## A General History of Mathematics from the Earliest Times to the Middle of the Eighteenth Century. Tr. from the French of John [!] Bossut ... To which is Affixed a Chronological Table of the Most Eminent MathematiciansJ. Johnson, 1803 - 540 pages |

### From inside the book

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Page xxiii

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**Astronomy**71 CHAP . VI . Origin and Progress of Optics 135 CHAP . VII . - 147 Origin and Progress of Acoustics PERIOD THE SECOND . STATE OF THE MATHEMATICS , FROM THEIR RE- VIVAL AMONG THE ARABS TO THE END OF THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY · 152 ... Page xxiv

Charles Bossut. Geometry of the Arabs

Charles Bossut. Geometry of the Arabs

**Astronomy**of the Arabs CHAP . II . CHAP . III . CHAP . IV . State of the Sciences among the Persians CHAP . V. Of the Persian**Astronomy**in particular CHAP . VI . State of the Sciences among the Turks ... Page xxvi

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**Astronomy**Physical**Astronomy**Progress of Optics SECTION 1 . - 456 SECTION II . 488 CHAP . XIV . - 525 HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS . INTRODUCTION . A general view of xxvi. Page 5

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**astronomy**, during the leisure of their quiet occupation . If their observations were too imperfect , to serve as the basis of any theory , they at least afforded some general hints to the first**astronomers**, and saved them the trouble ... Page 6

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**astronomy**among them , I shall defer my examination of them , till I come to speak more at large of the progress of this science . With the mathematics of the ancients we are ac- quainted only through the writings of the greeks : and to ...### Other editions - View all

A General History of Mathematics from the Earliest Times to the Middle of ... John Bonnycastle,Charles Bossut No preview available - 2015 |

A General History of Mathematics from the Earliest Times to the Middle of ... Charles Bossut No preview available - 2019 |

A General History of Mathematics from the Earliest Times to the Middle of ... John Bonnycastle,Charles Bossut No preview available - 2015 |

### Common terms and phrases

Academy afterward algebra Almagest analysis of infinites ancient angle appeared arabs Archimedes arithmetic astro astronomy axis blems bodies calculation Cartes celebrated celestial centre of gravity century CHAP circle Clairaut comets conic sections considered curve cycloid d'Alembert Daniel Bernoulli degree demonstrated determined differential calculus discovery Earth ecliptic ellipsis employed equal equilibrium errour Euler fluid formulæ Galileo gave genius geometricians geometry given glass Hipparchus Huygens invention isochronous curve James Bernoulli John Bernoulli Jupiter known laws Leibnitz length likewise lunar marquis de l'Hopital mathematicians mathematics maxima and minima means mechanics meridian method of fluxions Moon motion nature Newton Nicholas Bernoulli object observations occasion optics orbit particular planets principle problem progress proposed Ptolemy published quadratures quantity ratio rays refraction resolved respect revolution round simple solar solid solution spherical spheroid square stars supposed tangents telescope theory tion treatise truth velocity

### Popular passages

Page 61 - ... any account of them in writing. For he considered all attention to Mechanics, and every art that ministers to common uses, as mean and sordid, and placed his whole delight in those intellectual speculations, which, without any relation to the necessities of life, have an intrinsic excellence arising from truth and demonstration only.

Page 61 - ... he did not think the inventing of them an object worthy of his serious studies, but only reckoned them among the amusements of geometry. Nor had he gone so far, but at the pressing instances of...

Page 163 - In the dial-plate there were twelve small windows, corresponding with the divisions of the hours. The hours were indicated by the opening of the windows, which let out little metallic balls, which struck the hour by falling upon a brazen bell.

Page 138 - AVhcu a summons is sent to me I will take this stone, and, placing myself in the sun, I will, though at a distance, melt all the writing of the summons.

Page 30 - ... to have led to the discoveries of other geometrical properties, as the conchoid of Nicomedes, the cissoid of Diocles, and the quadratrix of Dinostratus. This latter geometrician was the follower and friend of Plato, whose devotion to the science of geometry was such that he caused it to be inscribed over the door of his school, ' Let no one enter here who is ignorant of geometry.

Page 61 - Yet Archimedes had such a depth of understanding, such a dignity of sentiment, and so copious a fund of mathematical knowledge, that, though in the invention of these machines he gained the reputation of a man endowed with divine rather than human knowledge, yet he did not vouchsafe to leave any account of them in writing.

Page 65 - The reason is, all bodies lose some of their weight in a fluid, and the weight which a body loses in a fluid, is to its whole weight, as the specific gravity of the fluid is to that of the body.

Page 95 - Sunt Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer. Leo, Virgo, Libraque, Scorpius, Arcitenens, Caper, Amphora, Pisces.

Page 297 - This is the same as saying that when a ray of light passes out of one medium into another, the...

Page 248 - Huyghens demonstrated that the velocity of a body descending down any curve, is the same at every instant, in the direction of the tangent, as it would have...