The constitutional advocate: by which every reader may form his own judgement concerning the policy of the present war with America

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Page 21 - That the knights of the shires to be chosen within the same realm of England to come to the Parliaments of our lord the King hereafter to be holden, shall be chosen in every county of the realm of England, by people dwelling and resident in the same counties, whereof every one of them shall have free land or tenement to the value of forty shillings by the year at the least above all charges...
Page 33 - The political liberty of the subject is a tranquillity of mind arising from the opinion each person has of his safety. In order to have this liberty, it is requisite the government be so constituted as one man need not be afraid of another.
Page 31 - They have always admitted statutes for the punishment of offences, and for the redress or prevention of inconveniences, and the reception of any law draws after it, by a chain which cannot be broken, the unwelcome necessity of submitting to taxation. That a free man is governed by himself, or by laws to which he has consented...
Page 21 - ... the elections of knights of shires to come to the parliaments of our lord the King, in many counties of the realm of England, have now of late been made by many great, outrageous, and excessive number of people dwelling within the same counties of the realm of England, of which most part was of people of small substance, and...
Page 21 - England, of the which moft moft part was of people of fmall fubftance, and of no value, whereof every one of them pretended a voice equivalent, as to fuch...
Page 16 - ... least, and to a certain place; and in all the letters of summons, we will express the cause of the summons: and the summons being thus made, the business shall proceed on the day appointed, according to the counsel of those who shall be present, although all who had been summoned have not come.
Page 24 - Society. About the time of Henry II there hapn'd. . .a notable alteration in the Commonwealth. For the great Lords and owners of towns which before manur'd their lands by Tenants at Will, began now generally to grant them Estates in Fee, and thereby to make a great multitude of Freeholders more than had been. Who by reason of their several interests, and being not so absolutely ty'd unto their Lords as in former times, began now to be a more eminent part in the Commonwealth, and more to be respected...
Page 38 - Of electors the hap is but little better. They are often far from unanimity in their choice, and •where the numbers approach to equality, almoft half muft be governed not only without, but againft their choice.
Page 19 - Cartarum, whereby the great charter is directed to be allowed as the common law ; all judgments contrary to it are declared void ; copies of it are ordered to be sent to all cathedral churches, and read twice a year to the people ; and sentence of excommunication is directed to be as constantly denounced against all those that by word, deed, or counsel, act contrary thereto, or in any degree infringe it.
Page 8 - ... of Greece, and the firft rudiments of the Roman ftate. But this will be highly inconvenient, when the public territory is extended to any confiderable degree, and the number of citizens is encreafed.

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