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allodial ancient Anglo-Saxon Anglo-Saxon law archbishop assembly assize authority barons bishops called canons Canute century character Christianity church civilisation clause clergy common compurgation Conqueror Conquest constitutional history coronation cortes council county court crown customs Danegeld demesne distinct Domesday ealdorman ecclesiastical Edward Edward the Confessor election elements emperor England English estates Exchequer France Frank frankpledge freedom French Gaul German granted Henry II imperial influence institutions judicature jurisdiction justice king king's kingdom land language later Latin lecture legislation liberty lord Magna Carta matter murdrum nation nobles Norman oath ordeal organisation origin parliament peace perhaps person pipe rolls political pope princes privilege race recognised reign of Henry relation Roman law Rome royal Saxon secular Select Charters sheriff shire shiremoot Spain spiritual Suevi summons suppose tallage taxation tenants tenure Teutonic things tion towns vassals villein Visigoths wergild William Rufus witenagemot words
Page 353 - It is the land that freemen till, That sober-suited Freedom chose, The land, where girt with friends or foes A man may speak the thing he will ; A land of settled government, A land of just and old renown, Where Freedom slowly broadens down From precedent to precedent...
Page 342 - No freeman shall be taken, or imprisoned, or be disseised of his freehold, or liberties, or free customs, or be outlawed or exiled, or any otherwise destroyed ; nor will we pass upon him, nor condemn him, but by lawful judgment of his peers, or by the law of the land.
Page 32 - They greatly oppressed the wretched people by making them work at these castles, and when the castles were finished they filled them with devils and evil men. Then they took those whom they suspected to have any goods, by night and by day, seizing both men and women, and they put them in prison for their gold and silver, and tortured them with pains unspeakable, for never were any martyrs tormented as these were.
Page 353 - O Statesmen, guard us, guard the eye, the soul Of Europe, keep our noble England whole, And save the one true seed of freedom sown Betwixt a people and their ancient throne, That sober freedom out of which there springs Our loyal passion for our temperate...
Page 33 - ... could. If two or three men came riding to a town, all the township fled before them, and thought that they were robbers. The bishops, and clergy were ever cursing them, but this to them was nothing, for they were all accursed, and forsworn, and reprobate.
Page 285 - De minoribus rebus principes consultant ; de majoribus omnes : ita tamen, ut ea quoque, quorum penes plebem arbitrium est, apud principes pertractentur.
Page 345 - But it is still the keystone of English liberty. All that has since been obtained is little more than as confirmation or commentary; and* if every subsequent law were to be swept away, there would still remain the bold features that distinguish a free from a despotic monarchy.
Page 345 - It has been lately the fashion to depreciate the value of Magna Carta as if it had sprung from the private ambition of a few selfish barons, and redressed only some feudal abuses : it is, indeed, of little importance by what motives those who obtained it were guided ; the real characters of men most distinguished in the transactions of that time are not easily determined at present ; yet if we bring these ungrateful suspicions to the test, they prove destitute of all reasonable foundation.
Page 33 - Sachentege was made thus: it was fastened to a beam, having a sharp iron to go round a man's throat and neck, so that he might no ways sit, nor lie, nor sleep, but that he must bear all the iron.