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patriotic forces, who had been increased by rein the country they so much villify; and, what is forcements to about 130 men, were drawn up to stranger still, Americans have been found, willing receive them; and the place was formally surren- to undertake the infamous task, of giving currency dered to the American arms. The patriot flag was to their contemptible fabrications.

now, in its turn, pulled down, and the American It would be adverse to every principle of human standard hoisted in its place. By the articles of capitulation entered into between the commander all-powerful motives of self-interest, could so far nature, to conceive, that men uninfluenced by the of the patriotic forces, and DoN LOPEZ, the Spa degrade themselves as to prefer downright and pal mish commandant, it was stipulated that Amelia pable falsehoods, where the choice of truth was Island should remain a free port until the first of within their reach. It cannot, for a moment, be May, 1813, that it should not be subject to our doubted, that such writers as Smyth, and Moore restrictive laws until that time; that British and and Ashe, and Parkinson have been well paid by other vessels by paying proper duties, should, with the British ministers, for their respective tours and their cargoes, have free admission, to sell, &c. that travels through these United States. A govern private property should be respected, &c. &c.. Itment under whose benign influence, all are equal, is said that all the rest of East Florida is in posses-all are happy, must be an eternal reproach to the sion of the revolutionists, except St. Augustine.

Travellers in America.

tyrants of the European world. It is their hellish policy, to exclude from their deluded staves, every thing which might in any way tend to awaken inquiry into natural right; they are, therefore,

In the humorous list of travellers, enumerated by taught to believe that, in the only free country unSterne, there is no such class to be found as the der Heaven, the people are savage, poor, illiterate, hired traveller: a sect which, it may therefore be unsocial, uncivilized. Nay, they have been told, presumed, had no existence in his time, but which that on this unbounded continent, nature herself has lately become very numerous. They are to be droops and languishes; that animals, trees, and distinguished from the "lying travellers" who are ge- plants want the vigor which a royal clime imparts nerally content to exaggerate and magnify what they to the productions of the earth.

see, into marvellous accounts, which are scarcely Were we to consider the falsehoods and misre expected to be credited, and which are not intend-presentations of these adventurers, only as intended ed to injure the reputation of an individual, or tra- to hold us up to the derision and contempt of other duce the character of a nation. These "Munchau nations, we should not deem it necessary to bestow sen" gentry, for example, will, with great gravity, a moment's time, to the trouble of contradicting assure you that, in such a place, vegetation is so them. But something is due to posterity, some brisk and vigorous that if one stops for a few mo- thing is due to the whole race of travellers; for lies ments in a field to contemplate the surrounding detected in one must tend to diminish confidence in scenery, he is in danger of bein seized upon by the the credibility of all. The base fabrications of these luxuriant vines, and borne down by the weight of English hirelings are insults which should be resen their enormous fruit; or that in coming to such a ted by every respectable tourist. As to the frequent ferry gentlemen have narrowly escaped being contradictions of each other to be found in their drowned, with their horses, by jumping into the respective journals, they are beneath the dignity of rind of a water mellon, through mistake, instead of the ferry boat. But the hired traveller, who is always a liar also, does not confine himself to this species of romancing. The glass through which he looks at objects is always inverted; he will tel! you, for instance, after a long philosophical discus sion of the various causes, that the moon in this country is not larger than Jupiter or Venus in any other; that the rivers are all creeks, and the moun tains mole hills; that the men have no beards, and the women no teeth; in short that the Lilliput of Gulliver, is a perfect Brobdingnag, compared to this diminutive continent.

criticism; they may remain ss monuments of the discrimination with which the secret service money of Britain is expended. Mother country is a favorite term with these sons of "St. George." With how much consistency it is applied to this country, will be readily seen, when it is recollected that the original discoverer was a citizen of the republic of Genoa, the first settlers Spaniards, and the present inhabitants an heterogeneous compound of "the li beral English, the ostentatious Scotch, the warmhearted Irish, the penurious Dutch, the proud German, the solemn Spaniard, the gaudy Italian, and the profligate French." It would be indeed difficult, With a few exceptions, England, the little " sea as Mr. Ashe has observed, to conjecture, "what girt island," the land of freedom, the nation of kind of character is hereafter to arise from an amalheroes, the birth place of honor, may boast the ex-gamation of such discordant materials." But is it clusive merit of cherishing this description of tra- not strange that England should still avow herself vellers. To her credit, be it said, their journals, the mother of such a race? that she should be still their tours, and their travels, never fail to meet a graciously pleased to acknowledge her relationship welcome reception, and a ready circulation; an-to a country where "bigotry, pride, and a malig happily for them, however, this last is sometimes nant hatred to herself characterize the inhabitants? pushed too far. To have answered all the purposes to a country, "when sordid speculators alone sucof the "most noble," and most honorable cabinet ceed, where classic fame is held in derision, where of St. James, (by the bye, I should like to know grace and taste are unknown, and where the orna how a king of England came to be sanctified,) the ments of style are condemned or forgotten?" to a publication of these metamorphoses, should have country where the men are "turbulent citizens, been confined to his most mad majesty's dominons; abandoned christians, inconstant husbands, unnaand their authors might have modestly assumed the tural fathers, and treacherous friends?" How title of historians, without the dread of having their infinitely indebted are we to the "Iberal English" veracity called in question. But, to be serions. for this brotherly condescension! That our coun such is the unblushing impudence of these incon trymen may properly appreciate their debt of gratiscionable liars, that some of them have even gone tute, it will be only necessary to point out to them so far as to cause their adventures to be printed in the many proofs of their unworthiness as detailed

by the legitimate sons of "mother country," who South Carolina, since "the general and unhappy have lived and travelled among them, who have seen revolt." They were the happiest and most hospithem in all their nakedness, and who must, there-table people in the world, “while under the mild and fore, be supposed perfectly competent to form a cor-easy government of Great Britain," but now o temrect judgment. pora infeliciter mutata! “the face of plenty is no


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66 traveller"

The first of these travellers that presents himself longer to be seen, nor are the doors of hospitality to us is I. Ferdinand D. Smyth, Esq. This gentle-open to the stranger, whose life as well as property, man, according to his own account, travelled up is not even by any means secure." He relates some wards of five thousand miles, through the United curious secrets of the Roman Catholic establishStates, and sometimes at the rate of fifty five miles ments in the " palatinate province" of Maryland, a day on foot, and consequently had the fairest op at each of which the priests seem to have a haram portunity in the world, of forming correct opinions of female slaves, who are now become white by their upon whatever met his view. We are not at all mixture. There are at this time, numbers of beaudispleased to learn from him that the citizens of tiful girls, many of them as fair as any living, who Baltimore have been long famous for the manufac are absolutely slaves, in every sense, to these ture of a certain description of dressing for the ex- priests." Of which fact, no doubt, the "traveller" clusive use of gentlemen loyal to "his majesty ;" a was demonstratively convinced. Notwithstanding circumstance which rendered his stay among them these harams of the priesthood, however, the Roinvoluntarily short. He proceeded with rapid steps man Catholics are complimented with being "betto Chotank, a settlement in Virginia, which being ter descended" than most of the other Americans the birth place of Washington, occupied his atten- who are frequently ashamed to trace their ancestion for some time. Here, he learned that every tors a single generation back.” The 'Squire did individual of this numerous and extensive settle not meet with very handsome treatment in Fredement was related by blood to the "American gene-ricktown, Hagerstown, and the back parts of Maral;" and here also, we presume, he learned that ryland, which he describes as being inhabited by a the general was descended from a family of good set of creatures, who "have no idea of social life, repute, that he had received a very common educa-and are more like brutes than men. And, what tion, and made the principal part of his fortune by seems to be a climax to their ferocities, they entermarriage. But for the honor of the Chotankers,tain an unconquerable aversion to " king Shorsh" we cannot believe they added the following to the and the "mother country." The poor character of their relation, viz. that in his public gets into a great many imminent and perplexing capacity, he uniformly cherished views of the high-dangers among these people. In one of which est ambition, though he pursued an apparently mild distressing dilemmas, it must have made his hair and moderate conduct; that he was totally destitute stand erect to hear German butcher exclaim "by of generous sentiments, and even of common hu-Goat Ich would kill all de Enklish tiefs, as soon as manity, (which in other words, simply means, that Ich would kill van ox, or van cow." he sanctioned the execution of one of "his majes The "rebellion" produced the same unhappy ty's" spies) and that he never during his life per results to Philadelphia, that were experienced in formed a single action that could entitle him to the least South Carolina; having changed it from a place of share of merit or praise, much less of glory. The Vir universal philanthropy and brotherly love, to a perginians who, in nothing, seem to resemble the rest petual scene of discord, confusion and illiberality." of the world, speak a language peculiar to them- In New England our "traveller" appears to have selves a proof of which our "traveller" has given been well received, if we may be allowed to judge us in the person of a Mr. Hoe, the owner of the from his glowing description of the country and peoferry by which he crossed the Potomack to Cho-ple. "The land is broken, poor, and stony, the tank, "and a near relation of the American gene timber inferior in magnitude and height, and the ral." Mr. Hoe, being questioned by some friend Indian corn itself of a diminutive growth. The inrespecting his father's health, with an air of pom habitants are possessed of narrow principles, biposity made the following reply, which we may gotted and illiberal-a stranger may travel many a suppose, the "traveller" entered on his tablets in day without being once asked to eat or drink; but in short hand, as he assures his readers he has given he cannot call at any house, without being required it verbatim as it was delivered. "Sir, the intense to give an account of himself by every person in it. frigidity of the circumambient atmosphere, had so In short, says he, they are destitute of hospitality, congealed the pellucid aqueous fluid of the enor and superabound in impertinent curiosity." We mous river Potomack, that with the most eminent fear to tresspass on our readers' patience, yet we and superlative reluctance, I was constrained to cannot leave this gentleman's facetions "tour" withprocrastinate my premeditated egression into the out another extract; in which he has given a most palatinate province of Maryland, for the medical, philosophical and learned description of a "very chemical and galenical coadjuvancy and co opera peculiar insect" that he met with, upon Long tion of a distinguished sanative son of Esculapius, Island, called Katy dud's. They are, (says het until the peccant deleterious matter of the arthritis from an inch to an inch and three quarters in had pervaded the eranium, into which it had ascended length, of a most beautiful vivid green, as thick as a and penetrated, from the inferior pedestrial major lady's finger, with two large and almost transparent digit of my paternal relative in consanguinity wings: they are perfectly inoffensive, but extremely whereby his morbosity, was magnified so exorbi-clamorous and noisy: they generally appear about tantly, as to exhibit an absolute extinguishment of the middle of suminer in great numbers, and fix vivification." This bombulous style, as the "travel their residence among the leaves and small branches ler" has happily termed it, is considered by the of young and lively fruit trees, but the cherry is Virginians, as a sure mark of dignity and superior their favorite, and their green color renders them consequence, and, perhaps, is a remote cause why discovered with great difficulty; but their noise is so many presidents, and secretaries have been choloud and incessant, one perpetually and regularly sen from that state. answering the othe, in notes exactly similar to the Our "traveller" found a wonderful difference in words Katy did or Katy Katy did, repeated by one,


and another immediately bawls out Katy did'nt or The message was then referred to Messrs. CampKaty Kaly did'n!. In this loud clamor they contibell, (of Ten.) Taylor, German, Pope and Bayard, nue without ceasing until the fall of the leaf, when to report thereon by bill or otherwise. they totally disappear." Mr. Smyth concludes his Thursday, April 2.-A message was received from tour in the United States of America," with a the house by Messrs. Wright and Grundy, informfair and candid exposition of his sentiments respecting the senate that they had passed a bill "laying ing the government, which are so similar to those an embargo on all ships and vessels in the ports and under the impression of which Mr. Henry under- harbors of the United States for a limited time," took his late honorable agency in the north, that and that the committee were instructed to impress we must once more crave the indulgence of our on the senate a speedy consideration of the bill. readers, while we present them with the following The bill was read and passed to a second reading. extract; in which, indeed, is to be found the very Mr. Campbell, of Tenn. stated, from the comcream of the story (as a dairy maid would say,) and mittee appointed to consider the message of the the main object, end, and aim of the book. The president of the United States, that having had ingovernment of the United States (says Mr. Smyth)timation that a bill on the subject had passed the is unsettled, precarious and doubtful, destitute of other house, the committee would not at present energy, vigor and firmness, and actually incapable make a report.

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of enforcing their own decrees; a commerce fluc On motion, by Mr. Lloyd, that the bill be printtiating and unprofitable, with the balance of trade ed, under injunction of secrecy, for the use of the in every channel against them; two-thirds of their senate, it passed in the negative-Yeas 11, Nays 21. sjerts absolutely disaffected to their rule, which is Mr. Anderson moved to suspend the rule of the crtainly the case, notwithstanding all that has been senate which requires a bill to have its first and al eged to the contrary; and the remainder running second readings on different days.-Motion carried ino riots, confusion and every kind of culpable and in the affirmative-Yeas 20, Nays 12. an criminalexcess, in open opposition to, and defiance The bill was then read a second time. of all legal authority-without artisans, without ma- On motion, by Mr. Smith, of Md. nufactures: their rulers corrupted by French gold, Ordered, That the bill be referred to the commitcap ivated by the tinsel parade, grandeur, and affected tee yesterday appointed on the confidential message amity of that artful, perfidious, and gaudy people, of the president of the United States, to consider and influenced by their promises and specious affabi- and report thereon.

lity From this representation, which is by no means Mr. Lloyd submitted the following resolution for exaggerated, every person with the least share of dis-consideration :

On the question to agree to the resolution it was determined in the negative, as follows:

ce nment, or even common understanding must Resolved, That the president of the United States plainly see how undesirable, and indeed how unfit a be requested to lay before the senate any information place of residence the United States must be for any in possession of the government touching our one whatsoever, either needy or affluent." With this foreign relations, which has not been already comunexaggerated representation staring them in the municated, and which in his opinion it may not be face, how wonderful! how passing strange, that injurious to the public interests to make known to people should be so mad, so absolutety bewitched as the senate. to abandon "the finest climate, country, and soil in the world, where they enjoy every felicity, under the auspices of the free and mild government of Great Britain, to settle in a barren inclement wilderness, in a region of frosts and fogs" where Katy did and Katy Katy duln't are incessantly, perpetually, and without ceasing, carrying on, a loud and clamour ous, and noisy war of words. So much for I Ferdinand D. Smith esq. c. Q. R. But what is the meaning of the three last letters, unless it be con founded queer rogue, we are really at a loss to conjecture.

We shall now endeavor to pursue another of these gentlemen in his "travels in America performed in 1806" for the benefit of "his majesty's" subjects in the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. (TO BE CONTINUED)

Secret Journal

Of the Senate and House of Representatives, So far as the injunction of secrecy has been removed from their proceedings; that is in relation to the embargo law. Wednesday, April 1.-The message mentioned in the proceedings of the house of this day was received from the president of the United States.

The message having been read,

YEAS.-Messrs. Bayard, Bradley, Dana, German, Giles, Gilman, Goodrich, Gregg, Horsey, Hunter, Lambert, Lloyd, Reed, Smith

of Md.-14.

NAYS.-Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Campbell of Ten. Condit, Craw ford, Cutts, Franklin, Gaillard, Howell, Leib, Pope, Robinson, Smith of N. Y. Tait, Taylor, Turner, Varnum.-17.

Mr. Campbell, of Ten. from the committee to whom the bill was referred, reported it amended.

Mr. Anderson was called to the chair, and the bill was considered as in committee of the whole. A motion was made by Mr. Bayard to amend the bill by adding thereto the following section?

And be it further enacted, That the act entitled "An act concerning the commercial intercourse between the United States and Great Britain and France, and their dependencies and for other purposes," and also the 3d section of the act entitled "An act supplementary to the act entitled “An act concerning the commercial intercourse between the United States and Great Britain and France and their dependencies and for other purposes," be and the same are hereby repealed.

And on the question to adopt the amendment, it was determined in the negative.

YEAS.-Messrs. Bayard, Bradley, Dana, German, Gilman, Good" rich, Horsey. Hunter, Lambert, Lloyd, Reed, Smith of Md. Wor thington.-13.

On motion of Mr. Bayard, that the injunction of NAYS.-Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Campbell of Ten. Condit, Craw ford, Cutts, Franklin, Gaillard, Giles, Gregg, Howell, Leib, Pope, secrecy be taken off, respecting the message fast Robinson, Smith of N. York, Tait, Taylor, Turner, Varnum.-19. read, it was determined in the negative as follows: And the bill having been debated, the president YEAS.-Messrs. Bayard, Dana, German, Gilman, Goodrich, resumed the chair, and it was by Mr. Anderson NAYS.--Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Bradley, Campbell, (of Ten.) reported with amendments; which were read and Condit, Crawford, Cutts, Franklin, Gaillard, Giles, Howell, Leib, agreed to. Pope, Robinson, Smith, (of Md.) Smith, (of N. Y.) Tait, Taylor, Turner, Varnum, Worthington-21.

Gregg, Horsey, Hunter, Lambert, Lloyd, Reed-11.

On motion by Mr. Bradley to postpone the fur

ther consideration of the bill till to-morrow, it was determined in the negative.

Ordered that the bill pass as amended to a third reading.

(Ormsby, Pickens, Piper. Pleasants, Pond, Rhea, Roane, Roberts, Sage, Seaver, Sevier, Sey bert, Shaw, Smilie, G. Smith, Strong, Talhaferro, Troup, Turner, Widgery, Winn, Wright.-66.

NAYS.-Messrs. Bacon,Bigelow, Bleeker, Breckenride, Brighamn, Burwell, Champion, Chittenden, Ely, Emott, Fitch, Gold, Jackson, Key, Livingston, Macon, M'Bryde, Nelson, Pearson, Pitkin, Porter,

Friday, April 3.-On motion of Mr. Anderson, Potter, Quincy, Randolph, Reed, Ridgely, Rodman, Sheffey, J. the blank in the embargo law, caused by the era-Smith, Stanford, Stuart, Stow, Sturges, Taggart, Tallmadge, Whea sure of the word "sixty" was filled with the word ton, White, Whitehill, Williams, Wilson-40. The question was then taken that the said bill be "ninety." On the question "shall this bill pass as amended?" engrossed and read a third time, and passed in the

It was determined in the affirmative as follows:
YEAS.-Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Brent, Campbell of Ten. Con

affirmative-Yeas 71, nays 39.

A motion was then made and seconded, that the dit, Crawford, Cutts, Franklin, Gaillard, Gregg, Howell, Leib, Pope, said bill be read the third time to-morrow, and passRobinson, Smith of N. York, Tait, Taylor, Turner, Varnum, Wor-ed in the negative.-Yeas 54, nays 57. thington.-20.

A motion was made and seconded that the said

NAYS.-Messrs. Bayard, Bradley, Dana, German, Giles, Gilman,)
Goodrich, Horsey, Hunter, Lambert, Lloyd, Reed, Smith of Md.-bill be read the third time to day; and the question


A message was accordingly sent to the house of representatives.

Saturday, April 4.-The bill was enrolled, &c. and the approbation thereof by the president communicated to the senate.


thereon being taken, it passed in the affirmative. The said bill was then accordingly read the third time and on the question that the same do pass, it was resolved in the affirmative:

YEAS.-Messrs. Alston, Anderson, Archer, Bacon, Bard, Basset, Bibb, Blackledge, Brown, Burwell, Butler, Calhoun, Cheves, Clay, Crawford, Davis, Dawson, Desha, Dinsmore, Earle, Findley, Fisk, Franklin, Gholson, Goodwyn, Green, Grundy, B. Hall, O. Hall, Harper, Hyneman, Johnson, Kent, King, Lacock, Lefe

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Wednesday, April 1, 1812.-A confidential mes-ver, Little, Lowndes, Lyle, Macon, MKim, Metcal, Mitchill, M in writing, was received from the president of row, Nelson, New, Newton, Ormshy, Pickens, Pleasants, Pond Porter, Rhea, Roane, Roberts, Sige, Scaver, Sevier, Seybert, the United States, by Mr. Coles, his secretary; Shaw, Smilie, G. Smith, Strong, Troup, Turner, Whitehill, Wilwhich he delivered in at the speaker's table.-liams, Widgery, Winn, Wright-70. Whereupon

The house was cleared of all persons, except the members, &c. and the doors were closed. The said message was read at the clerk's table and is as follows:

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On motion of Mr. Porter,
Ordered, That the said message be referred to
the committee appointed on that part of the presi-
dent's message at the commencement of the session
which relates to foreign relations

And after a short lapse of time,
On motion made and leave given,

Mr. Porter, from the committee on foreign relations, presented a bill laying an embargo on all ships and vessels in the ports and harbors of the United States; which was twice read and referred to a committee of the whole to-day.

NAYS.-Messrs. Bigelow, Bleecker, Boyd, Breckenridge, Brig ham, Champion, Chittenden, Davenport, Ely, Emott, Fitch, Gold, Hufty, Jackson, Key, Law, Livingston, M'Bryde, Mosely, Pearson, Piper, Pitkin, Potter, Quincy, Randolph, Reed, Ridgely, Rodinan, Sheffey, J. Smith, Stanford, Stuart, Stow, Sturges, Taggart, Taliaferro, Tallmadge, Tracy, Wheaton, White, Wil


Mr. Grundy, and Mr. Wright were appointed a committee to carry the said bill to the senate and to inform them that the house of representatives have passed the same, in confidence, and desire their

concurrence therein.

And the doors were then opened.

Friday, the 3d of April, 1812-A message was received from the senate by a committee of that body, appointed for the purpose, consisting of Mr. Bibb and Mr. Campbell of Tennessee notifying the house That the senate have passed the bill entitled "An which they desired the concurrence of the houseact laying an Embargo, &c." with amendments, in and withdrew.

The house then proceeded to consider the amend ments--and being read at the clerk's table

A motion was made by Mr. Lewis and seconded, that the said bill and amendments be postponed indefinitely. And the question being taken, it was determined in the negative.-Yeas 42-Nays 72.

A motion was then made by Mr. Smilie, and seconded, that the house do concur with the senate their amendments to the bill. When

A motion was made by Mr. Randolph and seconded, that the said bill and amendments be postponed until Monday next.

The house accordingly resolved itself into committee of the whole house on the said bill, and after some time spent therein, Mr. Speaker resumed the chair, and Mr. Basset reported that the committee A motion was then made by Mr. Emott and sehad according to order had the said bill under con-conded, that the said bill and amendments be posttion of Mr. Randolph. poned for thirty days, which superceding the mo.

sideration and made no amendment thereto.

The question was then stated that the said bill be engrossed and read the third time-And after debate arising thereon,

The previous question was called for by Mr. Ro berts, and being demanded by a majority of the members present; whereupon

The said previous question was taken in form prescribed by the rules and orders of the house, to wit: "shall the main question be now put?" And passed in the affirmative as follows:

YEAS.-Messrs. Alston, Anderson, Archer, Bard, Bassett, Bibh,

Blackledge, Brown, Butler, Calhoun, Cheves, Clay, Crawford, Da
vis, Dawson, Desha, Diusmoor, Earle, Findley, Fisk. Franklin
Gholson, Goodwyn. Green, Grundy, B. Hall, O. Hall, Harper
Hyneman, Johnson, Kent, King, Lasock, Lefever, Little, Lowndes,
Lyle, MKee, Mkim, Metcali, Mitelull, Morrow, New, Newton,

The previous question was called for by mr. Roberts, and being demanded by a majority of the members present:

The said previous question was taken in the form viz. "Shall the main question he now put." and prescribed by the rules and orders of the house, passed in the affirmative. Yeas 67, nays 44.

The speaker then decided that the main question to be now put was "Will the house concur with the senate in the amendments made to the said bill?" and not upon the proposition for postponement.

From which decision Mr. Randolph moved an

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appeal, which being seconded, the question was

The galleries were cleared and the doors of the put "Is the decision of the chair correct?" And senate chamber closed. decided in the affirmative.

The injunction of secrecy respecting the bill Mr. Stanford was then about to debate the ques- from the house of representatives "in addition to tion upon concurrence with the senate in their the act entitled and act to raise an additional militaamendments, when he was stopped by the speaker ry force,' passed January 11, 1812," was taken off; and informed that it was inadmissible to discuss the And, on motion by Mr. Anderson, the bill was question, and that it must be forthwith put without read a third time. debate. From which decision of the speaker an appeal was made to the house by Mr. Stanford, and being seconded, the question was put-Is the decision of the chair correct? And passed in the affir-ford, mative. Yeas 86, nays 17, those in the negative


Messrs. Baker, Breckenridge, Brigham, Ely, Jackson, Law, Lewis, Pitkin, Quincy, Randolph, Reed, Ridgely, Sheffey, Stanford, Sturges, Tallmadge, Wheaton.

On the question "shall the bill pass ?” it was decided as follows.

For the bill-Messrs. Anderson, Campbell of Tenn. Condit, Craw Turner, Varnum, Worthington-14.

Gregg, Howell, Leib, Pope, Smith of N. Y. Tait, Taylor, Against the hill-Messrs. Giles, Gilman, Gregg, Horsey, Hunter,

Reed, Smith Md.-7.

So the bill was passed. [see page 102.] Wednesday, April 8.-The senate proceeded to consider the disagreement of the house to their A division of the question was called for by Mr. amendment, to the bill respecting those engaged in Pitkin; and was taken on concurring with the first the late campaign on the Wabash, which expunges amendment of the senate, which amendment pro- the allowance of extra pay to those engaged in the poses to strike out the word " sixty," for the pur-service. pose of inserting the word "ninety," so as to ex

tend the duration of the embargo from sixty to from their said amendment, there wereOn motion by Mr. Pope, that the senate recede ninety days, and passed in the affirmative.

For receding
Against it

On motion by Mr., Leib,



The senate resolved to insist on the said amend

YEAS.-Messrs. Alston, Anderson, Bacon, Bard, Bibb, Blackledge, Boyd, Brown, Burwell, Calhoun, Cheves, Crawford, Davis, Dawson, Earle, Findley, Gholson, Goodwyn, Green, Grundy, B. Hall, O. Hall, Harper, Hyneman, King, Lacock, Lefever, Little, Lyle, Macon, M'Kim, Morrow, Nelson, Newton, Ormsby, Pickens, Piper, Pleasants, Pond, Porter, Rhea, Roane, Roberts, Sage, Seaver, Sevier, Seybert, Smilie, Stanford, Strong, Taliaferro, Troup, The bill to enlarge the limits of the state of LouiTurner, Williams, Widgery, Winn.-56. NAYS.-Messrs. Archer. Baker, Basset, Bigelow, Bleecker, Breck-siana was read a third time. On its passage there enridge, Brigham, Butler, Champion, Chittenden, Clay, Davenport, were


Desha, Dinsmoor, Ely, Emott, Fitch, Gold, Hawes, Jackson, John- For the bill-Messrs. Anderson, Bibh, Brent, Campbell of Ten.
son, Kent, Key, Law, Lewis, Livingston, Lowndes, M'Bryde, M-Condit, Crawford, Cutts, Gaillard, Giles, Gilman, Gregg, Howell,
Kee, Metcalf, Miluor, Mitchill, Moseley, New, Pearson, Pitkin, Leib, Pope, Smith of Md. Smith of N. Y. Tait, Taylor, Turner,
Potter, Quiiey, Randolph, Reed, Ridgely, Rodman, Sheffey, G. Varnum, Worthington-21.
Smith, J. Smith, Stuart, Sturges, Taggart, Tallmadge, Tracy,
Wheaton, White, Wilson-53.

The other amendments of the senate were then concurred in--and

Mr. Calhoun and Mr. Williams were appointed a committee to deliver a message to the senate and inform them of the concurrence of the house in their amendments.

The doors were then opened.

Saturday, April 4.-Mr. Crawford, reported the embargo law duly enrolled; the speaker signed the bill and Mr. Calhoun and Mr. Williams were appointed a committee to carry the same to the senate for the signature of their president.

Mr. Crawford subsequently reported the presen tation of the bill to the president of the U. States for his approbation, and that the committee were instructed by the president to inform the house that he had approved and signed the said bill.

A motion was then made by Mr. Grundy and seconded that the injunction of secrecy imposed by this house on their proceedings relating to the aforesaid bill be removed. And the question being taken thereon, it passed in the affirmative.

Against the bill-Messrs. Dana, Goodrich, Lambert, Lloyd,
So the bill passed.


Friday, April 3.-Mr. Seybert presented the memorial of Oliver Evans, on the subject of patent rights; which was read and referred to a select committee, on suggestion of Mr. Lewis. [After some other minor business had been transacted]

The following message was received from the president of the United States :

To the house of representatives of the United States, Having examined and considered the bill, entitled an act providing for the trial of causes pending in the respective district courts of the United States, in case of the absence or disability of the judges thereof," which bill was presented to me on the 25th of March past, I now return the same to the house of representatives, with the following objections. Because the additional service imposed by the bill on the justices of the supreme court of the U. States are to be performed by them, rather in the quality of other judges of other courts, namely, judges of the district courts, than in the quality of justices of the supreme court. They are to hold the said district courts, and to do and perform all acts relating to the said courts which are by law required of the district judges. The bill therefore virtually appoints, for The act to authorise a detachment from the Mi-the time, the justices of the supreme court to their litia of the United States, was read a third time-distinct offices; to which if compatible with their and the question of its passage, was, after debate original offices, they ought to be appointed by another than a legislative authority, in pursuance of legislative provisions authorising the appointments.

Twelfth Congress.


determined as follows.

Monday, April 6, 1812.

For the bill-Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Bradley, Brent, Campbell, Crawford, Cutts, Franklin, Gaillard, Gregg, Howell, Leib, Lloyd, Pope, Reed, Robinson, Smith of N. York, Tait, Taylor, Turner, Varnum, Worthington--22.

Against the bill-Messrs. Condit, German, Giles, Gilman, Good. rich, Lambert, Smith of Md. 7.

So the bill was passed.

Because the appeal allowed by law from the decision of the district courts to the circuit courts, whilst it corroborates the construction which regards a judge of the one court as clothed with a new office

Tuesday, April 7.-On motion of Mr. Campbell of by being constituted a judge of the other, submits


for correction erroneous judgments, not to superior

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