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full confutation of Locke's Theory of Government, and his second volume will contain a new theory of his own of this, when we meet. The disappointment to which you allude, and concerning which you say so many friendly things to me, is not yet certain. My competitor is not yet nominated: many doubt whether he will be: I think he will not, unless the chancellor should press it strongly. It is still the opinion and wish of the bar that I should be the man. I believe the minister hardly knows his own mind. I cannot legally be appointed till January, or next month at soonest, because I am not a barrister of five years standing till that time now many believe that they keep the place open for me till I am qualified. I certainly wish to have it, because I wish to have twenty thousand pounds in my pocket before I am eight-and-thirty years old, and then I might contribute in some degree towards the service of my country in parliament, as well as at the bar, without selling my liberty to a patron, as too many of my profession are not ashamed of doing; and I might be a speaker in the house of commons in the full vigour and maturity of my age: whereas, in the slow career of Westminster-hall, I should not perhaps, even with the best success, acquire the same independent station till the age at which Cicero was killed. But be assured, my dear lord, that if the minister be offended at the style in which I have spoken, do speak, and will speak, of public affairs, and on that account should refuse to give me the judgeship, I shall not be at all mortified, having already a very decent competence without a debt, or a care of any kind. I will not break in upon you at Warley unexpectedly; but whenever you find it most convenient let me know, and I will be with you in less than two hours.' P. 161.
To what judgeship Mr. Jones, or to what supposed disappointment lord Althorpe, alludes in this letter, our author has not explained to us; neither are we able to collect from our own memory a satisfactory conjecture. We well know that, not more than a month or two after the date of this epistle, he began to entertain hopes of an appointment to a seat in the supreme court at Bengal; but, had this expectation been in his mind at the moment of writing the above letter, it is impossible he could have had the idea of entering into the house of commons, and successfully displaying his oratorical powers among the representatives of the people. Here again, however, his hopes were disappointed. Yet we must ascertain the causes of this disappointment from our own recollection, as we do not find them in the history before us. Lord North cajoled, but was not serious. In effect, we believe him to have had some wish to assist this exquisite and unrivalled scholar of his age; but he was disgusted with his political principles, which now began to develop themselves without restraint, and unre servedly to embrace the cause of popular liberty. The vacancy was declared to be superseded; and Mr. Jones, incapable of farther suppressing his political feelings, gave full
vent to them in an Ode to Liberty, composed in Latin alcaics, under the anagrammatic name of Julius Melesigonus for Gulielmus Jonesius. The veil was soon seen through; the epigram unriddled. Yet nothing could be more unfortunate; for a vacancy in the house of commons, upon the resignation of sir Roger Newdigate, being likely to occur for the university of Oxford, Mr. Jones had a fair chance of succceding upon his nomination by his friends, till the unlucky discovery of these elegant stanzas, which we well remember to be founded upon Collins's very beautiful Ode to Liberty, prevented all chance of his success in the line of representative, as the suspicion of his principles had done in that of judicial pre-eminence. In effect, he was compelled to appear as the popular candidate, and to trust his expectations to the superintendence of Mr. Cartwright, Dr. Price, Dr. Millman, Mr. Burrows, and Dr. Wheeler. He soon found his interest far inferior to that of sir William Dolben, his chief opponent; and, in a polite and temperate letter to his friend Dr. Wheeler, begged it might be generally communicated that he resigned for the present all pretensions to the honour of representing the university.
Perhaps no man was ever more attached to the cause of whiggism than he appears to have been from this period: in prose and in verse he gives the most evident and incontestible proofs of it; and in the publication of a speech which he meaned to have delivered before the freeholders of Middlesex, had he had an opportunity, he thus consoles both himself and his friends upon his late want of success.
Had it been my good or bad fortune to have delivered in the great assembly of representatives the sentiments which this bosom contains, I am sensible that my public course of speaking and voting must have clashed in a variety of instances with my private obligations; and the conflict of interfering duties constitutes, in my opinion, the nicest part of morality, on which, however, I have completely formed my system, and trust that no views of interest will ever prevent my practice from coinciding with my theory.' r. 187.
About this time a private memorandum, in the handwriting of Mr. Jones, states the following as his literary resolution for his subsequent life.
'Anno, Oct. 23.
Resolved to learn no more rudiments of any kind, but to perfect myself in, First, 12 languages, as the means of acquiring an accurate knowledge of the
N. B. Every species of human knowledge may be reduced to one or other of these divisions. Even law belongs partly to the History of Man, partly as a science, to dialectic..
The 12 languages are,
Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese,
1780. P. 192.
In the ensuing year he devoted all his leisure hours to the completion of his translation of the Moallakat, which was not totally finished, however, till 1783; he published about the same time his Law of Bailments; and, with an eye still directed to the supremacy of an Indian judicial court, translated an Arabian poem on the Mohammedan law of succession to the property of intestates. His late noble pupil had now been married for some months: and in the following affectionate letter to him there is so much playful vivacity, such a perfection of fine taste as well as fine feeling, that to suppress it would be unpardonable.
Mr. JONES to Lord ALThorpe.
January 5, 1782. exclamation, my dear 'O la bella cosa de far niente! This was my lord, on the 12th of last month, when I found myself, as I thought, at liberty to be a rambler, or an idler, or any thing I pleased: but my mal di gola took ample revenge for my abuse and contempt of it, when I wrote to you, by confining me twelve days with a fever and quinsey; and I am now so cramped by the approaching session at Oxford, that I cannot make any long excursion. I enclose my tragical song of " a shepherdess going," with Mazzanti's music, of which my opinion at present is, that the modulation is very artificial, and the harmony good, but that Pergolesi (whom the modern Italians are such puppies as to undervalue) would have made it more pathetic and heart-rending, if I may compose such a word. I long to hear it sung by Mrs. Poyntz. Pray present the enclosed in my name, to lady CRIT. REV. Vol. 4. January, 1805.
18 Lord Teignmouth's Life, &c. of Sir William Jones.
Althorpe. I hope that I shall in a short time be able to think of you, when I read these charming lines of Catullus *.
And soon to be completely blest,
Scon may a young Torquatus rise;
What a beautiful picture! can Dominichino equal it? How weak are all arts in comparison of poetry and rhetoric! Instead however of Torquatus, I would read Spencerus. Do you not think that I have discovered the true use of the fine arts, namely, in relaxing the mind after toil. Man was born for labour; his configuration, his passions, his restlessness, all prove it; but labour would wear him out, and the purpose of it be defeated, if he had not intervals of pleasure; and unless that pleasure be innocent, both he and society must suffer. Now what pleasures are more harmless, if they be nothing else, than those afforded by polite arts and polite literature; love was given us by the Author of our being as the reward of virtue, and the solace of care; but the base and sordid forms of artificial (which I oppose to natural) society, in which we live, have encircled that heavenly rose with so many thorns, that the wealthy alone can gather it with prudence. On the other hand, mere pleasure, to which the idle are not justly entitled, soon satiates, and leaves a vacuity in the mind more unpleasant than actual pain. A just mixture, or interchange of labour and pleasures, appears alone conducive to such happiness as this life affords. Farewell, I have no room to add my useless name, and still more useless professions of friendship.' r. 206.
In the line of politics, Mr. Jones was soon after elected a member of the society for constitutional information; and essentially contributed towards its views by various letters to its chief pivot Mr. Yeates: and he avowed himself, in an express letter to lord Kenyon, the author of the celebrated political dialogue for which a bill of indictment was found against the dean of St. Asaph. In his professional concerns, he found that his having been "amused and kept so long in suspense," to adopt his own terms, about the judgeship in India, had greatly injured him; but it was a suspense from which he was soon relieved by a fortunate change of administration-lord Shelbourne having succeeded lord North, and the application of lord Ashburton in his favour having
The original is quoted by Mr. Jones:
Torquatus volo parvulus,
Porrigens teneras manug
been instantly complied with. At this period also he ventured openly to pay his addresses to miss Shipley, the daughter of the very excellent bishop of St. Asaph; and was soon as highly favoured by love as by professional promotion.
ART. II.-Letters on Silesia, written during a Tour through that Country in the Years 1800 and 1801; by his Excellency John Quincy Adams, then Minister Plenipotentiary from the United States to the Court of Berlin, &c. 8vo. 85. Boards. Budd. 1804.
SILESIA lies without the circle of the modern traveller, and few of its visitants have described its scenery in our language. Interesting from the war which it formerly occasioned, and the military events which it witnessed, this country has now sunk into oblivion; and Mr. Coxe, who hovered round it in his modern travels, seems to have paid no attention to its peculiarities or its beauties.
Silefia is a district of peculiar fertility and interest, when compared with the barren sands of Brandenburg, and the neglected plains of Poland. It lies between the two, on the north-east and north-west, and between Hungary and Saxony on the south of the same points. The Sudetic chain and its branches, separate it from Moravia and Bohemia on the south. There is much reason to suppose that the Baltic once covered the country on the north of Silesia, and that this district consisted of its shores, or was very widely overspread, while the sea was confined merely by the mountains. The former idea is the more probable, for there are no marine remains, at a considerable distance from the mountains, which are granitic.
Mr. Adams, who resided in a public capacity at Berlin, thought this country merited some of his attention; and proceeding westward, to Frankfort, directed his course southerly athwart its boundaries, and wandered through its higher regions from Schemnitz to Glatz, among the mountains, catching every pleasing prospect, and visiting every interesting scene. He winds to the west, on his return through Dresden and Leipsic, whence he again reaches Berlin. The letters, descriptive of this tour, written in an easy familiar style, to his brother, were publifhed in a periodical paper at Phila delphia, and are now republished from that compilation. We have read them with great pleasure; and, on the whole, think that they are what every tour should be,-easy, unaffected descriptions of the scenes and objects presented to a traveller of taste and judgement. In the map prefixed, some trivial geographic liberties are affumed, probably to render the different. towns more conspicuous. The longitude is too far extended,