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Without stopping upon this most solemn occasion, to notice the sinations and assertions so lavishingly made, of a plot to disten ber the union, by the employment of secret emissaries, and the atwhapts to excite Indian hostilities, insinuations and assertions wholly unsupported by proof, and which furnish conclusive evidence of a want of more important reasons; we may consider the causes assigned by government for this appeal to arms, to be, in

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First. The impressment of American seamen.

Sex sadly. The principl s of blockøde, imputed to the British government, by which ports not actually invested may be considered as subject to blockade.

Thirdly, and principally. The orders in council.

Another and more remote cause of this war, we are compelled to refer to a disposition in many, whose influence predominats in our national councils, to aggrandize the southern and westeru stabs at the expense of the eastern section of the union. It is unquestionably true, that the partial and local interests of the people of the differ ent states might, by a spirit of accommodation, be so blended and reconciled as to produce a great and harmonious whole, capable of securing the highest degree of national felicity and strength. But We cannot disguise our conviction, that a system coeval with the formation of our constitution was digested and has been une insly pursued to create and secure a preponderance of weight and pow er over the commercial states. Whatever tends to check the growth of the navigating interest, and prevent the accumulation of waith in these states; whatever discourages the increase of their popu In regard to the impressment of our scamen, the British govern- lation and encourages emigration from them; whatever will con The at have at no`period pretended to the right of taking them, tribute to the extension of territory in the southern and western knowing them to be such. They clita the right of visiting neu- region, by conquest or otherwise, will materially contribute to the trai simps in 's arch of their owal selg ets; and in the exercise of attainment of that object. The war now commenced is adapted i, bases, though to a much less extent than the pople have been to produce these effects. Ard to believe, have been practised. But the conclusive remark | The first result will be a wide and wasteful sweep of our vessels upon this subject is, that Mr. Monroe, now secretary of state, and by capture. The shipping of Massachusetts is her mom new. The Mr. Pinney, the present attorney general, had made an arrange loss of it is irretrievable, as it constitutes capital. But to a surche en mes with the British government, for the protetion of our sa planter, this is at most a temporary evil, as foreiga bottoms will men, which in their judgment would have been perfectly coupe carry his crops to market. By the embarrassments and jó,5 s thas tent to that object. But this arrang ment, president Jefferson, attendant upon commerce, it is the expectation of some poûtic ans, evidently and fatally determined to preserve every source of irri- that it will be deemed unworthy of protection and cease to be re tation, refused to confirm.--Since that period the British govern- presented, and that the attention of men will be diverted from ment has always professed a willingness to enter upon new ar- commercial pursuits, and their emigration promoted to countries rangements, and their namster has lately explicitly offered to acquired or intended by conquest or purchase; which from no obtain the restoration of every American scamman, upon being part of the original territory of the United States, and were not furnished with a list of thein. We cannot but add that the senate included in our national compact.

of this commonwealth has refused to concur with the house in the Another cause of the present war must be referred to a spirit of means of procuring from every town a list of their impressed jealousy, and competition with Great Britain; to a mistaken be citizens, the number of which we have reason to believe" would lief that she would yield to the pressure of the continental system appear quite inconsiderable in comparison with the exaggerated established by the tyrant of Europe, and to a propensity to coallgations of our administration, as well as with those who by, operate in that system, in the hope of sharing in the glory of its this act of their own government, are now exposed to capture and success, and perpetuating in our country the party influence and to co finement in prison ships. power of its advocatis. By adopting and pertinaciously adhering Upon the question of constructive blockade, separate from the to this syste, the party in power advanced too far to retreat withorders in council, which rest on special circumstances, there can out discredit.. They have calculated that a change of their meabe no pretence for a controversy, involving the necessity of war.sures would be a confession of error, and that this must be followed The Bitish government has declared in “official comunications" by the forfeiture of their claim to public confidence. But in war, that to constiture a trockade “particular ports must be actually the worst that can betail them is the loss of office and of power, invested and provirus warning given to versely bound to them and they are not without hope of finding a refuge from censure and not to cater.” To this definitio, it is understood, that the Ameri- contempt in the more violent passions which are inseparable fruza Que guveranet assets. But it is alleg d that Gred Britain a state of war. Ter professor lo tation of this right of blockade, y hr ord, is in com.cil, which are in effect, a constructive blockade of France, ad her dependencies.

cover the ocean.

It is by the se means, fellow citizens, in our apprehension, that you are now involved in WAR. The event forms a new era in our national history. It is an event awful, unexpect d, hostile to It is far from the disposition of your representatives to invest your interests, menacing to your liberties, and revoning to your gate the reasons advanced by Great Britain in defence of this inca-feelings. It destroys your confidence in the protection which the sure, which her present administration consider essential to the constitution intended to afford against all wars repugnant to the maintenance of her independener. But we may confidently ap-interest and will of the people; and proves that your congress is peal to your good sense, for confirmation of the sole mu truth, that in greater subjection to executive influence, and to the passions of war against Great Britain alone, at the moment she declares her the few, than to the ascendancy of dispassionate courcils. But your orders in council repealed, whenever a Levocation of the French duties are great in proportion to the magnitude of the exigency, deeres shall have effect, is a measure stamped with partiality and and the trial imposed upon your fortitude and patriotism. justice. By the operation of these oils our cofamerce is ex- You are the citiz us of one country, and Lound to support all cluded from the ports of France and her dependencies. But were constitutional laws, until, by a peaceable change of men, you can they repealed, the municipal regulations, heavy duties and other effet the repeal of such as are obnoxious. You must also dejend multiplied embarrassments in these ports, would be obstacles to your country against incasion by any foreign ereny, without that comme ree, not less effectual than the British edicts. Thus to weighing the justice or necessity of the war. We pray you to disto obtain the right to traffic with France, which would not be worth courage all attempts to obtain redress of grievances by any acts of pursuing, we renonnée a participation in a lucrative commerce violence or combinations to oppose the laws. Your habits of obewith the rest of the world. To indemnify the merchant for his dience to the dictates of duty, your just and temperate views of partial losses, his whole property is exposed to capture. To secure your social and political obligations, your firm attachment to the retribution for occasional depredations, and individual outrage upon constitution, are pledges for the correctness of your conduct. When solitary vess Is by British Cruizers, the entire navigation of the a great people find themselves oppressed by the measures of their country and your brave seamen wil fall a prey to their deets, which government, when their just rights are neglected, their inter-sts overlooked, their opinions disregarded, and their r spectful patiThis cursory view of the alleged causes of hostility, compared tions received with supercilious contempt, it is impossible for thei with your own observation, and recolle etion of the course of events, to submit in silence. In other countries, such occurrences produce will enable you to graige not only of the sineerity of the administunufts, rebellion and civil war. But in our country, a placeable tration but the solidity of their motives. We beg you also to re-remedy any be found for these evils in the constitution. Situated collect that the French decrees while they are much more outra- however, as you now are, every man must be quick to discern, geous in prisciple, were long anterior in tine, and there for first de- and active to apply this remedy. It must be evil nt to you, that a manded resistance from our government, and that it appears by pr. sident who has made this war, is not qualified to make prace ; public documents, that the orders in council would have been re-aud that the men who have concurred in this act of desperation, are Voked, had not our administration thought prop r to connect the pledged to persevere in their course, regardless of all consequences, revocation with a claim for the relinquishment of principles of Display then the majesty of the people in the exercise of your blockad which are now recognized as cenfornabic to the Low of rights, and sacrificing all party feelings at the altar of your country's nations. From these considerations we are constrained by a sense good, resolve to displace those who have abused their power, and of duty to express our fars and persuasion, that the deplovable betrayed their trust. Organize a peace party throughout your event which has now come to pass, is attributable to other enses. country, and let all other party distinctions vanish. Keep a stead-The most promin at of tacs, is the echarrssment arising from fast eye upon the president al election, and remember that if he, . precipit, to declaration of the presid nt of the Cand States, whose fatal policy has plunged you into his unexampled calamity, that the French deer, es, which violatul our commercial rights, were is again raised to the chair; and if the abettors of war are to be enE pealed. This as trente lips been contradicted by a series of trusted with conducting it; you will have nothing to expect for events and circumstances which leave no room for doubt. By the years to come, but the sound of the warrior and garments rolled si. king and burning of our vessels on the high scas; by the formal in blood;" and that if you should by your aid accelerate the fall of declaration of the French government enforcing and amplifying Great Britain, you would merely deliver over your exhausted cour these decrees: and finally by the language of the last presidential try, and enslaved posterity to the dominion of a tyrant, whose want message to congress, which, whil it still asserts the repeal of these of power alone restrains him from the excrcise of unlimited despois deere, Splicitly admits, that since the period of such pixtended re-lim on the ocean, and the same tyranny in the new world which he ; pa tergoverment les omboris si illegal captures by its priva-has imposed upon the old.

ices and public slips, that other outrages have been practised on To seemre a full effect to your object, it will be necessary thatj our vessels and our citizens; and that in judeccanity ho, bicu provide you should meet and consult together for the common good in your edompledged for French spoliations on the property of our citizens." towns and counties. It is in these dark and trying times, that thi It is thus manifest, that the mock r vocation of these decrees is an constitutional privilege becomes invaluable. Express your sent salt to common sense. Yet to disguise the imposition practiced firents without fear, and let the sound of your disapprobation vir upon our excentive, to gratify its wounded pride, and eyade the re- this war b loud and do p. Let it be distinetly underston, that an traction of error, we are called upon to hazard all that is dear to a support of it, your conformity to the requisitions of law will be the result of principle and not of choice. I your sous must be to

nation.

firm you by eeuseriptions, consign them to the cafe of GOD; but let there be no volunteers except for defensive war.

On motion by Mr. Smith of Maryland, That the motion be amended so as that the bill be re-committed to a new committee:

It was determined in the negative.

Remember this, if unsuccessful, will be the last effort of a free republic; you must exhibit to the world the magnanimity and constancy of prople suffering under the oppression of their rulers and And after debate the president resumed his chair and the senate developing resources for relief in theirown energy and virtue, and adjourned. in the principles of their constitution, without destroying the fa- | Thursday, June 11.-Mr. Gaillard was requested to take the bric. Such asp ctacle work indeed be laost glorious for our coun-chair; and try, and consolatory to a weeping world. The friends of the hu man race would rejoice that on tree people has escaped a seare The bill from the house of representatives, entitled “An set des into which its government had fallen. But if blind with prejudice claring war between Great Britain and her dependencies and the and passion we permit power to remain with those who forget right, United States and their territories," was resumed and cousidered as we naust becomic the alli s of France, and our only honor will con-in committee of the whole, together with the motion yesterday sist in our having been the Fist free republic. submitted by Mr. Gregg,

Finally, follow citizens, we are constrained to declare our opinion that the war, under present circumstances, is a wanton sacrifice of your best int rests. That the provocation is not adequate to this highest and most signal act of vengeance. That were it ever so Just, it ought not to be widertaken without greater preparation. And that the declaration of war is in fact a commission from our goveraient to the British eraisers to seize on that portion of our Commercial capital which has hitherto escaped the aggressions of foreign nations, and the no less fatal measures of our own govern

ment.

House of Representatives, Jw ₫ 26, 1812.
Read unice and accepted,

TIMOTHY BIGELOW, Speaker.

Secret Congressional Journal.

SENATE.--June 1, 1812.

A confidential message was received from the president of the United States by Mr. Coles, his secretary.

[The message was published in the Register of the 20th June, Page 267.]

The message and documents therein referred to, were read; and
On motion of Mr. Anderson,

Resolood, That they be referred to a select committee, to consist of seven members, to consider and report thereon, by bill or

otherwise.

Ordered, That Messrs. Anderson, Smith, (of Md.) Leib, Campbell, (of Ten.) Howell. Lloyd and Taylor, be the committee. Wednesday, June 3.-0a motion by Mr. Bayard, Ordered, That the confidential message of the president of the United States, of the 1st instant, be printed for the use of the senate, under an injunction of secrecy.

Friday, June 5.-A contid nitial message was received from the house of representatives, by M.. Macon and Mr. Findley, two of their mein rs-Mr. Macon chair.cm.

Mr. President-The house of representatives have passed a bill entitled, “An aet declaring war between Great Britain and her dej pendencies, and the United States and their territories ;" in winch they ask the concurrence of the senate; and request that the bill be consid, red conidentially. And they withdrew.

[Her follows the act declaring war against Great Britain, &c. already published.]

On motion, the bill was twice read by unanimous consent-and on motion by Mr. Leib,

Ordered, That it be referred to the committee appointed the 1st instant, on the confidential message of the president of the United States, of the same date, to consider and report thereon.

Monday, June 8.-Mr. Anderson, from the committee to whom was refired the bill, entitled "An act declaring war between Great Britain and her dependencies, and the United States and their territories," r: ported the bill with amendments.

The committee also reported sundry communications, confidentially made to them, from the treasury and war departments, on the subject.

On motion by Mr. Lloyd,

On motion by Mr. Anderson,

And on the question to agree to the motion, it was determined in
the affirmative-yeas 17, nays 13.
On motion by Mr. Varnum,

The yeas and nays having been required by one-fifth of the sena
tors present, those who voted in the affirmative are-
Messrs. Bayard, Condit, Dana, German, Giles, Gilman, Goodrich,
Gregg, Horsey, Howell, Hunter, Lambert, Leib, Lloyd, Heed,
Smith of N. Y. Worthington.

Those who voted in the negative are

Messrs. bibb, Campbell of Tenn. Crawford, Cutts, Franklin, Gaillard, Pop, Smith of Md. Fait, Taylor, Turner, Varnum. Whereupon Mr. Crawford resulted the chair; and

On motion by Mr. Anderson,

Ordered, That the committee to whom the bill is re-committed, have leave to sit immediately.

Friday, June 12.—Mr. Lloyd submitted the following motion for consideration.

That the president of the United States be requested to cause to be laid before the senate confidentially or otherwise, as he may deem expedient, all the information in the department of state, not heretofore communicated, having relation to the conduct of Great Britain and France towards the United States." Ordered, That it lie for consideration.

Mr. Anderson, from the committee to whom was re-committed the bill entitled, " An act declaring war betweenGreat Britain and her dependencies and the United States and their territories," with instructions to modify and amend the same in such manner that the president shall have the power to authorise the public grind ships of the United States to make reprisals upon the public and private ships and vessels, goods and merchandize belonging to the crown of the United kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and to the subjects thereof; and also to grant letters of marque and reprisals, under suitable regulations to be provided in the bill, to private ships and vessels, to make reprisals, agreeably to said inStructions, reported as follows:

"After the word that," in the third fine of the bill, strike out residue of the bill and insert the following amediacut: "The president of the United States shall be and he is hereby authorised, trom and after day of

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ensuing, to cause reprisals to be made upon the public and private armed ships and vessels, goods and merchandize belonging to the crown of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or to the subjects thereof, which may be found upon the high seas or elsewhere, after the said

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excepting such ships, vessels or property as now are, or may, ne-
fore the said
day of

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be within the ports and harbors or under the control of the United States; and all ships, vessels or property within the jurisdiction of any power with whom the United States are not engaged in war; and for the purposes aforesaid to instruct the commanders of the public armed vessels which are or which shall be employed in the service of the United States, to subdue, seize and take any armed or other British vessel, belonging to the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or to the subjects the reof, which shall be found within the jurisdictional limits of the United States or else where on the high seas as aforesaid. And such exptured vessel, with her

Ordered, That the secretary furnish copies of the said commu- apparel, guns, and appurtenances, and the goods or elects wheels nications to such seuators as may require them. Tuesday, June 9.-On motion by Mr. Anderson,

The bill entitled "An act declaring war between Great Britain and her dependencies and the United States and their territories," was considered as in committee of the whole.

Mr. Gaillard was requested to take the chair, and after debate, a motion was made by Mr. Greg,

shall be found on board the same, being British property, shall be brought within some port of the United States, and shall be duly proceeded against and condemned as forfeit, it, and shall accrue and be distributed as by law is or shall be provided, respecting the cap tures which shall be made by the public arnied vessels of the C. States.

"Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the president of the That the bill be recommitted for further amendment to the United States shall be, and he is hereby authorised to grant to the committee who have under consideration the message of the pre-owners of private armed ships and vessels of the U. Stac's, who shall sident of the United States of the 1st June.

And after debate, the president resumed the chair, and the senate adjourned.

Wednesday, June 10.-Mr. Gaillard was requested to take the chair.

make application therefor, commissions in the form which he shack direct, and under the seal of the United States; and such private armed vessels when duly commissioned as aforexid, Vall have the same license and authority for the subduing, seizing and capturing any armed or other British vessel belonging to the crown of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Irland, or to the sube

The senate resumed, as in committee of the whole, the bill entitled “An ace deckering war between Great Britain and her depen-jeets thereof, and for the re-capturing the vessels, goods and exfects dencics and the United States and their territories;" and of the people of the U. States, as the palic aved vessels by law Mr. Gregg by permission amended his motion for re-committing have; and shall be in like manner subject to such instructions as the bill to the committee appointed on the confidential message of shall be ordered by the president of the U. States in conformity the president of the United States of the 1st of June, as follows; with the established law of inations, and the treaties and tws of the “Resolved, That the bill entitled “An act declaring war between U. States, for the regulation of their conduct; and the commissions Great Britain and her dependencies and the United States and which shall be granted as aforesaid, shall we revokable at the pieatheir territories,” be re-cosmitted to the committee to whom was sure of the president of the U. States. committed the message of the president of the 1st instant, with in- Sec. 3. And be it further.cmced, That every person, intending structions to modify and amend the same in such manner as that to set forth and employ na armed vessel, and applying for the comthe president of the United States shall have power to authorise mission aforesaid, shall produce in writing the name, and a suitapublic armed ships and vessels of the United States to make repri- ble description of the tonnage and force of the vessel,und the uame sals upon the merchandise belonging to the crown of the United and place of residence of clen owner concerned therein; the nunkingdom of Great Britain and Ireland or to the subjects thereof; ber of the crew and the name of the commander, and the two of and also, to grant letters of marque and reprisals, under suitable re-ficers next in rank appointed for such vessel, winch writhe shail gulations to be provided in the bill, to private arined ships and yes be signed by the passion, or persons making such application, and sels, to inake like reprisals. filed with the secretary of stake, or shall be delivered to any other

officer or person who shall be employed to deliver out such com. missions, to be by him tu, osmitted to the secretary of state.

Or. motion by Mr. Leib,

The yeas and nays having been required by one-fifth of the sena tors prèse, those who voted in the artirinative are,

Messrs.Bayard, Condit, Dawn, Grinar, Gilman, Goodrich,GregS,
Horsey, Howell, Hunter, Lambert, Leib, Lloyd, Reed, Smith of N.
Y. Worthington.
Those who voted in the negative are,

*Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That before any commission avatoresti sbali be isted, the owner or owners of the ship or} vesel for which the samur shell be requested, and the commander t. Teof for the time being, shall give dond to the U. States, with at leas, two responsiale sm-tics, ret it risted in such vissel, in the penal sum of thousand dollars; or if such vessell Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Brent, Campbell of Tenn. Crawford, be provided with more than one hundred and fifty toen, then Carts, Franklin, Gaillard, Giles, Pope, Robinson, Smith of 3d. in the pearls of Gcousand dollars, with condi-|Tait, Taylor, Turner, Varmm. tion, that the owners and officers and crews who shall be employed So, the senat being divided, the question was lost, and the origion hoard of such commissioned vessels st pli and will obs rve the na! bill was resumed. trueties and laws of the U. States, and the instructions which shall be given them as aforesaid for their gulation of their conduct ;| and will satisfy all damage a id injures which shait be done or cocalisited contrary to the te, or ther of by such vessel during her comani sion, and to deliver up the same when revoked by the pre

Waddent of the Unded and s.

Ste. 5. And be it facher enacted, That all public and private ships and vessels, goods and inerchandise, belonging to the crown of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or to the sub, cts them of togs cher with their apparel, guns, appurtenane s, wine shall be found on hoard the sata, being Brush property, and which shall be captured by any private armed vessel or ves seis of the U. States, d'y commissioned as afor, said, shall be forfeit d and shall accrue to the owners thereof, and to the officers! and er ws by whon, such cuture shal: be made, and on due conde demanation had, supli i distributed according to any arrangement which shall be b. (ween them, or in the farture of such agreement, ther by the discretion of the court before whom such condemnation shall be.

"sc. C. And be it further enacted, That all vessels, goods andį effcets, the property of any citiz, a of the Cured States, or person resident therein, which shall be re-captured as aforesaid, shall be restored to the lawful owners upon paylucit by them respectivelyi of a just and reasonable salvage, to be determined by the mutual agreement of the parties concerned, or by the oere of any court of the United Sti ́s having maritime juristetio, according to the nature of each e se: Providet, That such allowance sill not be less than one-ighth, or exce ding one-that of the value of such, recapture, without any deduction; and such salvage shall be distrib ited to and among the owners, officers and crews of the priVate auded vessel or vessels ended therto, according to any o 2gre acht which shall be beoveen them, or in case of 20 ace ment, then, by the decree of the court who shall determine tipon, sten'salvage.

On motion,

To agree to the first report of the select committee, and strike out of the original bill, line 9, the words “and of all persons inhabiting within its territories or possessons,"

It was determined in the affirmative-yeas 21, nays 11.
On motion

The yeas and nays having been required by one-fifth of the senstors près m, those who vot, & in the affirmative are,

Mesors. Anderson, Bayard, Condit, Dana, German, Giles, Gilmen,
Goodrich Grer, Horsey, Howell, Hunter, Lambert, Leib, Lloyd,
Pop, Reed, Saath of Maryland, Smith of N. York, Varnum, Wor-
thington.
Those who voted in the negative are,

Messrs. Bibb, Brest, Campbell of Tenn. Crawford, Cutts, Franklin, Gaillard, Robinson, Tail, Taylor, Turner.

O motion, it was agreed to insert the word' and,' in the 9th me, after the word 'Britain.'

Saturday, June 13.-The serate resumed the consideration of the
motion submitted yesterday by Mr. Lloyd; and
Or the question to agree thereto,

It was determined in the negative-yeas 14, nays 17.
Oo motion of Mr. Goodriel,

The yeas and nays having been required by one-fifth of the sená-
tors present, those who voted in the affirmative are,
Messrs. Bayard, Dana, German, Giles, Gibuan, Goodrich, Gregg,
Horsey, nienter, Lambert, L.,th, Lloyd, Reed, Smith of Md.
Those who voted in the native are,

Messrs. Anderson, Eith, Brent, Campbell of Tenn. Condit, Crawi ford, Cutts, Franklin, Gallaru, Howell, Robinson, Smith of N. Y. Tzil, Taylor, Turner, Varnum, Worthington.

Mr. Gaillard was requested to take the chair; and
On motion by Mr. And rsch,

The consic ration of the bill entitled “ An act declaring war be tween Great Bricin and he depolak neits, and the United States • Sct. 7. nd he it further enacted, That b, ore breaking bulk- and their torraturies,” was restined as in eommittee of the whole; of any vessel which stall be captured as afores de, or con 2 disposal of conversion ther of, or of any atides warch shall be found th este: nd ofound the same, suth capture slidl be brought into some port within the United States, and shall be loved and preceded against 5 for the rict comt of the same as riet; and af, uuter a due course of proceeding, such capture shail the deered to be for teid, in the district court or in the eirenit court of the same district, by the case of any appeal, duly allowed, the same shall be de liverd to the owners and captors concern d there, or shall be publicly sold by the marshal of the same courts, shall be finally deerced and ord and by the court, And the same court which slali hay final jurisch con of any hbel or complaint of any capland and the subjects thereof.” ture as an aid, suit and may decrce restitutio,in whole or in; part, when the capture and restraint shall have been made without any just cause aforesaid ; and if made without probable cause or otherwise unreasonable, may order and decree damages and costs to the party njured, and for which the owners, officers and erows of the private armed vessel or vessels by which such unjust capture shall have bon made, and also such vessel or vessels shali be msw.rable and Table.

and having agreed to sundry amendments, the preside. t resuined

Mr. Grillard reported the bill with amendments, which were considend by the s site, and agreed to, as follows: Third lineater the word 'baween,' strincour to the end of the line and insert “the united ki gdom of Great Britain and Lex tand and the dependencies there of.“

Line 4-after the word 'States,' where it first occurs, ins rt “ of Amrica."

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And be uprther enacted, That all British subjects and others who shall he found acting on board of any British vessel which shall he capturca, or on board of any vess 1 of the United States, which shall be re-captur d as aforesaid, shall be reported to the collector of die port in which they shop first arrive, and shall be delivered to the eustory of the mishal or some civil or malitary officer of the United States, or ot any state in or near such port, who shall receive and take into custody the said subjects or psons fo, their salt-keeping and support, at the expence of the United States."

"Amend the title.

"Atter the woad "act,' strike out the rest of the title, and inscr * authorising reprisais against the crown of the united kingdom of Gear Bintu and Fr Ind and the subjects thereof;" and the report was read. Wher upon.

Mi Gadiard was requested to take the chair, and the bill and an.endments were considered as in comuqttee of the whole

and

On motion by Mr. Pope,

List-after the word 'Britam,' strike out to the end of the bill, and has rt" the sad united Angdom of Great Britaina. Tre

And on motion by Mr. German,

To postpone the further consideration of the bili to the first
Monday in November next-
After debate,

The senate adjourned.

Monday, June 15.-The senate resumed the consideration of the bill, entitled "An act declaring war between Great Britain a... ùer dependsrics and the United States and their territories," fogether with the motion made by Mr. German, to postpone the further con sideration thereof, until the first Monday in November next; and on the question to agree to the motion:

It was determined in the negative-yeas 10, nays 22.
On motion by Mr. Varuum,

The yeas and nays having been required by one-fifth of the sena-
tors present, those who voted in the affirmative are,
Misses. Bayard, Dana, German, Gilman, Goodrich, Horsey, Hun-
ter, Laubert, Lloyd, Reed.

Those who void in the negative are,

Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Brent, Campbe!! of Tenn. Cordit, Crawford, Cutts, Franklin, Gaillard, Gides, Gregg, Howell. Leis, Pope, Robinson, Smith of Md. Smith of N. Y. Tart, Taylor, Turner, Varnum, Worthington.

On motion by Mr. Leib,

To amend the bill as follows:

"After the word 'that,' in the third line, strike out to the end of the bill, and insert-" the president of the U. States shall be, and he is hereby authorised to cause reprisals to be made upon the pubTo amend the report, by inserting after the word “thereof," in ¦ lie and private ships and vessels, goods and merchandise, be longing the tooth une of the first section, the worms and sit upon the to the crown of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, luing to the crown France or to the sujects the reor," puke and private ships and vessels, goods and merchandise, be-and to the subjects ther of which may be found on the high scas or

It was der inda. the nerdy vess 15731 17. The yeas and may shaving been required by und-fifth of the senatnpr.scot, thow who vet din the affin intike are,

elsewhere, except such ships, vessels or property as now are er may be within the parts and harbors or tyler the control of the United States, and all ships, vessels or property within the jurisdiction of any power with whom the U. Stat s ar not gaged in war; and Messrs. Bayard, Combit, Dana, German, G-les, Galtan. Goodrich, for the perpes s aftr said, tiruet the commands rs of the pubHors Hater Lambert, Lloyd, Pope, Reed, Suitu (or Mdhe armed vessels which are or which shall be employed in the service Wiring. or die U. States, ro subdue, seiz, and take any armed or other British wess belonging to the sand wited Kingdom of G. Britain and re Me s.. ander on, kibb, Brea. Campbell (of Tenn.) Crawford, land, or to the subjects thereof, which shall be found within the Cuts, Franklin, Gallard, Greng, Howell, Leib, Robinson, Snith purisdictional inits of the U. Stats or elsewhere on the hign scas, (oi N. V,) Tait, Taylor, Turner, Varun. as aforesaid; and such captured vessel, with her apparet, guns und

Th sebe voted in the reative are,

1

On the questio, to strike out, as reported by the committce, for appurtenances, and the goods or effects which shall be found a ten rpose of insert, g the an end ment;

Tyeas were 18, and the nays 25.

board the sale, being Brits property, shall be brought within some port of the B. States, and shall be duly proceeded against and

condemned as forfeited, and shall accrue and be distributed as by Lee is or shall be provided respecting the captur.s which shall be 2de by the public arijed vess Is of the U. States.

See 9. And be it further enacted, That from and after the day of next, the president of the United States be and he is her by authorised, to employ the naval force of the United c. And be it further enacted, That the president of the States to make roprials upon the public and private armed vessels, U. States shall be and he is hereby authorised to grand to the ov telgoods and merchandise belonging to the emp for of France and €150i private art, d ships and vess Is of the U. States who shail King of Itdy, or his subjects, which may be found on the bigo scas 2. Ikeation therefor, commissions ia the form which he shall and elsewhere, and to issue letters of marque and reprist or de dirt and under the seal of the U. States; and such, privat arved private armed ships or vess is of the United States, aganist the year Now Is wheu duly commissioned as aforesaid, shall have the same i-s-is, subjects and property of the said emperor of Fracce ami king eens and authority for the subduing, seizing and capturing any [of Italy, under the provisious and limitations contand in this art ared or other British vessel belonging to the united kingdom of in respect to the united kingdom of Gecat Britait, and Ireland; if Giritain and Ireland or to the subjects thereof, and for the respon or before the said the said eaperor of

day of aure of the vessels, goods and ects of the people of the United France and king of Italy shall not give to the president of the Sulos as the public urned vessels of the U. States may by Law United States satisfactory and unequivocal evidence of the repcal have, and shall b. in fik manner subject to such instructions as of the Berlin and Milan deerees, so far as icy relate to the neutral shall be ordered by the president of the United States, in conformity commerce of the United States. with the establislied kiw of nations and the treaties and laws of the On motion by Mr. Andy 1 son, to strike out the ninth section of the United States, for the regulation of their conduct: And the cot-proposed amendment,

Kussions which shall be granted as aforesaid, shall be revokable at It was determined in the negative-ye # 14, nays 18. the pleasure of the president of the U. States.

"Sve. 3. Art be 2 further enticed, That every person intending Es forth and employ an armed vessel, and applying for a coumissious aforesaid, shall produce in writing the name, and a suital; dose/iption of the tomage and force of the vessel, and the pane and place of residence of each owner concerned therein, the number of the crew, and the name of the commander and the two officers next in rank appojcted for such vessel; which writing! shall be signed by the person or perso is making such application, sand filed with the secretary of state, or shall be delivered to any other officer or person who shall be employed to deliver out such comissions, to be by kim transmitted to the secretary of state.

Su ་ ་

On Motion by Anderson, the y as and ays having been required by one-fifth of the senators present, those who voted the affirmative are Messrs. Anderson, Ribb, Brent, Campbell of Ten. Crawford, Cutts, Franklin, Gailliard, Giles, Robinson, Tait, Taylor, Puri", Varnuu-14. Those who voted in the negative are,

Messrs. Bayard, Coudit, Daña, German, Gilman, Goodrich,Gregg, Horsey, Howell, Hunter, Lamb'at, Leib, Lioja, Reed, Smith of Md. Smith of N. Y. Worteigton-18.

On the question to strike out the original bill after the word 'that,' as proposed by Mr. Leib.

It was determined in the acgative-yeas 15, nays 17.
On motion by Mr. Lib,

The yeas and nays having been required by one-fifth of the sena-
tors prese of those who voted in the affirmative ar,
Mursrs, Bayard, Collit, Dana,Gero, Gilman, Goodrich,Gregg,
Hors, Howell, Hunter, Lambert, Leib, Lloyd, Reed, Worthing-
ton-15.
Those who voted in the negative are,

4. And be it further enated, 'That befor any commission i as afon said shall be issued, the owner or owners of the ship or vesel sel for which the same shall be requested, and the commander there! of for the time being, shali give bond to die U. Stat 5, with at least wo responsible sureties not interested in such vess 1, in the pend thousand dollars; or if such vesselbe be provided with more than one hundred and fifty men, then in the peal sum of thousand dollars, with condition, that the owners, and officers and crews who shall be employed on board of such commissioned veas i, shall and will observe the treaties and laws of the U. States, and the instructions which shell be given them for the regulation of their coluet; and shall satisfy all da nages or injuries which shall be done or committed "ontrary to the tenor therol, by such vessel during her commaission, and to deliTer up the same when revoked by the president of the United of St: tes.

Messes. Anderson, Bibb, Brent, Campbell of Tenn. Crawford,
Cutts, Franklin, Gaillard, Giles, Pope, Rolinse Smith of M.
Smith of N. Y. Tait, Taylor, Turner, Varnum-17.
On motion by Mr. Lloyd,

To amend the original bill, by ins rting after the word 'that, in the third line, the words from and after the diy next,"

It was determined in the negative-yeas 13, nays 19.
On motion by Mr. Goodrich,

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That all public and private
ships and vessels, goods and merchandise belonging to the crown
of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or the sub-senators present, those who voted in the affirmative are,
jects thereof, together with their apparel, gums and appurtenances,
and any goods or effects which shall be found on board the same,
being Batish property and which shall be captured by any private
armed vessel or vessels of the United States, duly commissioned as
aforesaid, shall be forfeited and shall accrue to the owners thereof.
and the officers and crews by whom such captures shall be made;
and on due condemnation had, shall be distributed according to
any agreement which shall be between them, or ia failure of such
agreement then by the discretion of the court before whom such
condemnation shall be

The yeas and nays having been required by one fifth of the

Messrs. Bayard, Dana, German, Gilman, Goodrich, Gregg, Horsey, Hunter, Lambert, Leib, Lloyd, Pope, Smith of Md.—13. Those who voted in the negative are,

Sec. 6. And be it fother ena ted, That all vessels, goods and ef feets, th property of any citizen of the United States, or persons resident therein, which shall be re-captured as aforesaid, shall be restored to the lawful owa;rs upon payment by Ci in respectively, of a just and reasonabi - salvage, to be determined by the mutula agreement of the parties concerned, or by the decree of any court of the United States having maritione jurisdictio,, according to the nature of each case: Provided, That such allowance shall not be less than one-eighth or exceeding one-half of the full value of such capture, without any deduction. And such salvage shall be distributed to and among the owners, officers and crews of the private armed vessel or vessels titl 4 thereto, according to any agreement which shall be between them; or, in case of no agreement, then by the decree of the court who shall de termine apon such salvage.

Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Bront, Campbell of Tenn. Condit. Crawford, Cutts, Franklin, Gaillard, Giles, Howell, Reed, Robison, Smith of N. York, Tait, Taylor, Turner, Varaun, W.rthing ton-19.

On the question, "Shall the bill pass to a third reading as
amended?”
It was determined in the affirmative-yeas 19, nays 13.
Omotion,

The yeas and nays having been required by one-fifth of the senators present, those who voted in the affirmative are,

Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Brent, Campbell of Tenn. Condit, Crawfor Crats, Franklin, Guillend, Gil's, Gregg,, Leil, Robinso 1, Staith of M. Smith of N. York, Fait. Taylor, furner, Varaq-19. Those who voted in the negative are,

Messrs. Bayard, Dana, German, Gilman, Goodrich, Horsey, How . Hunter, Lambert, Lloyd, Pope, Reed, Worthington--13.

On motion,

That the senate adjourn,

It was determined in the affirinative-yeas 18, nays 14.
On motion by Mr. Anderson,

The yeas and nays having o sen required by one-fifth of the sena tors present, those who voted in the affirmative are,

Messrs. Bayard, Condit, Dana, German, Gil ș, Gilman, Goodrich, Greg, Horsey, Hunter, Lambert, Leib, Lloyd, Pope, Reed, Sanch of M. Smith of N. York, Worthington-18.

Those who voted in the negative are,

Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Breat, Campbell of Team. Crawford, Cutts, Franklin, Gaillant, Howell, Robinson, Fait, Taylor, Tur ner, Varmu-14.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted. That b fore breaking bulk of any vessel which shall be captured as aforesaid, or other disposal or gonversion thereof, or of any articles which shall be found on board the same, such capture shall be brought into some port of the United States, and sha I be libid and proceeded against before the district court of the same district, and it after a due course of proceedings such capture shall be decrced as forfeited in the district court, or in the circuit court of the same district, in the case of any appeal duly allowed, the same shall be delivered to the owners and captors concerned therein, or shall be publicly sold by the marshal of the same court as shall be finally decreed and ordered by the court: And the same court which shall have fond jurisdiction of any libel or complaint of any capture as aforesaid, shall and may decree restitution in whole or a part, when the capture and re straint shall have been made without just cause as are said; and if made without probable cause, or otherwise unreasonably, may or To postpone the farthy consideration of the bill to the thirtyder and decree damages and costs to the party injured, and for which the owners, officers and crews of the private ar ned vessel or vess. Is first day of October nest, it was determined in the negative-yeas by which such unjust capture shall have been made, and also such, ays 21. vessel or vessels, shall be answerable and liable.

The snate adjourned to 11 o'clock to-morrow morning. Tues ny, June 16.-The amendments to the bill from the house representatives, entided "An act declaring wor octaven Great Britain and her dependencies, and the United States anl their territories," were reported by the committer, correctly us grossed: and

On motion by Mr. Bayard,

On motion by Mr. Bayard,

The yas and nays having been required by one-fifth of the
senators prescit, those who voted in the affirmative are,
Messrs. Bayard, Dana, German, Gilman, Goodrich, Hors.y,un-
Lambert, Loyd, Pope, Reed-11.
Those who voted in the negative are,

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That all British subjects and others, who shall be found acting on board any British vessel which shall be captured or on board of any vessel of the United States which shall be recaptured as aforesaid, shall be reported to the colter, lector of the port in which they shall first arrive and shall be delivered to the custody of the marshal, or some civil or military officer of the United States, or any state in or near such port; who shall receive and take into custoly the said subjects or persoas for their -saf; keeping and support at the expense of the United States.

Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Brent, Campbell of Ten, Coudit,Crawford, Cats, Frankdin, Gaard, Gite, Gregg, Howell, Leib, Robinson, Smith of Md. Smith of N. Y. Tait, Taylor, Turner, Yagam Worthington-21.

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a motion by Mr. Taylor,

Those who voted in the affirmative are.

YEAS-Messrs. Anderson, Bilh, Brent, Campbell of Ten. Candit, Crawford, Cutts, Franklin, Gaillaird, Giles, Gregg, Leib, Robinson, Sauth of Md. Smith of New-York, Tait, Taylor, Turaci, Varnum-19.

Those who voted in the negative are,

NAYS-Messrs. Bayard, Dana, German, Gilman, Goodrich, Horsey, Howell, Hunter, Lambert, Lloyd, Pope, Red and Worthing. So it was,

ton-13.

Resolved, That the bill do pass with amendments.
On motion,

The title was amended to read as follows:

"An act declaring war between the united kingdom of Great Bri tain and Ireland and the dependencies thereof, and the United States of America and their territories."

On motion of Mr. Anderson,

Resolved, That a committee be appointed, to consist of two mem

The yeas and nays having been required by one-fifth of the sena-bers, to carry the said bill to the house of representatives, and ask tors prosent, those who voted in the affirmative are,

Messrs. Bayard, Dana, German, Giles, Gilon, Goodrich, Gregg, Horsey, Howell, Hunter, Lambert, Leib, Lloyd, Reed, Smith of Maryland-15.

Those ho voted in the negative are,

their concurrence in the amendments.

Ordered, That Mr. Anderson and Mr. Varnum be the committee, Thursday, June 13.-A message from the house of representatives, by Mr. Macon and Mr. Findley, two of their members; Mr. Macon Craw-chairman.

Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Brent, Campbell of Tenn. Condit, ford, Cutts, Franklin, Gaillard, Pope, Robinson, Smith of N. York, Tan, Tasior, Turner, Varnum, Worthington-17.

On motion,

That the senate adjourn;

It was determined in the affirmative-yeas 18, nays 14.

O action by Mr. TarnET,

The yeas and hays having been required by one-fifth of the sena

to prisert, these who woud in the affirmative are,

Messr Bayard, Con lit. Dana, German, Gilman, Goodrich, Gregg, Hory, Howell, Hunter, Lambert, Leib, Lloyd, Pope, Reed, Smith of Mid. Saith, of N. Y.-18.

These who voted the crative are,

Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Brea, Campbell of Tenn. Crawford, Chuis, Franklin, Gaillard, Rollason, Tait, Taylor, Turner, Varne, Worthington-14.

so the state adjourned to 11 o'clock to-morrow morning. L'ednesday, June 17.—The third reading of the bill from the house, of r presentatives, entitled "An act declaring war between Great Britsin and her dependencies and the United States and their ter ritories," was resunied; whes upon,

The following motion was submitted by Mr. Giles: *Posolved. That the billentined Auget declaring war between Great Britain and her dependencies and the United States and thele territories,' be re-committed to the committee to whom was committed the mess age of the president of the United States of the Ist in tout, with iestructions to modify and amend the bill in such panner as to authorise the president of the United States, to instruct the concanders of all ships of war belonging to the United Brates, to n-capture any vessel thereof bound to any port or place prohibered to such versti by the Brash ord rs in council dated the which may have been previously exptured by ang British armed vessel; and also to capture any Bri1. 3 mars ve set which shall resist such re-capture, or be found hovenst bathe rests of the United States, for the purpose of interrupting tour lawd comeres, and to bring the same into any port of the United States for adjudication and condemnation.

And farther to instruct the commanders of all ships of war be loging to the United Stat s101-captur any vessel of the Unital States, aviating the can convinge ably to the laws of nations. wch aray have been previously captured by any French srmed vessel, and also to capture any such French armed capturing ves #l, pad in like manner to bring in the same for adjudication and

gode Luation.

Mr. President-The house of representatives concur in the | amendments of the state to the bill entitled “ An act declaring war between the united kingdon of Great Britain and Ireland and the | dependencies thereof, and the United States of America and ther

territories."

And they withdrew.

Mr. Varnum, from the committee, reported that they had examin [ed and found July enrolled the bill last mentioned.

A message from the house of representatives, by Mr. Crawford and Mr. Turner, the committee on the part of the house of r presentatives for eurolled bills; Mr. Crawford, chairman.

Mr. President-The speaker of the house of representatives Laving signed an enrolled bill, we are directed to bring it to the senate for the signature of their president.

And they withdrew.

The president signed the enrolled bill 19st reported to have been examined, and it was delivered to the committee, to be laid before the president of the United States.

Mr. Varnum, from the committee, reported that they this day laid before the president of the United States the enrolled bill last med tioned, and that the president of the United St it's informed the the committee that he had this day approved and signed the same. On motion by Mr. Varnum,

Resolved, That the injunction of secrecy in relation to the con fidential message of the president of the United States of the 1st inst. and also in relation to the private and confidential proceeds ings of the scuate since that date, be removed.

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(SEE WEEKLY REGISTER, VOL. 2, PAGE 266.) In the National Intelligencer of the 18th of June, there appeared a production signed H. Clay,' which purports to supply "the omission of material circumstances, in relation to a late transaction in Aga to authorise the president of the United States to cause let the House of Representatives, and to "set fully (as of marque and general reprisa, upon the public and private ships and vessde, goods and merchandise belonging to the crown of and accurately" before the public that matter, which the mised ka alom of Great Britain and Ireland and the subjects the writer more than insinuates to have been parti iber of, and also, upon the public and private ships and vessels, gols and merchandise, belonging to the crown of France or to the ally and incorrectly represented, in the fragment of a speech dedicated to my constituents. When this publication first appeared I was content to let it pass without notice. The facts (as I believed) were

subjets thereof."-- And

On the question to agree to this motion,

It was determined in the negative-yeas 14, nays 18.

On motion by Mr. Anderson,

The yeas and nays having been required by one-fifth of the sena- too notorious to be distorted. The very circumtors present, t'ose who voted in the affirmative are,

Messrs. Reyard, Dana, German, Giles, Gilmas, Goodrich, Gregg,stance that the speaker of the house of representaHoney, Hunter, Lambe, t, Lloyd, Pop, Reed, Worthington-14. tives should feel himself reduced to a defence of his

-hose who voted in the negative are,

Mesov's, Andersoni, Binh, Bret. Campbell of Tenn. Condit, Craw-decisions in the public prints seemed to me, of itself fork, Cats, Frankiin, Gallerd, Howell, Lab, Robiason, Smith of enough to satisfy all reflecting men, that there must ML. Salt ofN. Y. Toit, Taylor, Turner, Varnum-18.

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fell, Cutts, Mranklin, Gaulard, Gregg, Howell, Robinson, Smithted to AUTHORITY, should be misled by it. die sir, Andersuit, Bibb, Bet, Campbell of Ten. Condit, Craw-to pass unnoticed, lest the public mind, so habitua

of Newell Pit, Taylor, Terer, Varnum, Worthington-18.

On the question, " shall this Mil pass as amended ?**

It was determined in the affirmative-yeas 19, nays 13.

On motion by Mr. Anderson,

The yes and nays having been required by one-fifth of the senaors present,

In deference to their judgment, I enter on this task, with a reluctance, the evidence of which will be found in the cold and sluggish manner in which it is executed.

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