## A Course of Mathematics: In Three Volumes : Composed for the Use of the Royal Military Academy ...J. Johnson, 1811 |

### From inside the book

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**force**, space as a measure of time , weight as a measure of density , expansion as a measure of heat , a certain function of planetary velocity as a measure of distance from the central body , arcs of the same circle as measures of ... Page 240

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**forces**acting in contrary directions , or in any such directions as produce contrary effects , are ap- plied to machines , there is , with respect to every simple ma- chine ( and of consequence with respect to every combination of ... Page 241

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**force**continues to act in the same manner it will , like every con- stant**force**, produce an accelerated motion ; or , if it should undergo particular modifications when the machine is in dif- ferent positions , it may occasion such ... Page 242

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**Forces**) is called individually the moving**force**; and , in like manner , the resultant of all the resistances reduced to some one point , the resistance . This reduction in all cases simplifies the in- vestigation . 2. The impelled ... Page 243

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**force**F = ( P - W ) ÷ ( P + w ) = R2 But ( vol . ii . p . 335 ) vx Ft or is = gtr ( g being = 32 feet ) ; which in ...**force**which acce- lerates A be = Pn2 - wn Pn2 + W Cor . 3. If at the same time the inertia of the moving**force**p ...### Other editions - View all

### Common terms and phrases

abscissas altitude ANHG asymptotes axis ball base beam becomes bisect CA² CD² CE² centre circle circumscribed coefficients cone conic section consequently Corol cosine CR² cubic equation curve cylinder DE² denote determine diameter distance divided draw drawn equa equal equation expression feet fluxion force gives greatest Hence horizontal hyperbola inches length logarithm manner measured meridian motion nearly negative ordinates parabola parallel perimeter perp perpendicular plane polygon prism prob PROBLEM proportional quadrant quantity radius rectangle resistance right angles right line roots Scholium sides sin² sine solid angle sphere spherical angle spherical excess spherical triangle spherical trigonometry square suppose surf surface tangent theor THEOREM theref tion velocity vertical weight whence whole

### Popular passages

Page 63 - In any plane triangle, the sum of any two sides is to their difference, as the tangent of half the sum of the opposite angles is to the tangent of half their difference.

Page 112 - Since the exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the two interior opposite angles (th.

Page 247 - Or, by art. 3 14 of the same, the pressure is equal to the weight of a column of the fluid, •whose base is equal to the surface pressed, and...

Page 78 - A solid angle is that which is made by the meeting of more than two plane angles, which are not in the same plane, in one point. X. ' The tenth definition is omitted for reasons given in the notes.

Page 333 - ... to secure uniformity, his trees were all felled in the same season of the year, were squared the day after, and the experiments tried the 3d day.

Page 164 - Cor. 3. An equation will want its third term, if the sum of the products of the roots taken two and two, is partly positive, partly negative, and these mutually destroy each other. Remark.

Page 162 - ... preceding equation is only of the fourth power or degree ; but it is manifest that the above remark applies to equations of higher or lower dimensions : viz. that in general an equation of any degree whatever has as many roots as there are units in the exponent of the highest power of the unknown quantity, and that each root has the property of rendering, by its substitution in place of the unknown quantity, the aggregate of all the terms of the equation equul to nothing.

Page 72 - Prove that, in any plane triangle, the base is to the difference of the other two sides, as the sine of half the sum of the angles at the base, to the sine of half their difference : also, that the...

Page 259 - And when this is compared with the proportion of the velocity and length of gun in the last paragraph, it is evident that we gain extremely little in the range by a great increase in the length of the gun, with the same charge of powder. In fact the range is nearly as the 5th root of the length of the bore ; which is so small an increase, as to amount only to about a...

Page 72 - Prob. 12. How must three trees, A, B, C, be planted, so that the angle at A may be double the angle at B, the angle at B double the angle at C, and a line of 400 yards may just go round them ? Ans.