The Animal Kingdom Arranged in Conformity with Its Organization: The class Pisces, with supplementary additions, by E. Giffith and C. H. Smith. 1834
G. B. Whittaker, 1834
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abundant according anal ancients animals appears armed attached bladder Bloch body bones branches brown called caudal caused characters coasts colour common considerable covered described distinguished divided dorsal dorsal fin edge eels eggs elongated entire extremely eyes feet figure fins fish five flesh four frequently front furnished genera genus gills give head Indian inhabits intestines Italy known Lacép lateral length less live lower means Mediterranean membrane mouth muzzle nature nearly observed Ocean operculum organs particularly pass pectorals placed pointed possess present produce range rays remain remarkable resemble Risso rivers round Russel scales Schn seen separated shark shores short side similar single skin sometimes species spines stomach surface tail taken teeth thick upper ventrals whole
Page 645 - The veins of the electric organ pass out close to the nerves, аь:1 run between the gills to the auricle of the heart. " The nerves inserted into each electric organ, arise by three very large trunks from the lateral and posterior part of the brain. The first of these in its passage outwards, turns round a cartilage of the cranium, and sends a few branches to the first gill, and to the anterior part of the head, and then passes into the organ towards its anterior extremity.
Page 645 - ... it ; and passing also from one partition to another, anastomose with the vessels of the adjacent partitions. The veins of the electric organ pass out, close to the nerves, and run between the gills, to the auricle of the heart. The nerves...
Page 335 - The harbour of Constantinople, which may be considered as an arm of the Bosphorus, obtained, in a very remote period, the denomination of the Golden Horn. The curve which it describes might be compared to the horn of a stag, or, as it should seem, with more propriety, to that of an ox.
Page 645 - The third trunk, after leaving the skull, divides itself into two branches, which pass to the electric organ through the gills ; one between the second and third openings, the other between the third and fourth, giving small branches to the gill itself. These nerves having entered the organs, ramify in every direction, between the columns, and send in small branches upon each partition where they are lost.
Page 335 - Turkish oppression, still exhibit a rich prospect of vineyards, of gardens, and of plentiful harvests; and the Propontis has ever been renowned for an inexhaustible store of the most exquisite fish, that are taken in their stated seasons, without skill, and almost without labour.
Page 646 - Now if we except the more important senses of seeing, hearing, smelling, and tasting, which do not belong to the electric organs, there is no part even of the most perfect animal, which, in proportion to its size, is so liberally supplied with nerves ; nor do the nerves seem necessary for any sensation which can be supposed to belong to the electric organs. And with respect to action, there is no part of any animal, with which...
Page 505 - ... baits in fishing ; the liver, which is large and good for eating, also furnishes an enormous quantity of oil, which is an excellent substitute for that of the whale, and applicable to all the same purposes ; the swimming-bladder furnishes an isinglass not inferior to that yielded by the sturgeon ; the head, in the places where the cod is taken, supplies the fishermen and their families with food. The Norwegians give it with marine plants to their cows, for the purpose of producing a greater proportion...
Page 542 - Conger from the genus Anguilla, and made it the foundation of a subgenus under the name of Conger. "It is found in the seas of Europe, of Northern Asia, and in those of America, as far as the Antilles. It is very abundant on the coasts of England and France, in the Mediterranean Sea (where it was much sought after by the ancients), and in the Propontis, where it was not long ago in considerable estimation. Those of Sicyon were more especially esteemed.
Page 335 - The epithet of golden was expressive of the riches which every wind wafted from the most distant countries into the secure and capacious port of Constantinople.
Page 301 - a mixture of the bass of the organ, the sound of bells, the guttural cries of a large frog, and .the tones which imagination might attribute to an enormous harp ; one might have said the vessel trembled with it.