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shrewdness, 'He went to the East Indies. The question is, what did he go from?""

My only objection to living in London is that there is too much space and too little time."

27th May 1784.


“I said Suard had a feeble venom spit-spit."

"I told General Paoli that Dr. Johnson said Langton was first a talking man-then he would be a silent man. All upon system, to be distinguished,' said the General. He wanted to go into the cave of Trophonius, and he went into that of Polyphemus' (alluding to his being a disciple of Dr. Johnson)."


"My son Alexander,* one day in December [1783], when in a passion at his sister Phemie for something she had said, used this strong expression,-'Phemie, if your tongue be not cut out, it will soon be full of lies.'


"January 7. He understood that there was a violent opposition to the king; and he imagined Sir Philip Ainslie † was on that side. He said the king should send messengers to discover all that are against him. That would soon turn Sir Philip Ainslie's brain right."

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January 10. He complained that his brother James beat him. Grange said he should not mind him, as he was but a child. Ay,' said he, but he must not be a big man to me' (alluding to the weight of his blows)."

"The difference between an ancient family is sometimes not visible. Above the ground the tree may be the same. The

* See postea.

† Sir Philip Ainslie, of Pilton, Edinburghshire.

ancient has only deeper roots, which only antiquarian diggers observe. Yet from the deep roots there are plants of a more stately air, so that in general the difference appears even in the stem and branches; sometimes, indeed, by rich and happy culture, the new ones will look almost as well."

"In a book of science or of general information, one may introduce an eloquent sentence, if not too flighty; or, when an elevated thought occurs stand on tiptoe, but not rise from the ground. I made this remark to Mr. Lumsden, while reading a passage of higher tone in his account of Rome. It will also apply to Sir John Pringle's* Discourses before the Royal Society."

"A man begged sixpence from a gentleman and was refused. With a melancholy look he said, 'Well, then, I know what to do.' The gentleman struck with this, and dreaming the poor man meant to kill himself, gave him the sixpence, and then asked him, 'What would you do?' 'Why, sir,' said he, "I should be obliged to work."" DR. WEBSTER.


"Peter Boylet has so much milk of temper one can hardly be angry with him. But even milk will offend, when it goes down the wrong throat.”

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Asparagus is like gentility; it cannot be brought to the table till several generations from the dunghill."

"The arsenic sophistry of Gibbon-sweet and poisonous."

* Sir John Pringle, Bart., a distinguished physician. He was in 1772 elected President of the Royal Society, and six discourses delivered by him to that body were published after his decease, under the care of Dr. Kippis. These discourses form the theme of Boswell's criticisms. John Pringle died on the 18th January, 1782, aged seventy-five.

+ The Hon. Patrick Boyle, second son of John, second Earl of Glasgow.

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"The minds of some men are like a dark cellar-their knowledge lies concealed; while the minds of others are all sunshine and mirror, and reflect all that they read or hear in a lively manner."

"Sir John Wemyss* calling on R. Colville† in the abbey a few weeks after losing £500 by him, was offered by him a tune on the fiddle. 'Stay,' said Sir John, 'till the rest of your creditors get a share.'

“Who's there?' said the Lord President Arniston, one morning at breakfast, in winter, 1782-3; I dinna see.' John Swinton, then a candidate for a gown, courteously said, 'The light is in your lordship's eyes.' 'No, John,' said he, 'the light's out of my e’en.'

"Burke said that it was of great consequence to have a British peerage, for each generation is born in a great theatre where he may display his talents. I told this to General Paoli, who was of a different opinion. It is true,' said the general, he is born in a great theatre, but he is applauded before he acts.'"

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When it was asked in India why Sir Thomas Rumbold's

* Sir John Wemyss, Bart., of Bogie, Fifeshire.

†This improvident gentleman, who had sought refuge from his creditors in the sanctuary of Holyrood Abbey, was related to the family of Lord Colville, of Culross. From a dinner card pasted into the commonplace-book, the wife of Dr. Alexander Webster, of Edinburgh, formerly minister of Culross, thus entreats Boswell's support to this unfortunate bankrupt :

"Mrs. Webster begs Mrs. Boswell would set about the collection for poor Mr. Colville, who is truly starving and has not a house to cover his head. Mr. Ely Campbell has too much humanity not to give something handsome."

Sir Thomas Rumbold was created a baronet 23rd March, 1779, being then Governor of Madras and M.P. for Shoreham. He had dis

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acquisition of wealth made more noise than that of others, a
black man said, 'Others pluck one feather, and one feather
from the fowl, and the fowl do not make noise; but Rumbold
tear all the feathers all at once, and the fowl cry Zua, Zua.'

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"General Paoli said of Sir Joshua Reynolds, whose deafness made him use a trumpet, 'He has a horn only at one ear; if he had one at both he would be a Jupiter.'" 6th May, 1781.

"I told young Burke that Wilkes said he was an enemy to General Paoli from the natural antipathy of good to bad. Which is the bad?' said Burke." 6th May, 1781.

"General Paoli described a blue-stocking meeting very well :Here, four or five old ladies talking formally, and a priest (Dr. Barnard, Provost of Eton), with a wig like the globe, sitting in the middle, as if he were confessing them.''

May, 1781.

She said, ‘I

"Mrs. Thrale spoke slightingly of Paradise.* never heard him say anything, but my fader vos not a Greek, but my moder was a Greek.' Young Burke and I thought her too severe; but,' said young Burke, it seems she does not find the tree of knowledge in Paradise.'" 6th May, 1781.

'Lady Preston + had catched cold by going to some meeting.

tinguished himself at the siege of Trichinopoly and the retaking of Calcutta. He was wounded at the battle of Plassey, when acting as aide-de-camp to Lord Clive. He died 11th November, 1791.

* John Paradise, D.C.L., F.R.S., was son of the English consul at Salonica, by his wife, a native of Macedonia. He studied at Padua, and afterwards at Oxford. Having settled in London, he became a cherished associate of Dr. Johnson. He was distinguished for his learning and social virtues. He died 12th December, 1795.

This gentlewoman, née Anne Cochrane, was wife of Sir George Preston, Bart., of Valleyfield. She was daughter of William, Lord Cochrane of Ochiltree.


Capt. Brisbane wrote to Lady Maxwell,† 'Some ladies have a zeal, I do not say without knowledge, but without constitution to support it.'"

"When Wilkes and I sat together, each glass of wine produced a flash of wit, like gunpowder thrown into the fire-Puff! puff!"

"Lord Mountstuart said at J. R. McKye's, 30th April, 1783, that it was observed I was like Charles Fox. 'I have been told so,' said I. 'You're much uglier,' said Col. James Stuart, with his sly drollery. I turned to him, full as sly and as droll: Does your wife think so, Colonel James?' Young Burke said, ‘Here was less meant than meets the ear."

'Mr. Charles Cochrane‡ was applied to requesting freestone to erect a monument at Falkirk to Sir Harry Monro,§ who was killed at the battle there, fighting against Prince Charles in 1745. Mr. Cochrane very readily granted the request, and said he should be very glad to givé stones for burying all the Whigs in Scotland." From Mr. STOBIE, Mr. Cochrane's agent.

"One who boasted of being an infidel said to Mr. Allan Logan that he wished much to see a spirit, but had in vain visited churchyards and every other place where he had the best chance. Mr. Logan, who was a very serious and even superstitious and credulous believer, answered, 'Why, man, you was a

* A naval captain, of the House of Brisbane, of Brisbane in Ayrshire.

Katherine, Lady Maxwell of Monreith, wife of the fourth baronet. She was daughter and heir of David Blair of Adamton, Ayrshire. Charles Cochrane, Esq., of Culross, a member of the Dundonald family.

§ Sir Robert Monro, Bart., of Fowlis (not Sir Harry Munro), is commemorated in the churchyard of Falkirk by a massive and elegantly sculptured tombstone. He fell in the engagement at Falkirk on the 17th January, 1746,

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