A Manual of Chemistry: Containing the Principal Facts of the Science, Arranged in the Order in which They are Discussed and Illustrated in the Lectures at the Royal Institution of Great Britain, Volume 1
J. Murray, 1830 - 493 pages
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absorbed according action added alcohol alkali ammonia appears atmosphere attraction baryta becomes Bismuth bodies boiling called carbonic acid charcoal chemical chlorine cold colour combination common compound consequence considered consists containing cooling copper crystals cubic inches decomposed decomposition dilute dissolves distillation effect electricity equal Equivalent evaporation evolved experiments exposed flame fluid formed fused gases glass grains half heat hence hydrogen inflamed insoluble iodine iron lead less light lime liquid matter means mercury metals mixed mixture muriatic acid nature nitrate nitric acid nitrogen nitrous observed obtained oxide oxygen passed Phil phosphorus placed platinum portion potassa potassium precipitate pressure produced proportional pure quantity receiver red heat remains retort salt separated shown silver soda soluble solution specific gravity substances sulphate sulphuretted sulphuric acid surface takes taste temperature termed tion tube unite vapour vessel volume weight wire
Page xciv - Mr. Watt was an extraordinary and in many respects a wonderful man. Perhaps no individual in his age possessed so much and such varied and exact information, had read so much, or remembered what he had read so accurately and well. He had infinite quickness of apprehension, a prodigious memory, and a certain rectifying and methodising power of understanding, which extracted something precious out of all that was presented to it.
Page xcvi - I presently found that, by means of this lens, air was expelled from it very readily. Having got about three or four times as much as the bulk of my materials, I admitted water to it, and found that it was not imbibed by it. But what surprised me more than I can well express was that a candle burned in this air with a remarkably vigorous flame...
Page xciii - Amidst this company stood Mr Watt, the man whose genius discovered the means of multiplying our national resources to a degree perhaps even beyond his own stupendous powers of calculation and combination ; bringing the treasures of the abyss to the summit of the earth — giving the feeble arm of man the momentum of an Afrite — commanding manufactures to arise, as the rod of the prophet produced water in the desert, affording the means of dispensing with that time and tide which wait for no man,...
Page 110 - ... the angle of reflection is always equal to the angle of incidence, the image for any point can be seen only in the reflected ray prolonged.
Page cv - I hope this will give some check to the rage of destroying trees that grow near houses, which has accompanied our late improvements in gardening, from an opinion of their being unwholesome.
Page liv - I do not here consider. What I call attraction may be performed by impulse, or by some other means unknown to me. I use that Word here to signify only in general any Force by which Bodies tend towards one another, whatsoever be the Cause.
Page 315 - The viscid product, washed and dried over oil of vitriol in vacuo, yields hydrochlorate of acrolein as a mass of velvety crystals, which melt at 32° into a thick oil, having the odour of rancid fat. It is insoluble in water, but readily soluble in alcohol and ether, on the evaporation of which it remains as a thick oil. It is resolved by heat into acrolein and hydrochloric acid. It is not apparently altered by boiling with water, or by the action of dilute solutions of the alkalis.
Page 93 - Electrical effects are exhibited by the same bodies, when acting as masses, which produce chemical phenomena when acting by their particles ; it is not therefore improbable, that the primary cause of both may be the same...
Page 128 - ... the mass of the metal. • The power of a metallic or other tissue to prevent explosion, will depend upon the heat required to produce the combustion as compared with that acquired by the tissue; and the flame of the most inflammable substances, and of those that produce most heat in combustion, will pass through a metallic tissue that will interrupt the flame of less inflammable substances, or those that produce little heat in combustion. Or the tissue being the same, and impermeable to...
Page civ - That the vegetable creation should restore the air which is spoiled by the animal part of it, looks like a rational system, and seems to be of a piece with the rest.