Tyndale's Old Testament: Being the Pentateuch of 1530, Joshua to 2 Chronicles of 1537, and Jonah
Yale University Press, 1992 M01 1 - 643 pages
In the 1530s William Tyndale translated the first fourteen books of the Old Testament into English from the original Hebrew, a translation that laid the foundation of all subsequent English bibles, including the celebrated Authorized Version (King James Bible) of 1611. Tyndale was the first to translate the Hebrew Bible into English—the first, in fact, to translate anything from Hebrew into English: At the time, that language was virtually unknown in England, and Tyndale had learned his excellent Hebrew while he was exiled to the Low Countries and Germany for political reasons. The publication of Tyndale's Old Testament, on top of his earlier and later translations of the New Testament, outraged the clerical establishment by giving the people access to the word of God in English. Tyndale was hunted down and subsequently burned at the stake for blasphemy.
Tyndale translated and printed the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Old Testament) in 1530 as a pocket book, revising Genesis in 1534. He also translated and printed the Book of Jonah, probably in 1531. In addition, there is now little doubt that after translating the Pentateuch, Tyndale went on to translate the historical books of the Old Testament—Joshua to 2 Chronicles—for there is overwhelming evidence that those books, as they appeared in the 1537 "Matthew's" Bible, were Tyndale's work.
The present volume contains the Pentateuch (unavailable now except in an out-of-print and unreliably edited Victorian facsimile) and the historical books, which have not been in print since 1551 and are of great importance both to scholars and to the general reader. The spelling in the texts has been modernized to show them as the modern productions they once were, and Tyndale's introductions and marginal notes are included. David Daniell's introduction explores Tyndale's astonishing achievement in single-handedly turning the Hebrew into English of great variety, force, and beauty.
A Prologue Showing the Use of the Scripture
A Table Expounding Certain Words
A Prologue into the Third Book of Moses called Leviticus
A Prologue into the Fourth Book of Moses called Numbers
A Prologue into the Fifth Book of Moses called Deuteronomy
The Book of Josua
The Book of the Judges
The Book of Ruth
The Second Book of Samuel
The First Book of the Kings
The Second Book of the Kings
The Chronicles of the Kings of Juda The First Book
The Chronicles of the Kings of Juda The Second Book
The Prologue to the Prophet Jonas
The Story of the Prophet Jonas
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Aaron according altar answered behold blessed blood bread brethren bring brother brought burnt called captain cast CHAPTER children of Israel commanded daughter David delivered departed destroyed dwell dwelt earth Egypt eyes father fear field fire five flesh followed four gave give given gold hand hath head hear heard heart heaven holy host hundred inheritance Jacob Jerusalem Joseph Josua Juda keep kindreds king land Levites live Lord thy manner Moses offering peace Pharao Philistines priest prophet reigned rest Salomon Saul saying sent servants serve seven sheep side sight silver slew sons soul spake unto stone tabernacle thee thereof thereto thine things thou hast thou shalt thousand thy servant told took tribe turned unclean unto Moses unto the Lord unto thee Wherefore wife wilderness witness