Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Volume 49

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Smithsonian Institution, 1907
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Page 68 - The place which, by some accident, had fallen in, and is now exposed to the sun and air, melts away, and a good deal of water flows into the sea. An indisputable proof that what we saw was real ice, is the quantity of mammoth's teeth and bones, which were exposed to view by the melting, and among which L myself found a very fine tooth.
Page 102 - While the duties of the ship were being forwarded under my first lieutenant, Mr. Peard, I took the opportunity to visit the extraordinary ice formations in Eschscholtz Bay, mentioned by Kotzebue as ' being covered with a soil half a foot thick, producing the most luxuriant grass," and containing abundance of mammoth bones.
Page 68 - We had climbed much about during our stay, without discovering that we were on real ice-bergs. The doctor, who had extended his excursions, found part of the bank broken down, and saw, to his astonishment, that the interior of the mountain, consisted of pure ice. At this news, we all went, provided with shovels and crows, to examine this phenomenon more closely, and soon arrived at a place where the back rises almost perpendicularly out of the sea, to the height of a hundred feet ; and then runs...
Page 1 - Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection illustrating the Scientific Investigation of the Sea and Fresh Waters.
Page 1 - Straits, of the North Pacific ocean, and the China seas, as are frequented by American whale-ships, and by trading vessels, in their routes between the United States and China.
Page 25 - That the position of the center of pressure varied with the angle of inclination, and that on planes its movements approximately followed the law formulated by Joessel.
Page 68 - An indisputable proof that what we saw was real ice, is the quantity of mammoths' teeth and bones, which were exposed to view by the melting, and among which I myself found a very fine tooth. We could not assign any reason for a strong smell, like that of burnt horn, which we perceived in this place. The covering of...
Page 70 - Mr. Collie, who on cutting through the ice in a horizontal direction, found that it formed only a casing to the cliff, which was composed of mud and gravel in a frozen state. On removing the earth above, it was also evident, by a decided line of separation between the ice and the cliff, that the Russians had been deceived by appearances. By cutting into the upper surface of the cliff three feet from the edge, frozen earth, similar to that which formed the face of the cliff, was found at eleven inches...
Page 61 - The best Mammoth bones as well as the greatest number are found at a certain depth below the surface, usually in clay hills, more rarely in black earth. The more solid the clay, the better the bones are preserved. Experience has also shown that more are found in elevations situated near higher hills than along the low coast or on the flat tundra " (Wrangell's Voyage, 286, note).
Page 70 - ... depth ; and four yards further back, the same substance occurred at twenty-two inches' depth. ' This glacial facing we afterwards noticed in several parts of the sound ; and it appears to me to be occasioned either by the snow being banked up against the cliff, or collected in its hollows in the winter, and converted into ice in the summer by partial thawings and freezings — or by the constant flow of water during the summer over the edges of the cliffs, on which the sun's rays operate less...

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