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list of names of the men composing the the crews of the vessels the president, for peace; that this was the ardent captured; it also states, that they were captured on voyages from

Philadelphia and Boston to Lisbon, laden with grain and Hour, by wish of all those who had been lately under the inthe division under the command of Monsr. Forretin, member ofluence of the Prophet, that they acknowledged the Legion of Honor, and that they were captured in pursuance of that it was the fault of that bad man, that the late the structions of the minister of marine and the colonies.

of the governosat; that the character of capt. Chew was such, as

The papers presented by Mr. Pitkin having been read→

Mr. P. said, that this statement, with the original document an-great calamity had fallen upon them. The princinexed, in the French language, and under the hand of the commo-pal Winebago chief of the party which had joined dore of the squadron, had been forwarded here, for the information the prophet, was present as the representative of to entitle him to full credit wherever he was known. Believing, the tribe. I informed him of the mischief which therefore, as he did, in the truth of his statements, and that the has been lately done by his tribe on the Mississippi, document annexed is genuine, he thought it his duty to present it! to the house for their information. The house, after hearing them and the apprehensions which were entertained of read, can dispose of them to the secretary of state, or otherwise, as further hostility from them. He has agreed to set they may think proper. out immediately for the residence of his tribe to inMr. M'Kim moved that they lie on the table, until time should form them of our having buried the tomahawk, and be afforded for the arrival of these persons in the United States, to bring one or two of the principal men to accomwhose testimony might confirm the facts stated. pany the chiefs of the other tribes in their visit to the president. He has promised candidly to explain to them the cause of the late action (in which they lost so many warriors) and the artifices which were practised upon them to engage in it. I do believe the Indians are sincere in their profession of friendship and desire for peace, and that we shall Resolved, That it is expedient to make provision by law for the have no further hostilities, unless it be from the payment of the following descriptions of claims, to wit:-1. Loan Winebagoes, who are so far removed, as to consioffice certificates; 2. Indents of interest on public debt; 3. Final

Mr. Pitkin also wished them to lie on the table, that they might be examined by the gentlemen, and receive that attention to which the importance of their contents night entitle them.

a

The papers were accordingly ordered to lie on the table. Mr. Wright, from the committee on military affairs, reported bill for the establishment of an ordnance department; which was

twice read and referred to a coinmittee of the whole.

The house proceeded to consider the report of the committee of the whole on the following resolution:

settlement of certificates; 4. Commissioners' certificates; 5. Army der themselves out of our reach. However, the certificates; 6. Credits given in lieu of army certificates cancelled; chief whom I have sent to them assures me that 7. Credits for the pay of the army for which no certificates were

issued; 8. Invalid pensious; 9. Lost or destroyed certificates: they will abandon all thoughts of hostilities as soon notwithstanding any statute of limitation to the contrary, under as he arrives among them. Teecumsee has returnsuch restrictions as shall ensure payment only to the original claimed and is much exasperated against his brother for

ant, his heirs, executors, or administrators."

Another resolution to instruct the committee of claims to enquire

The resolution was agreed to, and referred to the committee of his precipitancy. He blames him for throwing off claims to bring in a bill pursuant thereto. the mask before their plans were matured. He into the merit of revolutionary claims, was also agreed to; and sent me a short speech informing me of his return, sundry reports on such petitions were recommitted to the committee and that he was now ready to visit the president.I have informed the other Indians he may go with them, but not as their leader. They unanimously and vehemently declared they never more would listen to him."

of claius.

The bill for the organization of a corps of artificers, passed through a committee of the whole, Mr. Basset in the chair, was amended and ordered to be engrossed for a third reading. The house spent sometime in committee of the whole, Mr. Breckenridge in the chair, on the bill to amend the patent laws; about the usual hour of adjournment, the committee rose, reported progress, and obtained leave to sit again.

Wednesday March 25.-Some business of minor importance be ing trasmeted

more efficient.

Copy of a letter from governor Edwards to governor Scott.

Elvirade, Randolph county, Illinois territory, Feb. 13, 1812. The following resolution was adopted, on motion of Mr. Milnor, SIR-Governor Howard and myself have recentResolved, That the attorney-general of the United States be re-ly received information from various quarters, which quested to examine and report to this house whether the penal code of the United States requires any, and if any, what alterations, convinces both of us that formidable combinations amendments and additions, to render the same less sanguinary and of the savages will very shortly attack the frontiers of this and Louisiana territory. Under these cirThe house took up the message of the senate announcing the concurrence of that body in the report of the committee of cou- cumstances, I shall wish (if it shall eventually apference on the navy bill, as noticed in our last. The house con-pear to be necessary) to raise some volunteers in eurred in the report. Mr. Wright being desirous of calling up his bill on the subject the southern parts of the state of Kentucky, proof seainen, on motion of Mr. D. R. Williams the unfinished busi-vided the measure meets your approbation, which ness of yesterday was ordered to lie on the table. I most respectfully solicit.

And the house resolved itself into a committee of the whole, Mr. Ihave the honor to be, very respectfully, sir,

Breckenridge in the chair, on the bill for the protection, recovery
and indemnification of American seamen, Mr. Wright spoke near-your most obedient servant,
ly two hours in support of the bill; when the committee rose, re
gorted progress, and obtained leave to sit again.
[For Thursday's prooccedings see page 72.]

Indian affairs.

Extract of a letter from Governor Harrison, dated 4th March, 1812.

NINIAN EDWARDS.

His excellency governor Scott.
Extract of a letter dated Kaskaskia, February 18,
to a gentleman in Washington.

"I am sorry to find that we have the appearance of an Indian war on the Mississippi. I have just received information from Fort Madison that a par"I have the honor to inform you that the Indi- ty of Indians, supposed to be the Puorts (Wineba. ans mentioned in my letter of the 25th ult. arrived goes) and some of those that escaped from the batat this place on Saturday last. They delivered up ile of Tippecanoe, had killed a family of Americans their arms without the least hesitation. Yesterday about 100 miles below Fort Madison by the name and the day before, I met them in council. The of Neil, and declare that they will continue to deKickapoos, Winebagoes, and that part of the stroy all the Americans they meet with." Piankeshaw tribe which had joined the Prophet, had employed the Weas and Red River tribes to mediate with them; and a chief of the latter was the principal orator. He said that the whole winter had been occupied in sending messages to the different villages of the Patawattimies, Kickapoos, Miamis and Delawares, to consult upon the measures which were proper to be taken under the cir cumstances in which they were placed, and that it was unanimously agreed to supplicate their father,

"The prospect before us.'

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From all we can learn of the hopes, fears or expectations of the great men at Washington, war against England, or at least the adoption of measures that will immediately lead to it, may now be looked for daily. By procrastination, we have certainly lost the golden opportunity of striking a blow that might have given a speedier termination to the

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controversy, and allowed the enemy full time to the feeling of the British councils, savage and ob-Their disease has become so complete his arrangements for offensive or defensive durate as they are.-' operations :—indeed, before we can now be ready inveterate that it needs the severe operation of the to act with effect, even on the defensive, such sup actual cautery.” plies of troops and stores will pour into Canada, that a "rapid descent" FROM, rather than UPON, that country, may be anticipated, if the British think it prudent to tread the road that leads to Saratoga. But there is an end to mortal things; and procrastination must come to a close: It is generally agreed that war is inevitable-and if so, the sooner it is commenced, or, at least, actively prepared for, the better; because it will the sooner end.

The Chronicle, &c.

BALTIMORE, March 28, 1812. No further particulars relative to John Henry, or his plot, worthy of record, have transpired, except that Mr. Seaver, member of congress from Massachusetts, in a letter published in the Boston Patriot By the arrival of the British ketch Gleaner, at says, the signatures of lord Liverpool, sir James Annapolis, nothing has been received calculated to Craig and Mr. Peel are duly authenticated to be give the least hope of an amicable adjustment of genuine. The letter concludes with the following differences-on the contrary, it is stated on what paragraph"There was a stipulation on the part of govern

we esteem good authority, that Mr. Foster has or

ders to demand the cause and object of the hostilement, that the names of persons concerned with Henry, attitude this government has assumed, as has been in America, should not be insisted on; this was a customary in Europe. What answer can be given condition on which he consented to give up the by the secretary of state? It must be indefinite or papers. He expressly said, he never would, under evasive; and cannot be satisfactory to the British any circumstances, betray the confidence they had cabinet who, calculating upon a rupture, have placed in him-and that he should not have betrayed already ordered every vessel that is fit for service in-the confidence of the British government, if they had not been perfidious to him." to commission: they will strike the first blow, as their usage is, and it will fall heavily.

The National Intelligencer says

The Boston Patriot says-" It is a fact, that Mr. Coore, first aid-de-camp to sir Geo. Prevost, was in this town IN DISGUISE, within the recent period of two months!”

"As the Hornet sailed from England before the Gleaner, we cannot expect to receive by her any The Bank of America," with a capital of six information of a more satisfactory nature than that brought by the Gleaner; and the papers by the lat-millions, will probably receive a charter from the The act of incorporation ter vessel give no intimation of the repeal of the or-state of New York. ders in council. "Hope deferred maketh the heart passed the house of assembly by a majority of 19 sick." We are weary of hoping or expecting from votes, and will also pass the senate. The suspicion Great Britain any respect for our rights except of bribery, noticed in our last, was not supported; such as is extorted at the cannon's mouth. Let us and the house passed an unanimous vote exculpating then no longer deceive ourselves; the period is every member who voted for the bill from a suspiarrived when the rights and honor of our country cion of corruption. The price to be paid for the must be asserted by an appeal to arms, or ignomini-charter is given in page 17. The great aid thereby ously surrendered to the dictation of a foreign pow-afforded to the magnificent project of opening a er. The question of war is no longer a question of communication between the lakes and the Atlantic expediency. War or irretrievable disgrace appear by means of a canal, has, doubtless, been the chief to us to be the only alternatives in the choice of the cause of the success of the application a work that can have no parallel on the globe, if duly acAmerican government." complished, for extensive uility.

A letter to the editor of the Democratic Press from
Washington, says-

"It is understood there is

a British

spy who

London, and many places in the interior of England, appear to be in a most dreadful state, from murders, assassinations, robberies and riots, caused, no doubt, by the pressure of the times.— whole families have been cut off in London, and violent robberies are committed in the streets in

the middle of the day.

frequents the gallery of the house of representatives He followed Henry here. He is an old grey-headed veteran and has acted as aid de camp to general Prevost. Congress are beset, I have no doubt, with The like was never bea system of espionage co-extensive with British depravity. At three stations on the lakes the British fore heard of, though the government is most active The are building gun-boats, and a 20 gun ship is on the and vigilant to preserve the public safety. stocks at Malden. A new test is offered to the in habitants of Canada and those who will not take it greater part of Nottinghamshire is in a state of insurrection; the pretence is, the introduction of a ha leave to depart. The militia are organizing certain kind of weaving-frames calculated to lessen in that country and every thing savage and semimanual labor. "They are marshalled and disciSavage indicates an attack from that quarter. Ame rica has only to prevent the meditated blow by plined," says a Nottingham paper, “like a regular promptly meeting the crisis. The department of army, and are commanded by a leader, under whose war contemplate having 15,000 regulars in the field by the 1st of May. It is said colonel Fenwick has, in the short space of a fortnight, recruited 200 men in the vicinity of this city.

banners they swear to conquer or die!" Parties of militia are marching from the neighboring counties, the military force in Nottingham being insufficient to preserve tranquility. These disturbances have lasted a considerable time, and from the miserable state of the poor manufacturers there is no calculating when or where they will end, for the people appear as if in a state of literal starvation. The New-Hampshire.-The election for governor latebill rests on the principle of fair retaliation and rely took place in New Hampshire; all the returns prisals. If it can be carried into effect it will reach are not yet received, but the great probability is

"A bill for the protection, recovery and indemnification of American seamen, will, I expect, be acted on to day. It was reported by Mr. Wright, whose whole soul seems devoted to extend relief to these, our much suffering fellow citizens.

there has been no choice by the people, on account,verment issued an order directing that French of the scattering votes, chiefly given for Mr. Lang troops should be allowed to pass through the Ausdon, who had declined to serve. Mr. Plumer is sup- trian territories, and that provisions and other ne. ported by the republicans, and Mr. Gilman by the cessaries, should be afforded them. It is now said, federalists. In case neither has a majority of the that the French have assembled a powerful force on whole number of votes, the right of choice devolves the eastern confines of Hungary, and that in the upon the legislature, which is stated to have a large majority of republican members.

The bill for the admission of Louisiana into the union, has passed the house of representatives, with a provision to include within the limits of that state so much of the West Florida territory as lies west

of Pearl river.

A bill with the same title, also, passed its third reading in the senate. (Nat. Int.

event of hostilities with Russia, France in connection with an Austrian army, will come on the rear of the Russian army on the Danube, which has been fighting the Turks. This army, it is thought, Bonaparte will attempt to seize, and thus make Russia subscribe to such terms as he may choose to London paper.

dictate to her.

PRINCELY WOOINGS.-The archduke Francis of Austria, first cousin of the Emperor, has left Vienna for the purpose of marrying his niece the The pope. Upon the authenticity of the follow- eldest daughter of the king of Sardinia, having ing most important intelligence the public may con- obtained permission from the pope to set aside the fidently rely. His holiness the pope, having com- laws of consanguinity. The archduke is 35 years plied with the wishes of Bonaparte, by nominating old-the princess 29; and said to be a most beautito the vacant bishoprics in France and its depen-ful woman. They intend to take up their residence dencies, has been freed from restraint and granted a in England. palace at Parma in Italy. "SPANISH AMERICA."--A letter from Porto SPAIN-We have accounts of some important oc Rico says " We had the pleasure of seeing the arcurrences in Spain :-The strong fortifications of rival of a convoy in this port from Cadiz of-3,500 Ciudad Rodrigo were carried by assault on the night troops destined to Vera Cruz, they stated that 4000 of the 19th of January, after a siege of 12 days, by troops were ready to sail for the province of Venethe combined British and Portuguese armies, under zuela.

(London paper.

lord Wellington. It is to the credit of the allies that February 13th, the 10th instant, anchored in this this place held out against the French, under Masport a convoy from Cadiz and Corunna, with 4000 sena, for 76 days, during 16 of which their batteries troops destined to Caracas, they will sail without were opened. In the assault and during the siege delay on the 20th instant.”

64

the allies are stated to have lost 1100 men killed and In this we behold the ardent "patriotism” and libe· wounded, among whom were three British general spirit of the "regency" of Spain! What citizen rals, Mackinnon, Crawford, and Vandelear, the two of America can refuse his best wishes for the sucformer killed. Two thousand of the French garri-cess of endeavors so "holy?" The inquisition has son were killed, inand after the assault, 1700 were tak-been destroyed in Venezuela, and the "insurgents" en prisoners. As was anticipated, Valentia has fallen have doubted the infallibility of kings—and almost into the hands of Soult. In page 16, the defeat of sacrilegiously thinking they could best manage their Blake is noticed, after which he shut himself up in own affairs, they adopted a government for themthis city-Soult entered it the latter end of January, selves without the consent of the huge "patriots" and Blake and his army of 16,000 men were made of Cadiz!-Now is the time for the liberty-loving prisoners. It is further stated that the Cortes have English, the magnanimous Portuguese and the loyformed a new regency, and put the duke del Infan-al inhabitants of the United States, to unite in a tado at the head of it; which has given great confi- crusade, to restore “ORDER, RELIGION and Law” dence to the people. The siege of Cadiz continues to the fertile regions of "Spanish America !"-to ineffective. Lord Wellington has commenced of be aiding and assisting in the "gallant struggle" fensive operations in Spain, and said to have greatly to resist Bonaparte,the “ tyrant !”— Let all unite disconcerted the affairs of the French, who contem-in hosannas to the name of “glorious" Ferdinand, plated he would confine himself to the defence of and cry-be freedom destroyed! Portugal only. A violent storm commenced here But to quit the language of irony, which the case on the 1st of Feb. and lasted three days, during which upwards of 100 vessels, English and Ameried at this act of the Cadiz junta, believing it will so justly merits, we are rather pleased than offendcan, went on shore on the French side. The artil cement and consolidate the interests and feelings of lery and stores found in Ciudad Rodrigo are given all the people of Venezuela, &c. and give strength and energy to the new governments. The enemy will have a warm reception; and hundreds of them, secing the prosperity and happiness of the new world, will become faithful citizens, and gallant defenders of its soil. From the present aspect of affairs, it is more than probable that the United State; will soon acknowledge the republics of south America, as free sovereign and independent states. If so, our western citizens can and will give such Jaid to the patriots of Mexico, as may enable them to expel their bloody tyrants. It would be a “harvest

as follows:

Brass twenty-four pounders
Cannon balls of all sizes
Grape shot

113 79.064

20,194

Barrels of gun-powder

5,400

Cartridges

500,000

Carriages, waggons, &c.

Muskets with their bayonets

Musket flints

Battering pieces

107 8,365 364,760

53

And a great variety of other stores. SICILY. It is intimated that the former goodjo understanding between Sicily and Great Britain has been restored. The British troops on that island make occasional excursions upon the Neapolitan coasts, with general success.

glory," ave, and of profit too, to the hardy repubcans resident beyond the Alleghanies; and its success would open a trade for themselves, and for their fellow citizens of the Atlantic states, far more Incrative than any heretofore enjoyed by the United FRANCE AND RUSSIA.-Our readers will recol States ;--a vast field for enterprize, would be of enlect that about two months ago, the Austrian go-ed, and we naturally should enjoy its first fiaits.

Governor Tompkins of New-York, has issued a December :-Spain 337,000 muskets, 4,600 carbines proclamation offering $750 reward for the appre- 8600 pistols, 101,000 sets of infantry accoutrements, hension of one John Martin, charged with attempt 50,000,000 ball cartaidges, 8,500,000 lead balls, ing to bribe certain members of the New-York le- 35,900 powder barrels. Portugal, 434,008 muskets, gislature, to induce them to vote for the incorpora- 600 carbines, 21,200 rifles, 6900 pistols,50,000 sets of tion of the six million bank. accoutrements, 11,607,000 ball cartridges, 60,000

A manufactory of PINS, as it seems, on a liberal lead balls, and 30,000 powder barrels. scale, has been established at New York. They are said to be equal to the English.

A HINT FOR THE CONGRESS.

From the London Courier.

Mr. Porter's description of the views and feelings of the committee of foreign relations in the Ameri⚫ In the year 1778 the king of Prussia marched in can house of representatives, is insufficiently warlike. There are hard words and blustering me. person against the emperor, at the head of 200,000 men. His motion was made with so much secrecy, The worthy interpreter of the committee that it was not known till carried into execution, as seems to act upon the advice of sir Toby in the the following laconic card left in his cabinet, address-play-" And as thou draw'st swear horribly; for it ed to the minister, sufficiently testifies : comes to pass oft, that a terrible oath, with a swag.

naces.

"You will find money enough in the treasury gering accent sharply twang'd off, gives manhood for the public supplies; I trust in God-I shall not more approbation than even proof itself could have be long absent, as I am only gone on a small excur-earned him." We are threatened with a naval war! sion, in order to teach a young gentleman in the The American navy is to destroy our trade with the neighborhood his military exercise.

FREDERIC."

colonies! They hold a sword over our resources that will cut them to the quick! Canada is to yield to their arms, and a country from which we import G00,000,000 (125 millions sterling! such is the statement of Mr. Porter !!!) is to be conquered at once.

LONDON, January, 28, 1812. Every ship of war fit for service is ordered to be got ready. Among these are:-The Albion, Ramillies, Montagu, and Asia, line of battle ships at According to the American committee, it is to be Chatham. The Impregnable, 98; Superb and Ex- a war of unvarying success and glory to the United cellent, 74; Timon and Pomone, 38, at Portsmouth. States, and of constant defeat and ruin to Great The Ocean, 98; Spencer, 74; Revolutionaire, 38: Britain-For Mr. Porter never hints at the possibiand Devastation, bomb, at Woolwich. The Ne- lity of reverses to his own country. He never mesis, 28; Savage sloop, and Sentinel, and Olym- thinks it possible that every American ship may be pia cutters, at Sheerness. swept froin the ocean; her harbours blockaded ;The late governor Craig has thus bequeathed his her commerce ruined altogether. A more noisy, property. To the earl of Harrington, £80,000; silly, blustering speech-a speech more unstatesto colonel Stanhope, (the earl of Harrington's bro. man-like we never read. But perhaps the Ameri ther) £5,000; and to the duchess of Newcastle can committee meant little more than to bully. Mr. (sister to the foregoing legatees) £5,000. It is un-Porter is against entering into the war prematurely derstood that he has left his fine collection of pic-Aye, take council again; second thoughts will be best. If America spreads the cloth, we may furnish some dishes to the feast which her guests may not relish.

tures to lord H.

House of Commons, January 24. AMERICA.-Mr. Whitebread asked the chancellor of the exchequer, whether he had any objections to the publication of the correspondence between the American and British governments.

Mr. Perceval said, he certainly should object to such publication, until some decided compromise had taken place.

Mr. Whitebread then gave notice, that he should take an early opportunity of making a motion on this subject.

The Courier is the chief ministerial paper.
ED. REG.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

Thursday, March, 26.—Mr. Seaver presented the report and resolution of the legislature of Massachusetts relative to supplying the Indians with blankets and the army with clothing. Referred to

the secretary of war.

Mr. Wright from the committee of conference ORDERS IN COUNCIL-Mr. Brougham gave no appointed on the part of the house to confer with a tice, that he should, after the removal of the re-similar committee of the senate on the disagreement strictions from the prince regent, move, that an humble address be presented to his royal highness, to rescind the orders in council, and the system of Leensing.

It is expected that the line of battle ships at Ports mouth, will be ordered to take a reinforcement of troops to Portugal. They are fitting for sea with more than ordinary celerity.

Several transports are going to the Mediterranean with the Furieuse, laden with ordinance stores of every description: amongst which 20,000 stand of arms, 10,000 sabres, 1000 barrels of powder, and a great quantity of ball cartridge, form a part. The transports go direct to Minorca. The arms it is understood, are intended for a legion of Greeks, which is raising in the Ionian Isles, and for the Spaniards in Catalonia.

The following is a statement of the arms shipped

of the two houses on the quarter master's bill, made a report, which was confirmed by the house and thus the bill has passed both houses.

in New Orleans for one belonging to the Ursuline The engrossed bill for exchanging a lot of ground Nuns, was read a third time and passed.

Mr. Wright called for his bill respecting American seamen. Refused.

The house went into committee of the whole general Breckenridge in the chair, on the patent hill. The question pending before the committee fourteen to twenty-one years. was, on extending the time of holding a patent from

[The proceedings thereon will be noticed hereaf ter; no decision was had.]

"The History of the Invasion of Portugal by from the Tower, for Spain and Portugal, to the 31st Bonaparte," is laid off for next week.

VOL. II.]

BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, APRIL 4. 1812.

No. 31.

Hæc olim meminisse juvabit.-VIRGIL.

Printed and published by H. NILES, Water-street, near the Merchants' Coffee-House, at $5. per annum•

Interesting British

papers, &c.

Letter from the prince regent to the duke of York.

graph, in so far as we may venture to suppose ourselves includeď

in the gracious wish which it expressses, we owe it, in obedience and duty to his royal highness, to explain ourselves with frankness and sincerity. We beg leave most earnestly to assure his royal "My dearest Brother," As the restrictions on the exercise of highness, that no sacrifices, except those of honor and duty, could the royal authority will shortly expire, when I must make my appear to us too great to be made, for the purpose of healing the arrangements for the future administration of the powers with divisions of our country, and unite both its government and its which I am invested, I think it right to communicate these senti- people. All personal exclusions we entirely disclaim: we rest on ments which I was withheld from expressing at an earlier period of public measures; and it is on this ground alone that we faust CXthe session, by my warnest desire, that the expected motion on Press, without reserve, the impossibility of our uniting with the the affairs of Ireland might undergo the deliberate discussion of present government. Our differences of opinion are too many and parliament, unmixed with any other consideration. too important to admit of such an union. His royal lighuss will,

Into

"I think it hardly necessary to call your recollection to the we are confident, do us the justice to remember, that we have recent circumstances under which I assumed the authority delega- twice already acted on this impression; in 1869, on the propo ition ted to me by parliament. At a moment of unexampled difficulty then made to us under his majesty's authority, and last year, when and danger, I was called upon to make a selection of persons to his royal highness was pleased to require our advice respecting the The reasons which we the o whom I should entrust the functions of the executive govern-formation of a new government. ment. My sense of duty to our royal father, solely decided that humbly submitted to him are strengthened by the increasing dan choice; and every private feeling gave way to considerations which ers of the times; nor has there, down to the present moinent, admit of no doubt or hesitation.-I trust I acted in that respect as appeared even any approximation towards such an agreement of the genuine representative of the august person whose functions I opinion on the public interests, as can alone form a basis for the was appointed to discharge, and I have the satisfaction of knowing honorable union of parties previously opposed to each other. that such was the opinion of persons, for whose judgment and the detail of those differences we are unwilling to enter; they honorable feelings I entertain the highest respect in various instan- embrace almost all the leading features of the present prey of ces as you well know. When the law of the last session left me at the empire: but his royal highness has, himself, been pleased to full liberty, I waved any personal gratification, in order that his advert to the late deliberations of parliament on the affairs of majesty might resume, on his restoration to health, every power Ireland. The subject is above all others, important in itself, and and prerogative belonging to his crown. I certainly am the last connected with the most pressing dangers. Far from concurring in person in the kingdom to whom it can be permitted to despair of the sentiments which his majesty's ministers have on that vera. our royal father's recovery. A new era is now arrived, and Ision, so recently expressed, we entertain opinions directly opposite; cannot but reflect with satisfaction, on the events which have dis-we are firmly persuaded of the necessity of a total change the tinguished the short period of my regency.-Instead of suffering present system of that country, and of the immediate repeal of in the loss of her possessions by the gigantic force which has been those civil disabilities under which so large a portion of his majesty's employed against them, Great Britain has added most important subjects still labor on account of their religious opinions. To re acquisitions to her empire. The national faith has been preserved commend to parliament this repeal, is the first advice which it inviolable towards our allies; and if character is strength as applied would be our duty to offer to his royal highness, could we even for to a nation, the increased and increasing reputation of his majesLay in the prospect of a measure, without which we could entertain the shortest time, make ourselves responsible for any farther des ty's arms will shew to the nations of the continent how much they no hope of rendering ourselves useful to his royal highness, or to may achieve when animated by a glorious spirit of resistance to a foreign yoke. In the critical situation of the war in the peninsula, convey to the prince regent, the expression of our warmest wishes the country. We have only further to beg your royal highness to I shall be most anxious to avoid any measure which can lead my for whatever may best promote the case, bonor and advantage of allies to suppose that I mean to depart from the present system. his royal highness's government, and the success of his endeavors Perseverance alone can achieve the great obje et in question; and I cannot withhold any approbation from those who have honorably for the public welfare. We have the honor to be, &c. distinguished themselves in support of it. I have no predilection to indulge-no resentment to gratify-no objects to attain but such as are common to the whole empire. If such is the leading principle of my conduct-aud I can appeal to the past as evidence of what the future will be-I flatter myself I shall meet with the support of parliament, and of a candid and enlightened nation. Having made the cominunication of my sentiments in this new The prince of Wales considers the moment to be arrived which and extraordinary crisis of our affidrs, I cannot conclude without calls for his decision with respect to the person to be employed by him in the administration of the executive government of the expressing the gratification I should feel, it some of those persons with whom the early habits of my life were formed, would strength-country, according to the powers vested in him by the bill passed en my hands and constitute a part of my government. With such the two houses of parliament, and now on the point of receiv support, and aided by a vigorous and united administration, formed ing the sanction of the great seal.

(Signed)

To his royal highness the duke of York.

"GREY.
"GRENVILLE."

Letter of the prince regent to Mr. Perceval, dated Carlton House
February 4, 1812.

on the most liberal basis, I shall look with additional confidence to a The prince feels it incumbent upon him, at the present june prosperous issue of the most arduous contest in which Britain wasture, to communicate to Mr. Perceval his intention not to remove ever engaged. You are authorised to communicate these sentiments from their stations those whom he finds there, as his majesty's to lord Grey, who, I have no doubt, will make them known to and sincerity of his character, which, he trusts, will appear in every official servants. At the same time, the prince owes it to the truth Jord Grenville. "I am always, my dearest Frederick, your ever affectionate action of his life, in whatever situation placed, explicitly to declare (Signed) that the irresistible impulse of filial duty and affection to his be loved and afflicted father, leads him to dread that any act of the

brother,

Carlton-House, February 13, 1812.

GEORGE P. R.

P.S.--I shall send a copy of this letter immediately to Mr. regent might, in the smallest degree, have the effect of interfering Perceval."

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with the progress of his sovereign's recovery. This consideration alone dictates the decision now communicated to Mr. Perceval. Having thus performed an act of indispensable duty, from a just Letter of lords Grey and Grenville in answer to the above:- sense of what is due to his own consistency aud honor, the prince "February 15, 1812. has only to uld, that among the many blessings to be derived from "Sir,-We beg leave most humbly to express to your royal high his majesty's restoration to health and to the personal exercise of ness our dutiful acknowledgments of the gracious and condescend- his rayal functions, it will not, in the prince's estimation, he the ing manner in which you have had the goodness to communicate least, that that most fortunate event will at once rescue bin from a to us the letter of his royal highness the prince regent, on the sul situation of unexampled embarrassment, and put an end to a state ject of the arrangements to be now made for the future adminis- of alfairs, ill calculated, he fears, to sustain the interests of th tration of the public affairs, and we take the liberty of availing kingdom, in this awiol and perilous crisis, and most diffienit to be ourselves of your gracious permission, to address to your royal reconciled to the genuine principles of the British constitution. highness in this form what has occurred to us in cons quence of that communication. The prince regent, after expressing to your royal highness in that letter his sentiments on various pidie matters, has in the concluding paragraph, condescended to intimate

Orders in Council.

his wish, that some of those persons with whom the early habits In the English house of commons on the 13th of February. Mr. of his life were formed would strengthen his royal highness's Whitebread brought forward his promised motion for the produc hands, and constitute a part of his government: and his royal tion of papers relating to the orders in council. Mr. W. in hig highness is pleased to add, that with such support, aided by a speech entered into a discussion of the merits of the orders, and of vigorous and united administration, formed on the most liberal their bearing upon America.

basis, he would look with additional confidence to a prosperous issue Mr. Perceval (the premier) replied to Mr. Whitebread. From the of the most arduous contest in which Britain has ever been engag declaration of the minister in his speech, we have no hope of the ed. On the other parts of his royal highness's letter we do not repeal of the orders in council. The following are extracted from presume to offer any observations, but in the concluding para the speech

VOL. II.

F

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