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He had too much reliance on his wisdom and virtue to believe that |

Mr. Randolph then said he wished to state to the can ittee a Be would be guilty of such gross and unparalleled treason. Mark detail of what happened before the committee of foreign relations, my word, you will renew your note, if endorsers can be had; you in a conference with Mr. Monroe. cannot take it up. The honorable speaker is mistaken when he says the message is for war-it is the effect of an excitement occasioned by ministerial, federal and neutral papers, and is not the wish or meaning of the excentive.

He would appeal to the sobriety and reflection of the house, and ask, what nere cause of war for the last twelve months? What new cause of embargo within that period? The affair of the Chesapeake is settled-No new principles of blockade interpolated into the laws of nations. He should suppose every man of candor and sober reflection would ask why we did not go to war twelve months ago? Or will it be said we ought to make up, by our promptness now, for our slowness then? Or will it be said that if the wheat, for which we have received two dollars per bushel, had been rotting in our barns, we should have been richer or happier. What would the planter say, if you was to ask him which he would prefer, the honorable, chivalrous course advocated by the speaker-with the consequences which will attend it, the sheriff at his back, and the excise collector pressing him? He would laugh in your face.

If an embargo twelve months ago, would have been folly, and ruinous, he would request any gentleman to say what makes it wise now?

He felt

Mr. Widgery objected to it, as not in order, and the chairman said he though it was irrelevant.

Mr. Randolph said his object was to show that the proposition for this measure originally came from that committee, and was not He thought it relevant, as it was intended as a war measure. competent to show that the ideas of the speaker are wrong. The motion to strike out the first section was lost-ayes 35noes 70.

Mr. Seybert said, that in voting for the several important mea sures which congress have agreed to this session, he felt himself pledged to go to war; that he was in favor of an embargo as a precautionary measure and precursor to war. When we voted for the twenty-five thousand men he supposed the executive intended war-but he has now such information from a friend in whom he confides, as leads him to believe that offensive operations are not We ought to be better prepared before we engage in war. meant. He had observed in the Baltimore papers, that the British have ordered a squadron and twenty thousand men for our coast. Mr. Smilie expressed his surprise at the observations of his friend and colleague: he did not know from what quarter he had obtained bis information, that the president does not mean war Does he believe he has all this time been deceiving the legislature? It is not generally wise to dive into futurity; but it is wise to He had heard but one sentiment from the president, which is, that profit by experience, although it may be unpleasant. we must make war unless Great Britain relents. The president Juuch concerned to have the bill on the table for one hour. No bad always supposed that the embargo must precede war-the only one can tell the great injury to the mill owner or the merchant difference has been as to the time, which has been finally comproby the niere mention of an embargo in this house. It being limited to only sixty days, it can do no possible good to the public, or be thesed. The embargo is intended as a war measure. He would assure his colleague it was intended by both the executive and means of bringing our proporty from abroad; but, as occasioning the committee of foreign relations. That being now up, he would great speculatious, it will be ruinous to many, and give great observe, that at the beginning of the session, he was not so warm Mr. R. declared, to his certain knowledge, that the French minis- for war as many were, but he was for commercial restrictions. He was not for the twenty-five thousand men; but as the house have ter M. Serrurier, ever since his arrival here, had been pressing our determined otherwise he would now go to war-if we now recede government to prolibit the exportation of our products to the peninsula, which the government have heretofore cluded. And is we shall be a reproach among all nations. Mr. Seybert then spoke, that his intention was to resist seriously this the way which the honorable speaker with so much galantry Great-Britain; he would be plain; but he was not for going to hts advocated an honorable war--to rob our own people, to gratify war unprepared. When the bill for raising the twenty-five thou the malignant ambition of the imperial tyrant in subduing the poor Spaniards-in starving the enemies of France Will the people sand men was before the house, it was then declared to be accord of the United States thus manifest their sense of injuries, in becoming to the wishes of the secretary at war-since that time the ing the passive instruments and tools of France? He said it was not secretary has said it was not his wish, from which he concluded it the public sentiment. He said that as a caveat or a precautionary was not the wish of the president. measure, there can be no necessity for the last section and the penalties contained therein, unless, instead of a precursor, it is intended as a substitute for war.

fortunes to a few.

He said he had other considerations to subinit, most of which are a detail of facts which occurred in a conference between the committee of foreign relations and the secretary of state, which, however, he would for the present defer.

Mr. Randolph proposed to read from memoranda in his possess session, of what occurred in the committee of foreign relations, and a conference between them and the secretary of state, which was objected to.

Mr. Basset (chairman) considered it in order.
Mr. Calhoun appealed.

The chairman's decision was confirmed, ayes 60.

Mr. Randolph said, it will appear that the embargo is not prepa He would observe, in the words of the gentleman from NewYork (Mr. Stow) that war is not to be considered as a matter of atory to war, that is to say, it was not necessarily so, and of course not of the character which the speaker has considered itpleasure. He hoped we should not act as a thoughtless you From his minutes (among other facts] it appeared, that Mr. Monroe Couple sometimes do, who are in a hurry to marry first, and then said to the committee, that the president thought we ought to look around to get something to make the pot boil. He besought declare war before we adjourn, unless Great-Britain recedes, of the house to act with sobriety and solenum consideration. Whate ver his opinion might be about the war, he said he was not in which there was no prospect-That there was conversation about the habit of withholding his pledges, if we should avoidably an embargo. Mr. Monroe was asked by some of the committee whether the president would recommend it by message, he an plunge into one, he believed he should not be backward in affordingswered that he would, if he could be assured it would be acceptable his aid to bring it to an honorable close. But he did not believe to the house. He also said, Mr. Barlow had been instructed to war to be the object, and lus reason was, because there is no pre-represent to the French government our sense of the injuries re ceived. and to press upon them our deannds for reparation--that if Mr. Clay (the speaker) said the gentleman from Virginia need she refused us justice, the embargo would leave the policy as res not have reminded us, in the manier he has, of that Being whopects France, and indeed of both countries, in our hands. He was watches and surrounds us. asked if any essential alterations would be made within sixty days,

paration for it.

He would ask what old such a kind of war would be carried on.

He thought from this sentiment we ought to draw very different in the defence of our maritime frontier or sea-ports? Mr. M. aiconclusions than what the gentleman had.-It ought to influence swered that pretty considerable preparations would be made. He us to that patriotism, to that spirit and display of those qualifica-said, New-York was in a respectable state of defence but not such as tions, which are so honorable to the human character. The gen-to resist a formidable fleet--but, that it was not to be expected that Uleman asks, what new cause of war? It was replied, that we cause of war is avenged? He agreed the affair of the Chesapeake must expect what commonly happens in wars. Mr. M. said, that is settled-but why to paralize the spirit of the country. Has although a great distress and injury might take place in one part of Great Britain abstained from impressing our seamen-from depre- the union, it would not essentially affect the population or redating upon one property? He had in his hands a paper giving sources of the union at large. As to the prepared state of the an account of the capture of the ship Hannibal, worth, with the country, he said, in case of declaration of war, the president cargo, 300,000 dollars, a short time since, and near our coast, on a would not feel himself bound to take upon himself more than his voyage to France. He had no doubt but the late Indian war on share of the responsibility. Mr. M. said, the unprepared state of the Wabash, was excited by the British-mat what is to be thought the country was the only reason why ulterior measures should be of the emissary who was sent to one of our principal cities, to ex-deferred.

G'e civil war? Is this not a cause of war? We have complete Mr. Randolph then said, that the step we are about taking is too proof that she will do every thing to destroy us-our resolution and high a price to pay for the consistency of gentlemen who think spirit are our only dependence. Although he felt warm, he prided they have gone too far to recede; it is too expensive to bolster them himself upon his teenings, and should despise himself if he was up in this way. He asked what will be the situation of this people destitute of them. The gentleman says, there is no cause of warin sixty days? Put your note into the bank, and see how soon it Mr. Rodolph said he bad never asserted there was no catise of will be out. What will be the condition of this unhappy, misguided of war, but that there was no new cause of war. country? What would it have been for 60, 120, or 365 days past?

Mr. Clay said, those who voted for the forner combargo, are bound He had hop: d not to have seen the old story of the dog worrying now to vote for war. It ought to have suet eded the termination the car, &re, realized. Are the majority, in consequence of having of that measure, which would have been the true policy. He been gonded by the presses, to plunge the people into a war hy said he was at issue with the gentleman as to the public scutiament.- bringing them first to the whipping post and then by exciting their That it is with us, is moved by the glowing and patriotic resoluspunt. He would assure the house the spirit of the projde is not tions of fourteen legislatures. He sand there was no divisions in fup to it at this time; if so, there would be no necessity of thuse the south on and western states-Federalists and republicans were provocations to excite this false spirit-this kind of Dutch courage. united for war. if you mean war, if the spirit of the country is up to it, why have Mr. Boyd, (of New-Jersey.) said while he adraired the fire and gun heen spending five months in idle debate. spirit of the honorable, he thought he would do well to hel The speaker (Mr. Clay) called Mr. Randolph to order, for charg conds rate. He asked, whether we are prepared to assail our ene-ing the house with speriding five months in idle debate. my, repel ber attacks? He asker, whether it is wie in an arinet water, as we are, to commence hostilities agains. one so conftetely prepared?

The clorama decided that the expression was not out of order.
Mr. Wright appealed.

The decision of the chairman was confirmed-ayes 50, noes 49.

Mr. Randolph proceeded, and said he would informgentlemen in Mr. Nelson said it appeared to him that according to the impor this house, that he had known gentlemen not inferior in gallantry, in tance of subjects, so is our precipitaney? Is the minority thus tô be wisdom, in experience, in the talents of a statesman to any upon dragooned into this measure? For one, he wished to reflect upon it. the floor, who have been consigned to oblivion for advocating a war The first intimation he had of this measure, was the message. If'itis against the public sentiment. Did we not then say to those gen-intended as a precautionary measure, as the precursor to war, as tlemen, the war they advocated was against the public sentiment. some gentlemen have treated it, it is a question of doubt in his In two years from this time, the people will tell you that you mind. He thought it better to arm our merchantmen-to grant rated your consistency at more than it was worth, more than we letters of marque and reprisal-and repeal our not-importation law, are willing to pay for it--that your disgrace is not our disgrace. We have already suffered enough under our restrictive system. If What said the people to the projected war twelve years ago we pass the bill to night, it cannot be a law until the other branch That they would not pay their money and sacrifice their property act upon it. When We are going to war, it will be well known thing for your consistency. we have the spontaneous support of more than one half the com munit;.

If it would not discover a want of decorum, he would ask what has becoine of the license bill against trading under licences to France, a measure which was recommended in the president's message at the beginning of the session? He said, he understood the ship Hannibal, which was lately captured by the British, sailed under one of those licences. He does not mean to palliate that capture; but is it strange that Great-Britain should capture our ves sels, when we have notified that we are about invading her terra firma. He believed the way war will happen, if it does happen, will be by Great-Britain attacking and perhaps destroying some of our seaports, which it is calculated will render it popular in our country. The plan is now to lay an embargo--and the reason is, we have had one, and it has failed. This appears to him to be a non sequitur.

Messrs. Grundy and Calhoun said they were not impressed with a recollection of the facts which occurred before the committee of foreign relations in the same manner as had been stated by Mr. Randolph. They did not recollect that Mr. Monroe said the embargo would leave the policy, as respects both belligerents, in our hands.

Mr. Alston said he would have voted on the motion, if the geutle inau had not asked for the ayes and noes; buvas he appears desirous to marshal one side of the Louse against the other, he was not disposed to gratify him in his request.

Mr. Randolph made a few more remarks.

Mr. Widgery declared war to be inevitable, and ought not to he delayed—on this account he was against postponing the bill until to-morrow. If we do it at all, it ought to be speeday. It is not to be believed that argument will change a single vote. The respoll sibility is on the majori y.

The question on reuling to-morrow was negatived, 57 to 54. It was then read a third time-and on the question, shall the bill pass? it was carried, ayes 70, noes 41.

Law of the United States.

The following act was yesterday made public, Mr. Porter said he was in favor of an embargo, as a measure having been passed by congress whilst lately in conwhich ought to precede war; but it was very important that we clave. The injunction of secrecy not having been should be prepared before we commence war. He did not believe it was possible to commence it with safety within four months removed from the proceedings of either house on from this time. Soch a measure as an embargo would be this act, it is not in our power to report them to our immense injury to the state of New-York, on account of their readers. flour which has gone to market. [Nut. Int. Ap. 16.

The committee rose and reported the bill without amendment, and the question was, shall it be engrossed for a third reading? Mr. Quincey then moved that the injunction of secrecy be taken off from our proceedings.

Mr. Pitkin said there was but one precedent of an embargo being passed with closed doors.



before the house.



AN ACT to prohibit the exportation of specie, goods, wares and merchandise for a limited time.

BE it enacted by the senate and house of represen‐ The ayes and noes were agreed to be taken on Mr. Quincey's tatives of the United States of America, in congress Mr. Wright then made a question of order on Mr. Quincey's assembled, That it shall not be lawful during the continuance of the act entitled "An act to lay an The speaker decided it was not in order, another question being embargo on all the ships and vessels in the ports Mr. Little then moved the previous question, which he soon and harbors of the United States for a limited time," to export from the United States or the territories Mr. Stow then expressed his alarm and astonishment at the course we were taking. He said the country was wholly unpre-thereof, in any manner whatever, any specie, nor pared to enter into a war, within the time which had been men any goods, wares or merchandise of foreign or tioned. He warned gentlemen of their danger, and the ruin which domestic growth or manufacture; and if any perthreatened our defenceless towns. The authority which he had cited ought to have more weight than the hearsay, of some young on shall, with intent to evade this law, export or members in this house. The lectins of the maritime parts of the attempt to export any specie, goods, wates or mercountry will put your places into the possession of your political adversaries. You may be assured you tread on deceitful ground.chandise from the United States or the territories The intelligent part of the community at the north are against the thereof, either by land or water, such specie, goods, war. There is no calculating the injury it will be to the state of wares or merchandise, together with the vessel, oat, raft, cart, waggon, sleigh or other carriage in which the same shall have been exported or attempt. d to be exported, shall, together with the tackle, apparel, horses, mules and oxen, be forfeited, and the owner or owners of such specie, goods, wares or merchandise and every other person knowingly concerned in such prohibited exportation, on conviction thereof, shall each respectively forfeit and pay a sum not exceeding ten thousand dollars Mr. Quincey said, (it then being half part 7 o'clock in the even for every such offence: Provided, however, that ing) he had not been able to take any part in the debate; that the nothing in this section contained shall be construed measure which had been thus hurried, was extremely interesting to his immediate constituents, and he was very aneious to express his to prevent the departure of vessels, which, accordsentiments upon it-but he was so fatigued with the tedious siting to the act last abovementioned, are or may be ting, that he was unable to do it this evening, and hoped the house would inluige him until tomorrow. He would not condescend to debate such a question in the present state of the house, and be asked for the ayes and noes on Mr. Macon's motion, which were agreed to be taken.

Mr. Basset spoke in favor of the measure, and respecting the injuries we have received from Great-Britain.

Mr. Roberts then moved for the previous question.
Mr. Sheffey called for the ayes and noes.

The motion for the previous question was carried, ayes

nous 40.

The question was, shall the bill be engrossed for a


Carried-ayes 71, noes 39.

The question was then, on what day shall it be read?
Mr. Grundy moved it be read inmediately.

Me. Macon proposed to-morrow.



emitted to depart in the manner and under the estrictions provided by the said act.

Sec. 2. And be it farther caucted, That it shall Mr. D. R. Williams said he was desirous to grant the request of be lawful for the president of the United :* tes, or the gentleman from Massachusetts. It was in his opinion a very such other person as he shall have empowered for reasonable one. The deportiment of the other side of the hos that purpose, to employ any part of the land or had, during the whole or the session, been very gentlemanly towards the majority-and sir, said he, will you now refuse to give them an naval forces, or militia of the United States, or the opportunity to express their sentients upon a measure, which, in territories thereof, as may be judged necessary, their view, is so important? He said that policy on the part of the majority ought to dietate the indulgence asked for. The majority for the purpose of preventing the illegal departure now stand on high ground-what will be said, and what will be the of any ship or vessel, or the illegal exportation of

consequence of a refusal? We shall lose the ground on which we any specie, or of any goods, wares or merchan

now stand.

Mr. Macon was of the same opinion-he thought the minority had acted with more propriety than he ever knew in a rainority. Mr. Wright objected, although he was willing to acknowledge the minority had conducted with propriety.

dise contrary to the provisions of this, or of the Past abovementioned act, and for the purpose of deItaining, taking possession of, and keeping in cus


tody, any such ship or vessel, specie, goods, wares it might perhaps seem to some persons that I might or merchandise. reasonably remain silent; but, dear sir,permit me to Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, that all penal assure all who may read this, that the tender poigties and forfeitures, incurred by virtue of this act, nant feelings of a bereaved mother forbid silence in shali and may be prosecuted, suited for, recovered this melancholy case. Let all who are not callous and distributed, and be mitigated and remitted in to every tender human feeling, guess at least how a the manner provided by the act entitled "an act lay-fond mother must feel, what anguish must wring ing an embargo on all the ships and vessels in the her heart, on having a beloved son, in a state of miparts and harbors of the United States for a limited nority, torn from the arms of his parents, rom broti ne,” and also, that the penalties and forfeitures thers and sisters, and from the country in which he incurred by virtue of this act may be recovered sub-was born, and hurried to distant climes, in a state sequently to the expiration thereof, in the same of servitude, awful and dangerous, where if he manner as if this act had still continued in full force should be in distress (as he doubtless is) his cries and virtue.

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Twelfth Congress.


Friday, April 10.-Mr. Dinsmoor laid before the house the following letters, addressed to him :

cannot be heard, nor his wants met, by those to whom he is as dear as life. Had I the eloquence of Cicero, I could not fully express the feelings of my aching heart. What a wide field presents itself for the terrors of imagination! Sometimes I fancy my son is compelled to point the engine of death against the bosom of his own countrymen. At others, imagination presents him dead, and sunk in the mighty waters to be food for the monsters of the deep. Oh! could I appear before those in whose power it is to return him to his native land, if he is still alive, how freely would I throw myself at their feet, and let my tears and groans, my sorrowful countenance, and my grey head, which will soon come down with sorrow to the grave, plead with them my righteous cause; and if more could be done, I would cite to them the language of David, when his son Absalom was no more; and the language of Job in a state of bereavement.


State of New Hampshire, (Cornish,) March 12, 1812. SIR-Calvin Fling, my son, twenty years old last January, has had liberty to reside in the province of Canada, these three years last past, as a journey- This day is my complaint bitter, my stroke is man saddler, and has been in the city of Montreal heavier than my groaning. Have pity upon me, O the most part of the time. Last July, I received a ye, my friends have pity upon me, for the hand of letter from him, dated in Quebec; and about two my God hath touched me." My weighty trial adds weeks ago, Henry Hall, formerly of this town, a fresh horrors to the night, and almost deprives the young man and a saddler by trade, came to Cornish sun of his power to chaim. The nation, into whose directly from Quebec, and says that he worked in hands my son has fallen, profess to be governed by the same shop with Calvin Fling, and that Calvin the enlightened philanthropy of the gospel. May my son was impressed by a gang from the British not then encourage myself that this sacred princisloop of war the Ratler, and carried on board said ple will so far actuate their bosoms as that they will vessel, and is, finally, carried off. Sir, we are in hear and answer my important and humble request? much distress for our son. Mr. Hall said that as In respect to the disagreement between the two nanigh as be could recollect, it was about seven tions, (i. e. England and America,) I have nothing months ago, and that must be directly after the date to say, being a woman in the humble walks of life, of this letter in July. Sir, I wish you to make the only that I devoutedly pray that the Disposer of all matter known to government; and I pray that our events would of his infinite mercy dispose both to government would release him that he may return a settlement as honourable as rectitude, and as lastto us again. ing as time. I do not, like the widow in the gospel, Dear sir-I did much for my country in the re-ask to be avenged on my adversaries, nor can i, like volutionary war. I was in service about eight years. her, apply often. I I ask to have my dear son restoI was in the battle of Germantown, nigh Philadel red to my arms; and if my request is denied, I must phia; in the battle of Ind Fort, or Fort Mifflin sit down in mournful silence, humbly praying that and in the battle of Monmouth. In Mud Fort I had if we can meet no more on earth, we may, through my hearing much injured, and it is grown so much the merits of a glorious Redeemer, meet on the worse that I cannot hear but very little, nor any shore of the heavenly Canaan, where the din of war, with one ear, which was most sensibly hurt, but I the chain of slavery, and the apparatus of death, never have applied to government for assistance. shall be known no more forever. Sh, I pray you was in commission a considerable part of the war. to forward this to the British minister in this counSir, I pray that this may be made known in its pro-try, and to the British government, if possible. I per place; and if my son can be released, we shall cannot doubt, for a moment, your cordial and faithmuch rejoice, and be very thankful to government. [ful co operation in a cause in which human happiYour friend and very humble servant, ness is so deeply concerned. With sentiments of high consideration and respect, I subscribe myself, Your distressed friend and sister,


Hon. Samuel Dinsmoor, Esq.

To the hon. Mr. Dinsmoor, member of congress from the state of New Hampshire.

HONOURED SIR,-You will perceive by the letter which encloses this signed by my husband, that we

Cornish, March 28, 1812.


The above letters were referred to the committee

have recently had a dear son pressed on board a Brion the petition of Jonathan Coleman. tish warship, and that he is taking steps to accom The house resun. d the consideration of the bill plish his liberation, if possible. This being the case, yesterday under discussion.

Mr. Pleasants moved to postpone the further consideration of the bill to Monday week. [To remove the non importation.]

Mr. Rhea moved to postpone it indefinitely. After considerable debate on these motions, the question on indefinite postponement was decided as follows:

latures of the several states, which, when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the states, shall be valid and binding as a part of the constitution of the United States :

"Resolved, that the judges both of the supreme and inferior courts, may be removed from office, on the joint address of the senate and house of repre

YEAS.-Messrs. Anderson, Bard, Bibb, Blackledge, Boyd, Brown,sentatives of the United States."
Clopton, Crawford, Desha, Earle, Fisi, Gholson, Goodwyn, Green,
B. Hall, O. Hall, Hyneman, Johnson, Kent, Lacock, Lefever, Little,
Lyle, Macon, M'Coy, MKim, Metcalf, Mitchill, Morrow, Nelson, and to be printed; 44 to 33.
New, Newton, Piper, Pond, Ringgold, Rhea, Roane, Sage, Sevier,
Shaw, G. Saith, Strong, Taliatero, Troup, Turner, Whitehill,,
Willians, Widgery, Winn, Wright.-50.

The resolution was ordered to lie on the table,

Mr. Widgery and Mr. Fitch obtained leave of absence for the remainder of the session.

A letter was received from the secretary of the

NAYS.-Messrs. Alston, Baker, Basset, Bigelow, Bleecker, Breck-
enridge, Brigham, Burwell, Butler, Calhoun, Champion, Cheves,
Davenport, Davis, Dawson, Dinsmoor, Ely, Emott, Findley, Fitch, treasury, transmitting a report of the comptroller
Gold, Grundy, Harper, Hawes, Hufty, Jackson, Key, King, Lewis, of the U. States, in pursuance of the act establish-
Lowndes. M'Bryde. M'Kee, Milnor, Moseley, Newbold, Ormsby, ing the mint, and embracing all the information re-
Pearson, Pickens, Pitkin, Pleasants, Potter. Quincy, Reed, Ridgelylative to the transactions of the mint, which the set-
Roberts, Rodman, Seybert, Sheffey, Smilie, J. Smith, Stanford,
Stuart, Stow, Sturges, Taggart, Tallmadge, Tracy, Wheaton, tlements made at the treasury enable him to afford.

White, Wilson-60.

So the motion was lost.

The motion to postpone to Monday week was carried. Ayes 57.

Mr. Bibb's motion to appoint a committee to act with a committee of the senate, to consider what business is necessary to be decided on previous to adjournment, and at what time an adjournment may take place, was taken up, and after debate, was passed; 73 to 40.

YEAS-Messrs. Alston, Bacon, Baker, Bibb, Bigelow, Bleeker, Boyd, Breckenridge, Brigham, Burwell, Calhoun, Champion, Chittenden, Davenport, Davis, Earle, Ely, Emott, Findley, Fisk, Fitch, Gold, Goodwyn, Green, Hawes, Hufty, Hyneman, Jackson, Johnson, Kent, Key, King, Lewis, Macon, MBryde, Metcalf, Milnor, Morrow, Mosely, Nelson, Newbold, Pearson, Pickens, Piper, Pitkin, Pleasants, Pond, Potter, Quincy, Randolph, Reed, Ridgely, Rodman, Seaver, Shaw, Sheffey, Smilie, G. Smith, Stanford, Stuart, Stow, Strong, Sturges, Talliaferro, Taggart, Tallmadge, Tracy, Whea ton, White, Whitehill, Williams, Widgery, Wilson.-73.

NAYS.-Messrs. Anderson, Bard, Bassett, Blackledge, Brown, Butler, Cheves, Clopton, Crawford, Desha, Dinsmoor, B. Hall, O. Hall, Harper, Lacock, Lefever, Little, Lowndes, Lyle, McCoy, McKee, McKim, Mitebill, New, Newton, Ormsby, Ringgold, Rhea, Roane, Roberts, Sage, Sevier, Seybert, J. Smith, Troup, Turner, Winn, Wright.-40.

A confidential message from the senate was an nounced by the speaker; and the house was accordingly cleared of all persons but the members and of ficers of the house. The doors were soon opened -when

The house resolved itself into a committee of the

whole, Mr. Basset in the chair, on the bill to incorporate Moses Austin, Henry Austin, John R. Jones, and others in the territory of Louisiana. Af ter considerable debate, the first section of the bill was stricken out, on motion of Mr. Troup. The question on concurrence with the committee was decided by yeas and nays.

For concurrence,
Against concurrence,



So the house resolved that the said section be struck out.

And the house adjourned.

Tuesday, April 14.—Mr. M·Kim presented a petition from sundry merchants of Baltimore, praying a modification of the non-importation act, in order to afford them an opportunity to get their funds home from England.

Saturday, April 11.—A quorum not appearing at the usual hour of meeting, the house adjourned to Monday. Mr. Wright from the committee on military afMonday, April 13.-Mr. Wright, from the mili-fairs, made two reports, the first recommends a tary committee, made a report on the petition of concurrence with the senate in the amendments to Edward Clarke, respecting a new mode of harbor the bill establishing a corps of artificers. The other defence by buoy forts. The report states that the relates to military tactics. committee had examined the model, but that it was impossible to judge of the effect without an actual experiment thereof. The committee therefore re commend a resolution that the secretary of the navy be authorised to make an experiment of the same. The report was read and ordered to lie on the table. Mr. Blackledge reported a bill relating to ap peals from the district to the circuit courts of the U. States. Twice read and committed.

Mr. Calhoun from the committee of foreign relations reported a bill making further provision for the support of the army of the United States, Referred to the committee of the whole and made the order of the day for to morrow.

Two gentlemen from Massachusetts had leave of absence, Mr. Seaver a member of the committee of foreign relation, and Mr. Quincy a member of the committee of ways and means, from Monday next to the end of the se-sion.

The bill providing for the support of certain offcers of government therein mentioned was gone through in committee of the whole.

Wednesday, April 15.-Mr. Mitchill presented a petition, praying permission to import goods purchased prior to the president's proclamation of Nov. 1819.

Mr. M.Kim offered to the house the following resolution, premising that he had been particularly Mr. Wright made an attempt to call up his bill induced to offer it, by considerations resulting from but the house refused to con ider it and proceeded the present state of things in the state of New York, to the order of the day. arising from the disability of the district judge, hy which upwards of 700 suits were kept in suspence, to the great injury of individuals and prejudice of the government. in order to remedy that difficulty, a bill had passed both houses, which had been returned by the president as objectionable on con stitutional grounds. It had been pronounced on this floor, by a respectable law authority, that ifthat Mr. Seybert presented the memorial of 145 merbill was rejected there was no other remedy. He chants of Philadelphia, praying permission to im therefore had been induced to offer the following port goods, wares, and merchandise, from Great Britain in payment of debts due them in that counResolved, by the senate and house of representa try. Referred. tives of the United States of America in congress Mr. Lewis, from the committee on the District assemble, two-thirds of both houses concurring, of Columbia, reported a bill authorising an addition that the following section be submitted to the legis-to the capital stock of the Bank of Washington,



the amount of 500,000 dollars, which was read, dolph, to which Mr. Calhoun replied, and Mr. and on the question shall the bill now have a second Quincy read the following memorandum which he reading? Mr. Basset moved to reject the bill, some had taken on the day of its date, anticipating that debate took place on this motion. Mr. Roberts some difficulty might arise. moved that the bill lie on the table. Motion lost. The question again recurred on rejecting the bill. Lost.



31st March, 1812. "Mr. Calhoun, of South Carolina, a member of the committee of foreign relations, this day inThe bill was then read a second time and comformed me, that "the committee of foreign relamitted to a committee of the whole house on Friday tions had come to a determination, that an embargo should be proposed to congress for its adoption toMr. Calhoun from the committee of foreign rela- morrow." I asked him, if I was at liberty to mentions, reported a bill authorising the departure of tion this as a fact from him. He replied, that " I ships and vessels from the ports and harbors of the was at liberty." He said, "that the gentlemen of United States in certain cases.-Read twice and the committee were generally of opinion that the But Mr. Randolph.* subject should be kept secret. one of the committee, had declared, that he would not consider himself bound to any such obligation. The committee, therefore, had thought that it was but fair to give an equal chance to all the gentlemen in congress.

refered to the committee of the whole house.

Mr. Tagget had leave of absence from the 27th instant, and Mr. Rodman from Monday next till the end of the session.

An engrossed bill continuing for a limited time the salaries of certain officers of government therein mentioned, was read a third time and passed. Mr. Sturges had leave of absence from Monday

next till the end of the session.

And that he informed me of the fact,

as a member from a commercial town, in order that I might communicate it to my mercantile


The doors were closed about half past 2 o'clock, and remained closed till past 3 o'clock, when they were again opened: [see the law passed page 107.]ther the embargo would come as an executive re(For Thursday' proceedings see last page.)

"I soon after went to him and asked him, "whe commendation." He replied, "I do not deem myself authorised to answer that question."

"I find the same information has been communicated by other members of the committee to various members of congress.



Of the Invasion of Portugal by Bonaparte.

The case of Rounsavell, Mentioned in the proceedings of congress inserted in the last number of the REGISTER, and also in our "Political Notices," occupied a great portion of Much desultory conversation, too tedious and oftoo time in the house of representatives from the novelty little interest to be detailed ensued-finally Mr. Rounof the matter and the diversity of opinion respect savell was brought before the house, and having ing it, and him, among the members. He gave agreed to answer such questions as might be pro. information of the passage of the bill for laying an pounded to him, was discharged. The whole stateembargo, to the editors of certain papers printed at ment as inserted in the National Intelligencer occuGeorgetown and Alexandria, and being brought pies eight columns, to which our readers are respectbefore the committee of foreign relations, refused fully referred for further particulars-if they desire to answer the questions proposed to him by the them. chairman, Detained in the custody of the sergeant at arms he was brought before the house, and the same interrogatories were put by the speaker, and he again refused to answer questions which went to ascertain by what means he obtained the afore said information. An irregular debate ensued, and several motions were made, which finally termin ated in recommitting him to the custody of the serThe Portuguese were little likely to endure in geant at arms. The next day (Tuesday, April 7) patience these aggravated evils. They have been he addressed a letter to the speaker disclaiming the reproached for their propensity to revenge-that intention of violating the respect due to the house, propensity proceeds not more from a lively and perdeclaring that the conversation which the writer verted sense of honor, than from the supineness of had was inadvertent as he believes on the part of their government, which, by suffering all crimes the members who partook in it, and entirely with to be committed with impunity, loosened the bonds out any intention on their part, as he believes, to of society, and left every man to take vengeance violate the order of the house; that he had been for himself. They have, also, like the Spaniards, refused by the committee an opportunity to explain a deep and ever-present remembrance of their former his testimony; and that his only motive for refusing greatness. The vanity with which this is some. to answer was, that if he were to answer the ques- times manifested has excited the contempt of those tion as propounded to him, it might have the effect who are little acquainted with the real character of of criminating those who had committed no crime, the nation; but it is more generally a feeling of meand from whose conversation, but for previous and subsequent knowledge, he could not have ascertain


Mr. Calhoun has since stated to me, thất

ed that an embargo had been the subject of discus- the reasons given by Mr. Randolph for refusing to sion, &c. &c." agree to the injunction of secrecy were, 1. That After which Mr. Smilie proceeded to state that he doubted the right of the committee to enjoin Mr. Rounsavell probably gathered the facts stated secrecy. 2. That having just returned from Calfrom being present at a conversation he himseli timore, he had heard, while in that city, that the had with a member who was absent from the intention to lay an embargo was already known in house when the vote was taken, exculpating Mr. that city, and that the British consul and a great R. from all blame therein. Mr. Smilie made some inercantile house there, were then acting on the remarks implicating the character of Mr. Ran-information. J. Q."

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