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Then eat and drink, for I do nothing know
He said and Jack did separate with ease
Another specimen of the Doctor's humour may afford a good hint to any unfortunate person who may be looking out for a convenient precipice or pond: it is intitled the Despairing Lover.'
"Say, Delia, since that iron heart
Forbids me more to woo,
What aged, to cure the rankling smart,
I'll do what desperate act will move
I'll do-ah! grant me power, O! Love,
I'll do then drop one willing tear,
Nor cast cold looks about you;
Yes I'm resolv'd-too cruel fair,
I'll do I'll do without you." pp. 294.
We close our remarks with a translation of a Greek epigram, 'on a swallow bearing a grasshopper to her young.'
"Ah, Attic maid, who from the fragrant flower
The child of summer tear the summer-brood?
Art. XII. Practical and Familiar Sermons, designed for parochial and domestic Instruction. By the Rev. Edward Cooper, Rector of Hamstall Ridware, in the County of Stafford, Chaplain to the Right Hon. the Earl of Courtown, and late Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford. 12mo. pp. 330. Price 5s Cadell and Davies. 1809.
WITHOUT Controverting the propriety of the ordinary classification of sermons into doctrinal and practical, we must contend that every discourse which conducts us as disciples to the divine footstool, which charges us to bow our understandings before infinite wisdom, to pay humble deference to the supreme authority, and to seek the divine favour as the chief good, is practical; for it not only calls us to the highest exercise of obedience to the moral governor, by. sacrificing even the pride of intellect to the Supreme Mind, but also induces a habit of conformity to the divine dictates, in which consists the essence of obedience. What then shall we think of those who, while they indulge a lawless arrogance of reasoning, determined to think as they please, in defiance of him who has taught them to think as they ought, study to hide their rebellion against the Source of wisdom under the mask of dislike to speculation, and preference of practical to dogmatic theology? Are they not imitating the Hebrew impostor, in an awkward pretence to maternal fondness for an object, to whose heart they can direct the sword with the utmost complacency, while the true mother yearns to preserve the vital principle, even at the hazard of being robbed of her just right and credit by a cruel stranger?
While our reflections take this turn, Mr. C.'s sermons appear well deserving of their title: they are essentially practical, for they inculcate the most exalted, because the most difficult and comprehensive of all duties, implicit surrender. of our intellectual and moral powers to the absolute controul of the supreme legislative Intelligence; nor have we the shade of a doubt, that those who yield to the momentum which these discourses furnish, will by superior moral conduct adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things." But when we consider that the public will naturally and justly expect to find, in a volume of practical sermons, specific instructions for the various duties of life, and exhortations to all the personal domestic and social virtues, we feel compelled by duty to warn our readers that they will not find these sermons practical, but didactic. We should, indeed, feel no hesitation to assert, that the general strain of evangelical preaching has insensibly fallen below the true scriptural standard,-not by excessive attention to theological truth, for that we deem scarcely possible,—but
by a general vague recommendation of practical religion, to the neglect of that minute, explicit, and authoritative exhortation to every grace and every duty, of which the scriptures afford us an example worthy of their author, and without which the exacter beauties of Christián conduct cannot justly be expected. For what will it avail to plead that it is of the essence of just send nents to produce good morals? Do they produce this effect by miracle, or by mystic spell, or by furnishing the most energetic motives to every Christian temper and duty? If evangelical doctrines operate in the latter way, should not these motives, like all other means, be actively employed in order to produce their effects? The inspired teachers of Christianity, in their epistles to the churches, have exemplified the proper application of revealed truths to practical uses, when, commencing as if with the elevated tones of deity uttering the oracles of truth and grace from between the cherubim from off the propitiatory, they advance, at the close of their letters, to a minute lecture on the tempers and duties of husbands and wives, parents and children, rich and poor, freemen and slaves. While in this respect the volume before us certainly does not accord with the title of Practical Sermons, it well fulfils the promise of familiar discourses adapted to domestic and rochial instruction.
Lamenting that there has been no adequate supply of sermons for the illiterate, our very estimable author has attempted in this volume to make good the deficiency. His style is sufficiently plain and perspicuous for his design; while those, who have read his former volumes, will justly presume that his language is too pure to offend the cultivated mind, and that his sentiments are too correct and scriptural to leave room for any qualifying animadversion. The design of the volume would scarcely admit of its furnishing brilliant passages to adorn our pages; but the reader may form his own expectations from the following extract.
'God claims your service on the ground, not only of what he can do, but of what he has done for you. In this respect, his claim to your obedience is still more clear and strong. By every tie of gratitude, you are bound to serve God. He made you what you are. Your body is the work of his hands. He breathed into you the breath of life. He gave to you an immortal soul. He has preserved you ever since you were born. The food, by which you have been supported; the raiment, by which you have been clothed; the friends who have assisted you; the health which you have enjoyed, have been all his gifts. They have been mercies daily, and hourly bestowed on you. Surely you are powerfully called on to devote to the service of God all those faculties of soul and body, which, in fact, are not your own, but his. There are, however, other, and still higher grounds, on which he claims your services.
He has not only created, not only preserved you; but he has also redecmed you. Who can conceive how vast a mercy is expressed by the word Redemption! Call to mind your state as sinners; the guilt and misery which you have brought upon yourselves. Recollect, that in this wretched state God looks on you with pity, and wishes not your death that "for the great love wherewith he loveth you," he has planned a way for your salvation. To this end, he has not withheld from you his Son, his only Son, but has given him up for you, has given him up to death, even the death of the cross; that thus by the rapsom of his blood, he might redeem you from eternal misery, and open to you the kingdom of heaven. Nay, that nothing might be wanting to complete your salvation, or to shew forth the riches of his grace, to the unspeakable gift of his Son, he has added also the gift of his Spirit, to dwell in you, to be your Sanctifier, your Comforter, and your never-failing Friend. Hath God done all this for you, and does he not justly claim your services? Is it not the most base ingartitude to refuse to serve Him, who has thus bought you with his own blood, who has ran somed you at such a price? What claim can the world have on you equal to such a claim as this? What has Mammon done to deserve your services? Instead of furthering your happiness, it has only brought on you trouble and sorrow, sin and shame. Instead of doing any thing to save you from perishing, it has done all in its power to ruin and destroy your soul. Far, therefore, from being entitled to your favour, it deserves your just abhorrence." Chuse you then this day, whom ye will serve. Life and death are set before you. May God give you grace to choose that better part, which shall never be taken away from you! May every one of be enabled from the heart to say, As for me, I will serve you the Lord!' pp. 44-46
As it is one of the advantages of a well educated preacher, like Mr. C. to be secure from the hazard of employing texts of scripture, according to the mere sound of the English words, or after an erroneous translation, in order to prove what the original text or the scope of the passage never intended; we recommend Mr. C. to review the original Greek and the connection of Heb. ii. 9. convinced that he would not then employ it as he has done at page 154.
Art. XIII. The Edinburgh Medical and Physical Dictionary, containing an Explanation of the terms of Art in Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, Therapeutics, Surgery, Midwifery, Pharmacy, Materia Medica, Botany, Chemistry, Natural History, &c. as employed in the present improved State of Medical Science; and also a copious Account of Diseases, and their Treatment, agreeably to the Doctrines of Cullen, Monro, Hunter, Fordyce, Gregory, Denham, Saunders, Home, and other modern Teachers in Edinburgh and London. To which is added, a copious Glossary of obsolete Terms, calculated to assist those who have Occasion to refer to the Writings of the Ancients. By Robert Morris, M. D. James Kendrick, Surgeon, F. L. S. and others. 2 vols. 4to. pp. 1600, with 54 plates. price 41. 4s. bds. Edinburgh, Bell and Bradfute; Ostell, 1808.
NO science perhaps more urgently demands of its votaries a steady perseverance in a regular course of study, than
Medicine. It is too well known, however, that there are persons, who, with little previous education, with only the information gained behind an apothecary's counter, and relying on the aid of a Medical Dictionary, are bold enough to take upon themselves the professional care of a populous neighbourhood. Their conscience is satisfied with a reference, in all doubtful and alarming cases, to a work which they suppose to contain the whole of the medical science, and which they regard as an oracle which cannot mislead; never considering, and perhaps too ignorant to understand, that such temerity is not less absurd and atrocious, than that of a person unacquainted with nautical affairs, who should undertake the management of a vessel, with no other information than what might accidentally be obtained, in the moment of disaster, by consulting a treatise on navigation.
A work of this kind, however, when examined in the hour of leisure or study, by those whose minds are already stored with medical knowledge, either for the purpose of refreshing their memory, of comparing different opinions, or of ascer taining precisely the meaning of various terms of art, cannot fail to prove highly beneficial. To the navy or army surgeon, and indeed to all those whose medical library is too much circumscribed, such a work of this kind, if ably executed, will be found a most valuable companion.
The performance now under review claims a respectful notice for the wide field over which it expatiates. Not only Anatomy, Physiology, Surgery, Medicine, and the other sciences immediately belonging to the healing art, form a part of this work; but many important articles are furnished by Chemis try, Botany, and the other auxiliary sciences." Several pieces of medical biography are also introduced; chiefly relating, however, to ancient writers, whose doctrines, now less useful than curious, are here preserved for the purpose of comparison with the more rational opinions which have succeeded them.
The definitions, as well as the histories, of diseases, and the directions for treating them, are in general those of the Cullenian school: but in several instances, where the disease has been investigated with peculiar attention by any particular writer, his observations and opinions have been very properly introduced. Thus, on diseases of the liver, the work of Dr. Saunders is referred to. On Ascites, the observations of Dr. Millman are fairly detailed. Observations on the teeth and dentition are very advantageously adopted from the works of Mr. John Hunter; and the remarks on inflammation and its various sequele are freely introduced from the same author, Several good articles are furnished by the excellent treatise