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I,' these have cost a great deal of bark of royal oak, and a good
deal of dung too."
London, 23rd April, 1779.

"The conversation having turned on Andrew Stuart's* artful defence of the treacherous conduct of his brother to Lord Pigot,† I said, He has laid on a thick colouring upon his brother's character. It would not clean; he has died (sic) it.'"

London, 23rd April, 1779.

"Mr. Seward once mentioned to me, either as a remark of his own or of somebody else's, that the most agreeable conversation is that which entertains you at the time, but of which you remember no particulars.' I said to-day I thought otherwise, as it is better both to be entertained at the time and remember good things which have passed. There is the same difference as between making a pleasant voyage and returning home empty, and making a pleasant voyage and returning home richly laden."" 23rd April, 1779.

"I wrote to Dempster from Edinburgh, 13th December, 1779. I am in good spirits, but you must not expect entertainment from me. The most industrous bee cannot make honey without flowers. But what are the flowers of Edinburgh?”

* Andrew Stuart, M.P. (see supra), published in 1778 "Letters to the Directors of the East India Company respecting the conduct of Brigadier-General James Stuart at Madras," 4to.

Sir George Pigot, Bart., Governor of Fort St. George, Madras, was created a peer of Ireland 18th January, 1766, as Baron Pigot, of Patshul, county Dublin. At his death in illegal confinement in India, 17th August, 1777, the barony expired.

William Seward, F.R.S., was born at London in 1747, his father being a wealthy brewer, partner in the house of Calvert and Seward. Educated at the Charterhouse and at Oxford, he early devoted attention to literary concerns. He published "Biographiana" and "Literary Miscellanies," and edited "Anecdotes of some Distinguished, Persons," in four volumes, octavo. He was much esteemed for his amiable manners.

He died 24th April, 1789.



"Showing Dr. Johnson slight pretty pieces of poetry is like showing him fine delicate shells, which he crushes in handling."

"In the debate concerning Sir Hugh Palliser* in the House of Commons, when it was proposed to address the king to dismiss him, Mr. Wedderburne said, 'Stained as that gentleman's flag has been, I should be very sorry to see it hoisted over him as an acting admiral; but I can see no reason why for one unfortunate spot he should be deprived of the last consolation of its waving over his grave.' Public Advertiser.

"My wife was angry at a silk cloak for Veronica being illmade, and said it could not be altered. Then,' said I, 'it must be a Persian cloak,' alluding to the silk called Persian and the unalterable Persian laws." 1780.

"I told Paoli that Topham Beauclerc† found fault with Brompton's refreshing the Pembroke family picture by

Sir Hugh Palliser was born at Kirk Deighton, Yorkshire, 26th February, 1722. Joining the navy, he became lieutenant in 1742. He was posted captain in 1746, after taking four French privateers. In 1759 he led the seamen who aided in the capture of Quebec. In 1773 he was created a baronet and elected M.P. for Scarborough. He became a Lord of the Admiralty, and Vice-Admiral of the Blue. In an action off Ushant on the 27th July, 1778, a misunderstanding arose between Admiral Palliser and Admiral Keppel, which was attended with a court-martial, and brought on Palliser unmerited odium. He became Governor of Greenwich Hospital, and died 19th March, 1796.

+ Topham Beauclerk, only son of Lord Sidney Beauclerk, third son of the first Duke of St. Alban's, was born in 1739. When a student at Trinity College, Oxford, he became acquainted with Dr. Johnson, who, though many years his senior, was partial to his society. Johnson permitted sallies from Beauclerk which others might not attempt. Beauclerk died in 1781.

Robert Brompton, an artist of considerable celebrity, accompanied Lord Northampton, the English ambassador, to Venice, where he executed portraits of the Duke of York and other notable persons.




Vandyck, and said he had spoiled it by painting it over (which, by the way, Lord Pembroke assured me was not the case). 'Po, po'' said Paoli (of whom Beauclerc had talked disrespectfully), he has not spoiled it; Beauclerc scratches at everything. He is ascustomed to scratch [scratching his head in allusion to Beauclerc's lousiness], and he'd scratch at the face of Venus.' London, 1778.

"Bodens was dining at a house where a neck of roast veal was set down. After eating a bone of it, he was waiting for something else. The lady of the house told him it was their family dinner, and there was nothing else. Nay, madam,' said Bodens, stuttering, if it be n-neck or n-othing, I'll have t'other bone.' EARL PEMBROKE,* London, 26th April, 1778.

"Spottiswood+ asked me what was the reason I had given up drinking wine. 'Because,' said I, 'I never could drink it but to excess.' Said he, 'An excessive good reason.""

Dining at Paoli's, 28th April, 1778.

He returned to London in 1767, but not meeting with sufficient encouragement he proceeded to St. Petersburg, where he died in 1790.

* Henry, tenth Earl of Pembroke, was lieutenant-general in the army and colonel of the first regiment of dragoons. He was born in 1734, and died 26th January, 1794.

+ The representative of an ancient Scottish house, which produced a distinguished archbishop and a Lord President of the Court of Session, John Spottiswoode, younger of Spottiswoode, practised in London as a solicitor. His literary tastes brought him into contact with men of letters. The conversation alluded to in the text took place at Paoli's, when Dr. Johnson, Sir Joshua Reynolds, and others were present. In his "Life of Dr. Johnson," Boswell, who reported the conversation in reference to wine drinking, omits with unusual reticence his remark respecting his own habits. Spottiswoode was son-in-law of William Strahan, the printer. He died 3rd February, 1805.

“When a man talks of his own faults, it is often owing to a consciousness that they cannot be concealed, and others will treat them more severely than he himself does. He thinks others will throw him down, so he had better lye down softly." London, April, 1778.

"I can more easily part with a good sum at once than with a number of small syms-with a hundred guineas rather than with two guineas at fifty different times; as one has less pain from having a tooth drawn whole than when it breaks and is pulled out in pieces." London, April, 1778.

"When Wilkes was borne on the shoulders of the unruly mob, Burke applied to him what Horace says of Pindar,Fertur numeris legibus solutus.'"

MR. WILKES, London, April, 1778. N.B.-" Dr. Johnson* thought this an admirable double pun; and he will seldom allow any vent to that species of witticism.'

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"General Paoli was in a boat at Portsmouth at the naval review in 17-. He seated himself close to the helm. They wanted to steer the vessel, and in the hurry of getting to the helm they overturned the general. He said, very pleasantly :Darbord que je me metts au gouvernail ou men chasse.'

GENERAL PAOLI, London, 1778.

"At the regatta on the Thames, Sir Joshua Reynolds said to Dunning,† 'I wonder who is the Director of this show?'

* This anecdote is related in the Life of Johnson, the quotation from Horace being correctly given, thus :—

"Numerisque fertur

Lege solutis."

+ John Dunning was born at Ashburton, Devonshire, on the 18th October, 1731. Called to the bar, he attained a first rank in his profession. In 1767 he was appointed Solicitor-General. In 1768 he was elected M.P. for Calne. He was in 1782 created Baron Ashburton, and appointed Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. was an occasional associate of Dr. Johnson, who styled him "the

Dunning, who delights in the ludicrous in an extreme degree,
pointed to a blackguard who was sitting on one of the lamps on
Westminster Bridge, and said, 'There he is.' Sir Joshua
observing a fellow on a wooden post nearer the water answered,
'I believe you are right, and there is one who has a post under

April 25th, 1778.

"Colman* had a house opposite to a timber yard. The prospect of logs and deals was but clumsy. Colman said it would soon be covered by some trees planted before his windows. Sir Joshua Reynolds upon this quoted the proverb, You will not be able to see the wood for trees."



"At Sir Joshua Reynolds' table

25th April, 1778.

observed that in the

Germanick politicks at present the King of Prussia was a
good attorney for the
'Yes,' said I, 'and he has a good
2nd May, 1778.


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"In London you have an inexhaustible variety of company to enjoy with superficial pleasure, and out of these you may always have a few chosen friends for intimate cordiality. While you have a wide lake to sport in, you may have a stewpond to fatten, cherishing to high friendship, affection, and love, by

great lawyer." Informed by Boswell that Mr. Dunning experienced pleasure in listening to him, Dr. Johnson expressed appreciation, adding, “Here is a man willing to listen, to whom the world is listening all the rest of the year." Lord Ashburton died 18th August, 1783.

* George Coleman the elder was born in 1733. While studying at Christ Church, Oxford, he was called to the bar, but he soon renounced practice as a barrister and sought fame as a dramatic author. He became joint manager of Covent Garden Theatre, and was ultimately proprietor of the Haymarket. For many years he enjoyed an annuity from Lord Bath, who married his mother's sister. After a period of mental aberration, Colman died in 1794, aged sixty-one.

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