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action added alkaline ammonia ammonium appears arsenic becomes bismuth bodies boiling bromide calcium called carbonate chemical chloride cold colour colourless combination completely composition compounds consists containing converted cooling copper corresponding crystallises crystals decomposed decomposition density dilute dioxide dissolves easily effect electric elements equal evaporation excess exposed flame formed fused gives glass heat hydrate hydrochloric acid hydrogen hydroxide igniting insoluble iodide iron known latter lead light liquid manner mass melts mercury metallic mixed mixture molecules nearly nitrate nitric acid nitrogen obtained occurs oxide oxygen passing phosphorus plate platinum potash potassium powder precipitate prepared pressure produced proportion pure quantity reaction reduced remains salts separated silicate silver similar sodium solid soluble soluble in water solution specific strong substance sulphate sulphide sulphuric acid takes temperature tion tube unites vapour vessel volume yellow yields zinc
Page 226 - C. in 5j minutes: and assuming as the unit of heat the quantity required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water from 0°...
Page 226 - ... sufficient to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water from 0° to 1 ° C.
Page 81 - Indian-ink, porcelain, asbestos, fluorspar, minium, cinnabar, binoxide of lead, sulphate of zinc, tourmaline, graphite, and charcoal. In the second class are placed bismuth, antimony, zinc, tin, cadmium, sodium, mercury, lead, silver, copper, gold, arsenic, uranium, rhodium, iridium, tungsten, phosphorus, iodine, sulphur, chlorine, hydrogen, and many of their compounds. Also, glass free from iron, water, alcohol, ether, nitric acid, hydrochloric acid, resin, wax, olive oil, oil of turpentine, caoutchouc,...
Page xv - Re Rh Rb Ru Sm Sc Se Si Ag Na Sr S Ta Te Tb Tl Th Tm Sn Ti W U V Xe Yb Y Zn Zr...
Page 129 - It is necessary to bear this in mind in order to understand why the air which is absorbed by water out of the atmosphere differs in composition from atmospheric air. The latter consists very nearly of 21 vol.
Page 168 - ... divisions on the tube to which the mercury reaches, whilst the height of the column of mercury in the tube above the trough, together with that of the barometer, and the temperature of the air, are also read off. A quantity of pure hydrogen gas is now added...
Page 50 - The space was then occupied by a homogeneous fluid, which exhibited, when the pressure was suddenly diminished or the temperature slightly lowered, a peculiar appearance of moving or flickering striae throughout its entire mass.
Page 198 - If the smallest volume of a gaseous element that can enter into combination be called the combining volume of that element, the law of combination may be expressed as follows : The combining volumes of all elementary gases are equal, excepting those of phosphorus and arsenic, which are only half those of the other elements in the gaseous state, and those of mercury and cadmium, which are double those of the other elements.
Page 49 - Fah.), when the alcohol occupies just half the volume of the tube ; if the tube is more than half filled with alcohol, it bursts when heated. A glass tube one-third filled with water becomes opaque when heated, and bursts after a few seconds. If this chemical action of the water on the glass be diminished by the addition of a little carbonate of soda, the transparency of the glass will be much less impaired ; and if the space occupied by the water be ^ of the whole tube, the liquid will be converted...
Page 59 - The most trustworthy results are obtained by measuring the quantity of heat generated by the friction between solids and liquids. It was for a long time believed that no heat was evolved by the friction of liquids and gases. But in 1842 Meyer showed that the temperature of water may be raised 22° or 23° F. by agitating it. The warmth of the sea after a few days of stormy weather is also probably an effect of fluid friction.