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Page 83 - Most of the contests in the ancient commonwealths turned primarily on the right of election of magistrates ; or on the balance among the several orders of the state. The question of money was not with them so immediate. But in England it was otherwise. On this point of taxes the ablest pens, and most eloquent tongues, have been exercised ; the greatest spirits have acted and suffered.
Page 317 - Adam Smith is not only indignant at " sumptuary laws," but asserts, with a democratic insolence of style, that " it is the highest impertinence and presumption in kings and ministers to pretend to watch over the economy of private people, and to restrain their expense by sumptuary laws.
Page 311 - ... this later and universal luxury of the whole nation, since abounding in such expenses) the most magnificent that England afforded, and which indeed gave one of the first examples to that elegancy since so much in vogue, and followed in the managing of their waters, and other ornaments of that nature.
Page 318 - ... in kings and ministers, to pretend to watch over the economy of private people, and to restrain their expense, either by sumptuary laws, or by prohibiting the importation of foreign luxuries. They are themselves always, and without any exception, the greatest spendthrifts in the society. Let them look well after their own expense, and they may safely trust private people with theirs. If their own extravagance does not ruin the state, that of their subjects never will.
Page 235 - That afternoon, by signs, she called for her council, and by putting her hand to her head, when the King of Scots was named to succeed her, they all knew he was the man she desired should reign after her.
Page 406 - ... to take away the profit of my tonnage and poundage, one of the chief maintenances of my crown, by alleging I have given away my right thereto by my answer to your petition. " This is so prejudicial unto me, that I am forced to end this session some few hours before I meant, being not willing to receive any more remonstrances, to which I must give a harsh answer.
Page 82 - Abstract liberty, like other mere abstractions, is not to be found. Liberty inheres in some sensible object ; and every nation has formed to itself some favourite point, which by way of eminence becomes the criterion of their happiness. It happened, you know, sir, that the great contests for freedom in this country were from the earliest times chiefly upon the question of taxing.
Page 203 - We have not reprinted the Sonnets, &c. of Shakspeare, because the strongest act of parliament that could be framed would fail to compel readers into their service...
Page 226 - My ambition now I shall only put upon my pen, whereby I shall be able to maintain memory and merit of the times succeeding.
Page 379 - In setting up himself he hath set upon the kingdom's revenues, the fountain of supply, and the nerves of the land — He intercepts, consumes, and exhausts the revenues of the crown ; and, by emptying the veins the blood should run in, he hath cast the kingdom into a high consumption.