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Excise on Whiskey.

his essay on the origin and progress of language. Resolved, that in order that our measures may Mr. John Braidwood is now in this city, and we be carried on with regularity and concert, that Wil. hope, before he leaves us, to be favored with the liam Wallace, John Hamilton, Shezhazer Bently, general outlines of his plan of education, and his Isaac Weaver, Benjamin Parkinson, David Redick, views of residence among us. Nat. Intel. Thomas Stokely, Stephen Gapen, Joseph Venmetre, Andrew Rabb, Thomas Gaddis, Alexander Long, William Whiteside, John Oliphant, Robert McClure, James Lang, Thomas Benjamin PatterThough we certainly believe that "whiskey is the son, James Stewart, Samuel Johnson, William fairest of all possible subjects that can present Plumer, and Matthew Jameson, be respectively itself for taxation,"-nay, while we would be appointed committees of correspondence for the willing to raise a revenue of five or six millions counties of Washington, Fayette, and Alleghany; of Dollars per annum upon it, by laying a duty of and that it shall be their duty to correspond toge25 cents per gallon,on the whole quantity distilled, ther and with such committee as shall be appointed which it would readily bear-it is due to our pro- for the same purpose in the county of Westmorefessions of impartiality to give place to the follow-land, or with any committees of a similar nature ing, leaving out the introductory matter of the that may be appointed in other parts of the United editor of the New York Evening Post, from whose States; and also if found necessary, to call toge paper we copy it. ther either general meetings of the people in their At a meeting of sundry inhabitants of the western respective counties, or conferences of the several counties of Pennsylvania held at Pittsburg, on the committees. 21st day of August, 1792. And whereas some men may be found among us, Present, John Canon, William Wallace, Shez-so far lost to very sense of virtue and feeling for the bazer Bently, Bazil Bowel, Benjamin Parkinson, distresses of this country as to accept offices for the, John Hucy, John Badollet, John Hamilton, John collection of the duty: McClelan, Neal Gillispie, David Bradford, Tho- Resolved, therefore, that in future we will consimas Gaddis, David Philips, Albert Gallatin, Mat- der such persons as unworthy of our friendship; thew Jameson, James Marshal, James Stewart, have no intercourse or dealings with them; withdraw John Smilie, Robert McClure, Peter Lisle, Alex-from them every assistance; and withhold all the comander Long, Samuel Wilson, and Edward Cook. forts of life which depend upon those duties, that as Colonel John Canon was placed in the chair; and men and fellow citizens, we owe to each other; and Albert Gallatin, appointed clerk. upon all occasions treat them with that contempt The excise luv of congress being taken under they deserve ;--and that it be and is hereby most nsideration, and freeely debated, a committee of earnestly recommended to the people at large, to he members was appointed to prepare a draught of follow the same line of conduct towards them. olutions, expressing the sense of the meeting on subject of said law.

Adjourned so ten o'clock to-morrow.

August 2d, 1792.—The members of the meeting ving met according to adjournment, the commit appointed vesterday made report, which being ice read, and debated by paragraphs, was unaniously adopted as followeth, to wit:

Strongly impressed with a sense of the fatal conquences that must attend an excise-convinced]

JOHN CANON, Chairman. Attest, ALBERT GALLATIN, Clerk.

A Duel

Between a Kentuckian and an Englishman.

FROM THE WESTERN CITIZEN.

After

On the first day of November, 1811, James Allen at the tax upon liquors, which are the common of Kentucky and the subscriber, met with Thomas drink of a nation, operates in proportion to the Fuller an Englishman and his company at a small number and not to the wealth of the people, and of branch between the United States' Saline Saltworks course is unjust in itself, and oppressive upon the and Fort Massack. Making a stop at that place, poor-taught by the experience of other countries, Messrs. Allen and Fuller entered into a conversathat internal taxes upon consumption from their very tion which led to a very serious rencontre. nature, never can effectually be carried into opera- learning the name, nation, and residence of each tion, without vesting the officers appointed to col- other, Fuller asked Allen if the Kentuckians were lect them with powers most dangerous to the civil anxious for a war with England. Allen replied rights of freemen, and must in the end destroy the li- they were warm for WAR! Fuller said they need berties of every country in which they are introduced not be; for one Englishman could drive five Ken-feeling that the late excise law of congress, from tuckians. Allen thought one Englishman could the present circumstances of our agriculture, our not drive one Kentuckian, and was willing as one want of markets, and the scarcity of a circulating of each was present, to have the thing tested.-mediám, will bring immediate distress and ruin on Fuller was willing also but it must be done in an the western country-we think it our duty to persist honorable way; he would fight with pistols, standin our remonstrances to congress, and in every ing about one pace apart; to which Allen was other legal measure that may obstruct the operation agreed. Faller finding Allen in earnest said he of the law until we are able to obtain its total repeal. thought it too savage like to stand so near each Therefore, resolved, that David Bradford, James other and proposed that they should choose seconds Marshal, Albert Gallatin, Peter Lisle, and David and take distance ten steps apart. This proposition Philips he appointed for the purpose of drawing a was agreed to and the preliminaries settled; but remonstrance to congress, stating our objections Fuller said he had a wife near Pittsburg, and before against the law that imposes a duty upon spirituous they fought he would go aside and write a few lines liquors distilled wi ́hin theUnitedStates, and praying to her so that if any accident should happen to him for a repeal of the same; and that the chairman of she might know it. He went and returned in a this meeting be directed to sign the same, in the short time ready for action. The combatants then name of the meeting, and to take proper measures to took the places assigned them, and at the word, have it presented to congress at their next session. Ithey both fired! and Fuller fell, having received

A Tyrolese Ambuscade.

the ball of his antagonist on his left breast; but | from admiring, or even of approving, this act of innot appearing to be much hurt he proposed taking sanity. An apology for this suicide, by M. Peguil another round. They then proceeded to fire again, hen, counsellor at war, has excited unanimous in. upon which Fuller fell a second time and declined dignation among all who have the principles either fighting any more, and was found to have received of religion or morality. The censorship has been the second ball in his breast, within an inch of the blamed for having permitted the circulation of an first. Allen was surprised to find that the balls had account of this tragedy, in which the suicide and not taken effect, and suspecting some stratagem, the murder are represented as sublime acts. Some he protested he would kill Fuller on the spot, unless have even gone so far as to express a wish to see he would fight again or acknowledge himself a cow- M. Peguilhen punished, for having, as a public funcard. Fuller rather than smell powder again, would tionary, preached up such principles. The husband submit to any thing. His jacket was then unbut has also been blamed for having given eclat to a catoned and to the astonishment of the beholders a tastrophe over which it would have been better to Dutch blanket was discovered in eight folds and draw the thickest veil. one quire of paper opened and spread under the blanket both between his waistcoat and shirt, and upon lifting up the blanket the two balls were found, having penetrated through the eight folds The following impressive account of an action in of the blanket and were lodged on the paper. Liis Lefebvre's expedition, in August, 1809, were combreast, notwithstanding the fortification, was very municated by a Saxon major, who escaped from the much bruised and black, and he appeared considera-destruction of those terrible days. bly injured. Allen received no material injury; "We had penetrated to Inspruck without great the first ball struck between his feet, and the second resistance; and although much was every where grazed the skin on the side of his head. And thus ended a contest which proved the superiority of the Kentuckian, and exposed the boasting, imperious Englishman to eternal contempt and disgrace. And it is highly probable from his own story and conduct that this same Fuller is employed to do business for the British in the western country and amongst the Indians!! The subscriber was the second of Mr. Allen and is willing to attest the truth of the facts above stated. He is now on his way home which is on Brush-creek in the state of Ohio. JOHN ROSS.

PARIS, K. Feb. 18, 1812.
PARIS,

Extraordinary Suicides.

talked of the Tyrolese stationed upon and round the Brenner, we gave little credit to it, thinking the rebels to have been dispersed by a short cannonade, and already considering ourselves as conquerors. Our entrance into the passage of the Brenner was only opposed by small corps, which continued falling back, after an obstinate though short resistance. Among others I perceived a man full eighty years of age, posted against the side of a rock, and sending death among our ranks at every shot. Upon the Bavarians desending to make him prisoner, he shouted aloud, Hurrah! struck the first man to the ground with a ball, seized hold of the second, and with the ejaculation, in God's name! precipitated himself with him into the abyss below. Marching onwards, we heard resound from the summit of a The attention of the people of Berlin has lately high rock: "Stephen! shall I chop it off yet?" to been very much occupied by the tragical adventure which a loud “nay” reverbrated from the opposite of Mr. Kleist, the celebrated Prussian poet, and ma- side. This was told to the duke of Dantzic, who dame Vogel. The reports which were at first cir- notwithstanding, ordered us to advance: at the same culated with regard to the cause of this unfortunate time he prudently withdrew from the centre to the affair, have been strongly contradicted by the fami- rear. The van consisting of 400 Bavarians, had just ly of the lady; and it has been particularly denied stormed a deep ravine, when we again heard halloothat love was in any respect the cause of it. Ma- ed over our heads" Hans! for the most holy Trinidame Vogel, it is said, had suffered long under an ty!" Our terror was completed by the reply that incurable disorder: her physicians had declared her immediately followed :-" In the name of the most death inevitable: she herself had formed a resolu holy Trinity !-Cut all loose above! and ere a minute tion to put a period to their existence. Mr. Kleist, had elapsed, were thousands of my comrades in the poet, and a friend of her family, had also long arms crushed, bruised, and overwhelmed, by an determined to kill himself. These two unhappy be- incredible heap of broken rocks, stones and trees, ings having confidentially communicated to each hurled down upon us. All of us were petrified. other their horrible resolution, resolved to carry it Every one fled that could; but a shower of balls into effect at the same time. They repaired to the from the Tyrolese, who now rushed from the surInn at Williamstadt, between Berlin and Potzdam, rounding mountains in immense multitudes, and on the border of the sacred Lake. For one night among them boys and girls of ten and twelve years and for one day they were preparing themselves for of age, killed or wounded a great many of us. It was death, by putting up prayers, singing, drinking a not until we had got these fatal mountains six leagues number of bottles of wine and rum, and last of all by behind us, that we were re-assembled by the duke, taking about sixteen cups of coffee. They wrote a and formed into six columns. Soon after the Tyletter to M. Vogel, to announce to him the resolu- rolese appeared, headed by Hofer the innkeeper. tion they had taken, and to beg him to come as speeAfter a short address from him, they gave a general dily as possible, for the purpose of seeing their re-fire, flung their rifles aside, and rushed upon our mains interred The letter was sent to Berlin ex-bayone's with only their clenched fists. Nothing press. This done, they repaired to the banks of the could withstand their impetuosity. They darted at sucred Lake, where they sat down opposite to each our feet, threw or pulled us down, strangled us, other. Mr. Kleist took a loaded pistol, and shot wrenched the arms from our hands; and, like enmadame Vogel through the heart, who fell back raged lions, killed all-French, Bavarians and Saxdead; he then reloaded the pistol and shot himself ons, that did not cry for quarter. By doing so, I, through the head. Soon after M. Vogel arrived with 300 men, was spared and set at liberty. When and found them both dead. The public are far all lay dead around, and victory was compicted, the

Tyrolese, as if moved by one impulse, fell upon their 1210,000 miles; consequently 10,000 per hour, and knees, and poured forth the emotions of their hearts 2 7-10 miles per second. The comet is, on the 1st in prayer under the canopy of Heaven; a scene so awfully solemn that it will ever be present to my remembrance. I joined in the devotion, and never in my life did I pray more heartily."

Miscellaneous.

THE LINEN AND WOOLEN MANUFACTURES

The

of December, at the distance of upwards of forty one millions of miles from the earth, that is to say, its distance from us is double to that of the sun in our main distance from that great luminary. progressive distance of the comet from the earth, has a daily increase of 505,000 miles; every hour 21,041, and of each second 5 4-5 miles. The comet will during the month of December run over a of Prussian Silesia have been for some years on the space of 7,150,000 miles. Its swiftness has therefore considerably lessened since its nearest approach decline. Previous to 1798, the former produced on to the sun : In the month of September it ran over an average twenty millions of livres a-year of wool fifteen millions of miles; in the month of Octeber en cloth, above 120,000 pieces were made annually, thirteen millions, and in November ten millions. and two-thirds of that quantity were exported. In Since the 12th of October, which was the time of 1788 the exports amounted to 72,620 pieces dressed, its greatest brightness, it has lost five sixths of its common in quality; and on these manufactures, the light; and taking its greatest as an unit, that unit on the first day of December, will be reduced whole population depends for a subsistence. The to 2-200. province has a few manufactories of cotton and We understand that that enterprising and useful stuffs mixed of silk and thread, but of small consequence. The tanneries are of more importance member of society, Samuel Fereday, esq. has ust they are numerous but neglected, either from probegun to make iron, at his three new blast furnaces, hibitions which restrain industry or from want of at Priest field, near Bilston, (Eng.) These furna ces are blown by an engine of an entirely new con capital.,

and 17,200 undressed. The cloths made here are

PERU. M. Alphonses de Beauchamp has pub-struction, and the blast is far superior in regularity lished a history of the conquests and revolutions of to any hitherto produced. The engineers have efPeru: the facts he has compiled from previous his- fected this, by means of an immensely large resertorians, and trusted to his own genius for those rhe. voir, into which the air is compressed by the entorical embellishments which perhaps he thought gine before it enters the furnaces, and from which, the subject required: he presents very animated by its own elasticity, it issues a constant and regular descriptions of the battles: very highly finished stream; and we have the satisfaction of adding, that portraits of the chiefs; and also favours us with the iron made at these furnaces, is very superior in quaspeeches which the leaders of either party, Spanish lity to the generality of iron made in Staffordshire. er Indian, made on different occasions. "M. Beau[London paper.

champ," we adopt the word of a French critic From London papers we learn the government "makes his Peruvians speak exactly like his Spa- of Denmark is greatly distressed for money. Forced niards, so that their discourses possess little nation-loans are demanded of all the cities and towns.--ality, if you omit their references to their Gods Altona was called upon to furnish its quota, amountPachamacha and Viracopha: and when we read of ing to about £250,000 sterling-Of this sum one the powerful effect produced on the feeling an audi- opulent house was required to furnish £ 150,000. tory, which never existed, by speeches which have A smart skock of an earthquake was experienced never been pronounced, a fiction so palpable has a in England, Nov 30. tendency to spread suspicion over the narration of A just cause for war!-Negro Henry, king of Hayti other circumstances. The custom of putting speech (and we can see no reason why a negro has not as es into the mouth of historical characters, is consegood a right to be a king as any body else) has usurp crated by the example of ancient historians, but it ed one of the grand titles of the British monarch.does not so well agree with the more exact and vi-He calls himself, King of Hayti, first crowned gorous attention to authenticity which modern his- monarch of the new world, defender of the faith," tory requires besides Livy could easily make his &c. &c. &c.

Peru.

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Romans speak like Romans, but neither M. Beau- GOVERNOR HARRISON. Three captains, four champ nor ourselves know any thing of the rheto-Heutenants, one ensign and the surgeon and assistric of the ancient Peruvians." To the history is sub-jant surgeon of the 4th United States' regiment of joined a very brief account of the present state of infantry, have published certificates and statements relative to the battle of Tippecanoe, near the Wabash, The first history of Peru was by Augustine Zo-in which the character of governor Harrison is rate and appeared in 1553, not more than thirty represented in the most honorable light. No man years after the discovery. The works of Pedro de has had the temerity to impeach the conduct of the Ciocu and of Diego Torres are rather descriptions governor during the battle; but many have charged of the country than histories of events. Apollani-him with suffering himself to be surprised: having, us Sevinus and Liego Fernandez entered less into detail than Zorate.

perhaps, formed their opinions from the first rumors of the affair, in which it was stated the centinels MUNICH, Dec. 1. were shot with poisoned arrows, &c. It seems the Royal observatory-From the late observations gallant little army was not surprised. It is true, made by the director, Mr. Seyfer, it appears that they were attacked in the night, and that the Indians the parabolical elements of the comet, will give rushed upon them with very great rapidity. But the following results :-During the first days the whole of the men slept on their arms, with their December, the comet will run, daily, a distance of accoutrements upon them, and the lines were formed 305,800 German miles (of 15 miles to a degree) con-in from four to six minutes after the firing of the sequently, will go at the rate of 12,783 an hour, first gun, with astonishing regularity and order. and 3 1-2 miles per second. The distance of the This could not have been accomplished in a dark come: from the sun is this day, (1st of December) night without a precise arrangement predicated thirty four millions of miles, and increases daily upon a supposed attack.

VOL. II.]

BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, MARCH 28, 1812.

No. 30.

Hæc olim meminisse juvabit.—VIRGIL.

Printed and published by H. NILES, Water-street, near the Merchants' Coffee-House, at $5. per annum.

Swedish state paper.

STOCKHOLM, January 9.

"The peace with Russia will not be troubled; the treaties by which it is cemented, are executed on both sides with franknes and good faith. Our relations with the Austrian empire are upon the most His royal majesty's health being now so far re-established, that amicable footing; the remembrance of glory brings the two na his majesty conceives himself able to resume the functions of gtions nearer to each other, and your majesty will negleet nothing vernment, his majesty thought proper, in conformity to his resolu- which can contribute to maintaining the reciprocity of confideres tion transmitted to his royal highness the crown prince, to appoint and esteem its causes.

the 7th of this month for that purpose. For this purpose all the "It Spain and Portugal should assume a tranquil posture, these members of the council of state, and the secretaries of state, at countries will offer to Swedish commerce, advantages which would half past ten o'clock on that day, waited on his royal highness the guarantee the perfectioning of the plans she has commenced for crown prince, when his excellency count Gyttenborg, minister improving her iron miucs.

of the judiciary department, explained to his royal highness the "Our intercourse with Southern America has entirely ceased, and sentiments of respectful esteem and gratitede with which the men-war ravages these fine and unfortunate countries; when they have bers of the council were filled, during the time that his royal high-a regular administration, the produes of the kingdom will und au ness had directed the national affairs, which sentiments never advantageous vent there. The maritime war has interrupted our would forsake them. His royal highness was pleased to replato commercial relations with Turkey; but nothing which interests the address in the most gracious terms, and whereupon the crown that ancient ricad of Sweden can be indiderent to your majesty. prince, accompanied by the aforesaid lords and gentlemen; repair"Sire! Such are the exterior relations of Sweden. Justice and ed to his royal majesty, to whom he read the statement of the loyalty towards all nations have been the political guides of your public business, hereafter following in this paper, from the 17th of majesty. March last. His royal majesty, overpowered by the most lively The army and the finances, these two principal guarantees of sensations, embraced the crown prince, and declared that he could a state, have above all been the objects of my constant solicitude.. not express all that his heart felt on this occasion towards hin, but "A wise economy has governed the expenditure of the funds left the internal satisfaction which his royal highness must derive for the armaments, which the state of war had rendered noe sary. from past times, to tell him all that his royal majesty gratitude This war haying great influence upon the exportation of wedish and the well-founded establishutient of the kingdom's welfare reproductions, upon the general proceedings of trade, and the ima quire towards him. ginations of merchants had caused the course of exchange to rise Speech addressed by his royal highness the prince royal, to the ing. to an exorbitant height! I have particularly din cued my attention upon his majesty's resuming the government of the kingdom, to stop this scourge of states, which having once broken its dykes, January 7, 1812. no bounds can be placed to its ravages: In repressing on the one "Sire-My most ardent wishes have been fulfilled-the re-estab-side stock-jobbing, in carrying into execution the ancient laws a Ushed health of your majesty again enables you to resume the go-gainst the unlawful exportation of gold or silver-in impoting a vernment of the kingdoni. duty of transit upon the conveyance of ingots from foreign coun

I can appeal to your own heart to judge of the delightful emo- tries through Sweden-in endeavoring to bring onck the nation to tion mine experiences, in replacing between the hands of your the principles of economy which distinguished their ancestors. On majesty an authority, the prolonged exercise of which has con- the other side I have endeavored to give activity to the interior is stantly kept before me the danger which threatened your days. dustry and lawful commerce of Sweden. I have had the satisfac"Notwithstanding the daily reports which I have submitted to tion of seeing my efforts crowned with success, and that the course your majesty, both respecting the exterior and interior situation of of exchange upon Hamburg, which in March last was at 1 36 sh. the state, I nevertheless consider it my dnty to profit by the pre-on the 3d of the present January was only 18 sk. sent occasion, so important for me upon alí aecounts, to present "I have taken mensures to render more general the manufacture your majesty with a rapid sketch of them. of linen and the cuhure of hemp; to proceed actively in the dis

"When your majesty decided upon embracing the continental covery of new sources for obtaining salt; to continue the ekaring' policy, and declared war against Great Britain, Sweden bad got of the ground in Dalecaria; establishing a new communication clear of an unfortunate contest; her wounds were still bleeding; it with, and markets in Vermeland; to form a company destined to was necessary for her to make new sacrifices, at a moment even when carry on the herring fishery in the open sas; to proleng og she lost one of the principal branches of her public revenue; the commercial relations with Finland, to carry into execution the fi whole of that produced by the customs being nearly annihilated. pancial resolutions of the states of the kingdom; to give the direc "In defiance of the insulated situation of Sweden, she has perion of magazines, to those of the customs, and to the island of St. formed, for the interest of the common cause, all that could be Bartholomews, a fresh organization. expected from a people faithful to their engagements; more than "The harvest not having proved a good one, I have adopted 2,000,000 of rix dollars have been expended in recruiting the army, means to prevent a scarcity, by causing cora to be imported from and placing in a state of defence the coasts of our islands, our for foreign countries; but in order to prevent suck importation influ tresses, and our fleet. encing the exchange, salt must be exported for gram so received. "I will not dissemble from your majesty, that our commerce has This exchange will be effected with so much the more facility, es been reduced to a simple coasting trade from port to port, and has there yet exists a sufficient provision of salt in the country for two greatly red from this state of war. Privateers under friendly years consumption.

flags, against which it would have been injudicious to have adopt-I have with grief observed, that the jinmoderate use and manued measures of safety and precaution, have taken advantage of our facture of brandy, by which the general interests are sacrificed to confidence in treaties, to capture, one after another, nearly 50 of individual ones, corrupt the nation, and will sooner or later cause our merchantmen; but at last, sire, your flotilla received orders a scarcity. I have only employed exhortations on this subject to protect the Swedish flag, and the just commerce of your subjects which I have collected from the paternai sentiments of your nziju against piracies, which could neither be authorised nor avowed by ty, and I have it to other times, and to the judgment of the states, any government. to put an end to an evil which every body acknowledges continues increasing.

The Danish cruisers have given much cause for complaint on our part; but the evi! decreases daily, and every day leads us to think "I have paid particular attention to the state and organization of the lawful commerce of Sweden will not be any longer disturbed the hospitals, to the religious establishments, and to the ineens of by them, and that the relations of good neighborhoodship will be preventing or at least beving mendicity. The interior police more strengthened. and agriculture have not been lust sight of, and a central academy of agriculture will shortly be established for the purpose of giving an impulse and un encouragement to the publé cconomy, and tổ scentine knowledge, which will continue to cure the prosperity of the states

"The cruisers under the French flag have given an unlimited extension to their letters of marque; the injuries which they have done us have been the object of our complaints the justice and loyalty of his majesty the emperor of the French have guaranteed their redress.

"The works of the onnal of Gothland, that grand monument of your majesty's reign, have been carried on with great netivity. Those of the cinal of Sodertilge, stopped by obstach a which the zealous efforts of the directors have not been able to surmount, have again commenced with more rapid stride

"The protections given by friendly governments have been re spected, and such of their ships as have touched upon our coast. have been at liberty to continue their voyage, whatever might be their destination. "About fifty American ships, driven upon our consts by suecer "I have carried into execution the solemn resolution of the sive tempests, have been released. This act of justice, founded states of the kingdom, sanctioned by your majesty, in garding the upon the rights of nations has been appreciated by the United national armament; but careîni not to deprive agricultur of any States, and appearances promise us, that better understood remor arms than are indispensibly necessary for defence of our lations with their government will facilitate the exportation of the country, I have mer ly ordered a levy of 15,000 tuen, exclusive of bunerous piles of iron with which our public places are now the 50,000 which the states had placed at your majesty's disposal. The most direfil errors were carried even into Schönen, where

filled.

"Political considerations join with the family connection which violence and a public reb Mion threatened for a moment to oppose unites your majesty and the king of Prussia to consolidate the rela-the exccution of the measures ordained. Already did for evenings, tions of friendship that subsists between the two powers. for such as are envious of our reposts begin to rejvícɛat our intestine E

VOL. I

divisions ;-but these were soon suppressed by the united force of ming, Egg-harbor, what the “ rebels” suffered.the aray and the laws and were succeeded by the return of national

sentiments and obedience to their duty. The vacancies in the Learn of the yet surviving citizens once engulphed new enrolment and in the national armament are almost entirely in the prison ships at New-York :-go to the monufilled up, and every measure has been taken to render them useful ment reared with pious hands on the shores of the in this employ. The regular army has been recruited, as is also

the whole of the reserve, who have been clothed and supplied Wallabout-it covers the fragments of the bones of with well conditioned arms, of which sufficient quantities are found 11,500 Americans who perished by disease and fain the magazines, and founderies for arms have obtained a renewed mine; thrown into the holds of these vessels like

activity. The making of gunpowder and saltpetre has been ex

tion.

tended and improved, and the artillery put into respectable condi- billets of wood; pent up without room to lay down The pensions granted to officers and soldiers wounded in; denied the light of heaven and a free circulation during the war, have been neither confirmed nor augmented. The accounts of the expences of the late war have been accelerated, of air; always stinted, and sometimes for whole days and such measures as have been adopted, had no other object in refused, even mouldy bread and putrid water. The view than to render the troops serviceable, and to supply thein with history of modern times presents no parallel to the

the necessaries requisite.

Your majesty will deign to perceive by this statement, that cool deliberate cruelties practised by the "generous notwithstanding all that the detractors of Sweden have insinuated English" on board of these vessels. The murders on this head, as that it would take sixty years to organize an army of the hell-hound Suwarrof at Praga and Ismael, of 6000 men, yet this will be apparent in the month of April next,

both to the friends and enemies of your majesty. The intent of may be forgiven; they succeeded the heat of the this augmentation of our military force is merely defensive-withbattle. out any other ambition than that of preserving her liberty and The horrors of the French revolution may

Jaws, Sweden will have the means of defending herself, and she be passed over as the fiery effervescences of the times, can do it. Bound by the sea on one side, and on the other by but in the treatment of our own countrymen we have inaccessible mountains, it is not solely on the courage of her inha

their farms, by ploughing up their fields, that it is likewise iron alone, and the firm determination of making use of it, that can defend them.

I have been seconded in my efforts by the good spirit prevalent in they, and by the zeal and abilities of the public func ti uari

bitants, nor in the remembrance of her former glory, that she has an instance of steady and unyielding cruelty unto see!: for the security of her independence; it is rather to be known to the world-it lasted for years:- but the found in her local situation, in her mountains, her forests, in her victims were "REBELS!" The famed black-hole lakes, and in her frosts. Let her, therefore, profit by these united advantages, and let her inhabitants be thoroughly persuaded of at Calcutta was but a type of the Jersey prison ship. this truth, that if iron, the produce of their mountains, cultivates by no means my intention. They are fresh in the To give in detail the horrors of the revolution, is minds of many--but the people of the colonies were rebels"-and it was the will of the " Lord's anointed," (as lying priests most impiously call their kings) that fire and sword should desolate the country.The writer of this article had nearly perished with his mother a short time before he was born.* A British grenadier gallantly attacked her with his bayonet, but she was saved as though by the interposition of Providence. Cases of this kind were not uncommon-the " rebels" had lost the " "gracious" protection of the king

The inagistracy has maintained its ancient reputation; it has painful duties to fulfil, but this has procured it a fresh title and claim to geral esteem.

The different departments of the chancery of state have rivalled each other in giving the quickest dispatch, compatible with the formalities required by our laws and customs, to all business which has coute mider their cognizance.

The secretary of state's department for church affairs, has since the 17th March, expedited nearly 600 canses, that of the interior 952, that of the finance and commerce 1653, and the war departinent 25,305.

The causes in final decision which has not yet been given, and In the south, the poor ignorant slave was called which are confined to a very moderate number in each department in comparison to the extent, coming under their several denomina, upon to cut the throat of his master, to destroy his tions, are cither of such a nature as to require your majesty's family, and conflagrate his dwelling. In the north, decision, or to be again brought forward for final determination, the sarage, thirsting for the blood of men, women

Should your majesty deign to recognize in the sketch which

I have laid before you, the desire which has actuated me to deserve and children, was let loose, and urged by unhalthe high confidence you have shewn towards me, this would prove, lowed gifts to carry on his relentless war. Who next to the joy I felt on your majesty's re-establishment, the most

pleasing recompense for all my pains. May Heaven, in accordance ever before heard of such allies of a christian nation? with my prayers, lengthen your majesty's days, and that Sweden. But rebellion is a high crime; and the "magnaniprotected by your virtues, sire, may find an unperishable guarantee mous" English felt justified in using all the means in the absolute devotion which my heart has avowed to your ma jesty, in the respectful attachment of my son, in the sanctity of the that "God and nature had put into their hands!" laws of state, in uprightness of public functionaries, and in the inion, the courage and the patriotion of all Sweden.

With the most sincere sentituents of attachment, and with the ruost profound respect I am, sir, your majesty's most humble and faithful subject and good son.

CHARLES JEAN.

"Palace at Stockholm, January 7, 1812."

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Nor were treaties observed with the "rebels.”. The most solemn compacts were violated without ceremony. The congress of seventy six have given infamous immortality to the name of Gage; who, but for his treachery and the record of it (like Erostatus and the decree of the Athenians) would have descended to the common mass of earth unheeded (see Weekly Register, vol. 1, page 94).

Treason, Rebellion, Revolution. In the early part of 1777, Dr. Franklin applied to "TREASON has never prospered, what's the reason? lord Stormont, the British minister at Paris, to "Iy--when it prospers, none do call it TREASON." lessen the horrors of war by a mutual exchange of The greater part of mankind estimate the meritsbassador receives no applications from rebels unless prisoners-but his lordship said, “the king's amof a cause by the success that attends it. HANCOCK implore his majesty's mercy." A short time and S. ADAMS, of glorious memory in the history after general Burgoyne and his army were captured of their country, and justly assuming pre-eminence and his murdering allies dispersed. The word in being, of all the American people, excluded from rebellion began to give way, and REVOLUTION was the royal mercy, might, and, perhaps, would have the phrase. The success of the contest changed expiated their noble daring of the scaffold, as TRAI the features of it. TORS. if toh! happy if!) the revolution had not been so gallantly prosecuted and sublimely concluded! These things are not mentioned to excite "old animosities" which some would so carefully guard And posterity, learning the character of these illus-us against. They are intended to apply to the events trious men from the historians of the conqueror of the present times. Yet this same England, who might have ranked them as the companions of Jack so barbarously opposed rebellion in America, gloried Cute and Wat Tyler!

Let us bring to memory a few of the early events of what the world now calls our revolutionary war. Ask the relatives of the basely slain at Paoli, W'yo

in a

sacred "revolution" that literally drove the " per on of majesty from her throne," and placed an * In 1777.

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