Heat Considered as a Mode of Motion: Being a Course of Twelve Lectures Delivered at the Royal Institution of Great Britain in the Season of 1862
D. Appleton & Company, 1865 - 12 pages
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absorption action allow already amount of heat appear applied atmosphere atoms augmented ball beam becomes bismuth body boiling carbon cause cold communicated conduction contains continue cool copper cube cylinder deflection developed direction distance earth effect electric energy enter entire equal ether expansion experiment experimental face fact fall feet flame force give glacier glass greater heat hence inches iron lamp latter lead lecture light liquid mass means measure mechanical melted metal motion moves nature needle observed obtained oxygen particles pass piece pile plate portion possess present pressure produced quantity quantity of heat radiation raise rays referred regards result round screen side solid sound space substance sufficient suppose surface temperature theory tion tube turn vapour vessel warm weight wire wood
Page 71 - It is hardly necessary to add that anything which any insulated body, or system of bodies, can continue to furnish without limitation, cannot possibly be a material substance; and it appears to me to be extremely difficult, if not quite impossible, to form any distinct idea of anything capable of being excited and communicated in the manner the Heat was excited and communicated in these experiments, except it be MOTION.
Page 375 - DUKE'S PALACE. [Enter DUKE, CURIO, LORDS; MUSICIANS attending.] DUKE. If music be the food of love, play on, Give me excess of it; that, surfeiting, The appetite may sicken and so die.— That strain again;— it had a dying fall; O, it came o'er my ear like the sweet south, That breathes upon a bank of violets, Stealing and giving odour.— Enough; no more; 'Tis not so sweet now as it was before.
Page 111 - The immediate cause of the phenomena of heat then is motion, and the laws of its communication are precisely the same, as the laws of the communication of motion.
Page 448 - Look at the integrated energies of our world — the stored power of our coal-fields ; our winds and rivers ; our fleets, armies and guns. What are they ? They are all generated by a portion of the sun's energy, which does not amount to vsTfTnhfwTfTS of tne whole.
Page 111 - It seems possible to account for all the phenomena of heat, if it be supposed that in solids the particles are in a constant state of vibratory motion, the particles of the hottest bodies moving with the greatest velocity and through the greatest space ; that in...
Page 418 - I had often, in the pride of half knowledge, smiled at the means frequently employed by gardeners, to protect tender plants from cold, as it appeared to me impossible, that a thin mat, or any such flimsy substance, could prevent them from attaining the temperature of the atmosphere, by which alone I thought them liable to be injured. But, when I had learned, that bodies on the surface of the earth become, during a still and serene night, colder than the atmosphere, by radiating their heat to the...
Page 111 - ... the particles move round their own axes, and separate from each other, penetrating in right lines through space. Temperature may be conceived to depend upon the velocities of the vibrations ; increase of capacity, on the motion being performed in greater space ; and the diminution of temperature, during the conversion of solids into fluids or gases, may be explained on the idea of the loss of vibratory motion, in consequence of the revolution of particles round their axes, at the moment when...
Page 69 - Ib. of icecold water to boil) could have been furnished by so inconsiderable a quantity of metallic dust ? and this merely in consequence of a change of its capacity for Heat...
Page 447 - Proteus works his spells ; the selfsame essence takes a million shapes and hues, and finally dissolves into its primitive and almost formless form. The sun comes to us as heat ; he quits us as heat ; and between bis entrance and departure the multiform powers of our globe appear. They are all special forms of solar power — the moulds into which his strength is temporarily poured, in passing from its source through infinitude.
Page 459 - Heat,' in 1843 ; but in 1842 Mayer had actually caleulated the mechanical equivalent of heat from data which a man of rare originality alone could turn to account. From the velocity of sound in air Mayer determined the mechanical equivalent of heat. In 1845 he published his Memoir on ' Organic Motion,' and applied the mechanical Theory of Heat in the most fearless and precise manner to vital processes.