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sequence, which many in their begin nings would have looked on with dismay and abhorrence, and be ready to reply to any willing to reason with them on the dangerous consequences of compliances to wrong practices, "What, is thy servant a dog that he should do such a thing?" Such is the deceitful tendency of joining hands in anywise with evil habits; the danger powerfully points out the dis trust we should always have of ourselves.

pany they keep. If they are sufficiently attentive in this particular they will find few with whom they can intimately associate, with any degree of safety. How many promising youths have been ruined, and lost to themselves and to usefulness by the habit of keeping evil company. Flee, entreat you from this des tructive suare, as from the hands of a most dangerous foe, ye who value your present and future peace. "Evil communications corrupt good manners," is a truth many have found verified in their own sorrow

ful experience when perhaps too late to remedy the diretul conseinfluence, and many on account of quence. Example has a powerfu! the world's dread laugh," are afraid

of not

For young men whose prospects in life may lead them to settle in large towns, I have great fears when I contemplate their perilous situations, surrounded with innumerable evils and multitudes ready, on all sides to take every advantage of their youth, innocence, and inexperience, to lead them astray from the simple path of welldoing, and entangle their feet in the snares of vice and folly. Of all the engines employed by the seducers of young and experienced persons, no one seems to be more effectual, or requires more to be dreaded than a habit of drinking. If they can once prevail upon them to be companions in the free indulgence of the cup, the end is in a great degree accomplished. The entrance to other vices is easy of access. It leads to almost every other evil and cannot be too strongly guarded against in its very first appear ances. But it requires some degree of strength and resolution to resist the many alluring baits cast in the way; by consenting at the first onset, though perhaps in instances comparatively trifling to what may follow, the way is laid for giving up in further exposures to future attacks, whereas by exercising a little care and resolution at first, how many inconveniences and dreadful consequences might be a voided. careful in the choice of the com- By vig'rous effort, and an honest aim,

appearing a gas others do, or of differing from generally received practices. Hence they indulge in all the fashionable follies that he within their reach, and many in the worst dissipation of the times.

In the gratification of these indulgencies, how many precious moments are idly thrown away that might be spent in the application to useful study, and acquiring and exercising that kind of practical knowledge, that would turn out to future good account, and enable us to discern our present real situations as accountable beings, and beings whose lives are as it were but a span.

Young men cannot be too

«Oh! the dark days of vanity, while bere How tasteless, and how terrible when gone. Gone, they ne'er go, when past they haunt

us still,

The spirit walks of ev'ry day deceas'd,
And smiles au angel, or a fury frowns.

Nor death, nor life delights us. If time

past,

And time possest, both pain us, what can please

That which the Deity to please ordain'd, Time us'd. The man who consecrates his hours

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Tis greatly wise to talk with our past hours,

And ask them, what report they bore to heav'n,

And how they might have borné more welcome news."

To converse with the deeds of our past hours and diligently and impartially to inquire how they have been spent, to what purpose have we lived, might be a means of exciting just consideration of the danger of trifling in matters so important, and teach us justly to appreciate the value of a right application of time towards securing the soul-solacing enjoyment of an approving mind, when all considerations of a sublunary nature are near to cease for ever, and prospects of another kind open to our view.

"Be wise to-day, 'tis madness to defer."

N. S.

cients in the polite accomplishments" and in the ornamental branches of li terature, who are yet ignorant of the first principles of religion, and of some of the leading facts contained in the sacred volume. It is really surprizing, independent of its divine inspiration-abstracted from its containing "the words of eternal life," that the variety and curiosity of the matter contained in the Bible, should not attract more attention. For in dependent of its divine inspiration, it may be safely asserted, that the Bible is the most interesting book in the world.

Considering this, and the numberless and elaborate criticisms which have been written on profane authors, it is somewhat surprizing that the Bible has never been taken up by any one, as a work of taste, The sacred scriptures, viewed in this light, might furnish matter for a most interesting work. The sublimity of Isaiah, the pathos of Job, the va rious beauties of the book, of Psalms, and of different other passages of scripture, might afford a fine field for the observations of the critic. A work of this kind, executed by a man of taste, might be productive of the most beneficial effects. might draw the attention of the young and the gay to the sacred volume, by which means they might derive spiritual edification, whilst they received entertainment. I should be

It

To the Editor of the Belfast Magazine. happy to find this subject taken up by

SIR,

T is a melancholy fact, that in the present age, every kind of knowledge is more eagerly cultivated, than religious knowledge, and every an cient book more carefully studied, than that book which contains a revelation of the will of God. It is not unusual to meet with persons who are profi.

some of your correspondents, capable of doing it justice. In the mean time, I subjoin a few critical observations, and a paraphrase on the twenty third Psalm, indulging the hope, that even this trifle, this widow's mite, may not be without its use.

The twenty-third Psalm is perhaps the most beautiful poetic composition to be found in any language. It con

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tains a delicacy of sentiment, and a sweetness of expression, which is scarcely to be met with, but in the most refined periods of society. The sen timent which prevails throughout, is that tranquility of mind which a good man enjoys, from a consciousness of the divine protection. This sentiment is finely illustrated by images which excite a correspondent disposition of mind. And it is almost impossible to read this Psalm without feeling a portion of the tranquility which it breathes. The Psalmist writes in the true spirit of the sentiment he describes. The images he introduces tend to soothe and tranquilize the mind. The fancy is transported to the calm scenes of the country, and is present ed with the imagery of gentle streams, of a watchful shepherd, and a flock reposing in green pastures, The age of a shepherd and his flock, with which the Psalm opens, is not preserved throughout. But there is nothing introduced inconsis tent with it. So that the imagery is quite free from confusion or per plexity.

PARAPHRASE.

Whilst my great shepherd is for ever near,
should
Say my soul, or want, or danger

fear?
Where the refreshing streamlet gently
flows

In pastures green, he leads me to repose.
He heals my soul, bids all my sorrows

cease,

And gently guides me in the paths of peace.

Shielded from harm by God's peculiar

care,

Safe, tho' 'mid foes, the joys of life I share.

When doom'd to pass through death's dark

dreary vale,

Yet even then, my courage shall not fail,
Since even then, my shepherd shall be nigh,
And with his rod and staff shall aid supply
Sure whilst on earth I'll still God's good-
ness prove,

For the Belfast Monthly Magazine,

ON THE USE OF STRAMONIUM IN THE

ASTHMA.

N the last London Monthly Magazine, Dr. Sims gives an account of the first introduction of into England, in addition to the preStramonium as a remedy for asthma, ceding accounts:

Some time in the year 1802, he received a specific for relieving the paroxysms of the asthma, from General Gent, who had procured it from Dr. Anderson, physician-general at Madras. Dr. Anderson had both recommended it, and used it himself. The specific is at Madras prepared from the roots of the wild purple-flowered thorn-apple, (Datura ferox). The roots had been cut into slips as soon as gathered, dried in the shade, and then beat into fibres resembling coarse hemp. The mode of using it was by smoking it in a pipe at the time of the paroxysm, either by itself, or mixed with tobacco, according as the patients were prɩviously addicted to smoking or not.

Dr. Sims happened at this time to be attending a patient, labouring under phthisis pulmonalis, combined with asthma, as appeared to him from the frequent paroxysms of dif ficulty of breathing, not usual in pure phthisis, at an early period of the disorder. With a view of alleviating these distressing paroxysms, he recommended a trial of this remedy; the relief obtained was far beyond expectation, and, though gradually sinking under an incurable disease, this lady continued to experience great satisfaction in its use, almost to the fatal termination.

He afterwards recommended this remedy to Mr. Toulmin, surgeon of Hackney, at a time when he was much harrassed by frequent W. F. paroxysms of the asthma. He re

And taste hereafter purer joys above.

ceived so much benefit from its use, that after using all the Datura ferox he could procure, he was obliged to have recourse to our common thorns

apple, (Datura stramonium), of which he had been advised to try the stalks, as the roots of this species are small and fibrous. Mr. Toulmin experienced nearly the same relief from this, as from the East Indian plant. He likewise tried the leaves, but could hardly distinguish these from tobacco, either in taste or effects. It is indeed highly probable that the Datura ferox and Datura strumonium may bave nearly similar virtues, but the one may perhaps be more efficacious than the other. Mr. Toulmin has since mentioned that from bis extreme dislike to tobacco, which the leaves appeared to resemble in taste, he bad not made sufficient trial to ascertain their virtues, but he thinks they certainly afforded him

no relief.

More care ought to be taken, (says Dr. Sims,) in the prepartion of the Stramonium than is usually done. The stalks ought to be cut into slender slips while recent, and dried quickly. In our climate, the gene ral direction of drying in the shade, is injurious to most herbs; the quicker they are dried the more they retain of the taste and colour, and consequently of the virtues of the fresh plant. The whole plant is frequent ly sold as a remedy for the asthma, but it should be generally known that the leaves and more especially the unripe capsules and seeds of the thorn-apple, are a very powerful, nay even a deleterious narcotic, if taken internally, and probably cannot, in all cases, be even smoked with impunity. The leaves appear, from Mr. Toulmin's account, not to

possess the same power of allaying the asthmatic paroxysm, as the comparatively mild and innocent stalks

and roots.

BELFAST MAG. NO. XXXIV.

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Ta time when an inveterate

A
and ever active foe threatens to
destroy our admirable little islands,
I was peculiarly delighted to receive
a book a few days ago from a friend,
wherein the great Napier of Mar
chiston mentions a plan of national
defence, which if carried into exe-
cution to the full extent of which it
appears capable, bids fair to rid us
of the trouble of both Bonaparte and
France. He says, "The invention,
proof, and perfect demonstration geo-
metrical, and algebraical, of a burn
ing Mirror, which receiving of dis
persed beams of the sun, doth reflect
the same beams altogether united,
and concurring precisely in one
mathematical point, in the which
point most necessarily it engender-
eth fire; with an evident demon-
stration of their error, who affirm
this to be made a parabolic section.
The use of this invention serveth
for the burning of the enemies ships
at whatever appointed distance."-
Now sir, either peace must have

been made at the time this inven

tion was made public, or the British government must have been swayed by French influence, that's clear, or a plan fraught with such benefit would have been at once adopted. Tiernhauson, and Buffon, have shown what powerful effects a combination of mirrors to the size of 10 feet only produce, what would be the effect then if all the mirrors of Britain were united; a very trifling expense would construct a frame, capable of directing the rays, of all the mirtors of Britain against France, and the only inconvenience which could arise from ordering all the looking-glasses of Great Britain to be brought to Sussex, the most convenient position, would be, that the men would be obliged to go unshave

ed, until the mirrors were returned, and surely no female would be so unpatriotic as to look with an unpleasant eye on any man, who wore his beard for so great a purpose. Oh dear sir, by this powerful ma chine, what a delighted man must Mr. Malthus be! what future happiness to mankind, will not himself and his disciples see in the occasional use of this great machine. Now sir, before it had been made too pow erful, I would direct its rays on Paris, that hotbed of vice; what a glorious sight it would be, to those old gentlemen who in their youth made the tour of Europe, to find that their sons, would no longer be in any danger, from the seductions of the alluring females of that great metropolis: and what a delightful day it will be to the good ladies of England, now that their sons will no longer be in danger of losing their virtue. I would begin in this partial manner, in order that the French might have some time to be frightened, and see the folly of all

Let

their grand schemes of conquest, before I would exert the full powers of our heavenly machine. the bishops be all assembled, and let a stage be erected for the Duke of York; he especially will delight to see Dunkirk in flames.

Now sir, my improvement upon Napier's plan, is for a great event. England being situated to the north of France, has nothing to fear it Paris is first destroyed, as it is now supposed no danger can arise from the knowing members of the national institute reflecting a portion of the rays falling from our ma chine back again; poor souls! their bones, by this time, are in a state of vitrification.

When all is completely ready, the prime minister of England, dressed in his robes, (having been fist made acquainted with the mode

of directing the machine,) will in presence of all the friends to the present established order of government, for care should be taken to prevent the Prince Regent, Sir F. Burdett, or indeed any such people being present, least their foolish notions of philanthropy might prevent this grand effort of British patriotism. With these precautions, there is little doubt but a few hours of bright sun-shine will for ever prevent any trouble from France; her forests destined for future navies, and her most splendid palaces will soon be transformed into gas, and the whole foundations of the empire with her 25 millions of inhabitants be reduced to perfect scoria.

BRUTUS.

For the Belfast Monthly Magazine.

CHARTER OF CARRICKFERGUS.

AN

(Concluded from page 295.) · ND furthermore, of our more ample special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion for us our heirs and successors, do give and grant licence, liberty, and authority unto the said mayor, sheriffs, burgesses, and commonalty of Knockfergus aforesaid, and their successors, that they and their successors may make, evest, have, and enjoy, and be able and of power to make, evest, have, and enjoy one passage, called in English a ferry, over the river, port, or arm of the sea of the river of Knockfergus aforesaid, that is to say, from the foresaid town of Knockfergus, and from any part of the town aforesaid, or of the county of the atoresaid town, adjacent upon the same flood, river, port, or arm of the sea, unto the lauds of the upper Clandeboys, in the county of Down, together with furry-boats, and all other things

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