 132 - ... not including them in the ordinary tables of still-births. 10. All birth certificates that may be used for the registration of stillbirths should provide for the time of utero-gestation, if less than full term. (See also paragraphs 2 to 9 in preceding section on deaths.) (5) STATISTICAL DEFINITION OF BIRTHS. 1. "Births" should be used to denote children born alive only, so that it should not be necessary to specify "living births." 2. Whenever, under the foregoing rules, a death should be registered,...
Page 176 - But it is only a question of decades, in the absence of a great change in the moral standpoint of the majority of the people, before others follow in the same direction, possibly even at the same pace.