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Hæc olim meminisse jurabit.--VIRGIL.

No. 32.

Printed and published by H. NILES, Water-street, near the Merchants' Coffee-House, at $5. per annum.

Legislature of New.York.

To the honorable the Assembly and

Senate of the state of New-York,

[public sentiment, will I fear, however unjustly, attribute its passage, in some degree to the influence of such inducements.

Under such persuasion, I entertain the most fearful apprehen sions that the confidence of the people in the purity and independence of legislation will be fatally impaired; our representative system, which has been devised for us by our sages and wisest jurists as a safe-guard for our security, our property and our liberty, Gentlemen,-The constitution of this state has vested in the ultimately destroyed; and this great and populous state jose her governor thereof, a discretion to prorogue the assembly and senate, just importance and influence in the destinies of the United States. from time to time, provided such prorogations shall not exceed It gives nae sincere anxiety and pain to reflect, that many indivisixty days in the space of any one year. It was doubtless intended dual inconveniences will result from a prorogation of the legislature by the wise and patriotic framers of that sacred instrument, that at this time; yet these inconveniences do nor compare with the this power should be exercised on all occasions when, in the opinion public considerations which induce this measure. of the executive, the public good would be promoted by it.

Solemnly impressed with the importance of the preceding col

I entertain a perfect conviction, that the exercise of the above siderations, and feeling that the morals, the honor and the dignity mentioned prerogative at the present time, is not only a sacred of the state require it-and in order that time may be afforded for and indispensible duty which I owe to the community, but that it reflection, and for the complete ascertainment of publie sentiment will have a tendency to awaken enquiry, and to produce a degre upon a measure fraught with such important consequences, I of information which under existing circumstances, cannot fail to have deemed it proper to prorogue, and I do hereby prorogue the be useful and important in deciding, ultimately, upon some of the assembly and senate until the twenty-first day of May next, then most important measures now pending before the legislature. to meet in the capitolin the city of Albany.

Given under my hand, and the privy seal of the state of
New-York, at the city of Albany, this twenty-seventh day of

I am not unmindful of the magnitude and responsibility of the duty discharged by this message; and, therefore, beg leave to assign some of the most prominent reasons which have impelled me (L. S.) March, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred to its performance.

and twelve.


You are apprised, gentlemen, that some years since it was ascer tained, beyond any reasonable doubt, that corrupt inducements were held out to members of the legislature in order to obtain their votes in favor of an incorporation of a banking institution in the city of New-York; and the very strong and general suspicion, that At a general meeting of the republican members of the legislature, the emoluments tendered were, in certain instances, accepted, inflicted a deep wound upon the honor of the state and upon the purity and independence of legislation.

held at the senate chamber, in the city of Albany, on the 27th of March 1812-the honorable JOHN TAYLOR was chosen chairman, and W. ROSS, secretary.

At the last session of the legislature, an act was passed incorpo-The following resolutions were unanimously agreed to, and signed rating the late Jersey bank; and although there has been as yet no by the members present.

judicial investigation as to the alleged improper means made use The prorogation of the senate and assembly, by his excellency of to obtain that act, there is a very general public opinion, that the governor, on this day, having been read and debates thereon unwarrantable attempts were resorted to on that occasion to influ-hadResolved unanimously, That this meeting highly approve the

ence, unduly, the then members of the legislature.

With respect to the bill for the incorporation of another bank in same, and that they regard it as an act emanating from the purest the city of New-York, by the name of the Bank of America, now virtue and the soundest policy. And that this executive measur› before the senate, many, and forcible objections, exist against it; and was rendered imperiously necessary to save uncontaminated and I cherished the hope that the considerations which I had the honor spotless the purity of legislation, and the honor of this great, rich to suggest to the legislature at the commencement of the present and prosperous state.

session, would have had their due influence. In corroboration of Resolved unanimously, That the incorporation of the bank called those considerations, I might avail myself of this occasion to remark, the bank of America, would have been an impolitic measure, not that the bill now before the senate establishes, in the city of New-warrinted by the public exigencies; and that by concentrating in York, a bank with a capital of six millions of dollars; that five so unprecedented a manner, the enormous capital of six wilhous millions thereof may be subscribed by the stockholders of the late of dollars owned principally by foreigners, and managed by direc bank of the United States; without any provision which gives a tors, a majority of whom are hostile to the republican party, might preference to the citizens of the United States; and thus foreign have produced consequences the most injurious to the best interest stockholders may be admitted, in the discretion of the directors, to of our ecuntry.

Monopolize the stock, and consequent controui, of the intended Resolved unanimously, That the school fund owes its existence bank, and thereby acquire a dangerous influence in the monied to a republican legislature; that it has been cherished, supported operations and other important concerns of the state. and increased by the republicna party; and that we should adopt

The banking capital in the city of New-York now exceeds nine with promptitude and zeal every anethod to enlarge that fund for millions of dollars. This capital, in the most flourishing state of the purpose of dilasing the blessings of education, morals and our commerce, has been found adequate to commercial purposes, religion to the rising generation; but we never can and never will The United States, we apprehend, are on the verge of a war with consent to increase that sacred fund, by bartering away the liberties Great Britain, in deace of our rights, our national honor, and of the people, by prostrating our republican institutions, and more our independence; and commerce is consequently rearly suspended. especially by destroying all coufidence on the part of the people in Can it be wise, then, to increase our banking capital in an unpre-their representatives.

cedented manner, at a time when we have only a very limited and And whereas representations under oath have been made of correstricted commtree left? Can it be prudent or safe, at such a time rupt attempts to seduce several members of the legislature to vote to employ British capital, and subject ourselves to its deleterious in favor of the incorporation of the said bank: Therefore, influence in thwarting the operations of our own government, in Resolved unanimously, That had the said bill passed without any a just and necessary war with Great Britain? It appears to me that it would be unwise and impolitic.

further investigation into the alleged attempts at corruption, it would justly have destroyed the confidence of the people in the discernment or the virtue and purity of the legislature; and thus the representative system, the boast of our virtuous patriots, and the palladium of our rights, would be endangered if not subverted,

When I contemplate the erection of a new bank in the city of New-York with so enormous and unusual a capital; when I per ceive the resuscitation within this state of half the whole capit of the late United States bank; and when I view the power which Resolved, That his excellency the governor merits our warmest that bank is to concentrate in the hands of a few individuals, I thanks and the gratitude of his country, for the firin stand he has cannot but feel the most lively appehensions for the safety of all taken, and the exercise of a power, wisely given hem by the constiother banking institutions, and of our most inestimable political tution, of returning the representatives of the peo, le to the people institutions. themselves, to the end that information may be collected to guide But these considerations became less important when compared the final decision on the said bill; and that we do ot and cannot with others, to which it is my painful duty here to adve.t. believe, if the opinion of the public should be adv. rse to the mea It appears by the journals of the assembly, that attempts have sure, that the representatives will set that opinion at naught, and been made to corrupt by bribes, four members of that body, to vote boldly proceed in defiance of the general will. for the passage of the bill to incorporate the aforesaid bank; and it Resolved, That in a free government every citizen has a right also appears, by the journals of the senate, that an improper at-to form and express opinions on subj, ets connected with the public tempt has been made to influence one of the senators to vote for welfare; and although we sincerely regret that any of our repub the bill. Far hy it from ne to insinuate that improper considera-lican fellow-citizens, free from the influence of improper motives, s have induced any member of the legislature to vote for the have differed from us in opinion on the present subject, yet we do sa bill, yet, should its final passage now take place, before not mean to consider them as aliens from the republican party, the persons implicated in holding out the before mentioned induce but shall willingly consign that difference to oblivion on their ments shall have been judicially tried, and without cons ding the niting with us in promoting the great interests of the state. feigs and opinion of the community at large upon the subject. Resolved, That this meeting proceed immediately to wait on his BOL. II.


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the last session.

3d. That foreign stockholders may be admitted, in the discretion of the directors, to monopolize the stock and consequent control of the Bank of America, and thereby acquire a dangerous influence in the monied operations and other important concerns of the state.

4th. That being on the verge of a war with Great Britain, the incorporation of the Bank of America would be an unwise and a dangerous measure.

5th. That the safety of other banking institutions might be en dangered by the incorporation of the bank in question.

6th, and lastly. That attempts had been made to corrupt, by bribe, four members of the assembly, and one member of the senate. On this interesting occasion, we shall be pardoned for entering into an investigation of the foregoing reasons, offered by his excellency.

We cannot conceive that either the first or second reason could have any influence on the present question. Admitting even the Merchant's and Jersey banks to have been unduly incorporated, a fact of which we have no knowledge, and not now necessary to be do termined, how can that affect the propriety of incorporating the Bank of America? Does it necessarily follow that the corruption of one legislature shall be visited on another; or that succeeding k gislatures are to be made responsible for the acts of their predeces

Of the republican members of the legislature of the state of New-sors? We could also ask, whether it was decorous and proper for the York, who voted in favor of the incorporation of the Bank of excentive to cast any imputations of corruption, and that merely


To their Fellow-Citizens;

The 4th reason of his excellency is, in our opinion, an extraordi nary one. We should think the circumstance, if true, of our being on the verge of war with Great Britain, should rather encourage the institution of a bank which brings into, and secures to this state, six millions of specie, than an objection to it.

from public report, on the act of any legislature? Does it comport with the respect and dignity due to the legislative powers of a state, His excellency the governor having deemed it his duty, by a mes-tor the executive to assail their independence, by calling their pu sage this day delivered to both branches of the legislature, to pro-rity in question? As well might the legislature resort to simular rogue the assembly and senate until the 21st day of May next," it charges on the executive, and thus produce an unceasing hostility equally becomes a duty which we owe to our constitueuts, our coun-between the different branches of the government. try, and ourselves, to explain the motives which have induced us to The 3d reason offered by his excellency must have arisen from a support the measure alleged by his excellency to be the cause of misconception of the bill for incorporating the bank of America: this extraordinary exercise of an authority long dormant and never for by the terms of that bill, foreign stockholders are excluded from intended to be exercised to defeat a constitutional legislative measure all share in the direction of the bank, they being declared incapar Before, however, we enter into an examination of the merits of ble of voting for directors thereof. the bill, the passage of which is represented by his excellency as inconsistent with the morals, the honor and the dignity of the state," we shall briefly premise, that his excellency has, on this occasion, perhaps hastily and unadvisedly set up his own opinion as opposed to a majority of the immediate representatives of the people in both branches of the legislature. This might perhaps, have been deem- The 5th reason is, if possible, still more singular. There are al ed admissible; but when insinuations so highly derogatory to the ready in the city of New-York, five different banking institutions; dignity of the legislature are made as those contained in his message, and yet it is a fact which defies all sophistry, that not a single ro we think his excellency does not evince that high respect for the monstrance has appeared from any of the said banks. We humbly majesty of the people which is due to them. Especially when it is presume that those banks are better acquainted with their own in recollected, that after a most patient and laborious application, the terests than his excellency can possibly be; and surely if the dan reports which gave rise to those insinuations had been previously ger to those banks was so apparent as to alarm the good citizens of declared to be groundless. If crimination and recrimination are to this state, they who are so deeply interested in its welfare would not be resorted to, what could possibly prevent one branch of the go-be blind to the fact which forms so prominent a feature in his exvernment at any time, from impeaching the motives of another, in cellency's message. order to establish any favorite object, or defeat any obnoxious nica- The 6th reason of his excellency is either a libel on the purity and sure, without reference to the interests of the state. What would intelligence of the legislature, or an evidence of the unsoundness of prevent the assembly from declaring the senate to be corrupt, and the reasons to which he has resorted. The bill was passed in the the senate, while retorting the same charge upon the assembly, to assembly by a majority of nineteen, and yet the governor states that include his excellency the governor, and declare him to be biassed offers having been made to four of its members to corrupt their inby improper influence, and actuated by a spirit of intolerance little tegrity, and which he does not say were accepted, are a sufficient short of the examples tornished in the history of England, of corrupt cause for the prorogation, and this too after a solemn investigatioa kings dissolving their parliaments, for their unyielding integrity by the assembly and their unanimous vote that no corruption had and invincible patriotisia? The power of prorogation is a remnant been made use of to promote the incorporation of said bank. of royal authority which has crept into our constitution, and being His excellency also adds, that an attempt was made to corrupt the so considered, has been suff red to slumber under the administra-integrity of a senator. But we would ask, by what authority does tions of governors Clinton, Jay and Lewis. That venerable patriot his excellency make this assertion? Had he perused the journals of who now fills the second office in the union, never exercised that the scate, he would have perceived that the charge was expressly odious and extraordinary power, although occasions more important negatived, not only by the oath of the accused, but by the conc than the present may have been presented during an administrarent eaths of four members of the legislature, two of whom have tion of twenty-one years. Nay, let it be recollected, that one, and a voted against the bank.

very influential motive which animated our forefathers to declare But once for all, we here take occasion solemnly to protest against the inselves independent was, that the king of Great Britain had the unprecedented declarations of the governor, impeaching the i dissol edr presentative houses repeatedly for opposing with mantegrity of the legislature. We protest against it, as being indeco ly firuness, is invasions on the rights of the people." And also, rous and unjust-as being a breach of the privileges of the legisla for suspening our own legislatures." Sorry indeed are we that a ture, which might be justly punishable in an ordmary individual, as power so odious in the days of the revolution, should have been re-a contempt against the sovereign power of this state. We would Sorted to by the first magistrate of a free and independent people, ask, by what authority such communications are made? By what And that rigt is increased when we consider that the council of authority has the governor of this state the exclusive power to revision, a third branch of the legislature, of a hich his excellency is charge the legislature with insinuations which in any other indiv a constitutional part, still remained to correct the errors of the se-dual would be deemed a daring violation of the respect due to the nate and assembly. If the measure which induced a prorogation constituted authorities of this state?

was pregnant with so many evils, could not his excellency contide in We shall now offer to our constituents and the state, some of the integrity of the highest judicial characters ofour state to prevent reasons which influenced us in giving our votes in favor of the in its passige? Were they abo, they who are the constitutional guard-corporation of the Bank of America." On this part of the subject, ians of the rights, the property and the lives of our citizens prestar we shall be brief.

ed to be corrupt? Wef rbeat answering the question. We submit We supported the bank in question, because, it to the good sense and discretion of our countrymen.

1. We supposed the measure calculated to increase the funds of Without expr. ssing any decided opinion as to the constitutional this state, by a gratuity of 600,000 dollars, and a loan of 2,000,000 power of the governor to prorogue the legislature, when regularly dollars, at a reduced interest, whenever the exigencies of the state convened by law, we hesitate not, however, to say, that so long as might require it.

serious doubt could be entertained as to that power, his execileney 2. Because it had a tendency to diffuse the blessings of know should, in our opinion, have hesitated before he adventured upon a ledge, by education among the poorer classe. of our citizens, by measure, pregnant as a precedent, with alarming consequences, and supporting common schools, for which the present fund is very in quite novel in the annals of American legislation. Tadequate.

3. Because the commerce and navigation of the state might be 1st. Books for receiving subscription to a loan of eleven millions Promoted by opening canals, &c. and improving our internal navi-of dollars for the use of the United States shall be opened on the gation. first day of May next.

4. Because it brought into, and secured to this state, a specie capital of five millions of dollars, which, in case of war, would be of vast importance to us.

5. Because the contemplated bank was to be restricted in the is suing of paper to the amount of its specic capital, whereas every other bank is permitted to issue paper to three times the amount of its capital.

6. Because, no foreigners could vote, either in person or by proxy, for any of its directors, whereas, in other banks no such restriction


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We, therefore, the undersigned, members of the senate and assembly of the state of New-York, couceiving the message of his

At Portsmouth, New-Hampshire: at the Union Bank.
At Boston, Massachusetts: at the State Bank,

Union Bank:
Massachusetts Bank.

At Providence, Rhode-Island: at the Roger Williams Bank.
At Hartford, Connecticut: at the Bank of Hartford.
At the city of New-York: at the Manhattan Company,
Mechanicks' Bank.

At Philadelphia: at the Bank of Pennsylvania,

Farmers' and Mechanicks' Bank.
At Baltimore: at the Bank of Baltimore,

Commercial and Farmers' Bank.
At the city of Washington: at the Office of the Bank of Columbia.
At Richmond, Virginia: at the Bank of Virginia.
At Charleston, S. Carolina: at the State Bank,

Planters and Mechanicks' Bank. excellency, proroguing the legislature, to be unwarrantable in point which books shall continue open for receiving subscriptions during of fact, and unprecedented in the annals of American legislation, the ordinary hours of transacting business at the said banks for two do, respectfully, yet firmly and decidedly, remonstrate and protest-days. If more than eleven millions of dollars in the whole shall be against it, as interrupting the ordinary course of legislation, pro- subscribed, the surplus shall be deducted in proportion to the sim ducing great and unnecessary expence to the state, and inconveni- subscribed in each place respectively, by a deduction of the subs ence to its inhabitants, and as opposed to every principle which scriptions exceeding four thousand dollars. should regulate a free and enlightened republic.

Sylvanus Smalley

Samuel Haight

Waller Martin

Elijah H. Metcalf

Samuel Woodworth

Jonathan Stanley, jun'r

Billy Trowbridge

John Reddington

Luther Rich

Rudolph I. Shoemaker

William Darrow.

Edward P. Livingstan

Elisha Arnold

R. Humphrey

John Ely
Halsey Rogers
Morgan Lewis
Lyman Hall

Robert Burch

Kirchel Bishop
William Taber
Humphrey Howland
Zacheus Colby
Stephen Close
John Kirtland

James Hill

Simon Savre
Barnet Mooney.

20. For every hundred dollars which may be subscribed, there shall be paid, at the time of subscribing, the sum of twelve dollars and fifty cents, on the fifteenth day of each of the ensuing months of June, July, August, September, October, November and Decem ber, one thousand eight hundred and twelve, respectively. Each subscriber, at the time of paying any of the above justalments after the first, may pay all or any of the subsequent instalments, and will be entitled to receive interest at the rate of six per centuin per annum on the amount thus paid from the time of actual payment.

3d. On the failure of payment of any instalment of the sums subscribed according to the tenor of the second article, the next pre ceding instalment of twelve dollars and fifty cents which shall have been paid for every hundred dollars subscribed shall be forfeited to the U. States.

Several other republican members who voted for the bill, left greater sum than eleven millions of dollars being subscribed, con town before the address was prepared.

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4th. If any subscriptions shall be reduced in consequence of a formably to the first article, the amount of such reduction to be: forthwith returned to the subscribers from whom such reduction shall have been made.

5th. Each subsequent instalment must be paid at the same bank at which the original subscription was made, and where the first ins stalment was paid.

oth. For such sums or number of shares of one hundred dollars, as may be subscribed, the cashiers of the respective banks, within twen ty days after the time of subscribing, shall give certificates stating the sums subscribed and payment made, and on which the pay. ments of the subsequent instalments when made shall be respective. ly endorsed; which certificates shall be assigable by endorsement and delivery of the parties in whose favor they may be issued, until the completion of the payments required by the tenor of the second article.

7th. After the completion of the payments aforesaid, the proprie tors of the certificates of the cashiers, on which such payments have been completed on surrendering the same at the Loan Office of the state in which the subscription and payments shall have been made, shall be entitled to receive from the commissioners of loans, certificates of funded capital stock, bearing an interest of six per centum per annum from the time when the said instalments shall have been paid respectively, and payable quarter yearly, at the se veral loan offices or at the treasury of the United States where the same may stand credited: which certificates of funded capital stock shall be issued in sums of one hundred, four hundred, one thousand, four thousand or ten thousand dollars, at the option of the proprietor, and shall be transferable by the creditors or their attor nies duly constituted, at the treasury and loan offices respectively, in the same manner as the present funded debt of the United States, and in pursuance of the rules which have been, or which may be established relative to the transfer of the said debt.

United States' Loan. NOTICE. Whereas by an act of congress passed on the fourteenth day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twelve, the president of the United States is authoris- 8th. After the payment of the fifth instalment, such of the proed to borrow on the credit of the United States, a sum not exceeding prietors of the certificates of the cashiers, of four hundred dollars eleven millions of dollars, at an interest not exceeding six per cent. and upwards, as may then be desirous of funding the same, may, per annum, payable quarter yearly, so however that no engagement on presenting them at the loan office of the state in which the or contract shall be entered into, which shall preclude the United subscription and payments shall have been made, receive from the States from reimbursing any sun or sums thus borrowed at any commissioner of loans, certificates of funded capital stock of the time after the expiration of twelve years from the first day of Janua-description aforesaid, for the amount of the four first instalments, ry, one thousand eight hundred and thirteen. And whereas, by the or one moiety of the sum expressed in the subscription certificatesa said act, so much of the funds constituting the annual appropria 9th. After the last day of December, in the year one thousand tion of eight millions of dollars, for the payment of the principal eight hundred and twenty-four, and after reasonable notice to the and interest of the public debt of the United States, as may be want- creditors, which shall be given by an advertisement in some publie ed for that purpose, after satisfying the sums necessary for the pay.newspaper printed at the seat of the government of the United ment of the interest and such part of the principal of said debt as States, the said capital stock shall be redeemable at the pleasure of the United States are now pledged annually to pay and reimburse, the United States, by the reimbursement of the whole sum which is pledged and appropriated for the payment of the interest and for may at that time stand credited to any proprietor on the books of the reimbursement of the principal of the stock now to be created, the treasury or of the loan offices respectively, and the faith of the United States is pledged to establish suflicient 10th. So much of the funds consututing the annual appropria revenues for making up any deficiency that may hereafter take tion of eight millions of dollars for the payment of the principał place in the funds now appropriated for paying the interest and and interest of the public debt of the United States, as may be ne principal aforesaid.-And whereas the president of the U. States did cessary for the regular payment of the interest and for the reim by an act or commission under his hand dated the thirtieth day of bursement of the principal of the stock to be created under this March in the year one thousand eight hundred and twelve, autho- contract, together with the faith of the United States, for its due rise and empower the secretary of the treasury to borrow, on be fulfilment, are hereby pledged in pursuance of and according to, balf of the United States, a snni not exceeding in the whole eleven the terms and conditions of the act of congress herein before remillions of dollars, and to make the necessary contract for there ne, cited. pursuant to the act of congress above recited.

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Now therefore, the undersigned secretary of the treasury, if 11 suance of the act of congress and the authority from the preof the United States abovementioned, doth hereby on behau ef, the United States, contract aud engage in manner following, to wit:

Given under my band and the seal of the treasury of the United States at Washington, this thirty-first day of March, one SEAL. thousand eight hundred and tw Ive.


Secretary of the Treasury.

Embargo Law.

AN ACT laying an embargo on all the ships and vessels in the ports and harbors of the United States, for a limited time.

scribed by the act, entitled "An Act to regulate the collection of duties on imports and tonnage," passed the second day of March, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-nine; and such penalties may be examined, mitigated or remitted, in like BE it enacted by the senate and house of represen- manner, and under like conditions, regulations tatives of the United States of America in congress and restrictions, as are prescribed, authorised and assembled, That an embargo be and hereby is laid directed by the act, entitled "An Act to provide for the term of ninety days from and after the pas for mitigating or remitting the forfeitures, penalties sing of this act, on all ships and vessels in the ports and disabilities accruing in certain cases therein and places within the limits or jurisdiction of the mentioned," passed the third day of March, one United States, cleared or not cleared, bound to any thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven, and foreign port or place; and that no clearance be made perpetual by an act passed the eleventh day furnished to any ship or vessel bound to such foreign of February, one thousand eight hundred Pro port or place, except vessels in ballast with the vided, that all penalties and forfeitures, which shall consent of the president of the United States; and have been incurred by virtue of this act, previous to that the president be authorised to give such intruc the expiration thereof, may and shall thereafter be tions to the officers of the revenue, and of the navy recovered and distributed in like manner, as if this and revenue cutters of the United States, as shall act had continued in full force and virtue. appear best adapted for carrying the same into full effect: Provided, that nothing herein contained shall be construed to prevent the departure of any foreign ship or vessel, either in ballast or with the goods, wares and merchandize on board of such foreign ship or vessel when notified of this act.


Speaker of the House of Representatives.
President of the Senate pro-tempore!

April 4, 1812.


British House of Lords.

February 7, 1812.

REVENUE. Lord Grenville rose to remark that

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That during the continuance of this act, no registered or sea letter vessel shall be allowed to depart from any one port of the United States to any other within the same, unless the master, owner, consignee or factor of such vessel shall first give bond, with one or a deficiency in the consolidated fund, to the amount more sureties, to the collector of the district, from of two millions had been pointed out early in the which she is bound to depart, in a sum of double session: their lordships would find on an examina the value of the vessel and cargo, conditioned that tion of the accounts, that the charge upon the same the goods, wares or merchandize, with which she fund had increased to one million and a half; so shall be laden shall be relanded in some port of the that the whole decrease was three and a half mil United States. lions. Indeed this appeared also in the total sums:

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That if any that for the former period being £30,413,000,-for ship or vessel shall, during the continuance of this the latter £26,880,000, making a difference of act, depart from any port of the United States with- £3,533,000, and (would their lordships believe it!) out a clearance or permit, or if any ship or vessel there was a sum of £3,000,000 in the account with shall, contrary to the provisions of this act, pro Ireland stated as a part of the receipts.-This sum, ceed to a foreign port or place, or trade with or in the present financial situation of Ireland, was put on board of any other ship or vessel any goods, not a resource but a charge. The deficiency was wares or merchandize, of foreign or domestic not all that might be discovered by an accurate growth or manufacture, such ships or vessels, examination of these accounts. goods, wares and merchandize shall be wholly for- Lord Harrowby admitted, that the sum in the feited, and if the same shall not be seized, the account with Ireland was a charge upon the fund; owner or owners, agent, freighter or factors, of but he insisted, that, considering the nature of the any such ship or vessel, shall for every such offence war, both the expences and the deficiencies of the forfeit and pay a sum equal to double the value of customs were small.

Monday, March 9.-The earl of Lauderdale moved for certain other copies of export licences.

ried on without any adequate returns by imports

the ship or vessel and cargo, and shall never there- Lord Lauderdale firmly believed that our finanafter be allowed a credit for duties on any goods, cial situation required the immediate interference wares or merchandize imported by him or them in- of parliament. to any of the ports of the United States, and the master or commander of such ship or vessel, as well as all other persons who shall knowingly be Earl Bathurst did not mean to oppose the mo concerned in such prohibited foreign voyage, shall tion, but he must deny the statement made by the each respectively forfeit and pay a sum not exceed noble lord, when he gave notice of the present moing twenty thousand, nor less than one thousand tion, namely, that our export trade had been car dollars for every such offence, whether the vessel be seized and condemned or not, and the oath or The earl of Lauderdale said, that he had come to affirmation of any master or commander, know the knowledge of a case, since he last addressed the ingly offending against the provisions of this sec house on this subject, which rendered it, in his tion, shall ever thereafter be inadmissible before opinion, still more necessary to have all the papers any collector of the customs of the United States. respecting this trade laid before the house. Sect. 4. And be it further enacted, That all pen was the case of an American vessel bound from a alties or forfeitures arising under, or incurred by port in America, with a cargo for Bordeaux, and virtue of this act, may be sued for, prosecuted and licensed by the French emperor, which was taken recovered, with costs of suit, by action of debt, by a British ship of war, and after being condemned in the name of the United States of America, or in one of our prize courts, was licenced by the same by indictment or information in any court having cargo. It was therefore, necessary for the house competent jurisdiction to try the same; and shall to know whether any return of that cargo was be distributed and accounted er in the manner pre-made in the list of our exports.


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and clearances given to any port as before, excepting to the coast of Africa, as well as all vessels arriv. ing before the 1st May, 1813.

All British or other merchandize, which have been regularly entered according to the laws and regulations of the Spanish government shall be exported from here and admitted in the ports of the United States free of duties, until the 1st May, 1813. And all vessels owned by Spanish subjects of this island, shall be entitled to regular American regis

All inhabitants of this place, who do not choose to remain under the American government, are allowed one year to settle their business, and should a war take place, between the United States and Spain, they will be allowed to appoint agents to set

tle their business.

The above is as near the substance of the terms

ters. SAVANNAH, March 26. Extract of a letter from St. Mary's, dated March 20th. "The insurgents or patriots, formed a camp on Rose's Bluff, opposite St. Mary's, at the same time the gun-boats, were ordered to proceed down to the sound, when they were moored, their guns loaded, and every man to his station---several signal guns were fired by the commodore; the insurgents then embarked in boats from Rose's Bluff, and proceeded or capitulation, as I can at present recollect. I have to Amelia island, where they landed, col. Lodowick only to add that general George Mathews, agent for Ashley at their head, and demanded the surrender the United States, has confirmed the same, on acof the island, which was refused by the commandcount of his government. ant, but who requested a parly until he could send boats came and anchored before the town, im P. S.-On the morning of the 18th, the guna deputation to commodore Campbell, who was then sailing up and down the harbor, to ascertain mediately put springs on their cables, loaded their whether he would assist the insurgents in case they defenceless place, when they were ordered by the guns with cannister shot, and levelled them at this were resisted--the commodore's reply, was, that he would assist the insurgents. The island was then ed that they did not come in a hostile manner, but commandant not to pass the garrison, they answersurrendered to col. Ashley, and the flag of the pathat they would aid and assist the patriots, and was triots was immmediately displayed on the ramparts it not from their interference we could have deleated of the fort, which was soon succeeded by the flag any force the revolutionists could bring before us. of the United States. The United States troops are now in possession of the island of Amelia-the country of East Florida in possession of the patriots, and the town of Augustine and the garrison in possession of the soldiers of Ferdinand the 7th. The governor of that place is determined to hold out to the last extremity."

enter from here until the president approves of this You will observe that goods are not allowed to


of conversing with a gentleman, who left Amelia CHARLESTON, March 27.-We had the pleasure Island on Sunday last, and who arrived this morning in the stage from Savannah. He states, that a Extract of a letter from Fernandina, March 21. day or two previous to the 16th inst. Amelia Island "In my last I gave you a hint of what was going was summoned to surrender by the revolutionists at on here, I have now to inform you that a large party St. Mary's who accompanied their summons with of men crossed the river St. Mary's, about 20 miles a declaration, that the United States troops stationabove this place, and succeeded in revolutionising ed there, would assist them in taking possession of all the country between St. Mary's and St. John's. it, should they refuse. The commandant of AmeAmelia is the only place that shewed any resistanee, lia having requested and obtained a short time to but from the threats of the American gun-boats, un-return an answer, wrote immediately to major der the command of commodore Campbell, and the LAVAL and commodore CAMPBELL, to know wheformidable appearance of the revolutionists, the ther it was their intention to co operate with them. commandant of Amelia surrendered the town and The major returned for answer, that having had no garrison of Fernandina without firing a shot, on instructions from his government to that effect, he the following terms: that the commandant and should not. In the mean time, major Laval was troops would be allowed to march out with the ho- superceded in the command by colonel SMYTUE. nors of war, and upon delivering their arms would The commodore did not answer until the next receive their parole, not to take up arms against the morning, when he stated, that he had no instruerevolutionists during their present contest. That tions to render such assistance, but that he should all individual property, whether lands or otherwise, act with them on his own responsibility; and, arshall be considered sacred, and neither be examined cordingly, on the 16th or 17th proceeded to drop or touched, but remain and be used to the same man. the gun boats down the river. Some signal guns ner as before the capitulation; the island 24 hours having been fired by the commodore, Amelia was after the capitulation shall be ceded to the United taken possession of, without opposition, on Wed. States of America under the express conditions, that nesday the 18th by the Spanish revolutionists, corthe port of Fernandina shall not be subject to any jointly with the United States troops. One compa. of the restrictions in commerce which at present ny of riflemen was sent from col. Smythe's comexist in the United States, but shall be open as mand. The gentleman mentioned above on whose heretofore to British and other vessels and produce, information we rely with confidence, entertains on paying the lawful duties and tonnage, and in case no doubt of their having proceeded immediately to of a war between the United States of Great Bri St. Augustine, where, we understand, there is tain, the port of Fernandina shall be open to British some considerable force.-Times. merchandize and merchant vessels, and considered a free port until 1st May, 1803.

The inhabitants who had grants to cut lumber shall have the same continued until 1st May. 1813. All vessels of every description shall be protected'

ADDITIONAL-A company of riflemen, belonging to the United States army, proceeded from the American side of the St. Mary's, under the command of a lieutenant and accompanied by general MATHEWS, of Virginia, to Amelia when the

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