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The yeas and nays being demanded by one-fifth of the members present;

Smith, J. Smith, Strong, Talliaferro, Troup, Turner, Whitehilf,'
Williams, Widgery, Wiun, Wright-79.

Ordered, that the bill be "An Act declaring war between Great Britain and her dependencies, and the United States and their territories."

Mr. Poindexter moved to have inserted on the

Those who voted in the negative are, Those who voted in the affirmative are, NAYS.-Messrs. Baker, Bartlett, Bleecker, Boyd, Breckenridge, Messrs. Baker, Bartlett, Bleecker, Boyd, Breckenridge, Brigham, Carr, Champion, Chittenden, Cooke, Davenport, Ely, Emott, Fitch, Brigham, Champion, Chittenden, Cooke, Davenport, Ely, Emott, Gold, Goldsborough, Hufty, Jackson, Key, Law, Lewis, M'Bryde, Fitch, Goll, Goldsborough, Hufty, Jackson, Key, Law, Lewis, Milnor, Mosely, Newbold, Pearson, Pitkin, Potter, Quincy, Ran-Maxwell, M Bryde, Metcalf, Miluor, Mitchill, Mosely, Newbold, dolph, Reed, 'Ridgely, Rodman, Stanford, Stewart, Sturges, Taggart, Pearson, Pitkin, Potter, Quincey, Randolph, Reed, Ridgely, RodTallmadge, Tracy, Van Cortlandt, Wheaton, White, Wilson-42. man, Sammons, Stanford, Steward, Stow, Sturges, Sullivan, Tags gart, Tallmadge, Tallman, Trauy, Van Cortlandt, Wheaton, White, Wilson-49. Those who voted in the negative are, Messrs. Alston, Anderson, Arcber, Bard, Bassett, Bibb, Blackledge, Brown, Burwell, Butler, Calhoun, Cheves. Cochran, Clopton, Condit, Crawford, Davis, Dawson, Desha, Dinsmoor, Earle, Findley, Fisk, Gholson, Goodwyn, Green, Grundy, B. Hail, O. Mall, Harper, Hawes, Hyneman, Johnson, Kent, King, Lacock, Lefever, Little, Lowndes, Lyle, Macon, Maxwell, Moore, M'Coy,MK, journal a declaration in the following words: M-Kim, Metcalf, Mitchill, Morgau, Morrow, Nelson, New, Newton, Ormsby, Pickens, Piper, Pleasants, Pond, Richardson, Ringgold, Rhea, Roane, Roberts, Sage, Seaver, Sevier, Seybert, Shaw, Smilie, sippi territory, not having a constitutional right to G. Smith, J. Smith, Strong, Talliaferro, Troup, Turner, Whitehill, record his suffrage on the journals of the house, Williams, Widgery, Wiun, Wright-81. A motion was then made by Mr. Stow, that the on the important question under consideration, and farther consideration of the said bill be postponed being penetrated with a firm conviction of the until to morrow. priety of the measure, asks the indulgence of the And the question thereon being taken, house to express his own, and the sense of his conIt was determined in the negative-Yeas 48-stituents, in support of the honorable and dignified` attitude, which the government of his country has Nays 78. assumed, in vindication of its rights against the lawless violence and unprecedented usurpations of the government of Great Britain."

The yeas and nays being demanded by one-fifth of the members present;

"George Poindexter, delegate from the Missis


The said paper was read and ordered to lie on the table.

Those who voted in the affirmative are, Messrs. Avery, Baker, Bartlett, Bleecker, Boyd, Breckenridge, Brigham, Champion, Chittenden, Cooke, Davenport, Ely, Enott, Fitch, Gold, Goldsborough, Hafty, Jackson, Kent, Key, Law, LewMr. Macon and Mr. Findley were appointed a is, Maxwell, M'Bryde, Milor, Moseley, Newbold, Pearson, Pitkin, Potter, Quincy, Randolph, Reed, Hidgely, Rodman, Sammons, committee to carry the bill entitled "An Act deStanford. Stewart, Stow. Sturges, Sullivan, Taggart, Tallmadge, claring war between Great Britain and her depenTracy, Van Cortlandt, Wheaton, White, Wilson-48. Those who voted in the negative are, dencies, and the United States and their territories," Messrs. Alston, Anderson, Archer, Bard, Bassett, Bibb, Black-to the senate, and to inform them that the house of ledge, Brown, Burwell, Butler, Calhoun, Carr, Cheves, Cochran, representatives have passed the same in confidence, Clopton, Condit, Crawford, Davis, Dawson, Desha, Dinsmoor, Earle, Fulley, Fisk, Gholson, Goodwyn, Green, Grundy, B. Hall, O. Hall, and request their concurrence therein. Harper, Hawes, Hyneman, Johnson, King, Lacock, Lefever, Little, And then the house adjourned until to-morrow Lowndes, Lyle, Macon, Moore, M'Coy, M'Kee, M.Kim, Mitchill, morning 11 o'clock. Morgan, Morrow, Nelson, New, Newton, Ormsby, Pickens, Piper, Pleasants, Pond, Richardson, Ringgold, Rhea, Roane, Roberts, Sage, Seaver, Sevier, Seybert, Shaw, Smilie, G. Smith, J. Smith, Strong, Talliaferro, Troup, Turner, Whitehill, Williams, Widge Fy, Wiun, Wright-78.

A motion was then made by Mr. Goldsborough, that the house do now adjourn.

And the question thereon being taken, it was de-
termined in the negative-yeas 43-nays $2.
The yeas and ways being demanded by one-fifth
of the members present,

Those who voted in the affirmative are,
Messrs. Avery, Baker, Bleecker, Breckenridge, Brigham,
Champion. Chittenden, Cooke, Davenport, Ely, Enott, Fitch,
Gold, Goldsborough, Jackson, Key, Law, Lewis, Maxwell, M'Bryde,
Milnor, Mosely, Newbold, Pearson, Pitkin, Potter, Quincey, Ran-
dolph, Reed, Ridgely, Rodman, Sammons, Stanford, Stewart, Stow,
Sturges, Taggart, Tallmadge, Tracy, Van Cortlandt, Wheaton,
White, Wilson-43.

Those who voted in the negative are,

The question was then taken, that the said bill do

Friday, June 5.-A motion was made by Mr. Macon, that the declaration of George Poindexter, entered on the confidential journal of yesterday, be expunged therefrom.

And the motion was negatived, yeas 44, nays 62, Mr. Stanford moved, that the house proceed to consider the said declaration.

The question being taken, it was determined in the negative.


From the National Intelligencer of Tuesday last. On Friday in the house of representatives a bili was reported "concerning letters of marque, prizes

Messrs. Alston, Anderson, Archer, Bard, Bartlett, Bassett. Bibb, and prize goods." The title of the bill sufficiently Blackledge, Boyd, Brown Burwell, Butler, Calhoun, Carr, Cheves, indicates its contents, the bill went through a com Cochran, Clopton, Condit, Crawford, Davis, Dawson, Desha, Dins-mittee of the whole late on Saturday, and was read more, Earle, Findley, Fisk, Gholson, Goodwyn, Green, Grundy, B. Hall, O. Hall, Harper, Hawes, Iufty, Hyneman, Johnson, Kent, a third time, passed, and sent to the senate, where King, Lacock, Lefever,Little, Lowndes, Lyle, Macon, Moore, MCoy, it was twice read and referred to Messrs. Taylor, M'Kec, M.Kim, Metcalf, Mitchill, Morgan, Morrow, New, Newton, Anderson, Varnum, Cutts, and Smith of Maryland, Ormsoy, Pickens, Piper, Pleasants, Pond, Richardson, Ringgold. Rhea, Roane, Roberts, Sage, Seaver, Sevier, Seybert, Shaw, Smi On the same day was reported by the committee lie, G. Smith, J. Smith, Strong, Talliaferro, Troup, Turner, White of ways and means the following bill: bill, Williams, Widgery, Winn, Wright-82, Partially to suspend, for a limited time, the seve ral acts prohibiting importations from Great Britain, her dominions, colonies and dependencies, and of the produce and manufactures thereof. Be it enacted, &c. That the operation of so much of any act or acts as prohibit the importation into the United States of goods, wares and merchandise, Those who voted in the affirmative are, of the growth, produce and manufacture of the YEAS.-Messrs. Alston, Anderson, Archer, Avery, Bard, Basset,! Bibb, Blackledge, Brown, Burwell, Butler, Calhoun, Carr, Cheves, dominions, colonies and dependencies of Great Bri Cochran, Clopton, Condit, Crawford, Davis, Dawson, Desia. Dins-tain, be, and the same is hereby suspended until the moor, Earle, Fialley, Fisk, Gholson, Goodwyn, Green, Grundy,


And resolved in the affirmative-yeas 79-nays 49.

The yeas and nays being demanded by one fifth of the members present,

B. Hall, O. Hall, Harper, Hawes, Hyneman, Johnson, Kent, King, first day of April next, with the exceptions and unLacock, Lefever, Little, Lowndes, Lyle, Macon, Moore, MCoy,der the restrictions hereinafter provided by this act : MKee, MKim, Morgan, Morrow, Nelson, New, Newton, Ormsby, Provided, that nothing herein contained shall be Pickens, Piper, Pleasants, Poud, Richardson, Ringgold, Rhea

Roane, Roberts, Sage, Scaver, Sevier, Seybert, Shaw, Santic, G, construed to prevent the recovery of any fines, for

feitures or penalties incurred by reason of any in- All these may be dispensed with, so long as the sus

fraction of the act or acts first above mentioned.

pension continues, provided that the contemplated increase of one hundred per cent. on the duties on importations shall take place.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, that nothing in this act contained shall be construed to permit the importation into the U. States of any articles of the It is not believed that the result would be materigrowth, produce, or manufacture of the dominions, ally affected by a modification or partial, instead of colonies and dependencies of Great Britain, owned an absolute suspension of the non importation. For at the time of such importation, in whole or in part, the amount of importations would be principally by a subject of Great Britain, or by whomsoever regulated by the amount of American funds already owned, if of the following description, viz: hats, in England, and by the subsequent consumption of shoes, millinery, ready made clothing, articles of American produce in Great Britain, Spain and Porwhich silk, leather, hemp or flax is the principal tugal, and the British West Indies respectively. If material Irish linens excepted; cloths of which a discrimination be thought eligible, it would seem wool is the principal material, and the prime cost of that the articles entitled to preference are colonial which shall exceed six shillings sterling per square produce, particularly rum, coarse woolens, middle yard thereof: and cloths of which cotton is the prin- price cotton goods, Irish linens, earthen and glass eipal material, and the prime cost of which shall be ware, hardware and manufactures of steel, tin, brass less than fifteen pence, or shall exceed three shillings and copper. Fine cloths muslins, plain cotton per square yard thereof; the importation of which goods, mauufactures of silk, hemp, flax (with the several articles shall continue to be prohibited ac above exception) and leather, paper, hats, shoes cording to the true tenor and meaning of the acts and millenary may either be altogether supplied by first above mentioned, and in the same manner as domestic manufactures or dispensed with. if this act had not passed."

Accompanying the bill was the following letter from the secretary of the treasury:

COMMITTEE-ROOM, June 9, 1812.
SIR-i am directed by the committee of ways
and means, to request you to inform them, whe
ther, in your opinion, the non importation act may
not be so modified or partially suspended, as to af
ford a revenue equivalent to the estimated amount
of the proposed internal taxes, additional tonnage
duty, and diminution of drawbacks; and in such
event whether the last mentioned objects of revenue
may not, for the present be dispensed with.

I am, sir, with great respect,
Your obedient servant,

The honorable ALBERT GALLATIN,

Secretary of the treasury.


10th June, 1812.

The annual importations of British colonial and domestic produce and manufactures could not be estimated at less than thirty-five millions of dollars, supposing (on the same grounds on which the other estimates of duties on importation in time of war were made) that the war and other restrictions should reduce the amount to one half, the proposed double duties collected on the residue, would pre. duce a net revenue of at least five millions of dollars, and greater therefore than all the proposed internal taxes and duties and additional tonnage duty.

Permit me, however, to observe, with respect to this last duty, that, so far as relates to foreign vessels, the proposed addition appears necessary, and is hardly sufficient to compensate the great advantages which war will give them over American vessels, in the American commeree.

It is proper to add, that all the bills for laying and collecting the direct tax and internal duties have been prepared in conformity with the former request of the committee, so that the whole subject SIR-I had the honor to receive your letter of may be taken up at this or any other time without yesterday asking whether, in my opinion, the non-any delay on the part of the treasury. The only importation act may not be so modified, or partially detail on which the information is not as complete suspended, as to afford a revenue equivalent to the as might be desired, is that of the quotas of the diestimated amount of the internal taxes, additional rect tax intended to be laid on the several counties tonnage duty, and diminution of drawbacks; and in each state. It is also believed that the system in such event, whether the last mentioned objects has been prepared in such manner that it may be of revenue may not for the present be dispensed organized, and all the taxes be in full operation in with? the month of April next, provided the laws are enacted before the commencement of the year 1813. I have the honor to be, With great respect, sir, Your obedient servant, ALBERT GALLATIN.

All the estimates of revenue which have been transmitted during this session, having necessarily been made in conformity with the existing laws. were predicated on the supposed absolute prohibi tion of British produce and manufactures. These in ordinary, times amounted to more than one half Hon. LANGDON CHEVES, of the foreign merchandise consumed in the United Chairman of the committee of ways and means. States. The actual exclusion of the greater part of On Saturday the bill for imposing additional duthe articles of our own growth from France, Ho! ties [of 100 per cent. on all former duties] passed land and Germany, the consequent nullity of our through a committee of the whole, was amended so commerce with those countries, and the conquest as to include an additional duty of one dollar and by Great Britain of their colonies, still more lessens fifty cents per ton on all foreign tonnage, and limit. the proportion of foreign articles which may be iming the continuance of the act to one year after the ported from other countries than the British do end of the war, and was then, after much debate, minions. ordered to be engrossed and read a third time. It It is therefore evident that the amount of duties was yesterday read a third time, and, after debate, on importations will be more than doubled in the was (on motion of Mr. Widgery) recommitted, and erent of a suspension of the non-importation, and the house immediately took up the subject in comthat they will, whilst that suspension continues, afmittee.

ford a revenue at least equivalent to the estimated A motion having been made to strike out 100 per amount of the proposed direct tax, internal duties, cent. and insert 75, was lost, as also was a motion additional tonnage and diminution of drawbacks.—to insert 50 per cent,

The bill was then reported to the house without amendment. It was moved by Mr. Randolph to strike out the the words "one hundred," and lost -ayes 51, nays 74.

It was then moved by Mr. Basset that the bill lie on the table, and negatived.

Mr. Richardson's proposition to amend the bill by substituting in
under consideration,
lieu of the first section, one to repeal the whole restrictive system,

Mr. Pearson spoke against the restrictive system, and in favor of its total removal,

Mr. Widgery and Mr. Calhoun followed on the same side.
Mr. Wright spoke in opposition to the amendment.

The question was taken by yeas and nays, and decided in the negative. Yeas 58, nays 61.

Mr. Goldsborough moved to amend the bill, so as to permit the importation of all goods not owned by British subjects. NegativMr.ed, ayes 59, noes 60.

The bill was then ordered to a third reading, and read accordingly and passed-yeas 76, noes 48. On Saturday, a resolution was offered by Williams; and, after debate, was agreed to, in the following words :

Mr. McKim moved to postpone the consideration of the bill, till the 1st of February next.

On this question no decision was had at 3 o'clock.

War against England,

Resolved, That the committee of commerce and manufactures be instructed to enquire into the expediency of prohibiting, during the continuance of the war, the exportation from and importation into the United States of all goods, wares and merchan. Our ancient and inveterate foe, has at length been dise in any ship or vessel not belonging to citizens proclaimed by the constituted authorities of the of the United States. United States of America. For many years we

A motion was made by Mr. Johnson on Friday, endured what no independent nation ought to have to direct an adjournment of both houses on Thurs-suffered for a moment, and pursued negociation day next. The resolution was taken up yesterday, like an ignus fatuus, becoming more and more inamended so as to fix Monday as the day of adjourn- volved by insults and injuires; submission to one ment, and then ordered to lie on the table by a vote wrong preparing the way for another. In the val of 54 to 50.

In senate a motion has been made and is now pending, to appoint a committee to enquire at what day it would be proper to adjourn.

Several other matters of inferior magnitude passed under the view of the house, among which was a resolution offered by Mr. Basset, to appoint a com mittee to enquire into the expediency of raising a particular force for the defence of the Eastern shore of Virginia, which was ordered to lie on the table. In the senate, on Friday, the bill authorising an issue of treasury notes, was referred to a select com mittee composed of Messrs. Campbell of Ten. Bay. ard and Smith of Md..

ley of humiliation, at the foot of the throne of her ideot monarch, at the threshold of the palaces of the knaves who administer the government in his name, we sought justice and begged for peace; not because we feared war, but from that moderation which distinguishes the people, as well as the government of the United States. While we thus entreated mercy, many thousand seamen, our brethren, neighbors and friends, were groaning out a weary life on board the vessels of her navy; whipped, spurned and kicked by every creature that pleased to abuse them; and some were murdered, basely and deliberately murdered, for nobly attempting to regain that "freedom which is their birth-right," for gallantly designing to seek their liberty through blood and slaughter. The indignity, abuse and destruction of our seamen, and through them, the violent assault on the sovereignty of the country itself, has long cried for revenge, as preventive of the practice in future: for rather than admit the principle for one solitary hour, or in a single instance, that an American seaman, or a seaman sailing under the Ameri can flag, may be kidnapped by those Algerines, there A committee was appointed in the house of re- is not a true man among us that would not exclaim→→→ presentatives to enquire into the expediency of pas"war-awar of extermination against them." Great sing a law to convene congress before the constitu❘ Britain herself would nobly sink into absolute ruin tional period for the next session. before she would suffer her vessels to be so search

On motion of Mr. Smith of Md. on Saturday, the president of the United States was requested to lay before the senate such information as he may possess respecting the hostile or friendly movements and intentions of the Indians towards the U. States subsequent to the battle of Tippecanoe.

The house of representatives sat a short time in secret yesterday, the doors having been closed at the instance of Mr. Mitchill.

and referred to a committee of the whole house for to-morrow.

Tuesday, June 23,—[After some private petitions had been dised or her seamen so carried away. How monstrous posed of) then is it for her to practise towards the United Mr. Calhoun, from the committee of foreign relations, reported States what she would indignantly refuse to permit a bill to prohibit the exportation of naval and military stores, arus, and the munitions of war and provisions, to Canada and cer- another to do to her people! It is traitorous, and tain other British provinces, and for other purposes. Read twice shews a mean and pitiful spirit, to palliate, or in any Mr. Cheves, from the committee on naval affairs, reported a bill manner excuse, or justify, the impressment of our making further appropriations for the defence of the maritime seamen by the British. It springs from a heart so frontier. Read twice and referred to a committee of the whole base and sordid, that he who is guilty of it may well The house went into committee of the whole, Mr. Bassett in the be suspected of a disposition to sell his father, mochair, on a bill to suspend for a limitted time, the operation of the ther, wife and children to the Turks for a handful no importation law. Mr. Richardson moved to amend the first section by striking of sequins; to till the soil, or gratify the lust of a out all the words after the enacting clause, and substitute in lieu master, as slaves. It is an idea that the British, as thereof a total repeal of the restrictive system. a nation, would spurn at, with the mind of one


Mr. Bibb, Mr. Mitchill and Mr. MKim, spoke in opposition to the amendment and in favor of the bill. The amendment was man; though some shop keepers might wish it tolerated, provided thev made a few pence by the com

pegatixed, 53 to 69.

Mr. Williams moved to strike out the first section.

Mr. Johnson spoke in favor of the bill and in opposition to strik-promise between the sovereignty of their country, and, indeed, the freedom of their own persons, and th pitiful profits of trade.

ing out.

Mr. Macon made some remarks in opposition to the bill, when the committee rose, reported progress, and the house refused leave to sit again.

M. Richardson renewed his proposition to amend the bill.

Mr. Willius moved that the further consideration of the bill be postponed indefinitely. This question was determined by ayes and noes, and were yeas 53, nays 69. Adjourned.

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On the various points now at deadly issue between our country and this foreign nation, after the able *«War-a war of extermination against every Speech in the

Wednesday, June 24.-The house resumed the corsideration of man, women and child of France." the bill suspending for a limitted time, the non-importation act.senate of the.United States, 1799.


gong as the and masterly manner in which they have been pour- ficient to defray all the expences of trayed in the message of the president, and in the reduce the loans, expected to be made, temple report of the committee of foreign relations, it be sirable. It is the law of the land that we fight Engle comes us to be silent, simply recommending a fre quent perusal of these papers to all who doubt the is also the will of the people, goaded by insulted justice of the stand we have taken. All the world injuries. Hitherto we have been divided into t has witnessed our forbearance-our desire of peace great political sections, but professed a common ots has been attributed, even in our own country, to ject of preserving our glorious constitution pure fear. Let the world behold with how great force and inviolate, and of giving. perpetuity to the preand power the slumbering Eagle will redress her sent system of things. An honest difference of wrongs when aroused from the nest where she opinion existed as to the best means of accomplishnourished her young, harmless and these matters, though some perhaps may have had sinister views. At a time like the present, every Let her breast plate be UNION.

It is the lato of the land that we defend ourselves honest diversity of sentiment will be sacrificed, or, at from British aggressions: it is the legal authority least, suffered to rest in peace for a season, on the of the country that we shall retaliate our wrongs ALTAR OF UNION." All men admit (or at least For six years we every man but a knave or a fool, MUST admit) there as the only means to end them. have contemplated the necessity of this resort; the is just cause for war against England, if war can be idea has become familiar, and war has lost half its just, as quakers and some others deny. The injuhorrors from being in perspective so long. Our fries received from France do not lessen the enormimeans to carry it on are ample; we are young and ty of those heaped upon us by England; nor can vigorous, in all the freshness of youth as to national the crimes of one nation palliate the offences of the resources. They require only to be called into ac other. In this "straight betwixt two" we had an tion; and we should contemn and despise the crea- unquestionable right to select our enemy. We have given the preference to Great Britain, not only for ture that underrates them. The whole population of Great Britain is 12,562,144 our supposed capability to coerce justice from her, souls. The white population of the United States is but also on account of her more flagrant wrongs, about half as many. In Great Britain at least three For, putting her on a par with France as to het fifths of the laboring classes are paupers; in the violations of our commercial rights, what shall we United States there are none such but the halt, say of IMPRESSMENT, of the murders by the Indians, the lame, the blind, and the infirin and insane. On of the mission of Henry? Besides, France is invulthis population, so miserably oppressed and worn nerable to us; we might as well declare war against out, Great Britain levies war taxes to the amount the people of the moon as against her; but Great of 70 millions of pounds sterling, or about $25 per Britain is tangible in her tenderest points. It is annum for every man, woman and child on the is-contended by some that if one of these powers does land. Is any man prepared to say that we, a nation us justice, the other will follow the lead. Though of freemen, with full bellies and fertile land, could we do not subscribe to this doctrine in its fullest not pay as much were it necessary? Is the slave extent, we cannot suffer from making an experimore profitable than the free laborer? Compare ment of that which it was impossible avoid-for Ohio with some of the other states and answer the war was inevitable, save by the interference of Him question. Will the man who sees before him no who moulds the hearts and dispositions of man. It is not to be supposed that every man will ap other prospect than monotonous labour and pover ty, work as cheerfully and do as much, as he who prove a general measure; but the minority must beholds, in his industry, the ease of old age, with submit to the majority. It is the first principle of our solemn compact with each other-it is the life of independence for his children? A one hundredth part of the people of Great Bri-the republic; and of those even who disapprove of tain cannot point to a spot, and say,--that is mine, a law, the majority will support it while it has au. thority, though they may exert themselves to reor it belongs to my father, or uncle, or covSIN.But a majority in these states can proudly place peal it. Unfortunately, and to the lasting disgrace their foot on the soil, and exclaim,-this is mine, or of those who are guilty of it, many endeavors are The road to competency making to raise up an opposition having for its obit belongs to my father. is free to all, and the same perseverance, frugality and ject the defeat of their own government and the industry that a poor Englishman exercises merely triumph of a forein enemy. It will not amount te to exist at home, would make a man rich in the Uni much-the good sense ofthe people will prevail, as ted States, in a few years. Whence comes this hor it did in 1776. At that time about one third of the rible clamor about “ taxes and loans and the like," inhabitants of these states were openly or covertly but of anti American principles? In time of peace, opposed to independence: many through prejudice, every soul in England, on the average, pays a tax of some through fear, and a great number from bribery, 14 dollars per annum, to government. The United corruption and interest. The same causes may preStates, in time of war, require their people to ex vail to a certain extent at this day; and it is to be ert themselves, and pay two dollars each to fight expected that all that were tories in heart, or in their own battles, or less than one twelfth part of deed, in the war for establishing independence, will what Englishmen pay to support their oppressors. also be opposed to the war for preserving it. But God forbid that the time shall ever arrive when this the number of such is contemptible. We can watch people may be taxed like the people of England; them better than our fathers were able to do. In but how contemptible it is, to be alarmed at the pay 1776, the vessel of state was launched into an unment of so pitiful a sum from the full coflers of the known sea, to contend with a nation whose power nation at large, accumulated by many years of unit had been our pride to extol; with whom, and As to the loans, for whom, we had fotight, bled and conquered; paralleled ease and prosperity! there is a fund that will pay them a thousand times and we were as children, devoid of arms and the We have 650 millions of acres of land to dis munitions of war, and destitute of every thing but pose of, which, in due time, will bring us two dol patience and courage. In 1812, we have a stable lars an acre. But independent of this, it is ascertain- and solid government, operating upon known and ed that the usual revenues, in time of peace, are suf-accepted principles to the remotest corners of ear


The bill wa Tory; we are abundantly supplied with weapons (ships of the line would have been carried off from defence; we are in a state of comparative man- the Nore, by the sailors, if they had known where od, and will meet the enemy with confidence to find a sure and comfortable refuge. The times ver whom we triumphed in infancy. have changed, and the impressed Americans will Let every man, solemnly, in his "closet" put this point the path that leads to safety and AFFLUENCE; question to himself." Would I send another am- for congress will, doubtless, issue a proclamation, bassador to England to crawl on his hands and knees or, at least, pass a law, to secure them a liberal reand beg,that my countrymen may not be stolen like ward for such exertions. To encourage mutiny African negroes, by the accursed traders in human and desertion, is legal in war. Britain employed flesh?" HENRY to effect a separation of the states in time The spirit of the people is up-the proposition of peace; and Englishmen themselves dare not commust come from the other side of the water. We plain if we turn the tables upon them. have retreated to the edge of the precipice—we have It has been speculatively said that if it were posused every argument and exerted every means, to sible to open an American rendezvous for soldiers repel the adversary, without striking a blow. We in Ireland, and arm and equip them, &c. that we can retire no further. We must strike or perish. The United States were compelled to "unbury the tomahawk," or become colonies. We have solemn ly determined on the former, and may God 'speed

the cause.

could conquer Britain with her own subjects. The same idea may be applied with more plausibility to her navy, as in part, it may be accomplished; and in spite of her vigilance, there will exist a thousand mediums to convey information to her seamen of WAR 19 DECLARED-GREAT BRITAIN IS THE the bounties to be given for exploits of this kind.— ENEMY. -- -What American will excite divisions Many thousand of her sailors have not touched the among the people, and give aid and comfort to the land for several years--they must needs be impatient jealous and unprincipled foe? Who will admit an of restraint, and will exert themselves for liberty and intruder ?-I once saw a man and his wife contend-fortune together. Though some of them may not ing for the breeches-a person interfered with a view think it safe to venture to sea during the war, they to injure the man. The pair left their private quar-will find profitable employment in our ports, and rel to repel the general grievance-they mauled the supply the place of those we should be compelled foreigner, and then resumed the “ management of to retain at home, to fit out the vessels, &c.

their own affairs in their own way." So let it be

with US.

The Editor to his Subscribers.

To both parties (if two parties will exist) we hum bly recommend forbearance and temper. It is not possible for any rational man to believe that the ma The underwritten, conscious of his own exertions, jority of one is under French influence, or of the has the pleasure to believe that the public expecta other under British influence. There must be, and tion of the WEEKLY REGISTER has been generally is, bad men in both sides-but nine tenths of either realized. This he knows, that no expense has been have a common object in repulsing the enemy. spared to render the work as perfect as circumstanA little time and patience with prudence, will bring ces would admit of, and the increase of his subscripabout a perfect union, when the war really begins tion list is conclusive evidence, to his mind, that The exertions of all are wanting that its duration his labor is approved. It has at this time, probably may be short; let us not fret each other by general the most extensive circulation of any paper in the censures which no gentleman would particularly union. But something else is necessary. With apply to his neighbor who happens to differ in sen- this grand view in perspective, the spot he stands upon timent on some minor points. By such means, in is unpleasant, irksome and distressing. the course of a few months, our jarring opinions It is a vulgar saying that "a man cuts his coat will settle down in peace, and every man be prepared according to his cloth"-and from the great quanto say, Long live America, the asylum of freedom-tity of names received, we incurred many heavy sovereign, independent and happy.

British Seamen.


expenses, which in other circumstances, we would not have done. This is not regretted, nor will the practice be abandoned-but we crave a return for such attentions.

The British government schooner Mackerel, ar In the 40th number, page 240, the great defalcarived at New-York about two weeks ago, with des- tion in the payment of the editor's dues, was menpatches for Mr. Foster; she has since left that porttioned; for each subscriber contracted to pay him with despatches from the ex-minister to his mas. $5 on receipt of the 26th number. He calculated ters. During the stay of this vessel at New York, on a general receipt; for his patrons are chiefly the greater part of her crew deserted; and it rare among the most wealthy and substantial members ly happens that a British ship of war enters our of society, but is compelled to say, he has been disharbors without losing more or less of her men, appointed. His time is wasted, the equanimity though only those thought the most loyal' have of his mind destroyed, and the work depreciated, a chance of running away. of course, (as it must be) for want of due attention The general discontent that justly prevails in the to it. To this case-to the neglect or forgetfulness British navy, very much softens the terrors that of the people, is to be attributed the failure of many some people would inspire us with.—The horrid works in the United States, with the highest claims practice of impressing American seamen, now about to support. to terminate, will be attended with some good; it This is the last time the disagreeable subject will has rendered the British seamen familiar with the be mentioned in the REGISTER, for the present character, manners and customs of our country, and year at least; and nothing but the necessity of the will make them the more readily enter the views of case would have permitted the record now. If the our fellow citizens to free themselves from slavery, work is not equal to $5 per annum, let it be disconand seek an asylum among us, bringing the ships tinued. But if it is worthy, let it be really patronwith them. We know that whole fleets of Great ized and encouraged. "We cannot make bricks "Britain have mutinied, and are assured that many without straw."


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