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active principles agreeable animal appears appetites arising ARTICLE benevolent affections cerning ciples circumstances commonly conclusion conduct connected conscious consequence considered Cudworth Deity desire of esteem desire of knowledge doctrine Dr Butler ed powers effects ence enjoyment evil existence external facts feel Final Causes habits happiness Hence human mind Ideal Theory important influence inquiries instances intuitive jects judgment language laws Lord Shaftesbury mankind manner material world matter means ment mon language moral constitution moral distinctions Moral Faculty MORAL PHILOSOPHY moralists nature neral notions objects observation operations opinions origin particular perceived perception perly phenomena philosophers pleasure principle of action produced qualities racter reason relation remark respect riety Right and Wrong sceptical SECTION SECTION SECTION SECTION VI Self-love sensations sense of duty simple ideas sion society species spect speculative sufficient supposed Taste theories ther tion truth tural ultimate fact universe various virtue virtuous writers
Page 195 - I remember, that when I asked our famous Harvey, in the only discourse I had with him (which was but a while before he died), what were the things that induced him to think of a circulation of the blood ? he answered me, that when he took notice that the valves in the veins of so many parts of the body were so placed, that they gave free passage to the blood towards the heart, but opposed the passage of the venal blood the contrary way...
Page 85 - As we advance in years, and as our animal powers lose their activity and vigour, we gradually aim at extending our influence over others by the superiority of fortune and station, or by the still more flattering superiority of intellectual endowments, by the force of our understanding, by the extent of our information, by the arts of persuasion, or the accomplishments of address.
Page 171 - All events seem entirely loose and separate. One event follows another ; but we never can observe any tie between them. They seem conjoined, but never connected. And as we can have no idea of any thing which never appeared to our outward sense or inward sentiment, the necessary conclusion seems to be that we have no idea of connexion or power at all, and that these words are absolutely, without any meaning, when employed either in philosophical reasonings or common life.
Page 276 - I shall add, as an observation to the same purpose, that, if a man be liable to a vice or imperfection, it may often happen, that a good quality, which he possesses along with it, will render him more miserable, than if he were completely vicious.
Page 49 - ... to make a selection of qualities and of circumstances from a variety of different objects, and by combining and disposing these, to form a new creation of its own.
Page 134 - I mean to assert a truth which is as independent of my constitution as the equality of the three angles of a triangle to two right angles?
Page 144 - It is absurd, therefore, to ask why we are bound to practise "virtue. The very notion of virtue implies the notion of obligation. Every being who is conscious of the distinction between right and wrong carries about with him a law which he is bound to observe, notwithstanding he may be in total ignorance of a future state. " What renders obnoxious to punishment," as Dr. Butler has well remarked, " is not the foreknowledge of it, but merely the violating a known obligation.
Page 5 - According to the doctrine now stated, the highest, or rather the only proper object of Physics, is to ascertain those established conjunctions of successive events, which constitute the order of the Universe ; to record the phenomena which it exhibits to our observations, or which it discloses to our experiments ; and to refer these phenomena to their general laws.
Page 224 - The natural apprehensions of the mind when under the influence of remorse. " 3. The exact accommodation of the condition of the lower animals to their instincts and to their sensitive powers, contrasted with the unsuitableness of the present state of things to the intellectual faculties of mail ; to IV.
Page 80 - from those affections which interest us in the happiness of others, and from all the advantages which we ourselves derive from the social union we are led by a natural and instinctive desire to associate with our own species. This principle is easily discernible in the minds of children, and it is common to man with many of the brutes.