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Adam Smith advance of wages advantage amount become Britain Combination Act combination laws comfort common comparatively condition conduct consequence considerable crease degree demand for labour depend depressed destitution diminished dition earnings effect employed employment endeavour engaged England equal exertion facility fall famine forethought friendly societies greater habits high wages idle improved improvident increase of capital individuals industry influence injurious interest Ireland Irish labouring classes land latter less Lord John Russell manufacturing marriages masters means ment natural or necessary necessaries and conveniences necessary rate number of labourers obtain occasion paid parties period poor portion potatoes poverty principle productive proper proportion quantity raise wages rate of wages reduced regard repeal respect rise savings-banks septier sort statute subsistence sufficient supplies of food supposed tillage tion trade wages of labour Wealth of Nations well-being wheaten bread work-houses work-people workmen
Page 65 - We trust our health to the physician; our fortune, and sometimes our life and reputation, to the lawyer and attorney. Such confidence could not safely be reposed in people of a very mean or low condition. Their reward must be such, therefore, as may give them that rank in the society which so important a trust requires.
Page 43 - The liberal reward of labour," says Adam Smith, " as it encourages the propagation, so it increases the industry, of the common people. The wages of labour are the encouragement of industry, which, like every other human quality, improves in proportion to the encouragement it receives.
Page 113 - An instructed and intelligent people, besides, are always more decent and orderly than an ignorant and stupid one. They feel themselves, each individually, more respectable, and more likely to obtain the respect of their lawful superiors, and they are therefore more disposed to respect those superiors.
Page 66 - How extravagant soever the fees of counsellors-at-law may sometimes appear, their real retribution is never equal to this. Compute in any particular place, what is likely to be annually gained, and what is likely to be annually spent, by all the different workmen in any common...
Page 78 - The property which every man has in his own labor, as it is the original foundation of all other property, so it is the most sacred and inviolable.
Page 43 - The liberal reward of labour, as it encourages the propagation, so it increases the industry of the common people. The wages of labour are the encouragement of industry, which, like every other human quality, improves in proportion to the encouragement it receives. A plentiful subsistence increases the bodily strength of the labourer, and the comfortable hope of bettering his condition, and of ending his days perhaps in ease and plenty, animates him to exert that strength to the utmost. Where wages...
Page 37 - The example of such individuals, or bodies of individuals, as submit quietly to have their wages reduced, and who are content if they get only the mere necessaries of life, ought never to be held up for public imitation. On the contrary, every thing should be done to make such apathy be esteemed disgraceful.